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Subject[PATCH v6 6/7] selftest/openat2: Add tests for O_MAYEXEC enforcing
Date
Test propagation of noexec mount points or file executability through
files open with or without O_MAYEXEC, thanks to the
fs.open_mayexec_enforce sysctl.

Signed-off-by: Mickaël Salaün <mic@digikod.net>
Reviewed-by: Thibaut Sautereau <thibaut.sautereau@ssi.gouv.fr>
Cc: Aleksa Sarai <cyphar@cyphar.com>
Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
Cc: Shuah Khan <shuah@kernel.org>
---

Changes since v5:
* Refactor with FIXTURE_VARIANT, which make the tests much more easy to
read and maintain.
* Save and restore initial sysctl value (suggested by Kees Cook).
* Test with a sysctl value of 0.
* Check errno in sysctl_access_write test.
* Update tests for the CAP_SYS_ADMIN switch.
* Update tests to check -EISDIR (replacing -EACCES).
* Replace FIXTURE_DATA() with FIXTURE() (spotted by Kees Cook).
* Use global const strings.

Changes since v3:
* Replace RESOLVE_MAYEXEC with O_MAYEXEC.
* Add tests to check that O_MAYEXEC is ignored by open(2) and openat(2).

Changes since v2:
* Move tests from exec/ to openat2/ .
* Replace O_MAYEXEC with RESOLVE_MAYEXEC from openat2(2).
* Cleanup tests.

Changes since v1:
* Move tests from yama/ to exec/ .
* Fix _GNU_SOURCE in kselftest_harness.h .
* Add a new test sysctl_access_write to check if CAP_MAC_ADMIN is taken
into account.
* Test directory execution which is always forbidden since commit
73601ea5b7b1 ("fs/open.c: allow opening only regular files during
execve()"), and also check that even the root user can not bypass file
execution checks.
* Make sure delete_workspace() always as enough right to succeed.
* Cosmetic cleanup.
---
tools/testing/selftests/kselftest_harness.h | 3 +
tools/testing/selftests/openat2/Makefile | 3 +-
tools/testing/selftests/openat2/config | 1 +
tools/testing/selftests/openat2/helpers.h | 1 +
.../testing/selftests/openat2/omayexec_test.c | 262 ++++++++++++++++++
5 files changed, 269 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
create mode 100644 tools/testing/selftests/openat2/config
create mode 100644 tools/testing/selftests/openat2/omayexec_test.c

diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/kselftest_harness.h b/tools/testing/selftests/kselftest_harness.h
index c9f03ef93338..68a0acd9ea1e 100644
--- a/tools/testing/selftests/kselftest_harness.h
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/kselftest_harness.h
@@ -50,7 +50,10 @@
#ifndef __KSELFTEST_HARNESS_H
#define __KSELFTEST_HARNESS_H

+#ifndef _GNU_SOURCE
#define _GNU_SOURCE
+#endif
+
#include <asm/types.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <stdbool.h>
diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/openat2/Makefile b/tools/testing/selftests/openat2/Makefile
index 4b93b1417b86..cb98bdb4d5b1 100644
--- a/tools/testing/selftests/openat2/Makefile
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/openat2/Makefile
@@ -1,7 +1,8 @@
# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later

CFLAGS += -Wall -O2 -g -fsanitize=address -fsanitize=undefined
-TEST_GEN_PROGS := openat2_test resolve_test rename_attack_test
+LDLIBS += -lcap
+TEST_GEN_PROGS := openat2_test resolve_test rename_attack_test omayexec_test

include ../lib.mk

diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/openat2/config b/tools/testing/selftests/openat2/config
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..dd53c266bf52
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/openat2/config
@@ -0,0 +1 @@
+CONFIG_SYSCTL=y
diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/openat2/helpers.h b/tools/testing/selftests/openat2/helpers.h
index a6ea27344db2..1dcd3e1e2f38 100644
--- a/tools/testing/selftests/openat2/helpers.h
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/openat2/helpers.h
@@ -9,6 +9,7 @@

#define _GNU_SOURCE
#include <stdint.h>
+#include <stdbool.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <linux/types.h>
#include "../kselftest.h"
diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/openat2/omayexec_test.c b/tools/testing/selftests/openat2/omayexec_test.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..a33f31e59045
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/openat2/omayexec_test.c
@@ -0,0 +1,262 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+/*
+ * Test O_MAYEXEC
+ *
+ * Copyright © 2018-2020 ANSSI
+ *
+ * Author: Mickaël Salaün <mic@digikod.net>
+ */
+
+#include <errno.h>
+#include <fcntl.h>
+#include <stdio.h>
+#include <stdlib.h>
+#include <sys/capability.h>
+#include <sys/mount.h>
+#include <sys/stat.h>
+#include <unistd.h>
+
+#include "helpers.h"
+#include "../kselftest_harness.h"
+
+#ifndef O_MAYEXEC
+#define O_MAYEXEC 040000000
+#endif
+
+static const char sysctl_path[] = "/proc/sys/fs/open_mayexec_enforce";
+
+static const char workdir_path[] = "./test-mount";
+static const char file_path[] = "./test-mount/file";
+static const char dir_path[] = "./test-mount/directory";
+
+static void ignore_dac(struct __test_metadata *_metadata, int override)
+{
+ cap_t caps;
+ const cap_value_t cap_val[2] = {
+ CAP_DAC_OVERRIDE,
+ CAP_DAC_READ_SEARCH,
+ };
+
+ caps = cap_get_proc();
+ ASSERT_NE(NULL, caps);
+ ASSERT_EQ(0, cap_set_flag(caps, CAP_EFFECTIVE, 2, cap_val,
+ override ? CAP_SET : CAP_CLEAR));
+ ASSERT_EQ(0, cap_set_proc(caps));
+ EXPECT_EQ(0, cap_free(caps));
+}
+
+static void ignore_sys_admin(struct __test_metadata *_metadata, int override)
+{
+ cap_t caps;
+ const cap_value_t cap_val[1] = {
+ CAP_SYS_ADMIN,
+ };
+
+ caps = cap_get_proc();
+ ASSERT_NE(NULL, caps);
+ ASSERT_EQ(0, cap_set_flag(caps, CAP_EFFECTIVE, 1, cap_val,
+ override ? CAP_SET : CAP_CLEAR));
+ ASSERT_EQ(0, cap_set_proc(caps));
+ EXPECT_EQ(0, cap_free(caps));
+}
+
+static void test_omx(struct __test_metadata *_metadata,
+ const char *const path, const int err_code)
+{
+ struct open_how how = {
+ .flags = O_RDONLY | O_CLOEXEC,
+ };
+ int fd;
+
+ /* Opens without O_MAYEXEC. */
+ fd = sys_openat2(AT_FDCWD, path, &how);
+ ASSERT_LE(0, fd);
+ EXPECT_EQ(0, close(fd));
+
+ how.flags |= O_MAYEXEC;
+
+ /* Checks that O_MAYEXEC is ignored with open(2). */
+ fd = open(path, how.flags);
+ ASSERT_LE(0, fd);
+ EXPECT_EQ(0, close(fd));
+
+ /* Checks that O_MAYEXEC is ignored with openat(2). */
+ fd = openat(AT_FDCWD, path, how.flags);
+ ASSERT_LE(0, fd);
+ EXPECT_EQ(0, close(fd));
+
+ /* Opens with O_MAYEXEC. */
+ fd = sys_openat2(AT_FDCWD, path, &how);
+ if (!err_code) {
+ ASSERT_LE(0, fd);
+ EXPECT_EQ(0, close(fd));
+ } else {
+ ASSERT_EQ(err_code, fd);
+ }
+}
+
+static void test_omx_dir_file(struct __test_metadata *_metadata, const int err_code)
+{
+ test_omx(_metadata, dir_path, -EISDIR);
+ test_omx(_metadata, file_path, err_code);
+}
+
+static void test_dir_file(struct __test_metadata *_metadata, const int err_code)
+{
+ /* Tests as root. */
+ ignore_dac(_metadata, 1);
+ test_omx_dir_file(_metadata, err_code);
+
+ /* Tests without bypass. */
+ ignore_dac(_metadata, 0);
+ test_omx_dir_file(_metadata, err_code);
+}
+
+static void sysctl_write_char(struct __test_metadata *_metadata, const char value)
+{
+ int fd;
+
+ fd = open(sysctl_path, O_WRONLY | O_CLOEXEC);
+ ASSERT_LE(0, fd);
+ ASSERT_EQ(1, write(fd, &value, 1));
+ EXPECT_EQ(0, close(fd));
+}
+
+static char sysctl_read_char(struct __test_metadata *_metadata)
+{
+ int fd;
+ char sysctl_value;
+
+ fd = open(sysctl_path, O_RDONLY | O_CLOEXEC);
+ ASSERT_LE(0, fd);
+ ASSERT_EQ(1, read(fd, &sysctl_value, 1));
+ EXPECT_EQ(0, close(fd));
+ return sysctl_value;
+}
+
+FIXTURE(omayexec) {
+ char initial_sysctl_value;
+};
+
+FIXTURE_VARIANT(omayexec) {
+ const bool mount_exec;
+ const bool file_exec;
+ const int sysctl_err_code[3];
+};
+
+FIXTURE_VARIANT_ADD(omayexec, mount_exec_file_exec) {
+ .mount_exec = true,
+ .file_exec = true,
+ .sysctl_err_code = {0, 0, 0},
+};
+
+FIXTURE_VARIANT_ADD(omayexec, mount_exec_file_noexec)
+{
+ .mount_exec = true,
+ .file_exec = false,
+ .sysctl_err_code = {0, -EACCES, -EACCES},
+};
+
+FIXTURE_VARIANT_ADD(omayexec, mount_noexec_file_exec)
+{
+ .mount_exec = false,
+ .file_exec = true,
+ .sysctl_err_code = {-EACCES, 0, -EACCES},
+};
+
+FIXTURE_VARIANT_ADD(omayexec, mount_noexec_file_noexec)
+{
+ .mount_exec = false,
+ .file_exec = false,
+ .sysctl_err_code = {-EACCES, -EACCES, -EACCES},
+};
+
+FIXTURE_SETUP(omayexec)
+{
+ int fd;
+
+ /*
+ * Cleans previous workspace if any error previously happened (don't
+ * check errors).
+ */
+ umount(workdir_path);
+ rmdir(workdir_path);
+
+ /* Creates a clean mount point. */
+ ASSERT_EQ(0, mkdir(workdir_path, 00700));
+ ASSERT_EQ(0, mount("test", workdir_path, "tmpfs", MS_MGC_VAL |
+ (variant->mount_exec ? 0 : MS_NOEXEC),
+ "mode=0700,size=4k"));
+
+ /* Creates a test file. */
+ fd = open(file_path, O_CREAT | O_RDONLY | O_CLOEXEC,
+ variant->file_exec ? 00500 : 00400);
+ ASSERT_LE(0, fd);
+ EXPECT_EQ(0, close(fd));
+
+ /* Creates a test directory. */
+ ASSERT_EQ(0, mkdir(dir_path, variant->file_exec ? 00500 : 00400));
+
+ /* Saves initial sysctl value. */
+ self->initial_sysctl_value = sysctl_read_char(_metadata);
+
+ /* Prepares for sysctl writes. */
+ ignore_sys_admin(_metadata, 1);
+}
+
+FIXTURE_TEARDOWN(omayexec)
+{
+ /* Restores initial sysctl value. */
+ sysctl_write_char(_metadata, self->initial_sysctl_value);
+
+ /* There is no need to unlink file_path nor dir_path. */
+ ASSERT_EQ(0, umount(workdir_path));
+ ASSERT_EQ(0, rmdir(workdir_path));
+}
+
+TEST_F(omayexec, sysctl_0)
+{
+ /* Do not enforce anything. */
+ sysctl_write_char(_metadata, '0');
+ test_dir_file(_metadata, 0);
+}
+
+TEST_F(omayexec, sysctl_1)
+{
+ /* Enforces mount exec check. */
+ sysctl_write_char(_metadata, '1');
+ test_dir_file(_metadata, variant->sysctl_err_code[0]);
+}
+
+TEST_F(omayexec, sysctl_2)
+{
+ /* Enforces file exec check. */
+ sysctl_write_char(_metadata, '2');
+ test_dir_file(_metadata, variant->sysctl_err_code[1]);
+}
+
+TEST_F(omayexec, sysctl_3)
+{
+ /* Enforces mount and file exec check. */
+ sysctl_write_char(_metadata, '3');
+ test_dir_file(_metadata, variant->sysctl_err_code[2]);
+}
+
+TEST(sysctl_access_write)
+{
+ int fd;
+ ssize_t ret;
+
+ ignore_sys_admin(_metadata, 1);
+ sysctl_write_char(_metadata, '0');
+
+ ignore_sys_admin(_metadata, 0);
+ fd = open(sysctl_path, O_WRONLY | O_CLOEXEC);
+ ASSERT_LE(0, fd);
+ ret = write(fd, "0", 1);
+ ASSERT_EQ(-1, ret);
+ ASSERT_EQ(EPERM, errno);
+ EXPECT_EQ(0, close(fd));
+}
+
+TEST_HARNESS_MAIN
--
2.27.0
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