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SubjectRe: [PATCH] Documentation: kunit: Add some troubleshooting tips to the FAQ
On Mon, 1 Jun 2020, David Gow wrote:

> Add an FAQ entry to the KUnit documentation with some tips for
> troubleshooting KUnit and kunit_tool.
> These suggestions largely came from an email thread:
> Signed-off-by: David Gow <>
> ---
> Documentation/dev-tools/kunit/faq.rst | 32 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> 1 file changed, 32 insertions(+)
> diff --git a/Documentation/dev-tools/kunit/faq.rst b/Documentation/dev-tools/kunit/faq.rst
> index ea55b2467653..40109d425988 100644
> --- a/Documentation/dev-tools/kunit/faq.rst
> +++ b/Documentation/dev-tools/kunit/faq.rst
> @@ -61,3 +61,35 @@ test, or an end-to-end test.
> kernel by installing a production configuration of the kernel on production
> hardware with a production userspace and then trying to exercise some behavior
> that depends on interactions between the hardware, the kernel, and userspace.
> +
> +KUnit isn't working, what should I do?
> +======================================
> +
> +Unfortunately, there are a number of things which can break, but here are some
> +things to try.
> +
> +1. Try running ``./tools/testing/kunit/ run`` with the ``--raw_output``
> + parameter. This might show details or error messages hidden by the kunit_tool
> + parser.
> +2. Instead of running `` run``, try running `` config``,
> + `` build``, and `` exec`` independently. This can help track
> + down where an issue is occurring. (If you think the parser is at fault, you
> + can run it manually against stdin or a file with `` parse``.)
> +3. Running the UML kernel directly can often reveal issues or error messages
> + kunit_tool ignores. This should be as simple as running ``./vmlinux`` after
> + building the UML kernel (e.g., by using `` build``). Note that UML
> + has some unusual requirements (such as the host having a tmpfs filesystem
> + mounted), and has had issues in the past when built statically and the host
> + has KASLR enabled. (On older host kernels, you may need to run ``setarch
> + `uname -m` -R ./vmlinux`` to disable KASLR.)
> +4. Make sure the kernel .config has ``CONFIG_KUNIT=y`` and at least one test
> + (e.g. ``CONFIG_KUNIT_EXAMPLE_TEST=y``). kunit_tool will keep its .config
> + around, so you can see what config was used after running `` run``.
> + It also preserves any config changes you might make, so you can
> + enable/disable things with ``make ARCH=um menuconfig`` or similar, and then
> + re-run kunit_tool.
> +5. Finally, running ``make ARCH=um defconfig`` before running `` run``
> + may help clean up any residual config items which could be causing problems.
> +

Looks great! Could we add something like:

6. Try running kunit standalone (without UML). KUnit and associated
tests can be built into a standard kernel or built as a module; doing
so allows us to verify test behaviour independent of UML so can be
useful to do if running under UML is failing. When tests are built-in
they will execute on boot, and modules will automatically execute
associated tests when loaded. Test results can be collected from
/sys/kernel/debug/kunit/<test-suite>/results. For more details see
"KUnit on non-UML architectures" in :doc:`usage`.

Reviewed-by: Alan Maguire <>

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