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Subject[PATCH 4.9 085/191] ext4: fix partial cluster initialization when splitting extent
Date
From: Jeffle Xu <jefflexu@linux.alibaba.com>

[ Upstream commit cfb3c85a600c6aa25a2581b3c1c4db3460f14e46 ]

Fix the bug when calculating the physical block number of the first
block in the split extent.

This bug will cause xfstests shared/298 failure on ext4 with bigalloc
enabled occasionally. Ext4 error messages indicate that previously freed
blocks are being freed again, and the following fsck will fail due to
the inconsistency of block bitmap and bg descriptor.

The following is an example case:

1. First, Initialize a ext4 filesystem with cluster size '16K', block size
'4K', in which case, one cluster contains four blocks.

2. Create one file (e.g., xxx.img) on this ext4 filesystem. Now the extent
tree of this file is like:

...
36864:[0]4:220160
36868:[0]14332:145408
51200:[0]2:231424
...

3. Then execute PUNCH_HOLE fallocate on this file. The hole range is
like:

..
ext4_ext_remove_space: dev 254,16 ino 12 since 49506 end 49506 depth 1
ext4_ext_remove_space: dev 254,16 ino 12 since 49544 end 49546 depth 1
ext4_ext_remove_space: dev 254,16 ino 12 since 49605 end 49607 depth 1
...

4. Then the extent tree of this file after punching is like

...
49507:[0]37:158047
49547:[0]58:158087
...

5. Detailed procedure of punching hole [49544, 49546]

5.1. The block address space:
```
lblk ~49505 49506 49507~49543 49544~49546 49547~
---------+------+-------------+----------------+--------
extent | hole | extent | hole | extent
---------+------+-------------+----------------+--------
pblk ~158045 158046 158047~158083 158084~158086 158087~
```

5.2. The detailed layout of cluster 39521:
```
cluster 39521
<------------------------------->

hole extent
<----------------------><--------

lblk 49544 49545 49546 49547
+-------+-------+-------+-------+
| | | | |
+-------+-------+-------+-------+
pblk 158084 1580845 158086 158087
```

5.3. The ftrace output when punching hole [49544, 49546]:
- ext4_ext_remove_space (start 49544, end 49546)
- ext4_ext_rm_leaf (start 49544, end 49546, last_extent [49507(158047), 40], partial [pclu 39522 lblk 0 state 2])
- ext4_remove_blocks (extent [49507(158047), 40], from 49544 to 49546, partial [pclu 39522 lblk 0 state 2]
- ext4_free_blocks: (block 158084 count 4)
- ext4_mballoc_free (extent 1/6753/1)

5.4. Ext4 error message in dmesg:
EXT4-fs error (device vdb): mb_free_blocks:1457: group 1, block 158084:freeing already freed block (bit 6753); block bitmap corrupt.
EXT4-fs error (device vdb): ext4_mb_generate_buddy:747: group 1, block bitmap and bg descriptor inconsistent: 19550 vs 19551 free clusters

In this case, the whole cluster 39521 is freed mistakenly when freeing
pblock 158084~158086 (i.e., the first three blocks of this cluster),
although pblock 158087 (the last remaining block of this cluster) has
not been freed yet.

The root cause of this isuue is that, the pclu of the partial cluster is
calculated mistakenly in ext4_ext_remove_space(). The correct
partial_cluster.pclu (i.e., the cluster number of the first block in the
next extent, that is, lblock 49597 (pblock 158086)) should be 39521 rather
than 39522.

Fixes: f4226d9ea400 ("ext4: fix partial cluster initialization")
Signed-off-by: Jeffle Xu <jefflexu@linux.alibaba.com>
Reviewed-by: Eric Whitney <enwlinux@gmail.com>
Cc: stable@kernel.org # v3.19+
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/r/1590121124-37096-1-git-send-email-jefflexu@linux.alibaba.com
Signed-off-by: Theodore Ts'o <tytso@mit.edu>
Signed-off-by: Sasha Levin <sashal@kernel.org>
---
fs/ext4/extents.c | 2 +-
1 file changed, 1 insertion(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/fs/ext4/extents.c b/fs/ext4/extents.c
index 51c2713a615a1..ab19f61bd04bc 100644
--- a/fs/ext4/extents.c
+++ b/fs/ext4/extents.c
@@ -2916,7 +2916,7 @@ int ext4_ext_remove_space(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t start,
* in use to avoid freeing it when removing blocks.
*/
if (sbi->s_cluster_ratio > 1) {
- pblk = ext4_ext_pblock(ex) + end - ee_block + 2;
+ pblk = ext4_ext_pblock(ex) + end - ee_block + 1;
partial_cluster =
-(long long) EXT4_B2C(sbi, pblk);
}
--
2.25.1
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