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Subject[PATCH 4.9 13/61] btrfs: fix double free on ulist after backref resolution failure
Date
From: Filipe Manana <fdmanana@suse.com>

commit 580c079b5766ac706f56eec5c79aee4bf929fef6 upstream.

At btrfs_find_all_roots_safe() we allocate a ulist and set the **roots
argument to point to it. However if later we fail due to an error returned
by find_parent_nodes(), we free that ulist but leave a dangling pointer in
the **roots argument. Upon receiving the error, a caller of this function
can attempt to free the same ulist again, resulting in an invalid memory
access.

One such scenario is during qgroup accounting:

btrfs_qgroup_account_extents()

--> calls btrfs_find_all_roots() passes &new_roots (a stack allocated
pointer) to btrfs_find_all_roots()

--> btrfs_find_all_roots() just calls btrfs_find_all_roots_safe()
passing &new_roots to it

--> allocates ulist and assigns its address to **roots (which
points to new_roots from btrfs_qgroup_account_extents())

--> find_parent_nodes() returns an error, so we free the ulist
and leave **roots pointing to it after returning

--> btrfs_qgroup_account_extents() sees btrfs_find_all_roots() returned
an error and jumps to the label 'cleanup', which just tries to
free again the same ulist

Stack trace example:

------------[ cut here ]------------
BTRFS: tree first key check failed
WARNING: CPU: 1 PID: 1763215 at fs/btrfs/disk-io.c:422 btrfs_verify_level_key+0xe0/0x180 [btrfs]
Modules linked in: dm_snapshot dm_thin_pool (...)
CPU: 1 PID: 1763215 Comm: fsstress Tainted: G W 5.8.0-rc3-btrfs-next-64 #1
Hardware name: QEMU Standard PC (i440FX + PIIX, 1996), BIOS rel-1.13.0-0-gf21b5a4aeb02-prebuilt.qemu.org 04/01/2014
RIP: 0010:btrfs_verify_level_key+0xe0/0x180 [btrfs]
Code: 28 5b 5d (...)
RSP: 0018:ffffb89b473779a0 EFLAGS: 00010286
RAX: 0000000000000000 RBX: ffff90397759bf08 RCX: 0000000000000000
RDX: 0000000000000001 RSI: 0000000000000027 RDI: 00000000ffffffff
RBP: ffff9039a419c000 R08: 0000000000000000 R09: 0000000000000000
R10: 0000000000000000 R11: ffffb89b43301000 R12: 000000000000005e
R13: ffffb89b47377a2e R14: ffffb89b473779af R15: 0000000000000000
FS: 00007fc47e1e1000(0000) GS:ffff9039ac200000(0000) knlGS:0000000000000000
CS: 0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0: 0000000080050033
CR2: 00007fc47e1df000 CR3: 00000003d9e4e001 CR4: 00000000003606e0
DR0: 0000000000000000 DR1: 0000000000000000 DR2: 0000000000000000
DR3: 0000000000000000 DR6: 00000000fffe0ff0 DR7: 0000000000000400
Call Trace:
read_block_for_search+0xf6/0x350 [btrfs]
btrfs_next_old_leaf+0x242/0x650 [btrfs]
resolve_indirect_refs+0x7cf/0x9e0 [btrfs]
find_parent_nodes+0x4ea/0x12c0 [btrfs]
btrfs_find_all_roots_safe+0xbf/0x130 [btrfs]
btrfs_qgroup_account_extents+0x9d/0x390 [btrfs]
btrfs_commit_transaction+0x4f7/0xb20 [btrfs]
btrfs_sync_file+0x3d4/0x4d0 [btrfs]
do_fsync+0x38/0x70
__x64_sys_fdatasync+0x13/0x20
do_syscall_64+0x5c/0xe0
entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x44/0xa9
RIP: 0033:0x7fc47e2d72e3
Code: Bad RIP value.
RSP: 002b:00007fffa32098c8 EFLAGS: 00000246 ORIG_RAX: 000000000000004b
RAX: ffffffffffffffda RBX: 0000000000000003 RCX: 00007fc47e2d72e3
RDX: 00007fffa3209830 RSI: 00007fffa3209830 RDI: 0000000000000003
RBP: 000000000000072e R08: 0000000000000001 R09: 0000000000000003
R10: 0000000000000000 R11: 0000000000000246 R12: 00000000000003e8
R13: 0000000051eb851f R14: 00007fffa3209970 R15: 00005607c4ac8b50
irq event stamp: 0
hardirqs last enabled at (0): [<0000000000000000>] 0x0
hardirqs last disabled at (0): [<ffffffffb8eb5e85>] copy_process+0x755/0x1eb0
softirqs last enabled at (0): [<ffffffffb8eb5e85>] copy_process+0x755/0x1eb0
softirqs last disabled at (0): [<0000000000000000>] 0x0
---[ end trace 8639237550317b48 ]---
BTRFS error (device sdc): tree first key mismatch detected, bytenr=62324736 parent_transid=94 key expected=(262,108,1351680) has=(259,108,1921024)
general protection fault, probably for non-canonical address 0x6b6b6b6b6b6b6b6b: 0000 [#1] PREEMPT SMP DEBUG_PAGEALLOC PTI
CPU: 2 PID: 1763215 Comm: fsstress Tainted: G W 5.8.0-rc3-btrfs-next-64 #1
Hardware name: QEMU Standard PC (i440FX + PIIX, 1996), BIOS rel-1.13.0-0-gf21b5a4aeb02-prebuilt.qemu.org 04/01/2014
RIP: 0010:ulist_release+0x14/0x60 [btrfs]
Code: c7 07 00 (...)
RSP: 0018:ffffb89b47377d60 EFLAGS: 00010282
RAX: 6b6b6b6b6b6b6b6b RBX: ffff903959b56b90 RCX: 0000000000000000
RDX: 0000000000000001 RSI: 0000000000270024 RDI: ffff9036e2adc840
RBP: ffff9036e2adc848 R08: 0000000000000000 R09: 0000000000000000
R10: 0000000000000000 R11: 0000000000000000 R12: ffff9036e2adc840
R13: 0000000000000015 R14: ffff9039a419ccf8 R15: ffff90395d605840
FS: 00007fc47e1e1000(0000) GS:ffff9039ac600000(0000) knlGS:0000000000000000
CS: 0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0: 0000000080050033
CR2: 00007f8c1c0a51c8 CR3: 00000003d9e4e004 CR4: 00000000003606e0
DR0: 0000000000000000 DR1: 0000000000000000 DR2: 0000000000000000
DR3: 0000000000000000 DR6: 00000000fffe0ff0 DR7: 0000000000000400
Call Trace:
ulist_free+0x13/0x20 [btrfs]
btrfs_qgroup_account_extents+0xf3/0x390 [btrfs]
btrfs_commit_transaction+0x4f7/0xb20 [btrfs]
btrfs_sync_file+0x3d4/0x4d0 [btrfs]
do_fsync+0x38/0x70
__x64_sys_fdatasync+0x13/0x20
do_syscall_64+0x5c/0xe0
entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x44/0xa9
RIP: 0033:0x7fc47e2d72e3
Code: Bad RIP value.
RSP: 002b:00007fffa32098c8 EFLAGS: 00000246 ORIG_RAX: 000000000000004b
RAX: ffffffffffffffda RBX: 0000000000000003 RCX: 00007fc47e2d72e3
RDX: 00007fffa3209830 RSI: 00007fffa3209830 RDI: 0000000000000003
RBP: 000000000000072e R08: 0000000000000001 R09: 0000000000000003
R10: 0000000000000000 R11: 0000000000000246 R12: 00000000000003e8
R13: 0000000051eb851f R14: 00007fffa3209970 R15: 00005607c4ac8b50
Modules linked in: dm_snapshot dm_thin_pool (...)
---[ end trace 8639237550317b49 ]---
RIP: 0010:ulist_release+0x14/0x60 [btrfs]
Code: c7 07 00 (...)
RSP: 0018:ffffb89b47377d60 EFLAGS: 00010282
RAX: 6b6b6b6b6b6b6b6b RBX: ffff903959b56b90 RCX: 0000000000000000
RDX: 0000000000000001 RSI: 0000000000270024 RDI: ffff9036e2adc840
RBP: ffff9036e2adc848 R08: 0000000000000000 R09: 0000000000000000
R10: 0000000000000000 R11: 0000000000000000 R12: ffff9036e2adc840
R13: 0000000000000015 R14: ffff9039a419ccf8 R15: ffff90395d605840
FS: 00007fc47e1e1000(0000) GS:ffff9039ad200000(0000) knlGS:0000000000000000
CS: 0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0: 0000000080050033
CR2: 00007f6a776f7d40 CR3: 00000003d9e4e002 CR4: 00000000003606e0
DR0: 0000000000000000 DR1: 0000000000000000 DR2: 0000000000000000
DR3: 0000000000000000 DR6: 00000000fffe0ff0 DR7: 0000000000000400

Fix this by making btrfs_find_all_roots_safe() set *roots to NULL after
it frees the ulist.

Fixes: 8da6d5815c592b ("Btrfs: added btrfs_find_all_roots()")
CC: stable@vger.kernel.org # 4.4+
Reviewed-by: Josef Bacik <josef@toxicpanda.com>
Signed-off-by: Filipe Manana <fdmanana@suse.com>
Reviewed-by: David Sterba <dsterba@suse.com>
Signed-off-by: David Sterba <dsterba@suse.com>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>

---
fs/btrfs/backref.c | 1 +
1 file changed, 1 insertion(+)

--- a/fs/btrfs/backref.c
+++ b/fs/btrfs/backref.c
@@ -1550,6 +1550,7 @@ static int __btrfs_find_all_roots(struct
if (ret < 0 && ret != -ENOENT) {
ulist_free(tmp);
ulist_free(*roots);
+ *roots = NULL;
return ret;
}
node = ulist_next(tmp, &uiter);

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