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SubjectRe: [PATCH v3 4/4] kdb: Switch kdb_msg_write() to use safer polling I/O
On Wed, 27 May 2020 at 19:01, Daniel Thompson
<daniel.thompson@linaro.org> wrote:
>
> On Wed, May 27, 2020 at 11:55:59AM +0530, Sumit Garg wrote:
> > In kgdb NMI context, calling console handlers isn't safe due to locks
> > used in those handlers which could lead to a deadlock. Although, using
> > oops_in_progress increases the chance to bypass locks in most console
> > handlers but it might not be sufficient enough in case a console uses
> > more locks (VT/TTY is good example).
> >
> > Currently when a driver provides both polling I/O and a console then kdb
> > will output using the console. We can increase robustness by using the
> > currently active polling I/O driver (which should be lockless) instead
> > of the corresponding console. For several common cases (e.g. an
> > embedded system with a single serial port that is used both for console
> > output and debugger I/O) this will result in no console handler being
> > used.
>
> Not sure I would have predicted all those changes to kgdboc.c based on
> this patch description. I assume this is to help identify which console
> matches our dbg_io_ops but it would be good to spell this out.
>

Okay, will add the corresponding description.

>
> > Suggested-by: Daniel Thompson <daniel.thompson@linaro.org>
> > Signed-off-by: Sumit Garg <sumit.garg@linaro.org>
> > ---
> > drivers/tty/serial/kgdboc.c | 17 ++++++++---------
> > include/linux/kgdb.h | 2 ++
> > kernel/debug/kdb/kdb_io.c | 46 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--------------
> > 3 files changed, 42 insertions(+), 23 deletions(-)
> >
> > diff --git a/drivers/tty/serial/kgdboc.c b/drivers/tty/serial/kgdboc.c
> > index c9f94fa..6199fe1 100644
> > --- a/drivers/tty/serial/kgdboc.c
> > +++ b/drivers/tty/serial/kgdboc.c
> > @@ -35,7 +35,6 @@ static struct kparam_string kps = {
> > };
> >
> > static int kgdboc_use_kms; /* 1 if we use kernel mode switching */
> > -static struct tty_driver *kgdb_tty_driver;
> > static int kgdb_tty_line;
> >
> > #ifdef CONFIG_KDB_KEYBOARD
> > @@ -154,7 +153,7 @@ static int configure_kgdboc(void)
> > }
> >
> > kgdboc_io_ops.is_console = 0;
> > - kgdb_tty_driver = NULL;
> > + kgdboc_io_ops.tty_drv = NULL;
> >
> > kgdboc_use_kms = 0;
> > if (strncmp(cptr, "kms,", 4) == 0) {
> > @@ -178,7 +177,7 @@ static int configure_kgdboc(void)
> > }
> > }
> >
> > - kgdb_tty_driver = p;
> > + kgdboc_io_ops.tty_drv = p;
> > kgdb_tty_line = tty_line;
> >
> > do_register:
> > @@ -216,18 +215,18 @@ static int __init init_kgdboc(void)
> >
> > static int kgdboc_get_char(void)
> > {
> > - if (!kgdb_tty_driver)
> > + if (!kgdboc_io_ops.tty_drv)
> > return -1;
> > - return kgdb_tty_driver->ops->poll_get_char(kgdb_tty_driver,
> > - kgdb_tty_line);
> > + return kgdboc_io_ops.tty_drv->ops->poll_get_char(kgdboc_io_ops.tty_drv,
> > + kgdb_tty_line);
> > }
> >
> > static void kgdboc_put_char(u8 chr)
> > {
> > - if (!kgdb_tty_driver)
> > + if (!kgdboc_io_ops.tty_drv)
> > return;
> > - kgdb_tty_driver->ops->poll_put_char(kgdb_tty_driver,
> > - kgdb_tty_line, chr);
> > + kgdboc_io_ops.tty_drv->ops->poll_put_char(kgdboc_io_ops.tty_drv,
> > + kgdb_tty_line, chr);
> > }
> >
> > static int param_set_kgdboc_var(const char *kmessage,
> > diff --git a/include/linux/kgdb.h b/include/linux/kgdb.h
> > index b072aeb..05d165d 100644
> > --- a/include/linux/kgdb.h
> > +++ b/include/linux/kgdb.h
> > @@ -275,6 +275,7 @@ struct kgdb_arch {
> > * for the I/O driver.
> > * @is_console: 1 if the end device is a console 0 if the I/O device is
> > * not a console
> > + * @tty_drv: Pointer to polling tty driver.
> > */
> > struct kgdb_io {
> > const char *name;
> > @@ -285,6 +286,7 @@ struct kgdb_io {
> > void (*pre_exception) (void);
> > void (*post_exception) (void);
> > int is_console;
> > + struct tty_driver *tty_drv;
>
> Should this be a struct tty_driver or a struct console?
>
> In other words if the lifetime the console structure is the same as the
> tty_driver then isn't it better to capture the console instead
> (easier to compare and works with non-tty devices such as the
> USB debug mode).
>

IIUC, you mean to say we can easily replace "is_console" with "struct
console". This sounds feasible and should be a straightforward
comparison in order to prefer "dbg_io_ops" over console handlers. So I
will switch to use "struct console" instead.

>
> > };
> >
> > extern const struct kgdb_arch arch_kgdb_ops;
> > diff --git a/kernel/debug/kdb/kdb_io.c b/kernel/debug/kdb/kdb_io.c
> > index f848482..c2efa52 100644
> > --- a/kernel/debug/kdb/kdb_io.c
> > +++ b/kernel/debug/kdb/kdb_io.c
> > @@ -24,6 +24,7 @@
> > #include <linux/kgdb.h>
> > #include <linux/kdb.h>
> > #include <linux/kallsyms.h>
> > +#include <linux/tty_driver.h>
> > #include "kdb_private.h"
> >
> > #define CMD_BUFLEN 256
> > @@ -542,13 +543,18 @@ static int kdb_search_string(char *searched, char *searchfor)
> > return 0;
> > }
> >
> > -static void kdb_io_write(char *cp, int len, void (*io_put_char)(u8 ch))
> > +static void kdb_io_write(char *cp, int len, void (*io_put_char)(u8),
> > + struct tty_driver *p, int line,
> > + void (*poll_put_char)(struct tty_driver *, int, char))
>
> Judging from your reply to comment 1 I guess this is already on the list
> to eliminate ;-).
>

Yeah.

-Sumit

>
> Daniel.
>
>
> > {
> > if (len <= 0)
> > return;
> >
> > while (len--) {
> > - io_put_char(*cp);
> > + if (io_put_char)
> > + io_put_char(*cp);
> > + if (poll_put_char)
> > + poll_put_char(p, line, *cp);
> > cp++;
> > }
> > }
> > @@ -561,22 +567,34 @@ static void kdb_msg_write(char *msg, int msg_len)
> > return;
> >
> > if (dbg_io_ops && !dbg_io_ops->is_console)
> > - kdb_io_write(msg, msg_len, dbg_io_ops->write_char);
> > + kdb_io_write(msg, msg_len, dbg_io_ops->write_char,
> > + NULL, 0, NULL);
> >
> > for_each_console(c) {
> > + int line;
> > + struct tty_driver *p;
> > +
> > if (!(c->flags & CON_ENABLED))
> > continue;
> > - /*
> > - * While rounding up CPUs via NMIs, its possible that
> > - * a rounded up CPU maybe holding a console port lock
> > - * leading to kgdb master CPU stuck in a deadlock during
> > - * invocation of console write operations. So in order
> > - * to avoid such a deadlock, enable oops_in_progress
> > - * prior to invocation of console handlers.
> > - */
> > - ++oops_in_progress;
> > - c->write(c, msg, msg_len);
> > - --oops_in_progress;
> > +
> > + p = c->device ? c->device(c, &line) : NULL;
> > + if (p && dbg_io_ops && p == dbg_io_ops->tty_drv && p->ops &&
> > + p->ops->poll_put_char) {
> > + kdb_io_write(msg, msg_len, NULL, p, line,
> > + p->ops->poll_put_char);
> > + } else {
> > + /*
> > + * While rounding up CPUs via NMIs, its possible that
> > + * a rounded up CPU maybe holding a console port lock
> > + * leading to kgdb master CPU stuck in a deadlock during
> > + * invocation of console write operations. So in order
> > + * to avoid such a deadlock, enable oops_in_progress
> > + * prior to invocation of console handlers.
> > + */
> > + ++oops_in_progress;
> > + c->write(c, msg, msg_len);
> > + --oops_in_progress;
> > + }
> > touch_nmi_watchdog();
> > }
> > }
> > --
> > 2.7.4
> >

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