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SubjectRe: [PATCH 1/2] rcu/tree: Add a warning if CPU being onlined did not report QS already
On Thu, Jul 30, 2020 at 09:42:22PM -0400, Joel Fernandes wrote:
> On Thu, Jul 30, 2020 at 09:21:59AM -0700, Paul E. McKenney wrote:
> > On Wed, Jul 29, 2020 at 11:02:20PM -0400, Joel Fernandes (Google) wrote:
> > > Add a warning if CPU being onlined did not report QS already. This is to
> > > simplify the code in the CPU onlining path and also to make clear about
> > > where QS is reported. The act of QS reporting in CPU onlining path is
> > > is likely unnecessary as shown by code reading and testing with
> > > rcutorture's TREE03 and hotplug parameters.
> >
> > How about something like this for the commit log?
> >
> > ------------------------------------------------------------------------
> >
> > Currently, rcu_cpu_starting() checks to see if the RCU core expects a
> > quiescent state from the incoming CPU. However, the current interaction
> > between RCU quiescent-state reporting and CPU-hotplug operations should
> > mean that the incoming CPU never needs to report a quiescent state.
> > First, the outgoing CPU reports a quiescent state if needed. Second,
> > the race where the CPU is leaving just as RCU is initializing a new
> > grace period is handled by an explicit check for this condition. Third,
> > the CPU's leaf rcu_node structure's ->lock serializes these checks.
> >
> > This means that if rcu_cpu_starting() ever feels the need to report
> > a quiescent state, then there is a bug somewhere in the CPU hotplug
> > code or the RCU grace-period handling code. This commit therefore
> > adds a WARN_ON_ONCE() to bring that bug to everyone's attention.
> >
> > ------------------------------------------------------------------------
> >
> > > Cc: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@kernel.org>
> > > Cc: Neeraj Upadhyay <neeraju@codeaurora.org>
> > > Suggested-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@kernel.org>
> > > Signed-off-by: Joel Fernandes (Google) <joel@joelfernandes.org>
> > >
> > > ---
> > > kernel/rcu/tree.c | 14 +++++++++++++-
> > > 1 file changed, 13 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
> > >
> > > diff --git a/kernel/rcu/tree.c b/kernel/rcu/tree.c
> > > index 65e1b5e92319..1e51962b565b 100644
> > > --- a/kernel/rcu/tree.c
> > > +++ b/kernel/rcu/tree.c
> > > @@ -3996,7 +3996,19 @@ void rcu_cpu_starting(unsigned int cpu)
> > > rcu_gpnum_ovf(rnp, rdp); /* Offline-induced counter wrap? */
> > > rdp->rcu_onl_gp_seq = READ_ONCE(rcu_state.gp_seq);
> > > rdp->rcu_onl_gp_flags = READ_ONCE(rcu_state.gp_flags);
> > > - if (rnp->qsmask & mask) { /* RCU waiting on incoming CPU? */
> > > +
> > > + /*
> > > + * Delete QS reporting from here, by June 2021, if warning does not
> > > + * fire. Let us make the rules for reporting QS for an offline CPUs
> > > + * more explicit. The CPU onlining path does not need to report QS for
> > > + * an offline CPU. Either the QS should have reported during CPU
> > > + * offlining, or during rcu_gp_init() if it detected a race with either
> > > + * CPU offlining or task unblocking on previously offlined CPUs. Note
> > > + * that the FQS loop also does not report QS for an offline CPU any
> > > + * longer (unless it splats due to an offline CPU blocking the GP for
> > > + * too long).
> > > + */
> >
> > Let's leave at least the WARN_ON_ONCE() indefinitely. If you don't
> > believe me, remove this code in your local tree, have someone give you
> > several branches, some with bugs injected, and then try to figure out
> > which have the bugs and then try to find those bugs.
> >
> > This is not a fastpath, so the overhead of the check is not a concern.
> > Believe me, the difficulty of bug location without this check is a very
> > real concern! ;-)
> >
> > On the other hand, I fully agree with the benefits of documenting the
> > design rules. But is this really the best place to do that from the
> > viewpoint of someone who is trying to figure out how RCU works?
>
> I can move this comment to: "Hotplug CPU" section in
> Documentation/RCU/Design/Requirements/Requirements.rst

That sounds like a better place for it, very good!

> And I could make the comment here as:
> /*
> * Delete QS reporting from here, by June 2021, if the warning does not
> * fire. Leave the warning indefinitely. Check RCU design requirements
> * in Documentation/RCU/ about CPU hotplug requirements.
> */

Rather than decide for our future selves, could we please just suggest
reviewing this on June 2021? Or, given enterprise distro schedules,
2024. :-/

Thanx, Paul

> I will post my v3 with changes to the requirements document.
>
> Let me know any other comments, thanks,
>
> - Joel
>

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