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SubjectRe: [sched] c3a340f7e7: invalid_opcode:#[##]
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On 30/06/2020 14.46, Peter Zijlstra wrote:
> On Mon, Jun 29, 2020 at 08:31:27AM +0800, kernel test robot wrote:
>> Greeting,
>>
>> FYI, we noticed the following commit (built with gcc-4.9):
>>
>> commit: c3a340f7e7eadac7662ab104ceb16432e5a4c6b2 ("sched: Have sched_class_highest define by vmlinux.lds.h")
>
>> [ 1.840970] kernel BUG at kernel/sched/core.c:6652!
>
> W T H
>
> $ readelf -Wa defconfig-build/vmlinux | grep sched_class
> 62931: c1e62d20 0 NOTYPE GLOBAL DEFAULT 2 __begin_sched_classes
> 65736: c1e62f40 96 OBJECT GLOBAL DEFAULT 2 stop_sched_class
> 71813: c1e62dc0 96 OBJECT GLOBAL DEFAULT 2 fair_sched_class
> 78689: c1e62d40 96 OBJECT GLOBAL DEFAULT 2 idle_sched_class
> 78953: c1e62fa0 0 NOTYPE GLOBAL DEFAULT 2 __end_sched_classes
> 79090: c1e62e40 96 OBJECT GLOBAL DEFAULT 2 rt_sched_class
> 79431: c1e62ec0 96 OBJECT GLOBAL DEFAULT 2 dl_sched_class
>
> $ printf "%d\n" $((0xc1e62dc0 - 0xc1e62d40))
> 128
>
> So even though the object is 96 bytes in size, has an explicit 32 byte
> alignment, the array ends up with a stride of 128 bytes !?!?!
>
> Consistently so with GCC-4.9. Any other GCC I tried does the sane thing.

Does that include gcc 4.8, or is it only "anything newer than 4.9"?

>
> Full patch included below.
>
> Anybody any clue wth 4.9 is doing crazy things like this?

Perhaps
https://gcc.gnu.org/onlinedocs/gcc-4.9.4/gcc/Variable-Attributes.html#Variable-Attributes:

When used on a struct, or struct member, the aligned attribute can
only increase the alignment; in order to decrease it, the packed
attribute must be specified as well. When used as part of a typedef, the
aligned attribute can both increase and decrease alignment, and
specifying the packed attribute generates a warning.

is part of the explanation. But this is seriously weird. I don't know
which .config you or the buildbot used, but I took an i386_defconfig
with SMP=n to get a small enough struct sched_class (and disable
retpoline stuff), added

diff --git a/kernel/sched/core.c b/kernel/sched/core.c
index 81640fe0eae8..53c0d3ba62ba 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/core.c
+++ b/kernel/sched/core.c
@@ -71,6 +71,13 @@ unsigned int sysctl_sched_rt_period = 1000000;

__read_mostly int scheduler_running;

+void foo(void)
+{
+ extern void bar(int);
+ bar(sizeof(struct sched_class));
+ bar(_Alignof(struct sched_class));
+}
+
/*
* part of the period that we allow rt tasks to run in us.
* default: 0.95s
and apparently _Alignof is only 16:

00002c90 <foo>:
2c90: 55 push %ebp
2c91: b8 60 00 00 00 mov $0x60,%eax
2c96: 89 e5 mov %esp,%ebp
2c98: e8 fc ff ff ff call 2c99 <foo+0x9>
2c99: R_386_PC32 bar
2c9d: b8 10 00 00 00 mov $0x10,%eax
2ca2: e8 fc ff ff ff call 2ca3 <foo+0x13>
2ca3: R_386_PC32 bar
Neverthess, readelf -S --wide kernel/sched/fair.o:

Section Headers:
[Nr] Name Type Addr Off Size ES Flg
Lk Inf Al

[35] __fair_sched_class PROGBITS 00000000 002980 000060 00 A
0 0 64
so the section it was put in has an alignment of 64. The generated
assembly is indeed

.globl fair_sched_class
.section __fair_sched_class,"a",@progbits
.align 64

/me goes brew coffee

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