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Subject[PATCH 4.4 17/65] media-device: dynamically allocate struct media_devnode
Date
From: Mauro Carvalho Chehab <mchehab@osg.samsung.com>

commit a087ce704b802becbb4b0f2a20f2cb3f6911802e upstream.

struct media_devnode is currently embedded at struct media_device.

While this works fine during normal usage, it leads to a race
condition during devnode unregister. the problem is that drivers
assume that, after calling media_device_unregister(), the struct
that contains media_device can be freed. This is not true, as it
can't be freed until userspace closes all opened /dev/media devnodes.

In other words, if the media devnode is still open, and media_device
gets freed, any call to an ioctl will make the core to try to access
struct media_device, with will cause an use-after-free and even GPF.

Fix this by dynamically allocating the struct media_devnode and only
freeing it when it is safe.

Signed-off-by: Mauro Carvalho Chehab <mchehab@osg.samsung.com>
Signed-off-by: Mauro Carvalho Chehab <mchehab@s-opensource.com>
[bwh: Backported to 4.4:
- Drop change in au0828
- Include <linux/slab.h> in media-device.c
- Adjust context]
Signed-off-by: Ben Hutchings <ben.hutchings@codethink.co.uk>
Signed-off-by: Sasha Levin <sashal@kernel.org>
---
drivers/media/media-device.c | 40 +++++++++++++++++++++---------
drivers/media/media-devnode.c | 8 +++++-
drivers/media/usb/uvc/uvc_driver.c | 2 +-
include/media/media-device.h | 5 +---
include/media/media-devnode.h | 10 +++++++-
5 files changed, 46 insertions(+), 19 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/media/media-device.c b/drivers/media/media-device.c
index 7b39440192d6..fb018fe1a8f7 100644
--- a/drivers/media/media-device.c
+++ b/drivers/media/media-device.c
@@ -24,6 +24,7 @@
#include <linux/export.h>
#include <linux/ioctl.h>
#include <linux/media.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/types.h>

#include <media/media-device.h>
@@ -234,7 +235,7 @@ static long media_device_ioctl(struct file *filp, unsigned int cmd,
unsigned long arg)
{
struct media_devnode *devnode = media_devnode_data(filp);
- struct media_device *dev = to_media_device(devnode);
+ struct media_device *dev = devnode->media_dev;
long ret;

switch (cmd) {
@@ -303,7 +304,7 @@ static long media_device_compat_ioctl(struct file *filp, unsigned int cmd,
unsigned long arg)
{
struct media_devnode *devnode = media_devnode_data(filp);
- struct media_device *dev = to_media_device(devnode);
+ struct media_device *dev = devnode->media_dev;
long ret;

switch (cmd) {
@@ -344,7 +345,8 @@ static const struct media_file_operations media_device_fops = {
static ssize_t show_model(struct device *cd,
struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf)
{
- struct media_device *mdev = to_media_device(to_media_devnode(cd));
+ struct media_devnode *devnode = to_media_devnode(cd);
+ struct media_device *mdev = devnode->media_dev;

return sprintf(buf, "%.*s\n", (int)sizeof(mdev->model), mdev->model);
}
@@ -372,6 +374,7 @@ static void media_device_release(struct media_devnode *mdev)
int __must_check __media_device_register(struct media_device *mdev,
struct module *owner)
{
+ struct media_devnode *devnode;
int ret;

if (WARN_ON(mdev->dev == NULL || mdev->model[0] == 0))
@@ -382,17 +385,27 @@ int __must_check __media_device_register(struct media_device *mdev,
spin_lock_init(&mdev->lock);
mutex_init(&mdev->graph_mutex);

+ devnode = kzalloc(sizeof(*devnode), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!devnode)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
/* Register the device node. */
- mdev->devnode.fops = &media_device_fops;
- mdev->devnode.parent = mdev->dev;
- mdev->devnode.release = media_device_release;
- ret = media_devnode_register(&mdev->devnode, owner);
- if (ret < 0)
+ mdev->devnode = devnode;
+ devnode->fops = &media_device_fops;
+ devnode->parent = mdev->dev;
+ devnode->release = media_device_release;
+ ret = media_devnode_register(mdev, devnode, owner);
+ if (ret < 0) {
+ mdev->devnode = NULL;
+ kfree(devnode);
return ret;
+ }

- ret = device_create_file(&mdev->devnode.dev, &dev_attr_model);
+ ret = device_create_file(&devnode->dev, &dev_attr_model);
if (ret < 0) {
- media_devnode_unregister(&mdev->devnode);
+ mdev->devnode = NULL;
+ media_devnode_unregister(devnode);
+ kfree(devnode);
return ret;
}

@@ -413,8 +426,11 @@ void media_device_unregister(struct media_device *mdev)
list_for_each_entry_safe(entity, next, &mdev->entities, list)
media_device_unregister_entity(entity);

- device_remove_file(&mdev->devnode.dev, &dev_attr_model);
- media_devnode_unregister(&mdev->devnode);
+ /* Check if mdev devnode was registered */
+ if (media_devnode_is_registered(mdev->devnode)) {
+ device_remove_file(&mdev->devnode->dev, &dev_attr_model);
+ media_devnode_unregister(mdev->devnode);
+ }
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(media_device_unregister);

diff --git a/drivers/media/media-devnode.c b/drivers/media/media-devnode.c
index 98211c570e11..000efb17b95b 100644
--- a/drivers/media/media-devnode.c
+++ b/drivers/media/media-devnode.c
@@ -44,6 +44,7 @@
#include <linux/uaccess.h>

#include <media/media-devnode.h>
+#include <media/media-device.h>

#define MEDIA_NUM_DEVICES 256
#define MEDIA_NAME "media"
@@ -74,6 +75,8 @@ static void media_devnode_release(struct device *cd)
/* Release media_devnode and perform other cleanups as needed. */
if (devnode->release)
devnode->release(devnode);
+
+ kfree(devnode);
}

static struct bus_type media_bus_type = {
@@ -221,6 +224,7 @@ static const struct file_operations media_devnode_fops = {

/**
* media_devnode_register - register a media device node
+ * @media_dev: struct media_device we want to register a device node
* @devnode: media device node structure we want to register
*
* The registration code assigns minor numbers and registers the new device node
@@ -233,7 +237,8 @@ static const struct file_operations media_devnode_fops = {
* the media_devnode structure is *not* called, so the caller is responsible for
* freeing any data.
*/
-int __must_check media_devnode_register(struct media_devnode *devnode,
+int __must_check media_devnode_register(struct media_device *mdev,
+ struct media_devnode *devnode,
struct module *owner)
{
int minor;
@@ -252,6 +257,7 @@ int __must_check media_devnode_register(struct media_devnode *devnode,
mutex_unlock(&media_devnode_lock);

devnode->minor = minor;
+ devnode->media_dev = mdev;

/* Part 2: Initialize and register the character device */
cdev_init(&devnode->cdev, &media_devnode_fops);
diff --git a/drivers/media/usb/uvc/uvc_driver.c b/drivers/media/usb/uvc/uvc_driver.c
index 9cd0268b2767..f353ab569b8e 100644
--- a/drivers/media/usb/uvc/uvc_driver.c
+++ b/drivers/media/usb/uvc/uvc_driver.c
@@ -1800,7 +1800,7 @@ static void uvc_delete(struct uvc_device *dev)
if (dev->vdev.dev)
v4l2_device_unregister(&dev->vdev);
#ifdef CONFIG_MEDIA_CONTROLLER
- if (media_devnode_is_registered(&dev->mdev.devnode))
+ if (media_devnode_is_registered(dev->mdev.devnode))
media_device_unregister(&dev->mdev);
#endif

diff --git a/include/media/media-device.h b/include/media/media-device.h
index 6e6db78f1ee2..00bbd679864a 100644
--- a/include/media/media-device.h
+++ b/include/media/media-device.h
@@ -60,7 +60,7 @@ struct device;
struct media_device {
/* dev->driver_data points to this struct. */
struct device *dev;
- struct media_devnode devnode;
+ struct media_devnode *devnode;

char model[32];
char serial[40];
@@ -84,9 +84,6 @@ struct media_device {
#define MEDIA_DEV_NOTIFY_PRE_LINK_CH 0
#define MEDIA_DEV_NOTIFY_POST_LINK_CH 1

-/* media_devnode to media_device */
-#define to_media_device(node) container_of(node, struct media_device, devnode)
-
int __must_check __media_device_register(struct media_device *mdev,
struct module *owner);
#define media_device_register(mdev) __media_device_register(mdev, THIS_MODULE)
diff --git a/include/media/media-devnode.h b/include/media/media-devnode.h
index 79f702d26d1f..8b854c044032 100644
--- a/include/media/media-devnode.h
+++ b/include/media/media-devnode.h
@@ -33,6 +33,8 @@
#include <linux/device.h>
#include <linux/cdev.h>

+struct media_device;
+
/*
* Flag to mark the media_devnode struct as registered. Drivers must not touch
* this flag directly, it will be set and cleared by media_devnode_register and
@@ -67,6 +69,8 @@ struct media_file_operations {
* before registering the node.
*/
struct media_devnode {
+ struct media_device *media_dev;
+
/* device ops */
const struct media_file_operations *fops;

@@ -86,7 +90,8 @@ struct media_devnode {
/* dev to media_devnode */
#define to_media_devnode(cd) container_of(cd, struct media_devnode, dev)

-int __must_check media_devnode_register(struct media_devnode *devnode,
+int __must_check media_devnode_register(struct media_device *mdev,
+ struct media_devnode *devnode,
struct module *owner);
void media_devnode_unregister(struct media_devnode *devnode);

@@ -97,6 +102,9 @@ static inline struct media_devnode *media_devnode_data(struct file *filp)

static inline int media_devnode_is_registered(struct media_devnode *devnode)
{
+ if (!devnode)
+ return false;
+
return test_bit(MEDIA_FLAG_REGISTERED, &devnode->flags);
}

--
2.25.1


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