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Subject[PATCH ghak124 v2] audit: log nftables configuration change events
Date
iptables, ip6tables, arptables and ebtables table registration,
replacement and unregistration configuration events are logged for the
native (legacy) iptables setsockopt api, but not for the
nftables netlink api which is used by the nft-variant of iptables in
addition to nftables itself.

Add calls to log the configuration actions in the nftables netlink api.

This uses the same NETFILTER_CFG record format but overloads the table
field.

type=NETFILTER_CFG msg=audit(2020-05-28 17:46:41.878:162) : table=?:0;?:0 family=unspecified entries=2 op=nft_register_gen pid=396 subj=system_u:system_r:firewalld_t:s0 comm=firewalld
...
type=NETFILTER_CFG msg=audit(2020-05-28 17:46:41.878:162) : table=firewalld:1;?:0 family=inet entries=0 op=nft_register_table pid=396 subj=system_u:system_r:firewalld_t:s0 comm=firewalld
...
type=NETFILTER_CFG msg=audit(2020-05-28 17:46:41.911:163) : table=firewalld:1;filter_FORWARD:85 family=inet entries=8 op=nft_register_chain pid=396 subj=system_u:system_r:firewalld_t:s0 comm=firewalld
...
type=NETFILTER_CFG msg=audit(2020-05-28 17:46:41.911:163) : table=firewalld:1;filter_FORWARD:85 family=inet entries=101 op=nft_register_rule pid=396 subj=system_u:system_r:firewalld_t:s0 comm=firewalld
...
type=NETFILTER_CFG msg=audit(2020-05-28 17:46:41.911:163) : table=firewalld:1;__set0:87 family=inet entries=87 op=nft_register_setelem pid=396 subj=system_u:system_r:firewalld_t:s0 comm=firewalld
...
type=NETFILTER_CFG msg=audit(2020-05-28 17:46:41.911:163) : table=firewalld:1;__set0:87 family=inet entries=0 op=nft_register_set pid=396 subj=system_u:system_r:firewalld_t:s0 comm=firewalld

For further information please see issue
https://github.com/linux-audit/audit-kernel/issues/124

Signed-off-by: Richard Guy Briggs <rgb@redhat.com>
---
Changelog:
v2:
- differentiate between xtables and nftables
- add set, setelem, obj, flowtable, gen
- use nentries field as appropriate per type
- overload the "tables" field with table handle and chain/set/flowtable

include/linux/audit.h | 52 +++++++++++++++++++++++++
kernel/auditsc.c | 24 ++++++++++--
net/netfilter/nf_tables_api.c | 89 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
3 files changed, 162 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/audit.h b/include/linux/audit.h
index 3fcd9ee49734..d79866a38505 100644
--- a/include/linux/audit.h
+++ b/include/linux/audit.h
@@ -12,6 +12,7 @@
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/ptrace.h>
#include <uapi/linux/audit.h>
+#include <uapi/linux/netfilter/nf_tables.h>

#define AUDIT_INO_UNSET ((unsigned long)-1)
#define AUDIT_DEV_UNSET ((dev_t)-1)
@@ -98,6 +99,57 @@ enum audit_nfcfgop {
AUDIT_XT_OP_REGISTER,
AUDIT_XT_OP_REPLACE,
AUDIT_XT_OP_UNREGISTER,
+ AUDIT_NFT_OP_TABLE_REGISTER,
+ AUDIT_NFT_OP_TABLE_UNREGISTER,
+ AUDIT_NFT_OP_CHAIN_REGISTER,
+ AUDIT_NFT_OP_CHAIN_UNREGISTER,
+ AUDIT_NFT_OP_RULE_REGISTER,
+ AUDIT_NFT_OP_RULE_UNREGISTER,
+ AUDIT_NFT_OP_SET_REGISTER,
+ AUDIT_NFT_OP_SET_UNREGISTER,
+ AUDIT_NFT_OP_SETELEM_REGISTER,
+ AUDIT_NFT_OP_SETELEM_UNREGISTER,
+ AUDIT_NFT_OP_GEN_REGISTER,
+ AUDIT_NFT_OP_OBJ_REGISTER,
+ AUDIT_NFT_OP_OBJ_UNREGISTER,
+ AUDIT_NFT_OP_OBJ_RESET,
+ AUDIT_NFT_OP_FLOWTABLE_REGISTER,
+ AUDIT_NFT_OP_FLOWTABLE_UNREGISTER,
+ AUDIT_NFT_OP_INVALID,
+};
+
+struct audit_nftcfgop_tab {
+ enum nf_tables_msg_types nftop;
+ enum audit_nfcfgop op;
+};
+
+static const struct audit_nftcfgop_tab audit_nftcfgs[] = {
+ { NFT_MSG_NEWTABLE, AUDIT_NFT_OP_TABLE_REGISTER },
+ { NFT_MSG_GETTABLE, AUDIT_NFT_OP_INVALID },
+ { NFT_MSG_DELTABLE, AUDIT_NFT_OP_TABLE_UNREGISTER },
+ { NFT_MSG_NEWCHAIN, AUDIT_NFT_OP_CHAIN_REGISTER },
+ { NFT_MSG_GETCHAIN, AUDIT_NFT_OP_INVALID },
+ { NFT_MSG_DELCHAIN, AUDIT_NFT_OP_CHAIN_UNREGISTER },
+ { NFT_MSG_NEWRULE, AUDIT_NFT_OP_RULE_REGISTER },
+ { NFT_MSG_GETRULE, AUDIT_NFT_OP_INVALID },
+ { NFT_MSG_DELRULE, AUDIT_NFT_OP_RULE_UNREGISTER },
+ { NFT_MSG_NEWSET, AUDIT_NFT_OP_SET_REGISTER },
+ { NFT_MSG_GETSET, AUDIT_NFT_OP_INVALID },
+ { NFT_MSG_DELSET, AUDIT_NFT_OP_SET_UNREGISTER },
+ { NFT_MSG_NEWSETELEM, AUDIT_NFT_OP_SETELEM_REGISTER },
+ { NFT_MSG_GETSETELEM, AUDIT_NFT_OP_INVALID },
+ { NFT_MSG_DELSETELEM, AUDIT_NFT_OP_SETELEM_UNREGISTER },
+ { NFT_MSG_NEWGEN, AUDIT_NFT_OP_GEN_REGISTER },
+ { NFT_MSG_GETGEN, AUDIT_NFT_OP_INVALID },
+ { NFT_MSG_TRACE, AUDIT_NFT_OP_INVALID },
+ { NFT_MSG_NEWOBJ, AUDIT_NFT_OP_OBJ_REGISTER },
+ { NFT_MSG_GETOBJ, AUDIT_NFT_OP_INVALID },
+ { NFT_MSG_DELOBJ, AUDIT_NFT_OP_OBJ_UNREGISTER },
+ { NFT_MSG_GETOBJ_RESET, AUDIT_NFT_OP_OBJ_RESET },
+ { NFT_MSG_NEWFLOWTABLE, AUDIT_NFT_OP_FLOWTABLE_REGISTER },
+ { NFT_MSG_GETFLOWTABLE, AUDIT_NFT_OP_INVALID },
+ { NFT_MSG_DELFLOWTABLE, AUDIT_NFT_OP_FLOWTABLE_UNREGISTER },
+ { NFT_MSG_MAX, AUDIT_NFT_OP_INVALID },
};

extern int is_audit_feature_set(int which);
diff --git a/kernel/auditsc.c b/kernel/auditsc.c
index 468a23390457..3a9100e95fda 100644
--- a/kernel/auditsc.c
+++ b/kernel/auditsc.c
@@ -75,6 +75,7 @@
#include <linux/uaccess.h>
#include <linux/fsnotify_backend.h>
#include <uapi/linux/limits.h>
+#include <uapi/linux/netfilter/nf_tables.h>

#include "audit.h"

@@ -136,9 +137,26 @@ struct audit_nfcfgop_tab {
};

static const struct audit_nfcfgop_tab audit_nfcfgs[] = {
- { AUDIT_XT_OP_REGISTER, "register" },
- { AUDIT_XT_OP_REPLACE, "replace" },
- { AUDIT_XT_OP_UNREGISTER, "unregister" },
+ { AUDIT_XT_OP_REGISTER, "xt_register" },
+ { AUDIT_XT_OP_REPLACE, "xt_replace" },
+ { AUDIT_XT_OP_UNREGISTER, "xt_unregister" },
+ { AUDIT_NFT_OP_TABLE_REGISTER, "nft_register_table" },
+ { AUDIT_NFT_OP_TABLE_UNREGISTER, "nft_unregister_table" },
+ { AUDIT_NFT_OP_CHAIN_REGISTER, "nft_register_chain" },
+ { AUDIT_NFT_OP_CHAIN_UNREGISTER, "nft_unregister_chain" },
+ { AUDIT_NFT_OP_RULE_REGISTER, "nft_register_rule" },
+ { AUDIT_NFT_OP_RULE_UNREGISTER, "nft_unregister_rule" },
+ { AUDIT_NFT_OP_SET_REGISTER, "nft_register_set" },
+ { AUDIT_NFT_OP_SET_UNREGISTER, "nft_unregister_set" },
+ { AUDIT_NFT_OP_SETELEM_REGISTER, "nft_register_setelem" },
+ { AUDIT_NFT_OP_SETELEM_UNREGISTER, "nft_unregister_setelem" },
+ { AUDIT_NFT_OP_GEN_REGISTER, "nft_register_gen" },
+ { AUDIT_NFT_OP_OBJ_REGISTER, "nft_register_obj" },
+ { AUDIT_NFT_OP_OBJ_UNREGISTER, "nft_unregister_obj" },
+ { AUDIT_NFT_OP_OBJ_RESET, "nft_reset_obj" },
+ { AUDIT_NFT_OP_FLOWTABLE_REGISTER, "nft_register_flowtable" },
+ { AUDIT_NFT_OP_FLOWTABLE_UNREGISTER, "nft_unregister_flowtable" },
+ { AUDIT_NFT_OP_INVALID, "nft_invalid" },
};

static int audit_match_perm(struct audit_context *ctx, int mask)
diff --git a/net/netfilter/nf_tables_api.c b/net/netfilter/nf_tables_api.c
index 4471393da6d8..7a386eca6e04 100644
--- a/net/netfilter/nf_tables_api.c
+++ b/net/netfilter/nf_tables_api.c
@@ -12,6 +12,7 @@
#include <linux/netlink.h>
#include <linux/vmalloc.h>
#include <linux/rhashtable.h>
+#include <linux/audit.h>
#include <linux/netfilter.h>
#include <linux/netfilter/nfnetlink.h>
#include <linux/netfilter/nf_tables.h>
@@ -693,6 +694,14 @@ static void nf_tables_table_notify(const struct nft_ctx *ctx, int event)
{
struct sk_buff *skb;
int err;
+ char *buf = kasprintf(GFP_KERNEL, "%s:%llu;?:0",
+ ctx->table->name, ctx->table->handle);
+
+ audit_log_nfcfg(buf,
+ ctx->family,
+ ctx->table->use,
+ audit_nftcfgs[event].op);
+ kfree(buf);

if (!ctx->report &&
!nfnetlink_has_listeners(ctx->net, NFNLGRP_NFTABLES))
@@ -1428,6 +1437,15 @@ static void nf_tables_chain_notify(const struct nft_ctx *ctx, int event)
{
struct sk_buff *skb;
int err;
+ char *buf = kasprintf(GFP_KERNEL, "%s:%llu;%s:%llu",
+ ctx->table->name, ctx->table->handle,
+ ctx->chain->name, ctx->chain->handle);
+
+ audit_log_nfcfg(buf,
+ ctx->family,
+ ctx->chain->use,
+ audit_nftcfgs[event].op);
+ kfree(buf);

if (!ctx->report &&
!nfnetlink_has_listeners(ctx->net, NFNLGRP_NFTABLES))
@@ -2691,6 +2709,15 @@ static void nf_tables_rule_notify(const struct nft_ctx *ctx,
{
struct sk_buff *skb;
int err;
+ char *buf = kasprintf(GFP_KERNEL, "%s:%llu;%s:%llu",
+ ctx->table->name, ctx->table->handle,
+ ctx->chain->name, ctx->chain->handle);
+
+ audit_log_nfcfg(buf,
+ ctx->family,
+ rule->handle,
+ audit_nftcfgs[event].op);
+ kfree(buf);

if (!ctx->report &&
!nfnetlink_has_listeners(ctx->net, NFNLGRP_NFTABLES))
@@ -3692,6 +3719,15 @@ static void nf_tables_set_notify(const struct nft_ctx *ctx,
struct sk_buff *skb;
u32 portid = ctx->portid;
int err;
+ char *buf = kasprintf(gfp_flags, "%s:%llu;%s:%llu",
+ ctx->table->name, ctx->table->handle,
+ set->name, set->handle);
+
+ audit_log_nfcfg(buf,
+ ctx->family,
+ set->field_count,
+ audit_nftcfgs[event].op);
+ kfree(buf);

if (!ctx->report &&
!nfnetlink_has_listeners(ctx->net, NFNLGRP_NFTABLES))
@@ -4789,6 +4825,15 @@ static void nf_tables_setelem_notify(const struct nft_ctx *ctx,
u32 portid = ctx->portid;
struct sk_buff *skb;
int err;
+ char *buf = kasprintf(GFP_KERNEL, "%s:%llu;%s:%llu",
+ ctx->table->name, ctx->table->handle,
+ set->name, set->handle);
+
+ audit_log_nfcfg(buf,
+ ctx->family,
+ set->handle,
+ audit_nftcfgs[event].op);
+ kfree(buf);

if (!ctx->report && !nfnetlink_has_listeners(net, NFNLGRP_NFTABLES))
return;
@@ -5875,6 +5920,19 @@ static int nf_tables_dump_obj(struct sk_buff *skb, struct netlink_callback *cb)
obj->ops->type->type != filter->type)
goto cont;

+ if (reset) {
+ char *buf = kasprintf(GFP_KERNEL,
+ "%s:%llu;?:0",
+ table->name,
+ table->handle);
+
+ audit_log_nfcfg(buf,
+ family,
+ obj->handle,
+ audit_nftcfgs[NFT_MSG_GETOBJ_RESET].op);
+ kfree(buf);
+ }
+
if (nf_tables_fill_obj_info(skb, net, NETLINK_CB(cb->skb).portid,
cb->nlh->nlmsg_seq,
NFT_MSG_NEWOBJ,
@@ -5985,6 +6043,17 @@ static int nf_tables_getobj(struct net *net, struct sock *nlsk,
if (NFNL_MSG_TYPE(nlh->nlmsg_type) == NFT_MSG_GETOBJ_RESET)
reset = true;

+ if (reset) {
+ char *buf = kasprintf(GFP_KERNEL, "%s:%llu;?:0",
+ table->name, table->handle);
+
+ audit_log_nfcfg(buf,
+ family,
+ obj->handle,
+ audit_nftcfgs[NFT_MSG_GETOBJ_RESET].op);
+ kfree(buf);
+ }
+
err = nf_tables_fill_obj_info(skb2, net, NETLINK_CB(skb).portid,
nlh->nlmsg_seq, NFT_MSG_NEWOBJ, 0,
family, table, obj, reset);
@@ -6060,6 +6129,14 @@ void nft_obj_notify(struct net *net, const struct nft_table *table,
{
struct sk_buff *skb;
int err;
+ char *buf = kasprintf(GFP_KERNEL, "%s:%llu;?:0",
+ table->name, table->handle);
+
+ audit_log_nfcfg(buf,
+ family,
+ obj->handle,
+ audit_nftcfgs[event].op);
+ kfree(buf);

if (!report &&
!nfnetlink_has_listeners(net, NFNLGRP_NFTABLES))
@@ -6686,6 +6763,15 @@ static void nf_tables_flowtable_notify(struct nft_ctx *ctx,
{
struct sk_buff *skb;
int err;
+ char *buf = kasprintf(GFP_KERNEL, "%s:%llu;%s:%llu",
+ flowtable->table->name, flowtable->table->handle,
+ flowtable->name, flowtable->handle);
+
+ audit_log_nfcfg(buf,
+ ctx->family,
+ flowtable->hooknum,
+ audit_nftcfgs[event].op);
+ kfree(buf);

if (ctx->report &&
!nfnetlink_has_listeners(ctx->net, NFNLGRP_NFTABLES))
@@ -6807,6 +6893,9 @@ static void nf_tables_gen_notify(struct net *net, struct sk_buff *skb,
struct sk_buff *skb2;
int err;

+ audit_log_nfcfg("?:0;?:0", 0, net->nft.base_seq,
+ audit_nftcfgs[event].op);
+
if (nlmsg_report(nlh) &&
!nfnetlink_has_listeners(net, NFNLGRP_NFTABLES))
return;
--
1.8.3.1
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