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Subject[PATCH 5.7 038/265] bpf: tcp: bpf_cubic: fix spurious HYSTART_DELAY exit upon drop in min RTT
From: Neal Cardwell <>

[ Upstream commit 7d21d54d624777358ab6c7be7ff778808fef70ba ]

Apply the fix from:
"tcp_cubic: fix spurious HYSTART_DELAY exit upon drop in min RTT"
to the BPF implementation of TCP CUBIC congestion control.

Repeating the commit description here for completeness:

Mirja Kuehlewind reported a bug in Linux TCP CUBIC Hystart, where
Hystart HYSTART_DELAY mechanism can exit Slow Start spuriously on an
ACK when the minimum rtt of a connection goes down. From inspection it
is clear from the existing code that this could happen in an example
like the following:

o The first 8 RTT samples in a round trip are 150ms, resulting in a
curr_rtt of 150ms and a delay_min of 150ms.

o The 9th RTT sample is 100ms. The curr_rtt does not change after the
first 8 samples, so curr_rtt remains 150ms. But delay_min can be
lowered at any time, so delay_min falls to 100ms. The code executes
the HYSTART_DELAY comparison between curr_rtt of 150ms and delay_min
of 100ms, and the curr_rtt is declared far enough above delay_min to
force a (spurious) exit of Slow start.

The fix here is simple: allow every RTT sample in a round trip to
lower the curr_rtt.

Fixes: 6de4a9c430b5 ("bpf: tcp: Add bpf_cubic example")
Reported-by: Mirja Kuehlewind <>
Signed-off-by: Neal Cardwell <>
Signed-off-by: Eric Dumazet <>
Acked-by: Soheil Hassas Yeganeh <>
Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <>
tools/testing/selftests/bpf/progs/bpf_cubic.c | 5 ++---
1 file changed, 2 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/progs/bpf_cubic.c b/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/progs/bpf_cubic.c
index 7897c8f4d363b..ef574087f1e1f 100644
--- a/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/progs/bpf_cubic.c
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/progs/bpf_cubic.c
@@ -480,10 +480,9 @@ static __always_inline void hystart_update(struct sock *sk, __u32 delay)

if (hystart_detect & HYSTART_DELAY) {
/* obtain the minimum delay of more than sampling packets */
+ if (ca->curr_rtt > delay)
+ ca->curr_rtt = delay;
if (ca->sample_cnt < HYSTART_MIN_SAMPLES) {
- if (ca->curr_rtt > delay)
- ca->curr_rtt = delay;
} else {
if (ca->curr_rtt > ca->delay_min +
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