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SubjectRe: [PATCH v4 2/2] sched/uclamp: Protect uclamp fast path code with static key
On 06/26/20 14:38, Patrick Bellasi wrote:
>
> On Thu, Jun 25, 2020 at 17:43:52 +0200, Qais Yousef <qais.yousef@arm.com> wrote...
>
> [...]
>
> > diff --git a/kernel/sched/core.c b/kernel/sched/core.c
> > index 235b2cae00a0..e2f1fffa013c 100644
> > --- a/kernel/sched/core.c
> > +++ b/kernel/sched/core.c
> > @@ -794,6 +794,25 @@ unsigned int sysctl_sched_uclamp_util_max = SCHED_CAPACITY_SCALE;
> > /* All clamps are required to be less or equal than these values */
> > static struct uclamp_se uclamp_default[UCLAMP_CNT];
> >
> > +/*
> > + * This static key is used to reduce the uclamp overhead in the fast path. It
> > + * only disables the call to uclamp_rq_{inc, dec}() in enqueue/dequeue_task().
> > + *
> > + * This allows users to continue to enable uclamp in their kernel config with
> > + * minimum uclamp overhead in the fast path.
> > + *
> > + * As soon as userspace modifies any of the uclamp knobs, the static key is
> > + * enabled, since we have an actual users that make use of uclamp
> > + * functionality.
> > + *
> > + * The knobs that would enable this static key are:
> > + *
> > + * * A task modifying its uclamp value with sched_setattr().
> > + * * An admin modifying the sysctl_sched_uclamp_{min, max} via procfs.
> > + * * An admin modifying the cgroup cpu.uclamp.{min, max}
> > + */
> > +static DEFINE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(sched_uclamp_used);
>
> This is me being choosy, but given that:

ulcamp_enabled is already used. And technically uclamp is enabled but not used
here. We can use active too, but I prefer this term as it refers to userspace
opting in using util clamp.

>
> ---8<---
> % grep -e '_used[ )]' fair.c core.c
> fair.c: return static_key_false(&__cfs_bandwidth_used);
> fair.c: static_key_slow_inc_cpuslocked(&__cfs_bandwidth_used);
> fair.c: static_key_slow_dec_cpuslocked(&__cfs_bandwidth_used);
>
> % grep -e '_enabled[ )]' fair.c core.c
> fair.c: if (!cfs_bandwidth_used() || !cfs_rq->runtime_enabled)
> fair.c: if (!cfs_rq->runtime_enabled || cfs_rq->nr_running)
> fair.c: if (!cfs_rq->runtime_enabled || cfs_rq->curr)
> fair.c: if (likely(!cfs_rq->runtime_enabled || cfs_rq->runtime_remaining > 0))
> fair.c: cfs_rq->runtime_enabled = 0;
> fair.c: cfs_rq->runtime_enabled = cfs_b->quota != RUNTIME_INF;
> fair.c: if (!cfs_rq->runtime_enabled)
> fair.c: cfs_rq->runtime_enabled = 0;
> core.c: if (static_key_false((&paravirt_steal_rq_enabled))) {
> core.c: if (unlikely(!p->sched_class->uclamp_enabled))
> core.c: if (unlikely(!p->sched_class->uclamp_enabled))
> core.c: * Prevent race between setting of cfs_rq->runtime_enabled and
> core.c: runtime_enabled = quota != RUNTIME_INF;
> core.c: runtime_was_enabled = cfs_b->quota != RUNTIME_INF;
> core.c: if (runtime_enabled && !runtime_was_enabled)
> core.c: if (runtime_enabled)
> core.c: cfs_rq->runtime_enabled = runtime_enabled;
> core.c: if (runtime_was_enabled && !runtime_enabled)
> ---8<---
>
> even just for consistency shake, I would still prefer sched_uclamp_enabled for
> the static key name.
>
> > +
> > /* Integer rounded range for each bucket */
> > #define UCLAMP_BUCKET_DELTA DIV_ROUND_CLOSEST(SCHED_CAPACITY_SCALE, UCLAMP_BUCKETS)
> >
> > @@ -994,9 +1013,16 @@ static inline void uclamp_rq_dec_id(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *p,
> > lockdep_assert_held(&rq->lock);
> >
> > bucket = &uc_rq->bucket[uc_se->bucket_id];
> > - SCHED_WARN_ON(!bucket->tasks);
> > - if (likely(bucket->tasks))
> > - bucket->tasks--;
> > +
> > + /*
> > + * This could happen if sched_uclamp_used was enabled while the
> > + * current task was running, hence we could end up with unbalanced call
> > + * to uclamp_rq_dec_id().
> > + */
> > + if (unlikely(!bucket->tasks))
> > + return;
> > +
> > + bucket->tasks--;
> > uc_se->active = false;
>
> In this chunk you are indeed changing the code.
>
> Are we sure there are not issues with patterns like:
>
> enqueue(taskA)
> // uclamp gets enabled
> enqueue(taskB)
> dequeue(taskA)
> // bucket->tasks is now 0
> dequeue(taskB)

Hmm I don't know to be honest if this ordering problem could happen.

>
> TaskB has been enqueued with with uclamp enabled, thus it
> has got uc_se->active=True and enforced its clamp value at RQ level.
>
> But with your change above we don't reset that anymore.
>
> As per my previous proposal: why not just removing the SCHED_WARN_ON?
> That's the only real problem in the code above, since now we are not
> more granted to have balanced inc/dec.

Yeah I agree. I'll re-instate it and add a comment of this ordering issue too.

>
> [...]
>
> > +bool uclamp_is_enabled(void)
> > +{
> > + return static_branch_likely(&sched_uclamp_used);
> > +}
> > +
>
> The above and the following changes are not necessary if we just
> add the guards at the beginning of uclamp_rq_util_with() instead of what
> you do in PATCH1.

I addressed that in patch 1 and hopefully my reasoning made sense of why we
can't do what you're suggesting in uclamp_rq_util_with().

>
> I think this will give better overheads removal by avoiding not
> necessary min/max clamps for both RT and CFS.

As I stated earlier, uclamp_rq_util_with() is called from schedutil_cpu_util()
and find_energy_efficient_cpu(). I don't think it's an overhead if they continue
to call it since it'll not break correctness and speed is not an issue.

But as I think this could be potential cause of confusion at least. I'll add
a comment there and probably make it return early so it's more readable and
future proof.

Thanks

--
Qais Yousef

>
> > diff --git a/kernel/sched/cpufreq_schedutil.c b/kernel/sched/cpufreq_schedutil.c
> > index 7fbaee24c824..3f4e296ccb67 100644
> > --- a/kernel/sched/cpufreq_schedutil.c
> > +++ b/kernel/sched/cpufreq_schedutil.c
> > @@ -210,7 +210,7 @@ unsigned long schedutil_cpu_util(int cpu, unsigned long util_cfs,
> > unsigned long dl_util, util, irq;
> > struct rq *rq = cpu_rq(cpu);
> >
> > - if (!IS_BUILTIN(CONFIG_UCLAMP_TASK) &&
> > + if (!uclamp_is_enabled() &&
> > type == FREQUENCY_UTIL && rt_rq_is_runnable(&rq->rt)) {
> > return max;
> > }
> > diff --git a/kernel/sched/sched.h b/kernel/sched/sched.h
> > index 1d4e94c1e5fe..aff5430331e4 100644
> > --- a/kernel/sched/sched.h
> > +++ b/kernel/sched/sched.h
> > @@ -2371,6 +2371,8 @@ unsigned long uclamp_rq_util_with(struct rq *rq, unsigned long util,
> >
> > return clamp(util, min_util, max_util);
> > }
> > +
> > +bool uclamp_is_enabled(void);
> > #else /* CONFIG_UCLAMP_TASK */
> > static inline
> > unsigned long uclamp_rq_util_with(struct rq *rq, unsigned long util,
> > @@ -2378,6 +2380,11 @@ unsigned long uclamp_rq_util_with(struct rq *rq, unsigned long util,
> > {
> > return util;
> > }
> > +
> > +static inline bool uclamp_is_enabled(void)
> > +{
> > + return false;
> > +}
> > #endif /* CONFIG_UCLAMP_TASK */
> >
> > #ifdef arch_scale_freq_capacity
>

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