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SubjectRe: [PATCH v6 4/7] fs: Introduce O_MAYEXEC flag for openat2(2)
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On 15/07/2020 22:06, Kees Cook wrote:
> On Tue, Jul 14, 2020 at 08:16:35PM +0200, Mickaël Salaün wrote:
>> When the O_MAYEXEC flag is passed, openat2(2) may be subject to
>> additional restrictions depending on a security policy managed by the
>> kernel through a sysctl or implemented by an LSM thanks to the
>> inode_permission hook. This new flag is ignored by open(2) and
>> openat(2) because of their unspecified flags handling.
>>
>> The underlying idea is to be able to restrict scripts interpretation
>> according to a policy defined by the system administrator. For this to
>> be possible, script interpreters must use the O_MAYEXEC flag
>> appropriately. To be fully effective, these interpreters also need to
>> handle the other ways to execute code: command line parameters (e.g.,
>> option -e for Perl), module loading (e.g., option -m for Python), stdin,
>> file sourcing, environment variables, configuration files, etc.
>> According to the threat model, it may be acceptable to allow some script
>> interpreters (e.g. Bash) to interpret commands from stdin, may it be a
>> TTY or a pipe, because it may not be enough to (directly) perform
>> syscalls. Further documentation can be found in a following patch.
>>
>> Even without enforced security policy, userland interpreters can set it
>> to enforce the system policy at their level, knowing that it will not
>> break anything on running systems which do not care about this feature.
>> However, on systems which want this feature enforced, there will be
>> knowledgeable people (i.e. sysadmins who enforced O_MAYEXEC
>> deliberately) to manage it. A simple security policy implementation,
>> configured through a dedicated sysctl, is available in a following
>> patch.
>>
>> O_MAYEXEC should not be confused with the O_EXEC flag which is intended
>> for execute-only, which obviously doesn't work for scripts. However, a
>> similar behavior could be implemented in userland with O_PATH:
>> https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/1e2f6913-42f2-3578-28ed-567f6a4bdda1@digikod.net/
>>
>> The implementation of O_MAYEXEC almost duplicates what execve(2) and
>> uselib(2) are already doing: setting MAY_OPENEXEC in acc_mode (which can
>> then be checked as MAY_EXEC, if enforced), and propagating FMODE_EXEC to
>> _fmode via __FMODE_EXEC flag (which can then trigger a
>> fanotify/FAN_OPEN_EXEC event).
>>
>> This is an updated subset of the patch initially written by Vincent
>> Strubel for CLIP OS 4:
>> https://github.com/clipos-archive/src_platform_clip-patches/blob/f5cb330d6b684752e403b4e41b39f7004d88e561/1901_open_mayexec.patch
>> This patch has been used for more than 12 years with customized script
>> interpreters. Some examples (with the original name O_MAYEXEC) can be
>> found here:
>> https://github.com/clipos-archive/clipos4_portage-overlay/search?q=O_MAYEXEC
>>
>> Co-developed-by: Vincent Strubel <vincent.strubel@ssi.gouv.fr>
>> Signed-off-by: Vincent Strubel <vincent.strubel@ssi.gouv.fr>
>> Co-developed-by: Thibaut Sautereau <thibaut.sautereau@ssi.gouv.fr>
>> Signed-off-by: Thibaut Sautereau <thibaut.sautereau@ssi.gouv.fr>
>> Signed-off-by: Mickaël Salaün <mic@digikod.net>
>> Reviewed-by: Deven Bowers <deven.desai@linux.microsoft.com>
>> Reviewed-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
>> Cc: Aleksa Sarai <cyphar@cyphar.com>
>> Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
>> ---
>>
>> Changes since v5:
>> * Update commit message.
>>
>> Changes since v3:
>> * Switch back to O_MAYEXEC, but only handle it with openat2(2) which
>> checks unknown flags (suggested by Aleksa Sarai). Cf.
>> https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20200430015429.wuob7m5ofdewubui@yavin.dot.cyphar.com/
>>
>> Changes since v2:
>> * Replace O_MAYEXEC with RESOLVE_MAYEXEC from openat2(2). This change
>> enables to not break existing application using bogus O_* flags that
>> may be ignored by current kernels by using a new dedicated flag, only
>> usable through openat2(2) (suggested by Jeff Layton). Using this flag
>> will results in an error if the running kernel does not support it.
>> User space needs to manage this case, as with other RESOLVE_* flags.
>> The best effort approach to security (for most common distros) will
>> simply consists of ignoring such an error and retry without
>> RESOLVE_MAYEXEC. However, a fully controlled system may which to
>> error out if such an inconsistency is detected.
>>
>> Changes since v1:
>> * Set __FMODE_EXEC when using O_MAYEXEC to make this information
>> available through the new fanotify/FAN_OPEN_EXEC event (suggested by
>> Jan Kara and Matthew Bobrowski):
>> https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20181213094658.GA996@lithium.mbobrowski.org/
>> ---
>> fs/fcntl.c | 2 +-
>> fs/open.c | 8 ++++++++
>> include/linux/fcntl.h | 2 +-
>> include/linux/fs.h | 2 ++
>> include/uapi/asm-generic/fcntl.h | 7 +++++++
>> 5 files changed, 19 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
>>
>> diff --git a/fs/fcntl.c b/fs/fcntl.c
>> index 2e4c0fa2074b..0357ad667563 100644
>> --- a/fs/fcntl.c
>> +++ b/fs/fcntl.c
>> @@ -1033,7 +1033,7 @@ static int __init fcntl_init(void)
>> * Exceptions: O_NONBLOCK is a two bit define on parisc; O_NDELAY
>> * is defined as O_NONBLOCK on some platforms and not on others.
>> */
>> - BUILD_BUG_ON(21 - 1 /* for O_RDONLY being 0 */ !=
>> + BUILD_BUG_ON(22 - 1 /* for O_RDONLY being 0 */ !=
>> HWEIGHT32(
>> (VALID_OPEN_FLAGS & ~(O_NONBLOCK | O_NDELAY)) |
>> __FMODE_EXEC | __FMODE_NONOTIFY));
>> diff --git a/fs/open.c b/fs/open.c
>> index 623b7506a6db..38e434bdbbb6 100644
>> --- a/fs/open.c
>> +++ b/fs/open.c
>> @@ -987,6 +987,8 @@ inline struct open_how build_open_how(int flags, umode_t mode)
>> .mode = mode & S_IALLUGO,
>> };
>>
>> + /* O_MAYEXEC is ignored by syscalls relying on build_open_how(). */
>> + how.flags &= ~O_MAYEXEC;
>> /* O_PATH beats everything else. */
>> if (how.flags & O_PATH)
>> how.flags &= O_PATH_FLAGS;
>> @@ -1054,6 +1056,12 @@ inline int build_open_flags(const struct open_how *how, struct open_flags *op)
>> if (flags & __O_SYNC)
>> flags |= O_DSYNC;
>>
>> + /* Checks execution permissions on open. */
>> + if (flags & O_MAYEXEC) {
>> + acc_mode |= MAY_OPENEXEC;
>> + flags |= __FMODE_EXEC;
>> + }
>
> Adding __FMODE_EXEC here will immediately change the behaviors of NFS
> and fsnotify. If that's going to happen, I think it needs to be under
> the control of the later patches doing the behavioral controls.
> (specifically, NFS looks like it completely changes its access control
> test when this is set and ignores the read/write checks entirely, which
> is not what's wanted).

__FMODE_EXEC was suggested by Jan Kara and Matthew Bobrowski because of
fsnotify. However, the NFS handling of SUID binaries [1] indeed leads to
an unintended behavior. This also means that uselib(2) shouldn't work
properly with NFS. I can remove the __FMODE_EXEC flag for now.

[1]
https://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/stable/linux.git/commit/?id=f8d9a897d4384b77f13781ea813156568f68b83e

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