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SubjectRe: [PATCH v4] kvm,x86: Exit to user space in case page fault error
> Page fault error handling behavior in kvm seems little inconsistent when
> page fault reports error. If we are doing fault synchronously
> then we capture error (-EFAULT) returned by __gfn_to_pfn_memslot() and
> exit to user space and qemu reports error, "error: kvm run failed Bad address".
>
> But if we are doing async page fault, then async_pf_execute() will simply
> ignore the error reported by get_user_pages_remote() or
> by kvm_mmu_do_page_fault(). It is assumed that page fault was successful
> and either a page ready event is injected in guest or guest is brought
> out of artificial halt state and run again. In both the cases when guest
> retries the instruction, it takes exit again as page fault was not
> successful in previous attempt. And then this infinite loop continues
> forever.
>
> Trying fault in a loop will make sense if error is temporary and will
> be resolved on retry. But I don't see any intention in the code to
> determine if error is temporary or not. Whether to do fault synchronously
> or asynchronously, depends on so many variables but none of the varibales
s/varibales/variables
> is whether error is temporary or not. (kvm_can_do_async_pf()).
>
> And that makes it very inconsistent or unpredictable to figure out whether
> kvm will exit to qemu with error or it will just retry and go into an
> infinite loop.
>
> This patch tries to make this behavior consistent. That is instead of
> getting into infinite loop of retrying page fault, exit to user space
> and stop VM if page fault error happens.
>
> In future this can be improved by injecting errors into guest. As of
> now we don't have any race free method to inject errors in guest.
>
> When page fault error happens in async path save that pfn and when next
> time guest retries, do a sync fault instead of async fault. So that if error
> is encountered, we exit to qemu and avoid infinite loop.
>
> We maintain a cache of error gfns and force sync fault if a gfn is
> found in cache of error gfn. There is a small possibility that we
> miss an error gfn (as it got overwritten by a new error gfn). But
> its just a hint and sooner or later some error pfn will match
> and we will force sync fault and exit to user space.
>
> Changes from v3:
> - Added function kvm_find_and_remove_error_gfn() and removed
> kvm_find_error_gfn() and kvm_del_error_gfn(). (Vitaly)
>
> - Added a macro GFN_INVALID (Vitaly).
>
> - Used gpa_to_gfn() to convert gpa to gfn (Vitaly)
>
> Change from v2:
> - Fixed a warning by converting kvm_find_error_gfn() static.
>
> Change from v1:
> - Maintain a cache of error gfns, instead of single gfn. (Vitaly)
>
> Signed-off-by: Vivek Goyal <vgoyal@redhat.com>
> ---
> arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h | 2 ++
> arch/x86/kvm/mmu.h | 2 +-
> arch/x86/kvm/mmu/mmu.c | 2 +-
> arch/x86/kvm/x86.c | 54 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--
> include/linux/kvm_types.h | 1 +
> 5 files changed, 56 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h
> index be5363b21540..e6f8d3f1a377 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h
> +++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h
> @@ -137,6 +137,7 @@ static inline gfn_t gfn_to_index(gfn_t gfn, gfn_t base_gfn, int level)
> #define KVM_NR_VAR_MTRR 8
>
> #define ASYNC_PF_PER_VCPU 64
> +#define ERROR_GFN_PER_VCPU 64
>
> enum kvm_reg {
> VCPU_REGS_RAX = __VCPU_REGS_RAX,
> @@ -778,6 +779,7 @@ struct kvm_vcpu_arch {
> unsigned long nested_apf_token;
> bool delivery_as_pf_vmexit;
> bool pageready_pending;
> + gfn_t error_gfns[ERROR_GFN_PER_VCPU];
> } apf;
>
> /* OSVW MSRs (AMD only) */
> diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/mmu.h b/arch/x86/kvm/mmu.h
> index 444bb9c54548..d0a2a12c7bb6 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/kvm/mmu.h
> +++ b/arch/x86/kvm/mmu.h
> @@ -60,7 +60,7 @@ void kvm_init_mmu(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, bool reset_roots);
> void kvm_init_shadow_mmu(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u32 cr0, u32 cr4, u32 efer);
> void kvm_init_shadow_ept_mmu(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, bool execonly,
> bool accessed_dirty, gpa_t new_eptp);
> -bool kvm_can_do_async_pf(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
> +bool kvm_can_do_async_pf(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, gfn_t gfn);
> int kvm_handle_page_fault(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u64 error_code,
> u64 fault_address, char *insn, int insn_len);
>
> diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/mmu/mmu.c b/arch/x86/kvm/mmu/mmu.c
> index 6d6a0ae7800c..b51d4aa405e0 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/kvm/mmu/mmu.c
> +++ b/arch/x86/kvm/mmu/mmu.c
> @@ -4078,7 +4078,7 @@ static bool try_async_pf(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, bool prefault, gfn_t gfn,
> if (!async)
> return false; /* *pfn has correct page already */
>
> - if (!prefault && kvm_can_do_async_pf(vcpu)) {
> + if (!prefault && kvm_can_do_async_pf(vcpu, gpa_to_gfn(cr2_or_gpa))) {
> trace_kvm_try_async_get_page(cr2_or_gpa, gfn);
> if (kvm_find_async_pf_gfn(vcpu, gfn)) {
> trace_kvm_async_pf_doublefault(cr2_or_gpa, gfn);
> diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c b/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
> index 88c593f83b28..c1f5094d6e53 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
> +++ b/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
> @@ -263,6 +263,13 @@ static inline void kvm_async_pf_hash_reset(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
> vcpu->arch.apf.gfns[i] = ~0;
> }
>
> +static inline void kvm_error_gfn_hash_reset(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
> +{
> + int i;
> + for (i = 0; i < ERROR_GFN_PER_VCPU; i++)
> + vcpu->arch.apf.error_gfns[i] = GFN_INVALID;
> +}
> +
> static void kvm_on_user_return(struct user_return_notifier *urn)
> {
> unsigned slot;
> @@ -9484,6 +9491,7 @@ int kvm_arch_vcpu_create(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
> vcpu->arch.pat = MSR_IA32_CR_PAT_DEFAULT;
>
> kvm_async_pf_hash_reset(vcpu);
> + kvm_error_gfn_hash_reset(vcpu);
> kvm_pmu_init(vcpu);
>
> vcpu->arch.pending_external_vector = -1;
> @@ -9608,6 +9616,7 @@ void kvm_vcpu_reset(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, bool init_event)
>
> kvm_clear_async_pf_completion_queue(vcpu);
> kvm_async_pf_hash_reset(vcpu);
> + kvm_error_gfn_hash_reset(vcpu);
> vcpu->arch.apf.halted = false;
>
> if (kvm_mpx_supported()) {
> @@ -10369,6 +10378,36 @@ void kvm_set_rflags(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, unsigned long rflags)
> }
> EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kvm_set_rflags);
>
> +static inline u32 kvm_error_gfn_hash_fn(gfn_t gfn)
> +{
> + BUILD_BUG_ON(!is_power_of_2(ERROR_GFN_PER_VCPU));
> +
> + return hash_32(gfn & 0xffffffff, order_base_2(ERROR_GFN_PER_VCPU));
> +}
> +
> +static void kvm_add_error_gfn(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, gfn_t gfn)
> +{
> + u32 key = kvm_error_gfn_hash_fn(gfn);
> +
> + /*
> + * Overwrite the previous gfn. This is just a hint to do
> + * sync page fault.
> + */
> + vcpu->arch.apf.error_gfns[key] = gfn;
> +}
> +
> +/* Returns true if gfn was found in hash table, false otherwise */
> +static bool kvm_find_and_remove_error_gfn(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, gfn_t gfn)
> +{
> + u32 key = kvm_error_gfn_hash_fn(gfn);
> +
> + if (vcpu->arch.apf.error_gfns[key] != gfn)
> + return 0;
> +
> + vcpu->arch.apf.error_gfns[key] = GFN_INVALID;
> + return true;
> +}
> +
> void kvm_arch_async_page_ready(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, struct kvm_async_pf *work)
> {
> int r;
> @@ -10385,7 +10424,9 @@ void kvm_arch_async_page_ready(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, struct kvm_async_pf *work)
> work->arch.cr3 != vcpu->arch.mmu->get_guest_pgd(vcpu))
> return;
>
> - kvm_mmu_do_page_fault(vcpu, work->cr2_or_gpa, 0, true);
> + r = kvm_mmu_do_page_fault(vcpu, work->cr2_or_gpa, 0, true);
> + if (r < 0)
> + kvm_add_error_gfn(vcpu, gpa_to_gfn(work->cr2_or_gpa));
> }
>
> static inline u32 kvm_async_pf_hash_fn(gfn_t gfn)
> @@ -10495,7 +10536,7 @@ static bool kvm_can_deliver_async_pf(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
> return true;
> }
>
> -bool kvm_can_do_async_pf(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
> +bool kvm_can_do_async_pf(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, gfn_t gfn)
> {
> if (unlikely(!lapic_in_kernel(vcpu) ||
> kvm_event_needs_reinjection(vcpu) ||
> @@ -10509,7 +10550,14 @@ bool kvm_can_do_async_pf(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
> * If interrupts are off we cannot even use an artificial
> * halt state.
> */
> - return kvm_arch_interrupt_allowed(vcpu);
> + if (!kvm_arch_interrupt_allowed(vcpu))
> + return false;
> +
> + /* Found gfn in error gfn cache. Force sync fault */
> + if (kvm_find_and_remove_error_gfn(vcpu, gfn))
> + return false;
> +
> + return true;
> }
>
> bool kvm_arch_async_page_not_present(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
> diff --git a/include/linux/kvm_types.h b/include/linux/kvm_types.h
> index 68e84cf42a3f..677bb8269cd3 100644
> --- a/include/linux/kvm_types.h
> +++ b/include/linux/kvm_types.h
> @@ -36,6 +36,7 @@ typedef u64 gpa_t;
> typedef u64 gfn_t;
>
> #define GPA_INVALID (~(gpa_t)0)
> +#define GFN_INVALID (~(gfn_t)0)
>
> typedef unsigned long hva_t;
> typedef u64 hpa_t;
> --
> 2.25.4

This patch looks good to me.

Reviewed-by: Pankaj Gupta <pankaj.gupta.linux@gmail.com>

>

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