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SubjectRe: [PATCH] capabilities: Introduce CAP_RESTORE
On Wed, May 27, 2020 at 04:14:03PM +0200, Adrian Reber wrote:
> On Tue, May 26, 2020 at 08:59:29AM -0500, Eric W. Biederman wrote:
> > Adrian Reber <areber@redhat.com> writes:
> >
> > > On Fri, May 22, 2020 at 09:40:37AM -0700, Casey Schaufler wrote:
> >
> > >> What are the other blockers? Are you going to suggest additional new
> > >> capabilities to clear them?
> > >
> > > As mentioned somewhere else access to /proc/<pid>/map_files/ would be
> > > helpful. Right now I am testing with a JVM and it works without root
> > > just with the attached patch. Without access to /proc/<pid>/map_files/
> > > not everything CRIU can do will actually work, but we are a lot closer
> > > to what our users have been asking for.
> >
> > The current permission checks on /proc/<pid>/map_files/ are simply
> > someone being over-cautious.
> >
> > Someone needs to think through the threat landscape and figure out what
> > permission checks are actually needed.
> >
> > Making the permission check ns_capable instead of capable is a
> > no-brainer. Figuring out which user_ns to test against might be a
> > we bit harder.
> >
> > We could probably even allow the owner of the process to open the files
> > but that requires someone doing the work of thinking through how
> > being able to opening files that you have mmaped might be a problem.
>
> As mentioned in the other thread, CRIU can work with read access to
> map_files.
>
> > >> > There are probably a few more things guarded by CAP_SYS_ADMIN required
> > >> > to run checkpoint/restore as non-root,
> > >>
> > >> If you need CAP_SYS_ADMIN anyway you're not gaining anything by
> > >> separating out CAP_RESTORE.
> > >
> > > No, as described we can checkpoint and restore a JVM with this patch and
> > > it also solves the problem the set_ns_last_pid fork() loop daemon tries
> > > to solve. It is not enough to support the full functionality of CRIU as
> > > map_files is also important, but we do not need CAP_SYS_ADMIN and
> > > CAP_RESTORE. Only CAP_RESTORE would be necessary.
> > >
> > > With a new capability users can enable checkpoint/restore as non-root
> > > without giving CRIU access to any of the other possibilities offered by
> > > CAP_SYS_ADMIN. Setting a PID and map_files have been introduced for CRIU
> > > and used to live behind CONFIG_CHECKPOINT_RESTORE. Having a capability
> > > for checkpoint/restore would make it easier for CRIU users to run it as
> > > non-root and make it very clear what is possible when giving CRIU the
> > > new capability. No other things would be allowed than necessary for
> > > checkpoint/restore. Setting a PID is most important for the restore part
> > > and reading map_files would be helpful during checkpoint. So it actually
> > > should be called CAP_CHECKPOINT_RESTORE as Christian mentioned in
> > > another email.
> >
> > Please if one is for checkpoint and one is for restore asking for a pair
> > of capabilities is probably more appropriate.
>
> I will send out a v2 with a renamed capability soon and also include
> map_files to be readable with that capability.
>
> > >> > but by applying this patch I can
> > >> > already checkpoint and restore processes as non-root. As there are
> > >> > already multiple workarounds I would prefer to do it correctly in the
> > >> > kernel to avoid that CRIU users are starting to invent more workarounds.
> > >>
> > >> You've presented a couple of really inappropriate implementations
> > >> that would qualify as workarounds. But the other two are completely
> > >> appropriate within the system security policy. They don't "get around"
> > >> the problem, they use existing mechanisms as they are intended.
> > >
> > > I agree with the user namespace approach to be appropriate, but not the
> > > CAP_SYS_ADMIN approach as CRIU only needs a tiny subset (2 things) of
> > > what CAP_SYS_ADMIN allows.
> >
> >
> > If we are only talking 2 things can you please include in your patchset
> > a patch enabling those 2 things?
>
> The two things are setting a PID via ns_last_pid/clone3() and reading
> map_files.
>
> > But even more than this we need a request that asks not for the least
> > you can possibly ask for but asks for what you need to do a good job.
>
> Also in this thread Kamil mentioned that they also need calling prctl
> with PR_SET_MM during restore in their production setup.

We're using that as well but it really feels like this:

prctl_map = (struct prctl_mm_map){
.start_code = start_code,
.end_code = end_code,
.start_stack = start_stack,
.start_data = start_data,
.end_data = end_data,
.start_brk = start_brk,
.brk = brk_val,
.arg_start = arg_start,
.arg_end = arg_end,
.env_start = env_start,
.env_end = env_end,
.auxv = NULL,
.auxv_size = 0,
.exe_fd = -1,
};

should belong under ns_capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN). Why is that necessary to
relax?

>
> > I am having visions of a recurring discussion that says can we add one
> > more permission check to CAP_RESTORE or CAP_CHECKPOINT when they are
> > things we could know today.
>
> I will prepare a new version of this patch using CAP_CHECKPOINT_RESTORE
> for ns_last_pid/clone3(), map_files, and prctl with PR_SET_MM.
>
> Adrian
>

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