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Subject[PATCH v1 2/2] perf/core: Fake regs for leaked kernel samples
Date
When doing sampling, for example,

perf record -e cycles:u ...

On workloads that do a lot of kernel entry/exits we see kernel
samples, even though :u is specified. This is due to skid.

This is a potential security issue because it may leak kernel
address even though kernel sampling is disabled.

The commit cc1582c231ea ("perf/core: Drop kernel samples even
though :u is specified") dropped the leaked kernel samples but it
broke rr-project.

Another idea is (inspired by Mark Rutland's original patch), it
doesn't lose the samples, it keeps the samples but fakes the regs
by using the user regs of current task. If the user regs is not
available, uses the instruction_pointer_set to set -1L to ip address
of regs.

For CALLCHAIN, the get_perf_callchain has checked user_mode(regs)
and use task_pt_regs(current) instead in some cases. So actually it
has considered the leaking possibility.

For REGS_USER and STACK_USER, it's similar. The perf_sample_regs_user
has also checked the user_mode(regs). It calls perf_get_regs_user()
for kthread. So we don't need to use "regs_fake" there.

Example:

perf record -e cycles:u ./div
perf report --stdio

Before:

# Overhead Command Shared Object Symbol
# ........ ....... ................ ........................
#
41.08% div div [.] main
21.04% div libc-2.27.so [.] __random_r
19.90% div libc-2.27.so [.] __random
9.86% div div [.] compute_flag
4.24% div libc-2.27.so [.] rand
3.88% div div [.] rand@plt
0.01% div [unknown] [k] 0xffffffffb9601c20
0.00% div libc-2.27.so [.] _dl_addr
0.00% div ld-2.27.so [.] __GI___tunables_init
0.00% div [unknown] [k] 0xffffffffb9601210
0.00% div ld-2.27.so [.] _start

"0xffffffffb9601c20, 0xffffffffb9601210" are leaked kernel addresses.

After:

# Overhead Command Shared Object Symbol
# ........ ....... ............. ........................
#
40.86% div div [.] main
20.67% div libc-2.27.so [.] __random_r
20.54% div libc-2.27.so [.] __random
9.65% div div [.] compute_flag
4.32% div libc-2.27.so [.] rand
3.97% div div [.] rand@plt
0.00% div ld-2.27.so [.] __GI___tunables_init
0.00% div ld-2.27.so [.] _start

Now there is no kernel address leaked.

Inspired-by: Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@arm.com>
Signed-off-by: Jin Yao <yao.jin@linux.intel.com>
---
kernel/events/core.c | 48 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---
1 file changed, 45 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

diff --git a/kernel/events/core.c b/kernel/events/core.c
index 7c436d705fbd..52f6d7f0b86b 100644
--- a/kernel/events/core.c
+++ b/kernel/events/core.c
@@ -6973,7 +6973,8 @@ static struct perf_callchain_entry __empty_callchain = { .nr = 0, };
struct perf_callchain_entry *
perf_callchain(struct perf_event *event, struct pt_regs *regs)
{
- bool kernel = !event->attr.exclude_callchain_kernel;
+ bool kernel = !event->attr.exclude_callchain_kernel &&
+ !event->attr.exclude_kernel;
bool user = !event->attr.exclude_callchain_user;
/* Disallow cross-task user callchains. */
bool crosstask = event->ctx->task && event->ctx->task != current;
@@ -6988,12 +6989,39 @@ perf_callchain(struct perf_event *event, struct pt_regs *regs)
return callchain ?: &__empty_callchain;
}

+static struct pt_regs *leak_check(struct perf_event_header *header,
+ struct perf_event *event,
+ struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+ struct pt_regs *regs_fake = NULL;
+
+ if (event->attr.exclude_kernel && !user_mode(regs)) {
+ if (!(current->flags & PF_KTHREAD)) {
+ regs_fake = task_pt_regs(current);
+ if (!user_mode(regs_fake)) {
+ regs_fake = NULL;
+ instruction_pointer_set(regs, -1L);
+ }
+ } else
+ instruction_pointer_set(regs, -1L);
+
+ if ((header->misc & PERF_RECORD_MISC_CPUMODE_MASK) ==
+ PERF_RECORD_MISC_KERNEL) {
+ header->misc &= ~PERF_RECORD_MISC_CPUMODE_MASK;
+ header->misc |= PERF_RECORD_MISC_USER;
+ }
+ }
+
+ return regs_fake;
+}
+
void perf_prepare_sample(struct perf_event_header *header,
struct perf_sample_data *data,
struct perf_event *event,
struct pt_regs *regs)
{
u64 sample_type = event->attr.sample_type;
+ struct pt_regs *regs_fake;

header->type = PERF_RECORD_SAMPLE;
header->size = sizeof(*header) + event->header_size;
@@ -7003,8 +7031,19 @@ void perf_prepare_sample(struct perf_event_header *header,

__perf_event_header__init_id(header, data, event);

+ /*
+ * Due to interrupt latency (AKA "skid"), we may enter the
+ * kernel before taking an overflow, even if the PMU is only
+ * counting user events. To avoid leaking kernel address to
+ * userspace, we try to fake the regs by using the user regs
+ * of current task.
+ */
+ regs_fake = leak_check(header, event, regs);
+
if (sample_type & PERF_SAMPLE_IP)
- data->ip = perf_instruction_pointer(regs);
+ data->ip = (regs_fake) ?
+ perf_instruction_pointer(regs_fake) :
+ perf_instruction_pointer(regs);

if (sample_type & PERF_SAMPLE_CALLCHAIN) {
int size = 1;
@@ -7099,7 +7138,10 @@ void perf_prepare_sample(struct perf_event_header *header,
/* regs dump ABI info */
int size = sizeof(u64);

- perf_sample_regs_intr(&data->regs_intr, regs);
+ if (regs_fake)
+ perf_sample_regs_intr(&data->regs_intr, regs_fake);
+ else
+ perf_sample_regs_intr(&data->regs_intr, regs);

if (data->regs_intr.regs) {
u64 mask = event->attr.sample_regs_intr;
--
2.17.1
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