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SubjectRe: [PATCH v5 3/6] irqchip: RISC-V per-HART local interrupt controller driver
On Fri, May 29, 2020 at 8:10 AM Palmer Dabbelt <palmer@dabbelt.com> wrote:
>
> On Thu, 21 May 2020 06:32:58 PDT (-0700), Anup Patel wrote:
> > The RISC-V per-HART local interrupt controller manages software
> > interrupts, timer interrupts, external interrupts (which are routed
> > via the platform level interrupt controller) and other per-HART
> > local interrupts.
> >
> > This patch adds a driver for the RISC-V local interrupt controller.
> > It is a major re-write over perviously submitted version.
> > (Refer, https://www.spinics.net/lists/devicetree/msg241230.html)
> >
> > Few advantages of this new driver over previous one are:
> > 1. All local interrupts are registered as per-CPU interrupts
> > 2. The RISC-V timer driver can register timer interrupt handler
> > using kernel irq subsystem without relying on arch/riscv to
> > explicitly call it's interrupt handler
> > 3. The KVM RISC-V can use this driver to implement interrupt
> > handler for per-HART guest external interrupt defined by
> > the RISC-V H-Extension
> > 4. In future, we can develop drivers for devices with per-HART
> > interrupts without changing arch code or this driver (example,
> > CLINT timer driver for RISC-V M-mode kernel)
> >
> > The RISC-V INTC driver is compliant with RISC-V Hart-Level Interrupt
> > Controller DT bindings located at:
> > Documentation/devicetree/bindings/interrupt-controller/riscv,cpu-intc.txt
> >
> > Signed-off-by: Palmer Dabbelt <palmer@dabbelt.com>
> > Signed-off-by: Anup Patel <anup.patel@wdc.com>
> > ---
> > arch/riscv/Kconfig | 1 +
> > arch/riscv/include/asm/irq.h | 2 -
> > arch/riscv/kernel/irq.c | 33 +-----
> > arch/riscv/kernel/traps.c | 2 -
> > drivers/irqchip/Kconfig | 13 ++
> > drivers/irqchip/Makefile | 1 +
> > drivers/irqchip/irq-riscv-intc.c | 158 +++++++++++++++++++++++++
> > drivers/irqchip/irq-sifive-plic.c | 38 +++++-
> > include/linux/cpuhotplug.h | 1 +
> > include/linux/irqchip/irq-riscv-intc.h | 20 ++++
> > 10 files changed, 229 insertions(+), 40 deletions(-)
> > create mode 100644 drivers/irqchip/irq-riscv-intc.c
> > create mode 100644 include/linux/irqchip/irq-riscv-intc.h
> >
> > diff --git a/arch/riscv/Kconfig b/arch/riscv/Kconfig
> > index 90a008e28f7e..822cb0e1a380 100644
> > --- a/arch/riscv/Kconfig
> > +++ b/arch/riscv/Kconfig
> > @@ -40,6 +40,7 @@ config RISCV
> > select HAVE_PERF_REGS
> > select HAVE_PERF_USER_STACK_DUMP
> > select HAVE_SYSCALL_TRACEPOINTS
> > + select HANDLE_DOMAIN_IRQ
> > select IRQ_DOMAIN
> > select SPARSE_IRQ
> > select SYSCTL_EXCEPTION_TRACE
> > diff --git a/arch/riscv/include/asm/irq.h b/arch/riscv/include/asm/irq.h
> > index 0183e15ace66..a9e5f07a7e9c 100644
> > --- a/arch/riscv/include/asm/irq.h
> > +++ b/arch/riscv/include/asm/irq.h
> > @@ -10,8 +10,6 @@
> > #include <linux/interrupt.h>
> > #include <linux/linkage.h>
> >
> > -#define NR_IRQS 0
> > -
> > void riscv_timer_interrupt(void);
> >
> > #include <asm-generic/irq.h>
> > diff --git a/arch/riscv/kernel/irq.c b/arch/riscv/kernel/irq.c
> > index bb0bfcd537e7..eb8777642ce6 100644
> > --- a/arch/riscv/kernel/irq.c
> > +++ b/arch/riscv/kernel/irq.c
> > @@ -7,7 +7,6 @@
> >
> > #include <linux/interrupt.h>
> > #include <linux/irqchip.h>
> > -#include <linux/irqdomain.h>
> > #include <linux/seq_file.h>
> > #include <asm/smp.h>
> >
> > @@ -19,39 +18,13 @@ int arch_show_interrupts(struct seq_file *p, int prec)
> >
> > asmlinkage __visible void __irq_entry do_IRQ(struct pt_regs *regs)
> > {
> > - struct pt_regs *old_regs;
> > -
> > - switch (regs->cause & ~CAUSE_IRQ_FLAG) {
> > - case RV_IRQ_TIMER:
> > - old_regs = set_irq_regs(regs);
> > - irq_enter();
> > - riscv_timer_interrupt();
> > - irq_exit();
> > - set_irq_regs(old_regs);
> > - break;
> > -#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
> > - case RV_IRQ_SOFT:
> > - /*
> > - * We only use software interrupts to pass IPIs, so if a non-SMP
> > - * system gets one, then we don't know what to do.
> > - */
> > - handle_IPI(regs);
> > - break;
> > -#endif
> > - case RV_IRQ_EXT:
> > - old_regs = set_irq_regs(regs);
> > - irq_enter();
> > + if (handle_arch_irq)
> > handle_arch_irq(regs);
> > - irq_exit();
> > - set_irq_regs(old_regs);
> > - break;
> > - default:
> > - pr_alert("unexpected interrupt cause 0x%lx", regs->cause);
> > - BUG();
> > - }
> > }
> >
> > void __init init_IRQ(void)
> > {
> > irqchip_init();
> > + if (!handle_arch_irq)
> > + panic("No interrupt controller found.");
> > }
> > diff --git a/arch/riscv/kernel/traps.c b/arch/riscv/kernel/traps.c
> > index 7f58fa53033f..f48c76aadbf3 100644
> > --- a/arch/riscv/kernel/traps.c
> > +++ b/arch/riscv/kernel/traps.c
> > @@ -178,6 +178,4 @@ void trap_init(void)
> > csr_write(CSR_SCRATCH, 0);
> > /* Set the exception vector address */
> > csr_write(CSR_TVEC, &handle_exception);
> > - /* Enable interrupts */
> > - csr_write(CSR_IE, IE_SIE);
> > }
> > diff --git a/drivers/irqchip/Kconfig b/drivers/irqchip/Kconfig
> > index a85aada04a64..95d6137a8117 100644
> > --- a/drivers/irqchip/Kconfig
> > +++ b/drivers/irqchip/Kconfig
> > @@ -493,6 +493,19 @@ config TI_SCI_INTA_IRQCHIP
> > If you wish to use interrupt aggregator irq resources managed by the
> > TI System Controller, say Y here. Otherwise, say N.
> >
> > +config RISCV_INTC
> > + bool "RISC-V Local Interrupt Controller"
> > + depends on RISCV
> > + default y
> > + help
> > + This enables support for the per-HART local interrupt controller
> > + found in standard RISC-V systems. The per-HART local interrupt
> > + controller handles timer interrupts, software interrupts, and
> > + hardware interrupts. Without a per-HART local interrupt controller,
> > + a RISC-V system will be unable to handle any interrupts.
> > +
> > + If you don't know what to do here, say Y.
> > +
> > config SIFIVE_PLIC
> > bool "SiFive Platform-Level Interrupt Controller"
> > depends on RISCV
> > diff --git a/drivers/irqchip/Makefile b/drivers/irqchip/Makefile
> > index 37bbe39bf909..b8319f045472 100644
> > --- a/drivers/irqchip/Makefile
> > +++ b/drivers/irqchip/Makefile
> > @@ -98,6 +98,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_NDS32) += irq-ativic32.o
> > obj-$(CONFIG_QCOM_PDC) += qcom-pdc.o
> > obj-$(CONFIG_CSKY_MPINTC) += irq-csky-mpintc.o
> > obj-$(CONFIG_CSKY_APB_INTC) += irq-csky-apb-intc.o
> > +obj-$(CONFIG_RISCV_INTC) += irq-riscv-intc.o
> > obj-$(CONFIG_SIFIVE_PLIC) += irq-sifive-plic.o
> > obj-$(CONFIG_IMX_IRQSTEER) += irq-imx-irqsteer.o
> > obj-$(CONFIG_IMX_INTMUX) += irq-imx-intmux.o
> > diff --git a/drivers/irqchip/irq-riscv-intc.c b/drivers/irqchip/irq-riscv-intc.c
> > new file mode 100644
> > index 000000000000..2f364e6a87f9
> > --- /dev/null
> > +++ b/drivers/irqchip/irq-riscv-intc.c
> > @@ -0,0 +1,158 @@
> > +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
> > +/*
> > + * Copyright (C) 2012 Regents of the University of California
> > + * Copyright (C) 2017-2018 SiFive
> > + * Copyright (C) 2020 Western Digital Corporation or its affiliates.
> > + */
> > +
> > +#define pr_fmt(fmt) "riscv-intc: " fmt
> > +#include <linux/atomic.h>
> > +#include <linux/bits.h>
> > +#include <linux/cpu.h>
> > +#include <linux/irq.h>
> > +#include <linux/irqchip.h>
> > +#include <linux/irqchip/irq-riscv-intc.h>
> > +#include <linux/irqdomain.h>
> > +#include <linux/interrupt.h>
> > +#include <linux/module.h>
> > +#include <linux/of.h>
> > +#include <linux/smp.h>
> > +
> > +static struct device_node *intc_domain_node;
> > +static struct irq_domain *intc_domain;
> > +
> > +static asmlinkage void riscv_intc_irq(struct pt_regs *regs)
> > +{
> > + struct pt_regs *old_regs;
> > + unsigned long cause = regs->cause & ~CAUSE_IRQ_FLAG;
> > +
> > + if (unlikely(cause >= BITS_PER_LONG))
> > + panic("unexpected interrupt cause");
> > +
> > + switch (cause) {
> > + case RV_IRQ_TIMER:
> > + old_regs = set_irq_regs(regs);
> > + irq_enter();
> > + riscv_timer_interrupt();
> > + irq_exit();
> > + set_irq_regs(old_regs);
> > + break;
> > +#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
> > + case RV_IRQ_SOFT:
> > + /*
> > + * We only use software interrupts to pass IPIs, so if a
> > + * non-SMP system gets one, then we don't know what to do.
> > + */
> > + handle_IPI(regs);
> > + break;
> > +#endif
> > + default:
> > + handle_domain_irq(intc_domain, cause, regs);
> > + break;
> > + }
> > +}
> > +
> > +/*
> > + * On RISC-V systems local interrupts are masked or unmasked by writing
> > + * the SIE (Supervisor Interrupt Enable) CSR. As CSRs can only be written
> > + * on the local hart, these functions can only be called on the hart that
> > + * corresponds to the IRQ chip.
> > + */
> > +
> > +static void riscv_intc_irq_mask(struct irq_data *d)
> > +{
> > + csr_clear(CSR_IE, 1 << (long)d->hwirq);
> > +}
> > +
> > +static void riscv_intc_irq_unmask(struct irq_data *d)
> > +{
> > + csr_set(CSR_IE, 1 << (long)d->hwirq);
> > +}
> > +
> > +static int riscv_intc_cpu_starting(unsigned int cpu)
> > +{
> > + csr_write(CSR_IE, 1UL << RV_IRQ_SOFT);
> > + csr_write(CSR_IP, 0);
> > + return 0;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static int riscv_intc_cpu_dying(unsigned int cpu)
> > +{
> > + csr_clear(CSR_IE, 1UL << RV_IRQ_SOFT);
> > + return 0;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static struct irq_chip riscv_intc_chip = {
> > + .name = "RISC-V INTC",
> > + .irq_mask = riscv_intc_irq_mask,
> > + .irq_unmask = riscv_intc_irq_unmask,
> > +};
> > +
> > +static int riscv_intc_domain_map(struct irq_domain *d, unsigned int irq,
> > + irq_hw_number_t hwirq)
> > +{
> > + irq_set_percpu_devid(irq);
> > + irq_domain_set_info(d, irq, hwirq, &riscv_intc_chip, d->host_data,
> > + handle_percpu_devid_irq, NULL, NULL);
> > + irq_set_status_flags(irq, IRQ_NOAUTOEN);
> > +
> > + return 0;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static const struct irq_domain_ops riscv_intc_domain_ops = {
> > + .map = riscv_intc_domain_map,
> > + .xlate = irq_domain_xlate_onecell,
> > +};
> > +
> > +/* Get the OF device node used by INTC irq domain */
> > +struct device_node *riscv_of_intc_domain_node(void)
> > +{
> > + return intc_domain_node;
> > +}
> > +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(riscv_of_intc_domain_node);
> > +
> > +static int __init riscv_intc_init(struct device_node *node,
> > + struct device_node *parent)
> > +{
> > + int hartid;
> > +
> > + /*
> > + * The DT will have one INTC DT node under each CPU (or HART)
> > + * DT node so riscv_intc_init() function will be called once
> > + * for each INTC DT node. We only need INTC initialization for
> > + * the INTC DT node belonging to boot CPU (or boot HART).
> > + */
> > + hartid = riscv_of_parent_hartid(node);
> > + if (hartid < 0)
> > + return 0;
>
> This should at least be a warning, as it's an invalid device tree.

Okay, I will add a pr_warn() here.

>
> > + if (riscv_hartid_to_cpuid(hartid) != smp_processor_id())
> > + return 0;
>
> There should be a comment about this one, as it only works becuase there's one
> CPU up and running while interrupts are being enabled.

The first comment block in riscv_intc_init() tries to explain it. If you
want I can move the comment block just above this "if-statement"

>
> > +
> > + intc_domain = irq_domain_add_linear(node, BITS_PER_LONG,
> > + &riscv_intc_domain_ops, NULL);
> > + if (!intc_domain)
> > + goto error_add_linear;
> > +
> > + /*
> > + * We save the DT node used for creating irq domain and provide
> > + * it to other drivers using iscv_of_intc_domain_node() function.
>
> Missing the "r" in iscv_of_intc_domain_node

Okay, will update.

>
> > + */
> > + intc_domain_node = of_node_get(node);
> > +
> > + set_handle_irq(&riscv_intc_irq);
>
> So there's now this implicit assumption that every CPU node has a
> riscv,cpu-intc. That's probably fine, as we don't have any other first-level
> interrupt controllers, but at least whacking a warning if set_handle_irq()
> fails seems prudent. It'd be best to actually check that assumption (maybe
> before quitting above?) and actually installing the percpu OF nodes, but that
> would take a performance hit so I'm not sure it's worth it.

Yes, we should have a warning if set_handle_irq() fails. I will update.

>
> > +
> > + cpuhp_setup_state(CPUHP_AP_IRQ_RISCV_STARTING,
> > + "irqchip/riscv/intc:starting",
> > + riscv_intc_cpu_starting,
> > + riscv_intc_cpu_dying);
> > +
> > + pr_info("%lu local interrupts mapped\n", (long)BITS_PER_LONG);
> > +
> > + return 0;
> > +
> > +error_add_linear:
> > + pr_warn("unable to add IRQ domain\n");
> > + return -ENXIO;
> > +}
> > +
> > +IRQCHIP_DECLARE(riscv, "riscv,cpu-intc", riscv_intc_init);
> > diff --git a/drivers/irqchip/irq-sifive-plic.c b/drivers/irqchip/irq-sifive-plic.c
> > index 16d31d114c30..4f9b2877aa9d 100644
> > --- a/drivers/irqchip/irq-sifive-plic.c
> > +++ b/drivers/irqchip/irq-sifive-plic.c
> > @@ -9,6 +9,8 @@
> > #include <linux/io.h>
> > #include <linux/irq.h>
> > #include <linux/irqchip.h>
> > +#include <linux/irqchip/chained_irq.h>
> > +#include <linux/irqchip/irq-riscv-intc.h>
> > #include <linux/irqdomain.h>
> > #include <linux/module.h>
> > #include <linux/of.h>
> > @@ -60,6 +62,7 @@
> > #define PLIC_ENABLE_THRESHOLD 0
> >
> > struct plic_priv {
> > + int parent_irq;
> > struct cpumask lmask;
> > struct irq_domain *irqdomain;
> > void __iomem *regs;
> > @@ -219,15 +222,17 @@ static const struct irq_domain_ops plic_irqdomain_ops = {
> > * that source ID back to the same claim register. This automatically enables
> > * and disables the interrupt, so there's nothing else to do.
> > */
> > -static void plic_handle_irq(struct pt_regs *regs)
> > +static void plic_handle_irq(struct irq_desc *desc)
> > {
> > struct plic_handler *handler = this_cpu_ptr(&plic_handlers);
> > + struct irq_chip *chip = irq_desc_get_chip(desc);
> > void __iomem *claim = handler->hart_base + CONTEXT_CLAIM;
> > irq_hw_number_t hwirq;
> >
> > WARN_ON_ONCE(!handler->present);
> >
> > - csr_clear(CSR_IE, IE_EIE);
> > + chained_irq_enter(chip, desc);
> > +
>
> Ya, it's pretty clear putting the local interrupt controller in irqchip is the
> right way to go :)
>
> > while ((hwirq = readl(claim))) {
> > int irq = irq_find_mapping(handler->priv->irqdomain, hwirq);
> >
> > @@ -237,7 +242,8 @@ static void plic_handle_irq(struct pt_regs *regs)
> > else
> > generic_handle_irq(irq);
> > }
> > - csr_set(CSR_IE, IE_EIE);
> > +
> > + chained_irq_exit(chip, desc);
> > }
> >
> > static void plic_set_threshold(struct plic_handler *handler, u32 threshold)
> > @@ -250,7 +256,8 @@ static int plic_dying_cpu(unsigned int cpu)
> > {
> > struct plic_handler *handler = this_cpu_ptr(&plic_handlers);
> >
> > - csr_clear(CSR_IE, IE_EIE);
> > + if (handler->priv->parent_irq)
> > + disable_percpu_irq(handler->priv->parent_irq);
> > plic_set_threshold(handler, PLIC_DISABLE_THRESHOLD);
> >
> > return 0;
> > @@ -259,8 +266,10 @@ static int plic_dying_cpu(unsigned int cpu)
> > static int plic_starting_cpu(unsigned int cpu)
> > {
> > struct plic_handler *handler = this_cpu_ptr(&plic_handlers);
> > + int pirq = handler->priv->parent_irq;
> >
> > - csr_set(CSR_IE, IE_EIE);
> > + if (pirq)
> > + enable_percpu_irq(pirq, irq_get_trigger_type(pirq));
> > plic_set_threshold(handler, PLIC_ENABLE_THRESHOLD);
> >
> > return 0;
> > @@ -273,6 +282,7 @@ static int __init plic_init(struct device_node *node,
> > u32 nr_irqs;
> > struct plic_priv *priv;
> > struct plic_handler *handler;
> > + struct of_phandle_args intc_args;
> >
> > priv = kzalloc(sizeof(*priv), GFP_KERNEL);
> > if (!priv)
> > @@ -354,6 +364,23 @@ static int __init plic_init(struct device_node *node,
> > nr_handlers++;
> > }
> >
> > + /*
> > + * We can have multiple PLIC instances so setup chained handler
> > + * for all PLIC instances.
> > + */
> > + intc_args.np = riscv_of_intc_domain_node();
> > + intc_args.args_count = 1;
> > + intc_args.args[0] = RV_IRQ_EXT;
>
> You could just use the value from the device tree rather than deciding on the
> value a-priori. It's a bit pedantic to worry about that now, as the PLIC
> assumes that there's a RISC-V system and its parent is an cpu-intc, but it
> always seems ugly that the PLIC driver is so RISC-V specific.

We are creating only one RISC-V INTC irq_domain for the DT node
belonging to the boot CPU.

This becomes a problem for multiple PLIC instances because the
interrupts-extended property of the PLIC DT node only points to a
subset of HARTs.

Let me know if you have any other suggestion.


>
> > + priv->parent_irq = irq_create_of_mapping(&intc_args);
> > + if (priv->parent_irq)
> > + irq_set_chained_handler(priv->parent_irq,
> > + plic_handle_irq);
> > + else {
> > + pr_err("%pOFP: intc mapping failed\n", node);
> > + error = -ENODEV;
> > + goto out_iounmap;
> > + }
> > +
> > /*
> > * We can have multiple PLIC instances so setup cpuhp state only
> > * when context handler for current/boot CPU is present.
> > @@ -368,7 +395,6 @@ static int __init plic_init(struct device_node *node,
> >
> > pr_info("%pOFP: mapped %d interrupts with %d handlers for"
> > " %d contexts.\n", node, nr_irqs, nr_handlers, nr_contexts);
> > - set_handle_irq(plic_handle_irq);
> > return 0;
> >
> > out_iounmap:
> > diff --git a/include/linux/cpuhotplug.h b/include/linux/cpuhotplug.h
> > index 77d70b633531..57b1f8f777d9 100644
> > --- a/include/linux/cpuhotplug.h
> > +++ b/include/linux/cpuhotplug.h
> > @@ -102,6 +102,7 @@ enum cpuhp_state {
> > CPUHP_AP_IRQ_ARMADA_XP_STARTING,
> > CPUHP_AP_IRQ_BCM2836_STARTING,
> > CPUHP_AP_IRQ_MIPS_GIC_STARTING,
> > + CPUHP_AP_IRQ_RISCV_STARTING,
> > CPUHP_AP_IRQ_SIFIVE_PLIC_STARTING,
> > CPUHP_AP_ARM_MVEBU_COHERENCY,
> > CPUHP_AP_MICROCODE_LOADER,
> > diff --git a/include/linux/irqchip/irq-riscv-intc.h b/include/linux/irqchip/irq-riscv-intc.h
> > new file mode 100644
> > index 000000000000..b11d38353099
> > --- /dev/null
> > +++ b/include/linux/irqchip/irq-riscv-intc.h
> > @@ -0,0 +1,20 @@
> > +/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */
> > +/*
> > + * Copyright (C) 2020 Western Digital Corporation or its affiliates.
> > + */
> > +
> > +#ifndef __INCLUDE_LINUX_IRQCHIP_IRQ_RISCV_INTC_H
> > +#define __INCLUDE_LINUX_IRQCHIP_IRQ_RISCV_INTC_H
> > +
> > +struct device_node;
> > +
> > +#ifdef CONFIG_RISCV_INTC
> > +struct device_node *riscv_of_intc_domain_node(void);
> > +#else
> > +static inline struct device_node *riscv_of_intc_domain_node(void)
> > +{
> > + return NULL;
> > +}
> > +#endif
> > +
> > +#endif
>
> These issues are all pretty minor, so I'm OK with this getting merged as-is. I
> fixed up some minor stuff and have it on my intc branch as 2bd957e2b0b6
> ("irqchip: RISC-V per-HART local interrupt controller driver"), but if the
> irqchip folks want to take the patches then I'm not opposed to either version
> getting merged.
>
> Acked-by: Palmer Dabbelt <palmerdabbelt@google.com>

Thanks, I can quickly send v6 with your comments addressed in a few hours.

Do you want me to send v6 ?

Regards,
Anup

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