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SubjectRe: [patch V9 10/39] x86/entry: Provide helpers for execute on irqstack
On Thu, May 21, 2020 at 10:05:23PM +0200, Thomas Gleixner wrote:
> From: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
>
> Device interrupt handlers and system vector handlers are executed on the
> interrupt stack. The stack switch happens in the low level assembly entry
> code. This conflicts with the efforts to consolidate the exit code in C to
> ensure correctness vs. RCU and tracing.
>
> As there is no way to move #DB away from IST due to the MOV SS issue, the
> requirements vs. #DB and NMI for switching to the interrupt stack do not
> exist anymore. The only requirement is that interrupts are disabled.
>
> That allows to move the stack switching to C code which simplifies the
> entry/exit handling further because it allows to switch stacks after
> handling the entry and on exit before handling RCU, return to usermode and
> kernel preemption in the same way as for regular exceptions.
>
> The initial attempt of having the stack switching in inline ASM caused too
> much headache vs. objtool and the unwinder. After analysing the use cases
> it was agreed on that having the stack switch in ASM for the price of an
> indirect call is acceptable as the main users are indirect call heavy
> anyway and the few system vectors which are empty shells (scheduler IPI and
> KVM posted interrupt vectors) can run from the regular stack.
>
> Provide helper functions to check whether the interrupt stack is already
> active and whether stack switching is required.
>
> 64 bit only for now. 32 bit has a variant of that already. Once this is
> cleaned up the two implementations might be consolidated as a cleanup on
> top.
>
> Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>

Reverted this commit and the rest of series (with trivial fixup) as well
as the two dependencies [1],

8449e768dcb8 ("x86/entry: Remove debug IDT frobbing")
029149180d1d ("x86/entry: Rename trace_hardirqs_off_prepare()")

fixed the warning under some memory pressure on AMD NUMA servers.

[ 9371.959858] asm_call_on_stack+0x12/0x20
asm_call_on_stack at arch/x86/entry/entry_64.S:710

The .config (if ever matters),
https://raw.githubusercontent.com/cailca/linux-mm/master/x86.config

[ 9371.260161] ------------[ cut here ]------------
[ 9371.267143] Stack depot reached limit capacity
[ 9371.267193] WARNING: CPU: 19 PID: 1181 at lib/stackdepot.c:115 stack_depot_save+0x3d9/0x57d
[ 9371.281470] Modules linked in: brd vfat fat ext4 crc16 mbcache jbd2 loop kvm_amd kvm ses enclosure dax_pmem irqbypass dax_pmem_core acpi_cpufreq ip_tables x_table
s xfs sd_mod bnxt_en smartpqi scsi_transport_sas tg3 i40e libphy firmware_class dm_mirror dm_region_hash dm_log dm_mod [last unloaded: dummy_del_mod]
[ 9371.310176] CPU: 19 PID: 1181 Comm: systemd-journal Tainted: G O 5.7.0-next-20200604+ #1
[ 9371.320700] Hardware name: HPE ProLiant DL385 Gen10/ProLiant DL385 Gen10, BIOS A40 03/09/2018
[ 9371.329987] RIP: 0010:stack_depot_save+0x3d9/0x57d
[ 9371.335513] Code: 1d 9b bc 68 01 80 fb 01 0f 87 c0 01 00 00 80 e3 01 75 1f 4c 89 45 c0 c6 05 82 bc 68 01 01 48 c7 c7 e0 85 63 9f e8 9d 74 9d ff <0f> 0b 90 90 4c 8
b 45 c0 48 c7 c7 80 1a d0 9f 4c 89 c6 e8 b0 2b 46
[ 9371.355426] RSP: 0018:ffffc90007260490 EFLAGS: 00010082
[ 9371.361387] RAX: 0000000000000000 RBX: 0000000000000000 RCX: ffffffff9ed3207f
[ 9371.369544] RDX: 0000000000000007 RSI: dffffc0000000000 RDI: 0000000000000000
[ 9371.377428] RBP: ffffc900072604f8 R08: fffffbfff3f37539 R09: fffffbfff3f37539
[ 9371.385310] R10: ffffffff9f9ba9c3 R11: fffffbfff3f37538 R12: ffffc90007260508
[ 9371.393521] R13: 0000000000000036 R14: 0000000000000000 R15: 000000000009fb52
[ 9371.401403] FS: 00007fc9849f2980(0000) GS:ffff88942fb80000(0000) knlGS:0000000000000000
[ 9371.410244] CS: 0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0: 0000000080050033
[ 9371.417007] CR2: 00007f20d02c3000 CR3: 0000000440b9c000 CR4: 00000000003406e0
[ 9371.424889] Call Trace:
[ 9371.428054] <IRQ>
[ 9371.436315] save_stack+0x3f/0x50
[ 9371.734034] kasan_slab_free+0xe/0x10
[ 9371.738798] slab_free_freelist_hook+0x5d/0x1c0
[ 9371.748886] kmem_cache_free+0x10c/0x390
[ 9371.758450] mempool_free_slab+0x17/0x20
[ 9371.763522] mempool_free+0x65/0x170
[ 9371.767825] bio_free+0x14c/0x210
[ 9371.771864] bio_put+0x59/0x70
[ 9371.775644] end_swap_bio_write+0x199/0x250
[ 9371.780556] bio_endio+0x22c/0x4e0
[ 9371.784709] dec_pending+0x1bf/0x3e0 [dm_mod]
[ 9371.790207] clone_endio+0x129/0x3d0 [dm_mod]
[ 9371.800746] bio_endio+0x22c/0x4e0
[ 9371.809262] blk_update_request+0x3bb/0x980
[ 9371.814605] scsi_end_request+0x53/0x420
[ 9371.824002] scsi_io_completion+0x10a/0x830
[ 9371.844445] scsi_finish_command+0x1b9/0x250
[ 9371.849445] scsi_softirq_done+0x1ab/0x1f0
[ 9371.854272] blk_mq_force_complete_rq+0x217/0x250
[ 9371.859708] blk_mq_complete_request+0xe/0x20
[ 9371.865171] scsi_mq_done+0xc1/0x220
[ 9371.869479] pqi_aio_io_complete+0x83/0x2c0 [smartpqi]
[ 9371.881764] pqi_irq_handler+0x1fc/0x13f0 [smartpqi]
[ 9371.914115] __handle_irq_event_percpu+0x81/0x550
[ 9371.924289] handle_irq_event_percpu+0x70/0x100
[ 9371.945559] handle_irq_event+0x5a/0x8b
[ 9371.950121] handle_edge_irq+0x10c/0x370
[ 9371.950121] handle_edge_irq+0x10c/0x370
[ 9371.959858] asm_call_on_stack+0x12/0x20
asm_call_on_stack at arch/x86/entry/entry_64.S:710
[ 9371.964899] </IRQ>
[ 9371.967716] common_interrupt+0x185/0x2a0
[ 9371.972455] asm_common_interrupt+0x1e/0x40
[ 9371.977368] RIP: 0010:__asan_load4+0x8/0xa0
[ 9371.982281] Code: 00 e8 5c f4 ff ff 5d c3 40 38 f0 0f 9e c0 84 c0 75 e5 5d c3 48 c1 e8 03 80 3c 10 00 75 ed 5d c3 66 90 55 48 89 e5 48 8b 4d 08 <48> 83 ff fb 77 6c eb 3a 0f 1f 00 48 b8 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 ff 48
[ 9372.002246] RSP: 0018:ffffc9000b12f0e8 EFLAGS: 00000202
[ 9372.008207] RAX: 0000000000000000 RBX: ffffc9000b12f150 RCX: ffffffff9ed32487
[ 9372.016489] RDX: 0000000000000007 RSI: 0000000000000002 RDI: ffffffff9ff92a94
[ 9372.024370] RBP: ffffc9000b12f0e8 R08: fffffbfff3ff1d4d R09: fffffbfff3ff1d4d
[ 9372.032252] R10: ffffffff9ff8ea67 R11: fffffbfff3ff1d4c R12: 0000000000000000
[ 9372.040490] R13: ffffc9000b12f358 R14: 000000000000000c R15: 0000000000000005
[ 9372.053899] debug_lockdep_rcu_enabled+0x27/0x60
[ 9372.059248] rcu_read_lock_held_common+0x12/0x60
[ 9372.064989] rcu_read_lock_sched_held+0x60/0xe0
[ 9372.080338] shrink_active_list+0xbfd/0xc30
[ 9372.120481] shrink_lruvec+0xbf1/0x11b0
[ 9372.150410] shrink_node+0x344/0xd10
[ 9372.154719] do_try_to_free_pages+0x263/0xa00
[ 9372.169860] try_to_free_pages+0x239/0x570
[ 9372.179356] __alloc_pages_slowpath.constprop.59+0x5dd/0x1880
[ 9372.215762] __alloc_pages_nodemask+0x562/0x670
[ 9372.232686] alloc_pages_current+0x9c/0x110
[ 9372.237599] alloc_slab_page+0x355/0x530
[ 9372.242755] allocate_slab+0x485/0x5a0
[ 9372.247232] new_slab+0x46/0x70
[ 9372.251095] ___slab_alloc+0x35f/0x810
[ 9372.274485] __slab_alloc+0x43/0x70
[ 9372.287650] kmem_cache_alloc+0x257/0x3d0
[ 9372.298182] prepare_creds+0x26/0x130
[ 9372.302571] do_faccessat+0x255/0x3e0
[ 9372.321591] __x64_sys_access+0x38/0x40
[ 9372.326154] do_syscall_64+0x64/0x340
[ 9372.330542] entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x44/0xa9
[ 9372.336329] RIP: 0033:0x7fc983a21bfb
[ 9372.341050] Code: Bad RIP value.
[ 9372.345000] RSP: 002b:00007fffd543cde8 EFLAGS: 00000246 ORIG_RAX: 0000000000000015
[ 9372.353319] RAX: ffffffffffffffda RBX: 00007fffd543fa40 RCX: 00007fc983a21bfb
[ 9372.361199] RDX: 00007fc983cf1c00 RSI: 0000000000000000 RDI: 00005573ed458090
[ 9372.369512] RBP: 00007fffd543cf30 R08: 00005573ed44ab99 R09: 0000000000000007
[ 9372.377393] R10: 0000000000000041 R11: 0000000000000246 R12: 0000000000000000
[ 9372.385275] R13: 0000000000000000 R14: 00007fffd543cea0 R15: 00005573eecd2990
[ 9372.393608] irq event stamp: 27274496
[ 9372.397999] hardirqs last enabled at (27274495): [<ffffffff9e635b8e>] free_unref_page_list+0x2ee/0x400
[ 9372.408152] hardirqs last disabled at (27274496): [<ffffffff9ed2c22b>] idtentry_enter_cond_rcu+0x1b/0x50
[ 9372.418695] softirqs last enabled at (27272816): [<ffffffff9f000478>] __do_softirq+0x478/0x784
[ 9372.428154] softirqs last disabled at (27272807): [<ffffffff9e2d0b41>] irq_exit_rcu+0xd1/0xe0
[ 9372.437435] ---[ end trace d2ebac1fad6e452e ]---

[1]
git revert --no-edit 355e1262d603..5a7462b1f9c1

> ---
> V9: Moved the conditions into an inline to avoid code duplication
> ---
> arch/x86/entry/entry_64.S | 39 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> arch/x86/include/asm/irq_stack.h | 53 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> 2 files changed, 92 insertions(+)
>
> --- a/arch/x86/entry/entry_64.S
> +++ b/arch/x86/entry/entry_64.S
> @@ -1106,6 +1106,45 @@ SYM_CODE_START_LOCAL_NOALIGN(.Lbad_gs)
> SYM_CODE_END(.Lbad_gs)
> .previous
>
> +/*
> + * rdi: New stack pointer points to the top word of the stack
> + * rsi: Function pointer
> + * rdx: Function argument (can be NULL if none)
> + */
> +SYM_FUNC_START(asm_call_on_stack)
> + /*
> + * Save the frame pointer unconditionally. This allows the ORC
> + * unwinder to handle the stack switch.
> + */
> + pushq %rbp
> + mov %rsp, %rbp
> +
> + /*
> + * The unwinder relies on the word at the top of the new stack
> + * page linking back to the previous RSP.
> + */
> + mov %rsp, (%rdi)
> + mov %rdi, %rsp
> + /* Move the argument to the right place */
> + mov %rdx, %rdi
> +
> +1:
> + .pushsection .discard.instr_begin
> + .long 1b - .
> + .popsection
> +
> + CALL_NOSPEC rsi
> +
> +2:
> + .pushsection .discard.instr_end
> + .long 2b - .
> + .popsection
> +
> + /* Restore the previous stack pointer from RBP. */
> + leaveq
> + ret
> +SYM_FUNC_END(asm_call_on_stack)
> +
> /* Call softirq on interrupt stack. Interrupts are off. */
> .pushsection .text, "ax"
> SYM_FUNC_START(do_softirq_own_stack)
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/irq_stack.h
> @@ -0,0 +1,53 @@
> +/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
> +#ifndef _ASM_X86_IRQ_STACK_H
> +#define _ASM_X86_IRQ_STACK_H
> +
> +#include <linux/ptrace.h>
> +
> +#include <asm/processor.h>
> +
> +#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
> +static __always_inline bool irqstack_active(void)
> +{
> + return __this_cpu_read(irq_count) != -1;
> +}
> +
> +void asm_call_on_stack(void *sp, void *func, void *arg);
> +
> +static __always_inline void __run_on_irqstack(void *func, void *arg)
> +{
> + void *tos = __this_cpu_read(hardirq_stack_ptr);
> +
> + __this_cpu_add(irq_count, 1);
> + asm_call_on_stack(tos - 8, func, arg);
> + __this_cpu_sub(irq_count, 1);
> +}
> +
> +#else /* CONFIG_X86_64 */
> +static inline bool irqstack_active(void) { return false; }
> +static inline void __run_on_irqstack(void *func, void *arg) { }
> +#endif /* !CONFIG_X86_64 */
> +
> +static __always_inline bool irq_needs_irq_stack(struct pt_regs *regs)
> +{
> + if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_X86_32))
> + return false;
> + if (!regs)
> + return !irqstack_active();
> + return !user_mode(regs) && !irqstack_active();
> +}
> +
> +static __always_inline void run_on_irqstack_cond(void *func, void *arg,
> + struct pt_regs *regs)
> +{
> + void (*__func)(void *arg) = func;
> +
> + lockdep_assert_irqs_disabled();
> +
> + if (irq_needs_irq_stack(regs))
> + __run_on_irqstack(__func, arg);
> + else
> + __func(arg);
> +}
> +
> +#endif

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