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Subject[PATCH 4.4 43/54] tcp: allow at most one TLP probe per flight
Date
From: Yuchung Cheng <ycheng@google.com>

[ Upstream commit 76be93fc0702322179bb0ea87295d820ee46ad14 ]

Previously TLP may send multiple probes of new data in one
flight. This happens when the sender is cwnd limited. After the
initial TLP containing new data is sent, the sender receives another
ACK that acks partial inflight. It may re-arm another TLP timer
to send more, if no further ACK returns before the next TLP timeout
(PTO) expires. The sender may send in theory a large amount of TLP
until send queue is depleted. This only happens if the sender sees
such irregular uncommon ACK pattern. But it is generally undesirable
behavior during congestion especially.

The original TLP design restrict only one TLP probe per inflight as
published in "Reducing Web Latency: the Virtue of Gentle Aggression",
SIGCOMM 2013. This patch changes TLP to send at most one probe
per inflight.

Note that if the sender is app-limited, TLP retransmits old data
and did not have this issue.

Signed-off-by: Yuchung Cheng <ycheng@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Neal Cardwell <ncardwell@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Eric Dumazet <edumazet@google.com>
Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
---
include/linux/tcp.h | 5 +++--
net/ipv4/tcp_input.c | 11 ++++++-----
net/ipv4/tcp_output.c | 13 ++++++++-----
3 files changed, 17 insertions(+), 12 deletions(-)

--- a/include/linux/tcp.h
+++ b/include/linux/tcp.h
@@ -211,7 +211,8 @@ struct tcp_sock {
u8 reord; /* reordering detected */
} rack;
u16 advmss; /* Advertised MSS */
- u8 unused;
+ u8 tlp_retrans:1, /* TLP is a retransmission */
+ unused_1:7;
u8 nonagle : 4,/* Disable Nagle algorithm? */
thin_lto : 1,/* Use linear timeouts for thin streams */
thin_dupack : 1,/* Fast retransmit on first dupack */
@@ -225,7 +226,7 @@ struct tcp_sock {
syn_data_acked:1,/* data in SYN is acked by SYN-ACK */
save_syn:1, /* Save headers of SYN packet */
is_cwnd_limited:1;/* forward progress limited by snd_cwnd? */
- u32 tlp_high_seq; /* snd_nxt at the time of TLP retransmit. */
+ u32 tlp_high_seq; /* snd_nxt at the time of TLP */

/* RTT measurement */
u32 srtt_us; /* smoothed round trip time << 3 in usecs */
--- a/net/ipv4/tcp_input.c
+++ b/net/ipv4/tcp_input.c
@@ -3517,10 +3517,8 @@ static void tcp_replace_ts_recent(struct
}
}

-/* This routine deals with acks during a TLP episode.
- * We mark the end of a TLP episode on receiving TLP dupack or when
- * ack is after tlp_high_seq.
- * Ref: loss detection algorithm in draft-dukkipati-tcpm-tcp-loss-probe.
+/* This routine deals with acks during a TLP episode and ends an episode by
+ * resetting tlp_high_seq. Ref: TLP algorithm in draft-ietf-tcpm-rack
*/
static void tcp_process_tlp_ack(struct sock *sk, u32 ack, int flag)
{
@@ -3529,7 +3527,10 @@ static void tcp_process_tlp_ack(struct s
if (before(ack, tp->tlp_high_seq))
return;

- if (flag & FLAG_DSACKING_ACK) {
+ if (!tp->tlp_retrans) {
+ /* TLP of new data has been acknowledged */
+ tp->tlp_high_seq = 0;
+ } else if (flag & FLAG_DSACKING_ACK) {
/* This DSACK means original and TLP probe arrived; no loss */
tp->tlp_high_seq = 0;
} else if (after(ack, tp->tlp_high_seq)) {
--- a/net/ipv4/tcp_output.c
+++ b/net/ipv4/tcp_output.c
@@ -2271,6 +2271,11 @@ void tcp_send_loss_probe(struct sock *sk
int pcount;
int mss = tcp_current_mss(sk);

+ /* At most one outstanding TLP */
+ if (tp->tlp_high_seq)
+ goto rearm_timer;
+
+ tp->tlp_retrans = 0;
skb = tcp_send_head(sk);
if (skb) {
if (tcp_snd_wnd_test(tp, skb, mss)) {
@@ -2293,10 +2298,6 @@ void tcp_send_loss_probe(struct sock *sk
return;
}

- /* At most one outstanding TLP retransmission. */
- if (tp->tlp_high_seq)
- goto rearm_timer;
-
if (skb_still_in_host_queue(sk, skb))
goto rearm_timer;

@@ -2317,10 +2318,12 @@ void tcp_send_loss_probe(struct sock *sk
if (__tcp_retransmit_skb(sk, skb))
goto rearm_timer;

+ tp->tlp_retrans = 1;
+
+probe_sent:
/* Record snd_nxt for loss detection. */
tp->tlp_high_seq = tp->snd_nxt;

-probe_sent:
NET_INC_STATS_BH(sock_net(sk), LINUX_MIB_TCPLOSSPROBES);
/* Reset s.t. tcp_rearm_rto will restart timer from now */
inet_csk(sk)->icsk_pending = 0;

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