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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2 1/2] gpio: add GPO driver for PCA9570
On Thu, Jun 25, 2020 at 9:58 AM Sungbo Eo <mans0n@gorani.run> wrote:
>
> NXP PCA9570 is 4-bit I2C GPO expander without interrupt functionality.
> Its ports are controlled only by a data byte without register address.
>
> As there is no other driver similar enough to be adapted for it, a new
> driver is introduced here.
>
> Signed-off-by: Sungbo Eo <mans0n@gorani.run>

Hi Sungbo,

on top of Andy's review, here are some more nits I spotted.

> ---
> v2:
> * move the direction functions below the set functions
> * use devm_gpiochip_add_data() and remove the remove callback
>
> v1:
> Tested in kernel 5.4 on an ipq40xx platform.
>
> This is my first time submitting a whole driver patch, and I'm not really familiar with this PCA expander series.
> Please let me know how I can improve this patch further.
>
> FYI there's an unmerged patch for this chip.
> http://driverdev.linuxdriverproject.org/pipermail/driverdev-devel/2017-May/105602.html
> I don't have PCA9571 either so I didn't add support for it.
> ---
> drivers/gpio/Kconfig | 8 ++
> drivers/gpio/Makefile | 1 +
> drivers/gpio/gpio-pca9570.c | 148 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> 3 files changed, 157 insertions(+)
> create mode 100644 drivers/gpio/gpio-pca9570.c
>
> diff --git a/drivers/gpio/Kconfig b/drivers/gpio/Kconfig
> index c6b5c65c8405..d10dcb81b841 100644
> --- a/drivers/gpio/Kconfig
> +++ b/drivers/gpio/Kconfig
> @@ -962,6 +962,14 @@ config GPIO_PCA953X_IRQ
> Say yes here to enable the pca953x to be used as an interrupt
> controller. It requires the driver to be built in the kernel.
>
> +config GPIO_PCA9570
> + tristate "PCA9570 4-Bit I2C GPO expander"
> + help
> + Say yes here to enable the GPO driver for the NXP PCA9570 chip.
> +
> + To compile this driver as a module, choose M here: the module will
> + be called gpio-pca9570.
> +
> config GPIO_PCF857X
> tristate "PCF857x, PCA{85,96}7x, and MAX732[89] I2C GPIO expanders"
> select GPIOLIB_IRQCHIP
> diff --git a/drivers/gpio/Makefile b/drivers/gpio/Makefile
> index 1e4894e0bf0f..33cb40c28a61 100644
> --- a/drivers/gpio/Makefile
> +++ b/drivers/gpio/Makefile
> @@ -110,6 +110,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_GPIO_OCTEON) += gpio-octeon.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_GPIO_OMAP) += gpio-omap.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_GPIO_PALMAS) += gpio-palmas.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_GPIO_PCA953X) += gpio-pca953x.o
> +obj-$(CONFIG_GPIO_PCA9570) += gpio-pca9570.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_GPIO_PCF857X) += gpio-pcf857x.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_GPIO_PCH) += gpio-pch.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_GPIO_PCIE_IDIO_24) += gpio-pcie-idio-24.o
> diff --git a/drivers/gpio/gpio-pca9570.c b/drivers/gpio/gpio-pca9570.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..e6b6c4e791c0
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/drivers/gpio/gpio-pca9570.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,148 @@
> +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only
> +/*
> + * Driver for PCA9570 I2C GPO expander
> + *
> + * Copyright (C) 2020 Sungbo Eo <mans0n@gorani.run>
> + *
> + * Based on gpio-tpic2810.c
> + * Copyright (C) 2015 Texas Instruments Incorporated - http://www.ti.com/
> + * Andrew F. Davis <afd@ti.com>
> + */
> +
> +#include <linux/gpio/driver.h>
> +#include <linux/i2c.h>
> +#include <linux/module.h>
> +#include <linux/mutex.h>
> +
> +/**
> + * struct pca9570 - GPIO driver data
> + * @chip: GPIO controller chip
> + * @client: I2C device pointer
> + * @buffer: Buffer for device register
> + * @lock: Protects write sequences
> + */
> +struct pca9570 {
> + struct gpio_chip chip;
> + struct i2c_client *client;
> + u8 buffer;

Could you rename it to reg or something else more obvious? A buffer
can be for anything.

> + struct mutex lock;
> +};
> +
> +static void pca9570_set_mask_bits(struct gpio_chip *chip, u8 mask, u8 bits)
> +{
> + struct pca9570 *gpio = gpiochip_get_data(chip);
> + u8 buffer;
> + int err;
> +
> + mutex_lock(&gpio->lock);
> +
> + buffer = gpio->buffer & ~mask;
> + buffer |= (mask & bits);
> +
> + err = i2c_smbus_write_byte(gpio->client, buffer);
> + if (!err)
> + gpio->buffer = buffer;
> +
> + mutex_unlock(&gpio->lock);
> +}
> +
> +static void pca9570_set(struct gpio_chip *chip, unsigned offset, int value)
> +{
> + pca9570_set_mask_bits(chip, BIT(offset), value ? BIT(offset) : 0);
> +}
> +
> +static void pca9570_set_multiple(struct gpio_chip *chip, unsigned long *mask,
> + unsigned long *bits)
> +{
> + pca9570_set_mask_bits(chip, *mask, *bits);
> +}
> +
> +static int pca9570_get_direction(struct gpio_chip *chip,
> + unsigned offset)
> +{
> + /* This device always output */
> + return GPIO_LINE_DIRECTION_OUT;
> +}
> +
> +static int pca9570_direction_input(struct gpio_chip *chip,
> + unsigned offset)
> +{
> + /* This device is output only */
> + return -EINVAL;
> +}
> +
> +static int pca9570_direction_output(struct gpio_chip *chip,
> + unsigned offset, int value)
> +{
> + /* This device always output */
> + pca9570_set(chip, offset, value);
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static const struct gpio_chip template_chip = {
> + .label = "pca9570",
> + .owner = THIS_MODULE,
> + .get_direction = pca9570_get_direction,
> + .direction_input = pca9570_direction_input,
> + .direction_output = pca9570_direction_output,
> + .set = pca9570_set,
> + .set_multiple = pca9570_set_multiple,
> + .base = -1,
> + .ngpio = 4,
> + .can_sleep = true,
> +};
> +
> +static const struct of_device_id pca9570_of_match_table[] = {
> + { .compatible = "nxp,pca9570" },
> + { /* sentinel */ }
> +};
> +MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(of, pca9570_of_match_table);

If you're not using it in probe than maybe move it next to the I2C device table?

> +
> +static int pca9570_probe(struct i2c_client *client,
> + const struct i2c_device_id *id)
> +{
> + struct pca9570 *gpio;
> + int ret;
> +
> + gpio = devm_kzalloc(&client->dev, sizeof(*gpio), GFP_KERNEL);
> + if (!gpio)
> + return -ENOMEM;
> +
> + i2c_set_clientdata(client, gpio);
> +
> + gpio->chip = template_chip;
> + gpio->chip.parent = &client->dev;
> +
> + gpio->client = client;
> +
> + mutex_init(&gpio->lock);
> +
> + ret = devm_gpiochip_add_data(&client->dev, &gpio->chip, gpio);
> + if (ret < 0) {
> + dev_err(&client->dev, "Unable to register gpiochip\n");

You don't need this message, the core library will print something for
you. Just do return devm_gpiochip_add_data().

> + return ret;
> + }
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static const struct i2c_device_id pca9570_id_table[] = {
> + { "pca9570", },
> + { /* sentinel */ }
> +};
> +MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(i2c, pca9570_id_table);
> +
> +static struct i2c_driver pca9570_driver = {
> + .driver = {
> + .name = "pca9570",
> + .of_match_table = pca9570_of_match_table,
> + },
> + .probe = pca9570_probe,
> + .remove = pca9570_remove,
> + .id_table = pca9570_id_table,
> +};
> +module_i2c_driver(pca9570_driver);
> +
> +MODULE_AUTHOR("Sungbo Eo <mans0n@gorani.run>");
> +MODULE_DESCRIPTION("GPIO expander driver for PCA9570");
> +MODULE_LICENSE("GPL v2");
> --

Bart

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