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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2 2/2] selftests/fpu: Add an FPU selftest
On Wed, Jun 24, 2020 at 4:46 AM Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de> wrote:
>
> From: Petteri Aimonen <jpa@git.mail.kapsi.fi>
>
> Add a selftest for the usage of FPU code in kernel mode.
>
> Currently only implemented for x86. In the future, kernel FPU testing
> could be unified between the different architectures supporting it.
>
> [ bp:
>
> - Split out from a conglomerate patch, put comments over statements.
> - run the test only on debugfs write.
> - Add bare-minimum run_test_fpu.sh, run 1000 iterations on all CPUs
> by default.
> - Add conditionally -msse2 so that clang doesn't generate library
> calls.
> - Use cc-option to detect gcc 7.1 not supporting -mpreferred-stack-boundary=3.
> - Document stuff so that we don't forget.
> ]
>
> Signed-off-by: Petteri Aimonen <jpa@git.mail.kapsi.fi>
> Signed-off-by: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de>

More tests make me happy. Thanks for taking the time to write all
this. In the future, it should be straightforward for us to test
single precision in test_fpu(). Exercising anything that would
otherwise generate a soft-fp call might be interesting
https://gcc.gnu.org/onlinedocs/gccint/Soft-float-library-routines.html
(plz no `long double`).
Reviewed-by: Nick Desaulniers <ndesaulniers@google.com>

> ---
> lib/Kconfig.debug | 11 +++
> lib/Makefile | 24 ++++++
> lib/test_fpu.c | 89 +++++++++++++++++++++
> tools/testing/selftests/Makefile | 1 +
> tools/testing/selftests/fpu/.gitignore | 2 +
> tools/testing/selftests/fpu/Makefile | 9 +++
> tools/testing/selftests/fpu/run_test_fpu.sh | 46 +++++++++++
> tools/testing/selftests/fpu/test_fpu.c | 61 ++++++++++++++
> 8 files changed, 243 insertions(+)
> create mode 100644 lib/test_fpu.c
> create mode 100644 tools/testing/selftests/fpu/.gitignore
> create mode 100644 tools/testing/selftests/fpu/Makefile
> create mode 100755 tools/testing/selftests/fpu/run_test_fpu.sh
> create mode 100644 tools/testing/selftests/fpu/test_fpu.c
>
> diff --git a/lib/Kconfig.debug b/lib/Kconfig.debug
> index d74ac0fd6b2d..a1963a493920 100644
> --- a/lib/Kconfig.debug
> +++ b/lib/Kconfig.debug
> @@ -2308,6 +2308,17 @@ config TEST_HMM
>
> If unsure, say N.
>
> +config TEST_FPU
> + tristate "Test floating point operations in kernel space"
> + depends on X86
> + help
> + Enable this option to add /sys/kernel/debug/selftest_helpers/test_fpu
> + which will trigger a sequence of floating point operations. This is used
> + for self-testing floating point control register setting in
> + kernel_fpu_begin().
> +
> + If unsure, say N.
> +
> endif # RUNTIME_TESTING_MENU
>
> config MEMTEST
> diff --git a/lib/Makefile b/lib/Makefile
> index b1c42c10073b..d0f17a74afaf 100644
> --- a/lib/Makefile
> +++ b/lib/Makefile
> @@ -99,6 +99,30 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_TEST_MEMINIT) += test_meminit.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_TEST_LOCKUP) += test_lockup.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_TEST_HMM) += test_hmm.o
>
> +#
> +# CFLAGS for compiling floating point code inside the kernel. x86/Makefile turns
> +# off the generation of FPU/SSE* instructions for kernel proper but FPU_FLAGS
> +# get appended last to CFLAGS and thus override those previous compiler options.
> +#
> +FPU_CFLAGS := -mhard-float -msse -msse2
> +ifdef CONFIG_CC_IS_GCC
> +# Stack alignment mismatch, proceed with caution.
> +# GCC < 7.1 cannot compile code using `double` and -mpreferred-stack-boundary=3
> +# (8B stack alignment).
> +# See https://gcc.gnu.org/bugzilla/show_bug.cgi?id=53383
> +#
> +# The "-msse" in the first argument is there so that the
> +# -mpreferred-stack-boundary=3 build error:
> +#
> +# -mpreferred-stack-boundary=3 is not between 4 and 12
> +#
> +# can be triggered. Otherwise gcc doesn't complain.
> +FPU_CFLAGS += $(call cc-option,-msse -mpreferred-stack-boundary=3,-mpreferred-stack-boundary=4)
> +endif
> +
> +obj-$(CONFIG_TEST_FPU) += test_fpu.o
> +CFLAGS_test_fpu.o += $(FPU_CFLAGS)
> +
> obj-$(CONFIG_TEST_LIVEPATCH) += livepatch/
>
> obj-$(CONFIG_KUNIT) += kunit/
> diff --git a/lib/test_fpu.c b/lib/test_fpu.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..c33764aa3eb8
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/lib/test_fpu.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,89 @@
> +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0+
> +/*
> + * Test cases for using floating point operations inside a kernel module.
> + *
> + * This tests kernel_fpu_begin() and kernel_fpu_end() functions, especially
> + * when userland has modified the floating point control registers. The kernel
> + * state might depend on the state set by the userland thread that was active
> + * before a syscall.
> + *
> + * To facilitate the test, this module registers file
> + * /sys/kernel/debug/selftest_helpers/test_fpu, which when read causes a
> + * sequence of floating point operations. If the operations fail, either the
> + * read returns error status or the kernel crashes.
> + * If the operations succeed, the read returns "1\n".
> + */
> +
> +#include <linux/module.h>
> +#include <linux/kernel.h>
> +#include <linux/debugfs.h>
> +#include <asm/fpu/api.h>
> +
> +static int test_fpu(void)
> +{
> + /*
> + * This sequence of operations tests that rounding mode is
> + * to nearest and that denormal numbers are supported.
> + * Volatile variables are used to avoid compiler optimizing
> + * the calculations away.
> + */
> + volatile double a, b, c, d, e, f, g;
> +
> + a = 4.0;
> + b = 1e-15;
> + c = 1e-310;
> +
> + /* Sets precision flag */
> + d = a + b;
> +
> + /* Result depends on rounding mode */
> + e = a + b / 2;
> +
> + /* Denormal and very large values */
> + f = b / c;
> +
> + /* Depends on denormal support */
> + g = a + c * f;
> +
> + if (d > a && e > a && g > a)
> + return 0;
> + else
> + return -EINVAL;
> +}
> +
> +static int test_fpu_get(void *data, u64 *val)
> +{
> + int status = -EINVAL;
> +
> + kernel_fpu_begin();
> + status = test_fpu();
> + kernel_fpu_end();
> +
> + *val = 1;
> + return status;
> +}
> +
> +DEFINE_SIMPLE_ATTRIBUTE(test_fpu_fops, test_fpu_get, NULL, "%lld\n");
> +static struct dentry *selftest_dir;
> +
> +static int __init test_fpu_init(void)
> +{
> + selftest_dir = debugfs_create_dir("selftest_helpers", NULL);
> + if (!selftest_dir)
> + return -ENOMEM;
> +
> + debugfs_create_file("test_fpu", 0444, selftest_dir, NULL,
> + &test_fpu_fops);
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static void __exit test_fpu_exit(void)
> +{
> + debugfs_remove(selftest_dir);
> +}
> +
> +module_init(test_fpu_init);
> +module_exit(test_fpu_exit);
> +
> +MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
> diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/Makefile b/tools/testing/selftests/Makefile
> index 1195bd85af38..227ca78a5b7f 100644
> --- a/tools/testing/selftests/Makefile
> +++ b/tools/testing/selftests/Makefile
> @@ -15,6 +15,7 @@ TARGETS += filesystems
> TARGETS += filesystems/binderfs
> TARGETS += filesystems/epoll
> TARGETS += firmware
> +TARGETS += fpu
> TARGETS += ftrace
> TARGETS += futex
> TARGETS += gpio
> diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/fpu/.gitignore b/tools/testing/selftests/fpu/.gitignore
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..d6d12ac1d9c3
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/tools/testing/selftests/fpu/.gitignore
> @@ -0,0 +1,2 @@
> +# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0+
> +test_fpu
> diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/fpu/Makefile b/tools/testing/selftests/fpu/Makefile
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..ea62c176ede7
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/tools/testing/selftests/fpu/Makefile
> @@ -0,0 +1,9 @@
> +# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0+
> +
> +LDLIBS := -lm
> +
> +TEST_GEN_PROGS := test_fpu
> +
> +TEST_PROGS := run_test_fpu.sh
> +
> +include ../lib.mk
> diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/fpu/run_test_fpu.sh b/tools/testing/selftests/fpu/run_test_fpu.sh
> new file mode 100755
> index 000000000000..d77be93ec139
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/tools/testing/selftests/fpu/run_test_fpu.sh
> @@ -0,0 +1,46 @@
> +#!/bin/bash
> +# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
> +#
> +# Load kernel module for FPU tests
> +
> +uid=$(id -u)
> +if [ $uid -ne 0 ]; then
> + echo "$0: Must be run as root"
> + exit 1
> +fi
> +
> +if ! which modprobe > /dev/null 2>&1; then
> + echo "$0: You need modprobe installed"
> + exit 4
> +fi
> +
> +if ! modinfo test_fpu > /dev/null 2>&1; then
> + echo "$0: You must have the following enabled in your kernel:"
> + echo "CONFIG_TEST_FPU=m"
> + exit 4
> +fi
> +
> +NR_CPUS=$(getconf _NPROCESSORS_ONLN)
> +if [ ! $NR_CPUS ]; then
> + NR_CPUS=1
> +fi
> +
> +modprobe test_fpu
> +
> +if [ ! -e /sys/kernel/debug/selftest_helpers/test_fpu ]; then
> + mount -t debugfs none /sys/kernel/debug
> +
> + if [ ! -e /sys/kernel/debug/selftest_helpers/test_fpu ]; then
> + echo "$0: Error mounting debugfs"
> + exit 4
> + fi
> +fi
> +
> +echo "Running 1000 iterations on all CPUs... "
> +for i in $(seq 1 1000); do
> + for c in $(seq 1 $NR_CPUS); do
> + ./test_fpu &
> + done
> +done
> +
> +rmmod test_fpu
> diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/fpu/test_fpu.c b/tools/testing/selftests/fpu/test_fpu.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..200238522a9d
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/tools/testing/selftests/fpu/test_fpu.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,61 @@
> +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0+
> +/* This testcase operates with the test_fpu kernel driver.
> + * It modifies the FPU control register in user mode and calls the kernel
> + * module to perform floating point operations in the kernel. The control
> + * register value should be independent between kernel and user mode.
> + */
> +
> +#define _GNU_SOURCE
> +#include <stdio.h>
> +#include <errno.h>
> +#include <string.h>
> +#include <fenv.h>
> +#include <unistd.h>
> +#include <fcntl.h>
> +
> +const char *test_fpu_path = "/sys/kernel/debug/selftest_helpers/test_fpu";
> +
> +int main(void)
> +{
> + char dummy[1];
> + int fd = open(test_fpu_path, O_RDONLY);
> +
> + if (fd < 0) {
> + printf("[SKIP]\tcan't access %s: %s\n",
> + test_fpu_path, strerror(errno));
> + return 0;
> + }
> +
> + if (read(fd, dummy, 1) < 0) {
> + printf("[FAIL]\taccess with default rounding mode failed\n");
> + return 1;
> + }
> +
> + fesetround(FE_DOWNWARD);
> + if (read(fd, dummy, 1) < 0) {
> + printf("[FAIL]\taccess with downward rounding mode failed\n");
> + return 2;
> + }
> + if (fegetround() != FE_DOWNWARD) {
> + printf("[FAIL]\tusermode rounding mode clobbered\n");
> + return 3;
> + }
> +
> + /* Note: the tests up to this point are quite safe and will only return
> + * an error. But the exception mask setting can cause misbehaving kernel
> + * to crash.
> + */
> + feclearexcept(FE_ALL_EXCEPT);
> + feenableexcept(FE_ALL_EXCEPT);
> + if (read(fd, dummy, 1) < 0) {
> + printf("[FAIL]\taccess with fpu exceptions unmasked failed\n");
> + return 4;
> + }
> + if (fegetexcept() != FE_ALL_EXCEPT) {
> + printf("[FAIL]\tusermode fpu exception mask clobbered\n");
> + return 5;
> + }
> +
> + printf("[OK]\ttest_fpu\n");
> + return 0;
> +}
> --
> 2.21.0
>


--
Thanks,
~Nick Desaulniers

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