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Subject[PATCH tip/core/rcu 09/17] rcu/tree: cache specified number of objects
Date
From: "Uladzislau Rezki (Sony)" <urezki@gmail.com>

In order to reduce the dynamic need for pages in kfree_rcu(),
pre-allocate a configurable number of pages per CPU and link
them in a list. When kfree_rcu() reclaims objects, the object's
container page is cached into a list instead of being released
to the low-level page allocator.

Such an approach provides O(1) access to free pages while also
reducing the number of requests to the page allocator. It also
makes the kfree_rcu() code to have free pages available during
a low memory condition.

A read-only sysfs parameter (rcu_min_cached_objs) reflects the
minimum number of allowed cached pages per CPU.

Signed-off-by: Uladzislau Rezki (Sony) <urezki@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@kernel.org>
---
Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt | 8 +++
kernel/rcu/tree.c | 66 +++++++++++++++++++++++--
2 files changed, 70 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)

diff --git a/Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt b/Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt
index fb95fad..befaa63 100644
--- a/Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt
+++ b/Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt
@@ -4038,6 +4038,14 @@
latencies, which will choose a value aligned
with the appropriate hardware boundaries.

+ rcutree.rcu_min_cached_objs= [KNL]
+ Minimum number of objects which are cached and
+ maintained per one CPU. Object size is equal
+ to PAGE_SIZE. The cache allows to reduce the
+ pressure to page allocator, also it makes the
+ whole algorithm to behave better in low memory
+ condition.
+
rcutree.jiffies_till_first_fqs= [KNL]
Set delay from grace-period initialization to
first attempt to force quiescent states.
diff --git a/kernel/rcu/tree.c b/kernel/rcu/tree.c
index 4fba1e9..f767a37 100644
--- a/kernel/rcu/tree.c
+++ b/kernel/rcu/tree.c
@@ -175,6 +175,15 @@ module_param(gp_init_delay, int, 0444);
static int gp_cleanup_delay;
module_param(gp_cleanup_delay, int, 0444);

+/*
+ * This rcu parameter is runtime-read-only. It reflects
+ * a minimum allowed number of objects which can be cached
+ * per-CPU. Object size is equal to one page. This value
+ * can be changed at boot time.
+ */
+static int rcu_min_cached_objs = 2;
+module_param(rcu_min_cached_objs, int, 0444);
+
/* Retrieve RCU kthreads priority for rcutorture */
int rcu_get_gp_kthreads_prio(void)
{
@@ -2979,7 +2988,6 @@ struct kfree_rcu_cpu_work {
* struct kfree_rcu_cpu - batch up kfree_rcu() requests for RCU grace period
* @head: List of kfree_rcu() objects not yet waiting for a grace period
* @bhead: Bulk-List of kfree_rcu() objects not yet waiting for a grace period
- * @bcached: Keeps at most one object for later reuse when build chain blocks
* @krw_arr: Array of batches of kfree_rcu() objects waiting for a grace period
* @lock: Synchronize access to this structure
* @monitor_work: Promote @head to @head_free after KFREE_DRAIN_JIFFIES
@@ -2995,13 +3003,22 @@ struct kfree_rcu_cpu_work {
struct kfree_rcu_cpu {
struct rcu_head *head;
struct kfree_rcu_bulk_data *bhead;
- struct kfree_rcu_bulk_data *bcached;
struct kfree_rcu_cpu_work krw_arr[KFREE_N_BATCHES];
raw_spinlock_t lock;
struct delayed_work monitor_work;
bool monitor_todo;
bool initialized;
int count;
+
+ /*
+ * A simple cache list that contains objects for
+ * reuse purpose. In order to save some per-cpu
+ * space the list is singular. Even though it is
+ * lockless an access has to be protected by the
+ * per-cpu lock.
+ */
+ struct llist_head bkvcache;
+ int nr_bkv_objs;
};

static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct kfree_rcu_cpu, krc) = {
@@ -3038,6 +3055,31 @@ krc_this_cpu_unlock(struct kfree_rcu_cpu *krcp, unsigned long flags)
local_irq_restore(flags);
}

+static inline struct kfree_rcu_bulk_data *
+get_cached_bnode(struct kfree_rcu_cpu *krcp)
+{
+ if (!krcp->nr_bkv_objs)
+ return NULL;
+
+ krcp->nr_bkv_objs--;
+ return (struct kfree_rcu_bulk_data *)
+ llist_del_first(&krcp->bkvcache);
+}
+
+static inline bool
+put_cached_bnode(struct kfree_rcu_cpu *krcp,
+ struct kfree_rcu_bulk_data *bnode)
+{
+ // Check the limit.
+ if (krcp->nr_bkv_objs >= rcu_min_cached_objs)
+ return false;
+
+ llist_add((struct llist_node *) bnode, &krcp->bkvcache);
+ krcp->nr_bkv_objs++;
+ return true;
+
+}
+
/*
* This function is invoked in workqueue context after a grace period.
* It frees all the objects queued on ->bhead_free or ->head_free.
@@ -3073,7 +3115,12 @@ static void kfree_rcu_work(struct work_struct *work)
kfree_bulk(bhead->nr_records, bhead->records);
rcu_lock_release(&rcu_callback_map);

- if (cmpxchg(&krcp->bcached, NULL, bhead))
+ krcp = krc_this_cpu_lock(&flags);
+ if (put_cached_bnode(krcp, bhead))
+ bhead = NULL;
+ krc_this_cpu_unlock(krcp, flags);
+
+ if (bhead)
free_page((unsigned long) bhead);

cond_resched_tasks_rcu_qs();
@@ -3206,7 +3253,7 @@ kfree_call_rcu_add_ptr_to_bulk(struct kfree_rcu_cpu *krcp,
/* Check if a new block is required. */
if (!krcp->bhead ||
krcp->bhead->nr_records == KFREE_BULK_MAX_ENTR) {
- bnode = xchg(&krcp->bcached, NULL);
+ bnode = get_cached_bnode(krcp);
if (!bnode) {
WARN_ON_ONCE(sizeof(struct kfree_rcu_bulk_data) > PAGE_SIZE);

@@ -4259,12 +4306,23 @@ static void __init kfree_rcu_batch_init(void)

for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) {
struct kfree_rcu_cpu *krcp = per_cpu_ptr(&krc, cpu);
+ struct kfree_rcu_bulk_data *bnode;

for (i = 0; i < KFREE_N_BATCHES; i++) {
INIT_RCU_WORK(&krcp->krw_arr[i].rcu_work, kfree_rcu_work);
krcp->krw_arr[i].krcp = krcp;
}

+ for (i = 0; i < rcu_min_cached_objs; i++) {
+ bnode = (struct kfree_rcu_bulk_data *)
+ __get_free_page(GFP_NOWAIT | __GFP_NOWARN);
+
+ if (bnode)
+ put_cached_bnode(krcp, bnode);
+ else
+ pr_err("Failed to preallocate for %d CPU!\n", cpu);
+ }
+
INIT_DELAYED_WORK(&krcp->monitor_work, kfree_rcu_monitor);
krcp->initialized = true;
}
--
2.9.5
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