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Subject[PATCH 4.4 058/135] bcache: fix potential deadlock problem in btree_gc_coalesce
Date
From: Zhiqiang Liu <liuzhiqiang26@huawei.com>

[ Upstream commit be23e837333a914df3f24bf0b32e87b0331ab8d1 ]

coccicheck reports:
drivers/md//bcache/btree.c:1538:1-7: preceding lock on line 1417

In btree_gc_coalesce func, if the coalescing process fails, we will goto
to out_nocoalesce tag directly without releasing new_nodes[i]->write_lock.
Then, it will cause a deadlock when trying to acquire new_nodes[i]->
write_lock for freeing new_nodes[i] before return.

btree_gc_coalesce func details as follows:
if alloc new_nodes[i] fails:
goto out_nocoalesce;
// obtain new_nodes[i]->write_lock
mutex_lock(&new_nodes[i]->write_lock)
// main coalescing process
for (i = nodes - 1; i > 0; --i)
[snipped]
if coalescing process fails:
// Here, directly goto out_nocoalesce
// tag will cause a deadlock
goto out_nocoalesce;
[snipped]
// release new_nodes[i]->write_lock
mutex_unlock(&new_nodes[i]->write_lock)
// coalesing succ, return
return;
out_nocoalesce:
btree_node_free(new_nodes[i]) // free new_nodes[i]
// obtain new_nodes[i]->write_lock
mutex_lock(&new_nodes[i]->write_lock);
// set flag for reuse
clear_bit(BTREE_NODE_dirty, &ew_nodes[i]->flags);
// release new_nodes[i]->write_lock
mutex_unlock(&new_nodes[i]->write_lock);

To fix the problem, we add a new tag 'out_unlock_nocoalesce' for
releasing new_nodes[i]->write_lock before out_nocoalesce tag. If
coalescing process fails, we will go to out_unlock_nocoalesce tag
for releasing new_nodes[i]->write_lock before free new_nodes[i] in
out_nocoalesce tag.

(Coly Li helps to clean up commit log format.)

Fixes: 2a285686c109816 ("bcache: btree locking rework")
Signed-off-by: Zhiqiang Liu <liuzhiqiang26@huawei.com>
Signed-off-by: Coly Li <colyli@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
Signed-off-by: Sasha Levin <sashal@kernel.org>
---
drivers/md/bcache/btree.c | 8 ++++++--
1 file changed, 6 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/md/bcache/btree.c b/drivers/md/bcache/btree.c
index 5c93582c71cc6..634e9284b7bee 100644
--- a/drivers/md/bcache/btree.c
+++ b/drivers/md/bcache/btree.c
@@ -1375,7 +1375,7 @@ static int btree_gc_coalesce(struct btree *b, struct btree_op *op,
if (__set_blocks(n1, n1->keys + n2->keys,
block_bytes(b->c)) >
btree_blocks(new_nodes[i]))
- goto out_nocoalesce;
+ goto out_unlock_nocoalesce;

keys = n2->keys;
/* Take the key of the node we're getting rid of */
@@ -1404,7 +1404,7 @@ static int btree_gc_coalesce(struct btree *b, struct btree_op *op,

if (__bch_keylist_realloc(&keylist,
bkey_u64s(&new_nodes[i]->key)))
- goto out_nocoalesce;
+ goto out_unlock_nocoalesce;

bch_btree_node_write(new_nodes[i], &cl);
bch_keylist_add(&keylist, &new_nodes[i]->key);
@@ -1450,6 +1450,10 @@ static int btree_gc_coalesce(struct btree *b, struct btree_op *op,
/* Invalidated our iterator */
return -EINTR;

+out_unlock_nocoalesce:
+ for (i = 0; i < nodes; i++)
+ mutex_unlock(&new_nodes[i]->write_lock);
+
out_nocoalesce:
closure_sync(&cl);
bch_keylist_free(&keylist);
--
2.25.1
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