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SubjectRe: [SchedulerWakeupLatency] Per-task vruntime wakeup bonus
On Fri, 10 Jul 2020 at 21:59, Patrick Bellasi
<patrick.bellasi@matbug.net> wrote:
>
>
> On Fri, Jul 10, 2020 at 15:21:48 +0200, Vincent Guittot <vincent.guittot@linaro.org> wrote...
>
> > Hi Patrick,
>
> Hi Vincent,
>
> [...]
>
> >> > C) Existing control paths
> >>
> >> Assuming:
> >>
> >> C: CFS task currently running on CPUx
> >> W: CFS task waking up on the same CPUx
> >>
> >> And considering the overall simplified workflow:
> >>
> >> core::try_to_wake_up()
> >>
> >> // 1) Select on which CPU W will run
> >> core::select_task_rq()
> >> fair::select_task_rq_fair()
> >>
> >> // 2) Enqueue W on the selected CPU
> >> core::ttwu_queue()
> >> core::ttwu_do_activate()
> >> core::activate_task()
> >> core::enqueue_task()
> >> fair::enqueue_task_fair()
> >> fair::enqueue_entity()
> >>
> >> // 3) Set W's vruntime bonus
> >> fair::place_entity()
> >> se->vruntime = ...
> >>
> >> // 4) Check if C can be preempted by W
> >> core::ttwu_do_wakeup()
> >> core::check_preempt_curr()
> >> fair::check_preempt_curr()
> >> fair::check_preempt_wakeup(curr, se)
> >> fair::wakeup_preempt_entity(curr, se)
> >> vdiff = curr.vruntime - se.vruntime
> >> return vdiff > wakeup_gran(se)
> >>
> >> We see that W preempts C iff:
> >>
> >> vdiff > wakeup_gran(se)
> >>
> >> Since:
> >>
> >> enqueue_entity(cfs_rq, se, flags)
> >> place_entity(cfs_rq, se, initial=0)
> >> thresh = sysctl_sched_latency / (GENTLE_FAIR_SLEEPERS ? 2 : 1)
> >> vruntime = cfs_rq->min_vruntime - thresh
> >> se->vruntime = max_vruntime(se->vruntime, vruntime)
> >>
> >> a waking task's W.vruntime can get a "vruntime bonus" up to:
> >> - 1 scheduler latency (w/ GENTLE_FAIR_SLEEPERS)
> >> - 1/2 scheduler latency (w/o GENTLE_FAIR_SLEEPERS)
> >>
> >>
> >> > D) Desired behavior
> >>
> >> The "vruntime bonus" (thresh) computed in place_entity() should have a
> >> per-task definition, which defaults to the current implementation.
> >>
> >> A bigger vruntime bonus can be configured for latency sensitive tasks.
> >> A smaller vruntime bonus can be configured for latency tolerant tasks.
> >
> > I'm not sure that adjusting what you called "vruntime bonus" is the
> > right way to provide some latency because it doesn't only provide a
> > wakeup latency bonus but also provides a runtime bonus.
>
> True, however that's what we already do but _just_ in an hard-coded way.
>
> A task waking up from sleep gets 1 sched_latency bonus, or 1/2 w/o
> FAIR_SLEEPERS. Point is that not all tasks are the same: for some this

From a nice and fair PoV, it's not a bonus but the opposite. In fact
it's limiting how much credit, the task will keep from its sleep time.
Also keep in mind that this value is clamped by its vruntime so a task
can't get bonus

> bonus can be not really required, for others too small.
>
> Regarding the 'runtime bonus' I think it's kind of unavoidable,
> if we really want a latency sensitive task being scheduled
> before the others.

That's where I disagree.
2 tasks with the same nice priority must get the same running time
whatever their latency_nice priority. The only difference should be to
select which one will run 1st or make it easy for 1 task to preempt
the other one but at the end both should be able to get the same
running time

>
> > It means that one can impact the running time by playing with
> > latency_nice whereas the goal is only to impact the wakeup latency.
>
> Well, but I'm not sure how much you can really gain considering that
> this bonus is given only at wakeup time: the task should keep
> suspending himself. It would get a better result by just asking for a
> lower nice value.
>
> Now, asking for a reduced nice value is RLIMIT_NICE and CAP_SYS_NICE
> protected. The same will be for latency_nice.
>
> Moreover, considering that by default tasks will get what we already
> have as hard-coded or less of a bonus, I don't see how easy should be to
> abuse.
>
> To the contrary we can introduce a very useful knob to allow certain
> tasks to voluntarily demote themselves and avoid annoying a currently
> running task.
>
> > Instead, it should weight the decision in wakeup_preempt_entity() and
> > wakeup_gran()
>
> In those functions we already take the task prio into consideration
> (ref details at the end of this message).
>
> Lower nice value tasks have more chances to preempt current since they
> will have a smaller wakeup_gran, indeed:

yes, and this is there to ensure a fair distribution of running time
and prevent a task to increase significantly its vruntime compare to
others

-1 min that se already got more runtime than current
0 that se's vruntime will go above current's vruntime after a runtime
duration of sched_min_granularity
and 1 means that se got less runtime than current and its vruntime
will still be lower than current ones even after a runtime duration of
sched_min_granularity

IMHO, latency_nice should impact the decision only for case 0 but not
the case -1 and 1.
That being said, we can extend the case 0 a bit to include the
situation where current's vruntime will become greater than se's
vruntimes after a runtime duration of sched_min_granularity like
below:

curr->vruntime
|<-- wakeup_gran(se) -->|<--
wakeupgran(curr) -->|
current range: se->vruntime +1 | 0 | -1
new range: se->vruntime +1 | 0
| -1


>
> we preempt IFF vdiff(se, current) > wakeup_gran(se)
> \----------------/ \-------------/
> A B
>
> While task's prio affects B, in this proposal, lantecy_nice works on the
> A side of the equation above by making it a bit more task specific.
>
> That said, it's true that both latency_nice and prio will ultimately
> play a role on how much CPU bandwidth a task gets.

whereas nice is there to split CPU bandwidth between task according to
their prio, latency nice should not

>
> Question is: do we deem it useful to have an additional knob working on
> the A side of the equation above?
>
> Best,
> Patrick
>
>
>
> ---8<------8<------8<------8<------8<------8<------8<------8<------8<------8<---
>
> TL;DR: The nice value already affects the wakeup latency
>
> As reported above:
>
> check_preempt_wakeup(rq, p, wake_flags)
> wakeup_preempt_entity(curr, se)
> (d) vdiff = curr.vruntime - se.vruntime
> (e) return vdiff > wakeup_gran(se)
>
> we see that W preempts C iff:
>
> vdiff > wakeup_gran(se)
>
> But:
>
> wakeup_gran(se)
> calc_delta_fair(delta=sysctl_sched_wakeup_granularity, se)
> __calc_delta(delta_exec=delta, weight=NICE_0_LOAD, lw=&se->load)
> (c) wakeup_gran = sched_wakeup_granularity * (NICE_0_LOAD / W.load.weight)
>
> Thus, the wakeup granularity of W depends on:
> - the system-wide configured wakeup granularity
> sysctl_sched_wakeup_granularity := [0..1e9]ns
> - W.load.weight [88761, .., 15]
>
> But since:
>
> set_user_nice()
> p->static_prio = NICE_TO_PRIO(nice) = 120 + nice
> set_load_weight(p, update_load=true)
> reweight_task(p, prio)
> (a) prio = p->static_prio - MAX_RT_PRIO = 120 + nice - 100 = nice + 20
> (b) weight = scale_load(sched_prio_to_weight[prio]) = [88761, ..., 15]
> reweight_entity(cfs_rq, se, weight=weight, runnable=weight)
> update_load_set(lw=&se->load, w=weight)
> lw->weight = w
> p->prio = effective_prio(p)
>
> We see that by tuning a task's nice value we affect its wakeup granularity:
>
> lower the nice
> =(a)=> lower the prio
> =(b)=> higher the weight
> =(c)=> smaller the wakeup_grain
>
> This means that for a given system-wide knob (sched_wakeup_granularity),
> we still get different behaviours depending on a task specific knob.
> A smaller nice makes more likely W to preempt C.
>

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