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SubjectRe: [sched] c3a340f7e7: invalid_opcode:#[##]
On Mon, Jun 29, 2020 at 08:31:27AM +0800, kernel test robot wrote:
> Greeting,
>
> FYI, we noticed the following commit (built with gcc-4.9):
>
> commit: c3a340f7e7eadac7662ab104ceb16432e5a4c6b2 ("sched: Have sched_class_highest define by vmlinux.lds.h")

> [ 1.840970] kernel BUG at kernel/sched/core.c:6652!

W T H

$ readelf -Wa defconfig-build/vmlinux | grep sched_class
62931: c1e62d20 0 NOTYPE GLOBAL DEFAULT 2 __begin_sched_classes
65736: c1e62f40 96 OBJECT GLOBAL DEFAULT 2 stop_sched_class
71813: c1e62dc0 96 OBJECT GLOBAL DEFAULT 2 fair_sched_class
78689: c1e62d40 96 OBJECT GLOBAL DEFAULT 2 idle_sched_class
78953: c1e62fa0 0 NOTYPE GLOBAL DEFAULT 2 __end_sched_classes
79090: c1e62e40 96 OBJECT GLOBAL DEFAULT 2 rt_sched_class
79431: c1e62ec0 96 OBJECT GLOBAL DEFAULT 2 dl_sched_class

$ printf "%d\n" $((0xc1e62dc0 - 0xc1e62d40))
128

So even though the object is 96 bytes in size, has an explicit 32 byte
alignment, the array ends up with a stride of 128 bytes !?!?!

Consistently so with GCC-4.9. Any other GCC I tried does the sane thing.

Full patch included below.

Anybody any clue wth 4.9 is doing crazy things like this?

---
commit c3a340f7e7eadac7662ab104ceb16432e5a4c6b2
Author: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>
Date: Thu Dec 19 16:44:53 2019 -0500

sched: Have sched_class_highest define by vmlinux.lds.h

Now that the sched_class descriptors are defined by the linker script, and
this needs to be aware of the existance of stop_sched_class when SMP is
enabled or not, as it is used as the "highest" priority when defined. Move
the declaration of sched_class_highest to the same location in the linker
script that inserts stop_sched_class, and this will also make it easier to
see what should be defined as the highest class, as this linker script
location defines the priorities as well.

Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>
Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20191219214558.682913590@goodmis.org

diff --git a/include/asm-generic/vmlinux.lds.h b/include/asm-generic/vmlinux.lds.h
index 2186d7b01af6..66fb84c3dc7e 100644
--- a/include/asm-generic/vmlinux.lds.h
+++ b/include/asm-generic/vmlinux.lds.h
@@ -114,11 +114,14 @@
* relation to each other.
*/
#define SCHED_DATA \
+ STRUCT_ALIGN(); \
+ __begin_sched_classes = .; \
*(__idle_sched_class) \
*(__fair_sched_class) \
*(__rt_sched_class) \
*(__dl_sched_class) \
- *(__stop_sched_class)
+ *(__stop_sched_class) \
+ __end_sched_classes = .;

/*
* Align to a 32 byte boundary equal to the
diff --git a/kernel/sched/core.c b/kernel/sched/core.c
index 0208b71bef80..81640fe0eae8 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/core.c
+++ b/kernel/sched/core.c
@@ -6646,6 +6646,14 @@ void __init sched_init(void)
unsigned long ptr = 0;
int i;

+ /* Make sure the linker didn't screw up */
+ BUG_ON(&idle_sched_class + 1 != &fair_sched_class ||
+ &fair_sched_class + 1 != &rt_sched_class ||
+ &rt_sched_class + 1 != &dl_sched_class);
+#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
+ BUG_ON(&dl_sched_class + 1 != &stop_sched_class);
+#endif
+
wait_bit_init();

#ifdef CONFIG_FAIR_GROUP_SCHED
diff --git a/kernel/sched/sched.h b/kernel/sched/sched.h
index 336887607b3d..4165c06d1d7b 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/sched.h
+++ b/kernel/sched/sched.h
@@ -1811,7 +1811,7 @@ struct sched_class {
#ifdef CONFIG_FAIR_GROUP_SCHED
void (*task_change_group)(struct task_struct *p, int type);
#endif
-};
+} __aligned(32); /* STRUCT_ALIGN(), vmlinux.lds.h */

static inline void put_prev_task(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *prev)
{
@@ -1825,17 +1825,18 @@ static inline void set_next_task(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *next)
next->sched_class->set_next_task(rq, next, false);
}

-#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
-#define sched_class_highest (&stop_sched_class)
-#else
-#define sched_class_highest (&dl_sched_class)
-#endif
+/* Defined in include/asm-generic/vmlinux.lds.h */
+extern struct sched_class __begin_sched_classes[];
+extern struct sched_class __end_sched_classes[];
+
+#define sched_class_highest (__end_sched_classes - 1)
+#define sched_class_lowest (__begin_sched_classes - 1)

#define for_class_range(class, _from, _to) \
- for (class = (_from); class != (_to); class = class->next)
+ for (class = (_from); class != (_to); class--)

#define for_each_class(class) \
- for_class_range(class, sched_class_highest, NULL)
+ for_class_range(class, sched_class_highest, sched_class_lowest)

extern const struct sched_class stop_sched_class;
extern const struct sched_class dl_sched_class;
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