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Subject[PATCH RFCv2 1/9] arm64: Probe for the presence of KVM hypervisor services during boot
Date
From: Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>

Although the SMCCC specification provides some limited functionality for
describing the presence of hypervisor and firmware services, this is
generally applicable only to functions designated as "Arm Architecture
Service Functions" and no portable discovery mechanism is provided for
standard hypervisor services, despite having a designated range of
function identifiers reserved by the specification.

In an attempt to avoid the need for additional firmware changes every
time a new function is added, introduce a UID to identify the service
provider as being compatible with KVM. Once this has been established,
additional services can be discovered via a feature bitmap.

Cc: Marc Zyngier <maz@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Gavin Shan <gshan@redhat.com>
---
arch/arm64/include/asm/hypervisor.h | 11 +++++++++
arch/arm64/kernel/setup.c | 35 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
include/linux/arm-smccc.h | 26 +++++++++++++++++++++
3 files changed, 72 insertions(+)

diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/hypervisor.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/hypervisor.h
index f9cc1d021791..91e4bd890819 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/hypervisor.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/hypervisor.h
@@ -2,6 +2,17 @@
#ifndef _ASM_ARM64_HYPERVISOR_H
#define _ASM_ARM64_HYPERVISOR_H

+#include <linux/arm-smccc.h>
#include <asm/xen/hypervisor.h>

+static inline bool kvm_arm_hyp_service_available(u32 func_id)
+{
+ extern DECLARE_BITMAP(__kvm_arm_hyp_services, ARM_SMCCC_KVM_NUM_FUNCS);
+
+ if (func_id >= ARM_SMCCC_KVM_NUM_FUNCS)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ return test_bit(func_id, __kvm_arm_hyp_services);
+}
+
#endif
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/setup.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/setup.c
index 3fd2c11c09fc..61c3774c7bc9 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/setup.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/setup.c
@@ -7,6 +7,7 @@
*/

#include <linux/acpi.h>
+#include <linux/arm-smccc.h>
#include <linux/export.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/stddef.h>
@@ -275,6 +276,39 @@ static int __init reserve_memblock_reserved_regions(void)
arch_initcall(reserve_memblock_reserved_regions);

u64 __cpu_logical_map[NR_CPUS] = { [0 ... NR_CPUS-1] = INVALID_HWID };
+DECLARE_BITMAP(__kvm_arm_hyp_services, ARM_SMCCC_KVM_NUM_FUNCS) = { };
+
+static void __init kvm_init_hyp_services(void)
+{
+ int i;
+ struct arm_smccc_res res;
+
+ if (psci_ops.smccc_version == SMCCC_VERSION_1_0)
+ return;
+
+ arm_smccc_1_1_invoke(ARM_SMCCC_VENDOR_HYP_CALL_UID_FUNC_ID, &res);
+ if (res.a0 != ARM_SMCCC_VENDOR_HYP_UID_KVM_REG_0 ||
+ res.a1 != ARM_SMCCC_VENDOR_HYP_UID_KVM_REG_1 ||
+ res.a2 != ARM_SMCCC_VENDOR_HYP_UID_KVM_REG_2 ||
+ res.a3 != ARM_SMCCC_VENDOR_HYP_UID_KVM_REG_3)
+ return;
+
+ memset(&res, 0, sizeof(res));
+ arm_smccc_1_1_invoke(ARM_SMCCC_VENDOR_HYP_KVM_FEATURES_FUNC_ID, &res);
+ for (i = 0; i < 32; ++i) {
+ if (res.a0 & (i))
+ set_bit(i + (32 * 0), __kvm_arm_hyp_services);
+ if (res.a1 & (i))
+ set_bit(i + (32 * 1), __kvm_arm_hyp_services);
+ if (res.a2 & (i))
+ set_bit(i + (32 * 2), __kvm_arm_hyp_services);
+ if (res.a3 & (i))
+ set_bit(i + (32 * 3), __kvm_arm_hyp_services);
+ }
+
+ pr_info("KVM hypervisor services detected (0x%08lx 0x%08lx 0x%08lx 0x%08lx)\n",
+ res.a3, res.a2, res.a1, res.a0);
+}

void __init setup_arch(char **cmdline_p)
{
@@ -344,6 +378,7 @@ void __init setup_arch(char **cmdline_p)
else
psci_acpi_init();

+ kvm_init_hyp_services();
init_bootcpu_ops();
smp_init_cpus();
smp_build_mpidr_hash();
diff --git a/include/linux/arm-smccc.h b/include/linux/arm-smccc.h
index 59494df0f55b..bdc0124a064a 100644
--- a/include/linux/arm-smccc.h
+++ b/include/linux/arm-smccc.h
@@ -46,11 +46,14 @@
#define ARM_SMCCC_OWNER_OEM 3
#define ARM_SMCCC_OWNER_STANDARD 4
#define ARM_SMCCC_OWNER_STANDARD_HYP 5
+#define ARM_SMCCC_OWNER_VENDOR_HYP 6
#define ARM_SMCCC_OWNER_TRUSTED_APP 48
#define ARM_SMCCC_OWNER_TRUSTED_APP_END 49
#define ARM_SMCCC_OWNER_TRUSTED_OS 50
#define ARM_SMCCC_OWNER_TRUSTED_OS_END 63

+#define ARM_SMCCC_FUNC_QUERY_CALL_UID 0xff01
+
#define ARM_SMCCC_QUIRK_NONE 0
#define ARM_SMCCC_QUIRK_QCOM_A6 1 /* Save/restore register a6 */

@@ -77,6 +80,29 @@
ARM_SMCCC_SMC_32, \
0, 0x7fff)

+#define ARM_SMCCC_VENDOR_HYP_CALL_UID_FUNC_ID \
+ ARM_SMCCC_CALL_VAL(ARM_SMCCC_FAST_CALL, \
+ ARM_SMCCC_SMC_32, \
+ ARM_SMCCC_OWNER_VENDOR_HYP, \
+ ARM_SMCCC_FUNC_QUERY_CALL_UID)
+
+/* KVM UID value: 28b46fb6-2ec5-11e9-a9ca-4b564d003a74 */
+#define ARM_SMCCC_VENDOR_HYP_UID_KVM_REG_0 0xb66fb428U
+#define ARM_SMCCC_VENDOR_HYP_UID_KVM_REG_1 0xe911c52eU
+#define ARM_SMCCC_VENDOR_HYP_UID_KVM_REG_2 0x564bcaa9U
+#define ARM_SMCCC_VENDOR_HYP_UID_KVM_REG_3 0x743a004dU
+
+/* KVM "vendor specific" services */
+#define ARM_SMCCC_KVM_FUNC_FEATURES 0
+#define ARM_SMCCC_KVM_FUNC_FEATURES_2 127
+#define ARM_SMCCC_KVM_NUM_FUNCS 128
+
+#define ARM_SMCCC_VENDOR_HYP_KVM_FEATURES_FUNC_ID \
+ ARM_SMCCC_CALL_VAL(ARM_SMCCC_FAST_CALL, \
+ ARM_SMCCC_SMC_32, \
+ ARM_SMCCC_OWNER_VENDOR_HYP, \
+ ARM_SMCCC_KVM_FUNC_FEATURES)
+
#ifndef __ASSEMBLY__

#include <linux/linkage.h>
--
2.23.0
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