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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2 3/4] iio: chemical: scd30: add serial interface driver
On Sat, 30 May 2020 23:36:29 +0200
Tomasz Duszynski <tomasz.duszynski@octakon.com> wrote:

> Add serial interface driver for the SCD30 sensor.
>
> Signed-off-by: Tomasz Duszynski <tomasz.duszynski@octakon.com>

Ah Now I see why you had those extra elements in the iio_priv
structure.

Hmm. serdev_device callbacks using the top level device drvdata
is a bit annoying. Really feels to me like they should have
their own priv data for those callbacks given the device
drvdata gets used for so many other things.

Oh well. Guess this is the best we can do!

Jonathan

> ---
> MAINTAINERS | 1 +
> drivers/iio/chemical/Kconfig | 11 ++
> drivers/iio/chemical/Makefile | 1 +
> drivers/iio/chemical/scd30_serial.c | 266 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> 4 files changed, 279 insertions(+)
> create mode 100644 drivers/iio/chemical/scd30_serial.c
>
> diff --git a/MAINTAINERS b/MAINTAINERS
> index 13aed3473b7e..5db4b446c8ba 100644
> --- a/MAINTAINERS
> +++ b/MAINTAINERS
> @@ -15143,6 +15143,7 @@ S: Maintained
> F: drivers/iio/chemical/scd30.h
> F: drivers/iio/chemical/scd30_core.c
> F: drivers/iio/chemical/scd30_i2c.c
> +F: drivers/iio/chemical/scd30_serial.c
>
> SENSIRION SPS30 AIR POLLUTION SENSOR DRIVER
> M: Tomasz Duszynski <tduszyns@gmail.com>
> diff --git a/drivers/iio/chemical/Kconfig b/drivers/iio/chemical/Kconfig
> index 970d34888c2e..10bb431bc3ce 100644
> --- a/drivers/iio/chemical/Kconfig
> +++ b/drivers/iio/chemical/Kconfig
> @@ -107,6 +107,17 @@ config SCD30_I2C
> To compile this driver as a module, choose M here: the module will
> be called scd30_i2c.
>
> +config SCD30_SERIAL
> + tristate "SCD30 carbon dioxide sensor serial driver"
> + depends on SCD30_CORE && SERIAL_DEV_BUS
> + select CRC16
> + help
> + Say Y here to build support for the Sensirion SCD30 serial interface
> + driver.
> +
> + To compile this driver as a module, choose M here: the module will
> + be called scd30_serial.
> +
> config SENSIRION_SGP30
> tristate "Sensirion SGPxx gas sensors"
> depends on I2C
> diff --git a/drivers/iio/chemical/Makefile b/drivers/iio/chemical/Makefile
> index 0966ca34e34b..fef63dd5bf92 100644
> --- a/drivers/iio/chemical/Makefile
> +++ b/drivers/iio/chemical/Makefile
> @@ -14,6 +14,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_IAQCORE) += ams-iaq-core.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_PMS7003) += pms7003.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_SCD30_CORE) += scd30_core.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_SCD30_I2C) += scd30_i2c.o
> +obj-$(CONFIG_SCD30_SERIAL) += scd30_serial.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_SENSIRION_SGP30) += sgp30.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_SPS30) += sps30.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_VZ89X) += vz89x.o
> diff --git a/drivers/iio/chemical/scd30_serial.c b/drivers/iio/chemical/scd30_serial.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..07d7d3110fe0
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/drivers/iio/chemical/scd30_serial.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,266 @@
> +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
> +/*
> + * Sensirion SCD30 carbon dioxide sensor serial driver
> + *
> + * Copyright (c) 2020 Tomasz Duszynski <tomasz.duszynski@octakon.com>
> + */
> +#include <linux/crc16.h>
> +#include <linux/device.h>
> +#include <linux/errno.h>
> +#include <linux/iio/iio.h>
> +#include <linux/jiffies.h>
> +#include <linux/mod_devicetable.h>
> +#include <linux/module.h>
> +#include <linux/property.h>
> +#include <linux/serdev.h>
> +#include <linux/string.h>
> +#include <linux/types.h>
> +#include <asm/unaligned.h>
> +
> +#include "scd30.h"
> +
> +#define SCD30_SERDEV_ADDR 0x61
> +#define SCD30_SERDEV_WRITE 0x06
> +#define SCD30_SERDEV_READ 0x03
> +#define SCD30_SERDEV_MAX_BUF_SIZE 17
> +#define SCD30_SERDEV_RX_HEADER_SIZE 3
> +#define SCD30_SERDEV_CRC_SIZE 2
> +#define SCD30_SERDEV_TIMEOUT msecs_to_jiffies(200)
> +
> +struct scd30_serdev_priv {
> + struct completion meas_ready;
> + char *buf;
> + int num_expected;
> + int num;
> +};
> +
> +static u16 scd30_serdev_cmd_lookup_tbl[] = {
> + [CMD_START_MEAS] = 0x0036,
> + [CMD_STOP_MEAS] = 0x0037,
> + [CMD_MEAS_INTERVAL] = 0x0025,
> + [CMD_MEAS_READY] = 0x0027,
> + [CMD_READ_MEAS] = 0x0028,
> + [CMD_ASC] = 0x003a,
> + [CMD_FRC] = 0x0039,
> + [CMD_TEMP_OFFSET] = 0x003b,
> + [CMD_FW_VERSION] = 0x0020,
> + [CMD_RESET] = 0x0034,
> +};
> +
> +static u16 scd30_serdev_calc_crc(const char *buf, int size)
> +{
> + return crc16(0xffff, buf, size);
> +}
> +
> +static int scd30_serdev_xfer(struct scd30_state *state, char *txbuf, int txsize,
> + char *rxbuf, int rxsize)
> +{
> + struct serdev_device *serdev = to_serdev_device(state->dev);
> + struct scd30_serdev_priv *priv = state->priv;
> + int ret;
> +
> + priv->buf = rxbuf;
> + priv->num_expected = rxsize;
> + priv->num = 0;
> +
> + ret = serdev_device_write(serdev, txbuf, txsize, SCD30_SERDEV_TIMEOUT);
> + if (ret < txsize)
> + return ret < 0 ? ret : -EIO;
> +
> + ret = wait_for_completion_interruptible_timeout(&priv->meas_ready,
> + SCD30_SERDEV_TIMEOUT);
> + if (ret > 0)
> + ret = 0;
> + else if (!ret)
> + ret = -ETIMEDOUT;
> +
> + return ret;
> +}
> +
> +static int scd30_serdev_command(struct scd30_state *state, enum scd30_cmd cmd,
> + u16 arg, void *response, int size)
> +{
> + /*
> + * Communication over serial line is based on modbus protocol (or rather
> + * its variation called modbus over serial to be precise). Upon
> + * receiving a request device should reply with response.
> + *
> + * Frame below represents a request message. Each field takes
> + * exactly one byte.
> + *
> + * +------+------+-----+-----+-------+-------+-----+-----+
> + * | dev | op | reg | reg | byte1 | byte0 | crc | crc |
> + * | addr | code | msb | lsb | | | lsb | msb |
> + * +------+------+-----+-----+-------+-------+-----+-----+
> + *
> + * The message device replies with depends on the 'op code' field from
> + * the request. In case it was set to SCD30_SERDEV_WRITE sensor should
> + * reply with unchanged request. Otherwise 'op code' was set to
> + * SCD30_SERDEV_READ and response looks like the one below. As with
> + * request, each field takes one byte.
> + *
> + * +------+------+--------+-------+-----+-------+-----+-----+
> + * | dev | op | num of | byte0 | ... | byteN | crc | crc |
> + * | addr | code | bytes | | | | lsb | msb |
> + * +------+------+--------+-------+-----+-------+-----+-----+
> + */
> + char txbuf[SCD30_SERDEV_MAX_BUF_SIZE] = { SCD30_SERDEV_ADDR },
> + rxbuf[SCD30_SERDEV_MAX_BUF_SIZE], *rsp = response;
> + int ret, rxsize, txsize = 2;
> + u16 crc;
> +
> + put_unaligned_be16(scd30_serdev_cmd_lookup_tbl[cmd], txbuf + txsize);
> + txsize += 2;
> +
> + if (rsp) {
> + txbuf[1] = SCD30_SERDEV_READ;
> + if (cmd == CMD_READ_MEAS)
> + /* number of u16 words to read */
> + put_unaligned_be16(size / 2, txbuf + txsize);
> + else
> + put_unaligned_be16(0x0001, txbuf + txsize);
> + txsize += 2;
> + crc = scd30_serdev_calc_crc(txbuf, txsize);
> + put_unaligned_le16(crc, txbuf + txsize);
> + txsize += 2;
> + rxsize = SCD30_SERDEV_RX_HEADER_SIZE + size +
> + SCD30_SERDEV_CRC_SIZE;
> + } else {
> + if ((cmd == CMD_STOP_MEAS) || (cmd == CMD_RESET))
> + arg = 0x0001;
> +
> + txbuf[1] = SCD30_SERDEV_WRITE;
> + put_unaligned_be16(arg, txbuf + txsize);
> + txsize += 2;
> + crc = scd30_serdev_calc_crc(txbuf, txsize);
> + put_unaligned_le16(crc, txbuf + txsize);
> + txsize += 2;
> + rxsize = txsize;
> + }
> +
> + ret = scd30_serdev_xfer(state, txbuf, txsize, rxbuf, rxsize);
> + if (ret)
> + return ret;
> +
> + switch (txbuf[1]) {
> + case SCD30_SERDEV_WRITE:
> + if (memcmp(txbuf, txbuf, txsize)) {
> + dev_err(state->dev, "wrong message received\n");
> + return -EIO;
> + }
> + break;
> + case SCD30_SERDEV_READ:
> + if (rxbuf[2] != (rxsize -
> + SCD30_SERDEV_RX_HEADER_SIZE -
> + SCD30_SERDEV_CRC_SIZE)) {
> + dev_err(state->dev,
> + "received data size does not match header\n");
> + return -EIO;
> + }
> +
> + rxsize -= SCD30_SERDEV_CRC_SIZE;
> + crc = get_unaligned_le16(rxbuf + rxsize);
> + if (crc != scd30_serdev_calc_crc(rxbuf, rxsize)) {
> + dev_err(state->dev, "data integrity check failed\n");
> + return -EIO;
> + }
> +
> + rxsize -= SCD30_SERDEV_RX_HEADER_SIZE;
> + memcpy(rsp, rxbuf + SCD30_SERDEV_RX_HEADER_SIZE, rxsize);
> + break;
> + default:
> + dev_err(state->dev, "received unknown op code\n");
> + return -EIO;
> + }
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static int scd30_serdev_receive_buf(struct serdev_device *serdev,
> + const unsigned char *buf, size_t size)
> +{
> + struct iio_dev *indio_dev = dev_get_drvdata(&serdev->dev);
> + struct scd30_serdev_priv *priv;
> + struct scd30_state *state;
> + int num;
> +
> + if (!indio_dev)
> + return 0;
> +
> + state = iio_priv(indio_dev);
> + priv = state->priv;
> +
> + /* just in case sensor puts some unexpected bytes on the bus */
> + if (!priv->buf)
> + return 0;
> +
> + if (priv->num + size >= priv->num_expected)
> + num = priv->num_expected - priv->num;
> + else
> + num = size;
> +
> + memcpy(priv->buf + priv->num, buf, num);
> + priv->num += num;
> +
> + if (priv->num == priv->num_expected) {
> + priv->buf = NULL;
> + complete(&priv->meas_ready);
> + }
> +
> + return num;
> +}
> +
> +static const struct serdev_device_ops scd30_serdev_ops = {
> + .receive_buf = scd30_serdev_receive_buf,
> + .write_wakeup = serdev_device_write_wakeup,
> +};
> +
> +static int scd30_serdev_probe(struct serdev_device *serdev)
> +{
> + struct device *dev = &serdev->dev;
> + struct scd30_serdev_priv *priv;
> + int irq, ret;
> +
> + priv = devm_kzalloc(dev, sizeof(*priv), GFP_KERNEL);
> + if (!priv)
> + return -ENOMEM;
> +
> + init_completion(&priv->meas_ready);
> + serdev_device_set_client_ops(serdev, &scd30_serdev_ops);
> +
> + ret = devm_serdev_device_open(dev, serdev);
> + if (ret)
> + return ret;
> +
> + serdev_device_set_baudrate(serdev, 19200);
> + serdev_device_set_flow_control(serdev, false);
> +
> + ret = serdev_device_set_parity(serdev, SERDEV_PARITY_NONE);
> + if (ret)
> + return ret;
> +
> + irq = fwnode_irq_get(dev_fwnode(dev), 0);
> +
> + return scd30_probe(dev, irq, KBUILD_MODNAME, priv,
> + scd30_serdev_command);
> +}
> +
> +static const struct of_device_id scd30_serdev_of_match[] = {
> + { .compatible = "sensirion,scd30" },
> + { }
> +};
> +MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(of, scd30_serdev_of_match);
> +
> +static struct serdev_device_driver scd30_serdev_driver = {
> + .driver = {
> + .name = KBUILD_MODNAME,
> + .of_match_table = scd30_serdev_of_match,
> + .pm = &scd30_pm_ops,
> + },
> + .probe = scd30_serdev_probe,
> +};
> +module_serdev_device_driver(scd30_serdev_driver);
> +
> +MODULE_AUTHOR("Tomasz Duszynski <tomasz.duszynski@octakon.com>");
> +MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Sensirion SCD30 carbon dioxide sensor serial driver");
> +MODULE_LICENSE("GPL v2");

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