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Subject[PATCH v5 18/19] kselftests: cgroup: add kernel memory accounting tests
Date
Add some tests to cover the kernel memory accounting functionality.
These are covering some issues (and changes) we had recently.

1) A test which allocates a lot of negative dentries, checks memcg
slab statistics, creates memory pressure by setting memory.max
to some low value and checks that some number of slabs was reclaimed.

2) A test which covers side effects of memcg destruction: it creates
and destroys a large number of sub-cgroups, each containing a
multi-threaded workload which allocates and releases some kernel
memory. Then it checks that the charge ans memory.stats do add up
on the parent level.

3) A test which reads /proc/kpagecgroup and implicitly checks that it
doesn't crash the system.

4) A test which spawns a large number of threads and checks that
the kernel stacks accounting works as expected.

5) A test which checks that living charged slab objects are not
preventing the memory cgroup from being released after being deleted
by a user.

Signed-off-by: Roman Gushchin <guro@fb.com>
---
tools/testing/selftests/cgroup/.gitignore | 1 +
tools/testing/selftests/cgroup/Makefile | 2 +
tools/testing/selftests/cgroup/test_kmem.c | 382 +++++++++++++++++++++
3 files changed, 385 insertions(+)
create mode 100644 tools/testing/selftests/cgroup/test_kmem.c

diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/cgroup/.gitignore b/tools/testing/selftests/cgroup/.gitignore
index aa6de65b0838..84cfcabea838 100644
--- a/tools/testing/selftests/cgroup/.gitignore
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/cgroup/.gitignore
@@ -2,3 +2,4 @@
test_memcontrol
test_core
test_freezer
+test_kmem
\ No newline at end of file
diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/cgroup/Makefile b/tools/testing/selftests/cgroup/Makefile
index 967f268fde74..f027d933595b 100644
--- a/tools/testing/selftests/cgroup/Makefile
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/cgroup/Makefile
@@ -6,11 +6,13 @@ all:
TEST_FILES := with_stress.sh
TEST_PROGS := test_stress.sh
TEST_GEN_PROGS = test_memcontrol
+TEST_GEN_PROGS += test_kmem
TEST_GEN_PROGS += test_core
TEST_GEN_PROGS += test_freezer

include ../lib.mk

$(OUTPUT)/test_memcontrol: cgroup_util.c ../clone3/clone3_selftests.h
+$(OUTPUT)/test_kmem: cgroup_util.c ../clone3/clone3_selftests.h
$(OUTPUT)/test_core: cgroup_util.c ../clone3/clone3_selftests.h
$(OUTPUT)/test_freezer: cgroup_util.c ../clone3/clone3_selftests.h
diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/cgroup/test_kmem.c b/tools/testing/selftests/cgroup/test_kmem.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..5224dae216e5
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/cgroup/test_kmem.c
@@ -0,0 +1,382 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+#define _GNU_SOURCE
+
+#include <linux/limits.h>
+#include <fcntl.h>
+#include <stdio.h>
+#include <stdlib.h>
+#include <string.h>
+#include <sys/stat.h>
+#include <sys/types.h>
+#include <unistd.h>
+#include <sys/wait.h>
+#include <errno.h>
+#include <sys/sysinfo.h>
+#include <pthread.h>
+
+#include "../kselftest.h"
+#include "cgroup_util.h"
+
+
+static int alloc_dcache(const char *cgroup, void *arg)
+{
+ unsigned long i;
+ struct stat st;
+ char buf[128];
+
+ for (i = 0; i < (unsigned long)arg; i++) {
+ snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf),
+ "/something-non-existent-with-a-long-name-%64lu-%d",
+ i, getpid());
+ stat(buf, &st);
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * This test allocates 100000 of negative dentries with long names.
+ * Then it checks that "slab" in memory.stat is larger than 1M.
+ * Then it sets memory.high to 1M and checks that at least 1/2
+ * of slab memory has been reclaimed.
+ */
+static int test_kmem_basic(const char *root)
+{
+ int ret = KSFT_FAIL;
+ char *cg = NULL;
+ long slab0, slab1, current;
+
+ cg = cg_name(root, "kmem_basic_test");
+ if (!cg)
+ goto cleanup;
+
+ if (cg_create(cg))
+ goto cleanup;
+
+ if (cg_run(cg, alloc_dcache, (void *)100000))
+ goto cleanup;
+
+ slab0 = cg_read_key_long(cg, "memory.stat", "slab ");
+ if (slab0 < (1 << 20))
+ goto cleanup;
+
+ cg_write(cg, "memory.high", "1M");
+ slab1 = cg_read_key_long(cg, "memory.stat", "slab ");
+ if (slab1 <= 0)
+ goto cleanup;
+
+ current = cg_read_long(cg, "memory.current");
+ if (current <= 0)
+ goto cleanup;
+
+ if (slab1 < slab0 / 2 && current < slab0 / 2)
+ ret = KSFT_PASS;
+cleanup:
+ cg_destroy(cg);
+ free(cg);
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static void *alloc_kmem_fn(void *arg)
+{
+ alloc_dcache(NULL, (void *)100);
+ return NULL;
+}
+
+static int alloc_kmem_smp(const char *cgroup, void *arg)
+{
+ int nr_threads = 2 * get_nprocs();
+ pthread_t *tinfo;
+ unsigned long i;
+ int ret = -1;
+
+ tinfo = calloc(nr_threads, sizeof(pthread_t));
+ if (tinfo == NULL)
+ return -1;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < nr_threads; i++) {
+ if (pthread_create(&tinfo[i], NULL, &alloc_kmem_fn,
+ (void *)i)) {
+ free(tinfo);
+ return -1;
+ }
+ }
+
+ for (i = 0; i < nr_threads; i++) {
+ ret = pthread_join(tinfo[i], NULL);
+ if (ret)
+ break;
+ }
+
+ free(tinfo);
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static int cg_run_in_subcgroups(const char *parent,
+ int (*fn)(const char *cgroup, void *arg),
+ void *arg, int times)
+{
+ char *child;
+ int i;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < times; i++) {
+ child = cg_name_indexed(parent, "child", i);
+ if (!child)
+ return -1;
+
+ if (cg_create(child)) {
+ cg_destroy(child);
+ free(child);
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ if (cg_run(child, fn, NULL)) {
+ cg_destroy(child);
+ free(child);
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ cg_destroy(child);
+ free(child);
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * The test creates and destroys a large number of cgroups. In each cgroup it
+ * allocates some slab memory (mostly negative dentries) using 2 * NR_CPUS
+ * threads. Then it checks the sanity of numbers on the parent level:
+ * the total size of the cgroups should be roughly equal to
+ * anon + file + slab + kernel_stack.
+ */
+static int test_kmem_memcg_deletion(const char *root)
+{
+ long current, slab, anon, file, kernel_stack, sum;
+ int ret = KSFT_FAIL;
+ char *parent;
+
+ parent = cg_name(root, "kmem_memcg_deletion_test");
+ if (!parent)
+ goto cleanup;
+
+ if (cg_create(parent))
+ goto cleanup;
+
+ if (cg_write(parent, "cgroup.subtree_control", "+memory"))
+ goto cleanup;
+
+ if (cg_run_in_subcgroups(parent, alloc_kmem_smp, NULL, 100))
+ goto cleanup;
+
+ current = cg_read_long(parent, "memory.current");
+ slab = cg_read_key_long(parent, "memory.stat", "slab ");
+ anon = cg_read_key_long(parent, "memory.stat", "anon ");
+ file = cg_read_key_long(parent, "memory.stat", "file ");
+ kernel_stack = cg_read_key_long(parent, "memory.stat", "kernel_stack ");
+ if (current < 0 || slab < 0 || anon < 0 || file < 0 ||
+ kernel_stack < 0)
+ goto cleanup;
+
+ sum = slab + anon + file + kernel_stack;
+ if (abs(sum - current) < 4096 * 32 * 2 * get_nprocs()) {
+ ret = KSFT_PASS;
+ } else {
+ printf("memory.current = %ld\n", current);
+ printf("slab + anon + file + kernel_stack = %ld\n", sum);
+ printf("slab = %ld\n", slab);
+ printf("anon = %ld\n", anon);
+ printf("file = %ld\n", file);
+ printf("kernel_stack = %ld\n", kernel_stack);
+ }
+
+cleanup:
+ cg_destroy(parent);
+ free(parent);
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+/*
+ * The test reads the entire /proc/kpagecgroup. If the operation went
+ * successfully (and the kernel didn't panic), the test is treated as passed.
+ */
+static int test_kmem_proc_kpagecgroup(const char *root)
+{
+ unsigned long buf[128];
+ int ret = KSFT_FAIL;
+ ssize_t len;
+ int fd;
+
+ fd = open("/proc/kpagecgroup", O_RDONLY);
+ if (fd < 0)
+ return ret;
+
+ do {
+ len = read(fd, buf, sizeof(buf));
+ } while (len > 0);
+
+ if (len == 0)
+ ret = KSFT_PASS;
+
+ close(fd);
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static void *pthread_wait_fn(void *arg)
+{
+ sleep(100);
+ return NULL;
+}
+
+static int spawn_1000_threads(const char *cgroup, void *arg)
+{
+ int nr_threads = 1000;
+ pthread_t *tinfo;
+ unsigned long i;
+ long stack;
+ int ret = -1;
+
+ tinfo = calloc(nr_threads, sizeof(pthread_t));
+ if (tinfo == NULL)
+ return -1;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < nr_threads; i++) {
+ if (pthread_create(&tinfo[i], NULL, &pthread_wait_fn,
+ (void *)i)) {
+ free(tinfo);
+ return(-1);
+ }
+ }
+
+ stack = cg_read_key_long(cgroup, "memory.stat", "kernel_stack ");
+ if (stack >= 4096 * 1000)
+ ret = 0;
+
+ free(tinfo);
+ return ret;
+}
+
+/*
+ * The test spawns a process, which spawns 1000 threads. Then it checks
+ * that memory.stat's kernel_stack is at least 1000 pages large.
+ */
+static int test_kmem_kernel_stacks(const char *root)
+{
+ int ret = KSFT_FAIL;
+ char *cg = NULL;
+
+ cg = cg_name(root, "kmem_kernel_stacks_test");
+ if (!cg)
+ goto cleanup;
+
+ if (cg_create(cg))
+ goto cleanup;
+
+ if (cg_run(cg, spawn_1000_threads, NULL))
+ goto cleanup;
+
+ ret = KSFT_PASS;
+cleanup:
+ cg_destroy(cg);
+ free(cg);
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+/*
+ * This test sequentionally creates 30 child cgroups, allocates some
+ * kernel memory in each of them, and deletes them. Then it checks
+ * that the number of dying cgroups on the parent level is 0.
+ */
+static int test_kmem_dead_cgroups(const char *root)
+{
+ int ret = KSFT_FAIL;
+ char *parent;
+ long dead;
+ int i;
+
+ parent = cg_name(root, "kmem_dead_cgroups_test");
+ if (!parent)
+ goto cleanup;
+
+ if (cg_create(parent))
+ goto cleanup;
+
+ if (cg_write(parent, "cgroup.subtree_control", "+memory"))
+ goto cleanup;
+
+ if (cg_run_in_subcgroups(parent, alloc_dcache, (void *)100, 30))
+ goto cleanup;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < 5; i++) {
+ dead = cg_read_key_long(parent, "cgroup.stat",
+ "nr_dying_descendants ");
+ if (dead == 0) {
+ ret = KSFT_PASS;
+ break;
+ }
+ /*
+ * Reclaiming cgroups might take some time,
+ * let's wait a bit and repeat.
+ */
+ sleep(1);
+ }
+
+cleanup:
+ cg_destroy(parent);
+ free(parent);
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+#define T(x) { x, #x }
+struct kmem_test {
+ int (*fn)(const char *root);
+ const char *name;
+} tests[] = {
+ T(test_kmem_basic),
+ T(test_kmem_memcg_deletion),
+ T(test_kmem_proc_kpagecgroup),
+ T(test_kmem_kernel_stacks),
+ T(test_kmem_dead_cgroups),
+};
+#undef T
+
+int main(int argc, char **argv)
+{
+ char root[PATH_MAX];
+ int i, ret = EXIT_SUCCESS;
+
+ if (cg_find_unified_root(root, sizeof(root)))
+ ksft_exit_skip("cgroup v2 isn't mounted\n");
+
+ /*
+ * Check that memory controller is available:
+ * memory is listed in cgroup.controllers
+ */
+ if (cg_read_strstr(root, "cgroup.controllers", "memory"))
+ ksft_exit_skip("memory controller isn't available\n");
+
+ if (cg_read_strstr(root, "cgroup.subtree_control", "memory"))
+ if (cg_write(root, "cgroup.subtree_control", "+memory"))
+ ksft_exit_skip("Failed to set memory controller\n");
+
+ for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(tests); i++) {
+ switch (tests[i].fn(root)) {
+ case KSFT_PASS:
+ ksft_test_result_pass("%s\n", tests[i].name);
+ break;
+ case KSFT_SKIP:
+ ksft_test_result_skip("%s\n", tests[i].name);
+ break;
+ default:
+ ret = EXIT_FAILURE;
+ ksft_test_result_fail("%s\n", tests[i].name);
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+
+ return ret;
+}
--
2.25.4
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