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SubjectRE: [PATCH v2 1/3] Drivers: hv: vmbus: Add vmbus_requestor data structure for VMBus hardening
Date
From: Andres Beltran <lkmlabelt@gmail.com> Sent: Monday, June 29, 2020 2:51 PM
>
> On Mon, Jun 29, 2020 at 4:46 PM Wei Liu <wei.liu@kernel.org> wrote:
> >
> > On Mon, Jun 29, 2020 at 04:02:25PM -0400, Andres Beltran wrote:
> > > Currently, VMbus drivers use pointers into guest memory as request IDs
> > > for interactions with Hyper-V. To be more robust in the face of errors
> > > or malicious behavior from a compromised Hyper-V, avoid exposing
> > > guest memory addresses to Hyper-V. Also avoid Hyper-V giving back a
> > > bad request ID that is then treated as the address of a guest data
> > > structure with no validation. Instead, encapsulate these memory
> > > addresses and provide small integers as request IDs.
> > >
> > > Signed-off-by: Andres Beltran <lkmlabelt@gmail.com>
> > > ---
> > > Changes in v2:
> > > - Get rid of "rqstor" variable in __vmbus_open().
> > >
> > > drivers/hv/channel.c | 146 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> > > include/linux/hyperv.h | 21 ++++++
> > > 2 files changed, 167 insertions(+)
> > >
> > > diff --git a/drivers/hv/channel.c b/drivers/hv/channel.c
> > > index 3ebda7707e46..c89d57d0c2d2 100644
> > > --- a/drivers/hv/channel.c
> > > +++ b/drivers/hv/channel.c
> > > @@ -112,6 +112,70 @@ int vmbus_alloc_ring(struct vmbus_channel *newchannel,
> > > }
> > > EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(vmbus_alloc_ring);
> > >
> > > +/**
> > > + * request_arr_init - Allocates memory for the requestor array. Each slot
> > > + * keeps track of the next available slot in the array. Initially, each
> > > + * slot points to the next one (as in a Linked List). The last slot
> > > + * does not point to anything, so its value is U64_MAX by default.
> > > + * @size The size of the array
> > > + */
> > > +static u64 *request_arr_init(u32 size)
> > > +{
> > > + int i;
> > > + u64 *req_arr;
> > > +
> > > + req_arr = kcalloc(size, sizeof(u64), GFP_KERNEL);
> > > + if (!req_arr)
> > > + return NULL;
> > > +
> > > + for (i = 0; i < size - 1; i++)
> > > + req_arr[i] = i + 1;
> > > +
> > > + /* Last slot (no more available slots) */
> > > + req_arr[i] = U64_MAX;
> > > +
> > > + return req_arr;
> > > +}
> > > +
> > > +/*
> > > + * vmbus_alloc_requestor - Initializes @rqstor's fields.
> > > + * Slot at index 0 is the first free slot.
> > > + * @size: Size of the requestor array
> > > + */
> > > +static int vmbus_alloc_requestor(struct vmbus_requestor *rqstor, u32 size)
> > > +{
> > > + u64 *rqst_arr;
> > > + unsigned long *bitmap;
> > > +
> > > + rqst_arr = request_arr_init(size);
> > > + if (!rqst_arr)
> > > + return -ENOMEM;
> > > +
> > > + bitmap = bitmap_zalloc(size, GFP_KERNEL);
> > > + if (!bitmap) {
> > > + kfree(rqst_arr);
> > > + return -ENOMEM;
> > > + }
> > > +
> > > + rqstor->req_arr = rqst_arr;
> > > + rqstor->req_bitmap = bitmap;
> > > + rqstor->size = size;
> > > + rqstor->next_request_id = 0;
> > > + spin_lock_init(&rqstor->req_lock);
> > > +
> > > + return 0;
> > > +}
> > > +
> > > +/*
> > > + * vmbus_free_requestor - Frees memory allocated for @rqstor
> > > + * @rqstor: Pointer to the requestor struct
> > > + */
> > > +static void vmbus_free_requestor(struct vmbus_requestor *rqstor)
> > > +{
> > > + kfree(rqstor->req_arr);
> > > + bitmap_free(rqstor->req_bitmap);
> > > +}
> > > +
> > > static int __vmbus_open(struct vmbus_channel *newchannel,
> > > void *userdata, u32 userdatalen,
> > > void (*onchannelcallback)(void *context), void *context)
> > > @@ -132,6 +196,12 @@ static int __vmbus_open(struct vmbus_channel *newchannel,
> > > if (newchannel->state != CHANNEL_OPEN_STATE)
> > > return -EINVAL;
> > >
> > > + /* Create and init requestor */
> > > + if (newchannel->rqstor_size) {
> > > + if (vmbus_alloc_requestor(&newchannel->requestor, newchannel-
> >rqstor_size))
> > > + return -ENOMEM;
> > > + }
> > > +
> >
> > Sorry for not noticing this in the last round: this infrastructure is
> > initialized conditionally but used unconditionally.
> >
> > I can think of two options here:
> >
> > 1. Mandate rqstor_size to be non-zero. Always initialize this
> > infra.
> > 2. Modify vmbus_next_request_id and vmbus_request_addr to deal with
> > uninitialized state.
> >
> > For #2, you can simply check rqstor->size _before_ taking the lock
> > (because it may be uninitialized, and the assumption is ->size will not
> > change during the channel's lifetime, hence no lock is needed) and
> > simply return the same value to the caller.
> >
> > Wei.
>
> Right. I think option #2 would be preferable in this case, because #1 works
> if we had a default non-zero size for cases where rqstor_size has not been
> set to a non-zero value before calling vmbus_alloc_requestor(). For #2, what
> do you mean by "same value"? I think we would need to return
> VMBUS_RQST_ERROR if the size is 0, because otherwise we would be
> returning the same guest memory address which we don't want to expose.
>

I'm not understanding the problem here. Any VMbus driver that uses
this requestID allocation mechanism must set newchannel->rqstor_size
to a non-zero value. But if a VMbus driver doesn't use the mechanism,
then newchannel->rqstor_size will default to zero, and the mechanism
will not be initialized for the channels used by that driver. I think the
cleanup of the mechanism handles the case where it wasn't ever
initialized. Or am I missing something?

Michael
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