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Subject[PATCH 28/28] KVM: nSVM: implement KVM_GET_NESTED_STATE and KVM_SET_NESTED_STATE
Date
Similar to VMX, the state that is captured through the currently available
IOCTLs is a mix of L1 and L2 state, dependent on whether the L2 guest was
running at the moment when the process was interrupted to save its state.

In particular, the SVM-specific state for nested virtualization includes
the L1 saved state (including the interrupt flag), the cached L2 controls,
and the GIF.

Signed-off-by: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>
---
arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/kvm.h | 17 +++-
arch/x86/kvm/cpuid.h | 5 ++
arch/x86/kvm/svm/nested.c | 147 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
arch/x86/kvm/svm/svm.c | 1 +
arch/x86/kvm/vmx/nested.c | 5 --
arch/x86/kvm/x86.c | 3 +-
6 files changed, 171 insertions(+), 7 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/kvm.h b/arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/kvm.h
index 3f3f780c8c65..12075a9de1c1 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/kvm.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/kvm.h
@@ -385,18 +385,22 @@ struct kvm_sync_regs {
#define KVM_X86_QUIRK_MISC_ENABLE_NO_MWAIT (1 << 4)

#define KVM_STATE_NESTED_FORMAT_VMX 0
-#define KVM_STATE_NESTED_FORMAT_SVM 1 /* unused */
+#define KVM_STATE_NESTED_FORMAT_SVM 1

#define KVM_STATE_NESTED_GUEST_MODE 0x00000001
#define KVM_STATE_NESTED_RUN_PENDING 0x00000002
#define KVM_STATE_NESTED_EVMCS 0x00000004
#define KVM_STATE_NESTED_MTF_PENDING 0x00000008
+#define KVM_STATE_NESTED_GIF_SET 0x00000100

#define KVM_STATE_NESTED_SMM_GUEST_MODE 0x00000001
#define KVM_STATE_NESTED_SMM_VMXON 0x00000002

#define KVM_STATE_NESTED_VMX_VMCS_SIZE 0x1000

+#define KVM_STATE_NESTED_SVM_VMCB_SIZE 0x1000
+
+
struct kvm_vmx_nested_state_data {
__u8 vmcs12[KVM_STATE_NESTED_VMX_VMCS_SIZE];
__u8 shadow_vmcs12[KVM_STATE_NESTED_VMX_VMCS_SIZE];
@@ -411,6 +415,15 @@ struct kvm_vmx_nested_state_hdr {
} smm;
};

+struct kvm_svm_nested_state_data {
+ /* Save area only used if KVM_STATE_NESTED_RUN_PENDING. */
+ __u8 vmcb12[KVM_STATE_NESTED_SVM_VMCB_SIZE];
+};
+
+struct kvm_svm_nested_state_hdr {
+ __u64 vmcb_pa;
+};
+
/* for KVM_CAP_NESTED_STATE */
struct kvm_nested_state {
__u16 flags;
@@ -419,6 +432,7 @@ struct kvm_nested_state {

union {
struct kvm_vmx_nested_state_hdr vmx;
+ struct kvm_svm_nested_state_hdr svm;

/* Pad the header to 128 bytes. */
__u8 pad[120];
@@ -431,6 +445,7 @@ struct kvm_nested_state {
*/
union {
struct kvm_vmx_nested_state_data vmx[0];
+ struct kvm_svm_nested_state_data svm[0];
} data;
};

diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/cpuid.h b/arch/x86/kvm/cpuid.h
index 63a70f6a3df3..05434cd9342f 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kvm/cpuid.h
+++ b/arch/x86/kvm/cpuid.h
@@ -303,4 +303,9 @@ static __always_inline void kvm_cpu_cap_check_and_set(unsigned int x86_feature)
kvm_cpu_cap_set(x86_feature);
}

+static inline bool page_address_valid(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, gpa_t gpa)
+{
+ return PAGE_ALIGNED(gpa) && !(gpa >> cpuid_maxphyaddr(vcpu));
+}
+
#endif
diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/svm/nested.c b/arch/x86/kvm/svm/nested.c
index 840662e66976..0f02521550b9 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kvm/svm/nested.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kvm/svm/nested.c
@@ -25,6 +25,7 @@
#include "trace.h"
#include "mmu.h"
#include "x86.h"
+#include "cpuid.h"
#include "lapic.h"
#include "svm.h"

@@ -238,6 +239,8 @@ static void load_nested_vmcb_control(struct vcpu_svm *svm,
{
copy_vmcb_control_area(&svm->nested.ctl, control);

+ /* Copy it here because nested_svm_check_controls will check it. */
+ svm->nested.ctl.asid = control->asid;
svm->nested.ctl.msrpm_base_pa &= ~0x0fffULL;
svm->nested.ctl.iopm_base_pa &= ~0x0fffULL;
}
@@ -930,6 +933,150 @@ int nested_svm_exit_special(struct vcpu_svm *svm)
return NESTED_EXIT_CONTINUE;
}

+static int svm_get_nested_state(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
+ struct kvm_nested_state __user *user_kvm_nested_state,
+ u32 user_data_size)
+{
+ struct vcpu_svm *svm;
+ struct kvm_nested_state kvm_state = {
+ .flags = 0,
+ .format = KVM_STATE_NESTED_FORMAT_SVM,
+ .size = sizeof(kvm_state),
+ };
+ struct vmcb __user *user_vmcb = (struct vmcb __user *)
+ &user_kvm_nested_state->data.svm[0];
+
+ if (!vcpu)
+ return kvm_state.size + KVM_STATE_NESTED_SVM_VMCB_SIZE;
+
+ svm = to_svm(vcpu);
+
+ if (user_data_size < kvm_state.size)
+ goto out;
+
+ /* First fill in the header and copy it out. */
+ if (is_guest_mode(vcpu)) {
+ kvm_state.hdr.svm.vmcb_pa = svm->nested.vmcb;
+ kvm_state.size += KVM_STATE_NESTED_SVM_VMCB_SIZE;
+ kvm_state.flags |= KVM_STATE_NESTED_GUEST_MODE;
+
+ if (svm->nested.nested_run_pending)
+ kvm_state.flags |= KVM_STATE_NESTED_RUN_PENDING;
+ }
+
+ if (gif_set(svm))
+ kvm_state.flags |= KVM_STATE_NESTED_GIF_SET;
+
+ if (copy_to_user(user_kvm_nested_state, &kvm_state, sizeof(kvm_state)))
+ return -EFAULT;
+
+ if (!is_guest_mode(vcpu))
+ goto out;
+
+ /*
+ * Copy over the full size of the VMCB rather than just the size
+ * of the structs.
+ */
+ if (clear_user(user_vmcb, KVM_STATE_NESTED_SVM_VMCB_SIZE))
+ return -EFAULT;
+ if (copy_to_user(&user_vmcb->control, &svm->nested.ctl,
+ sizeof(user_vmcb->control)))
+ return -EFAULT;
+ if (copy_to_user(&user_vmcb->save, &svm->nested.hsave->save,
+ sizeof(user_vmcb->save)))
+ return -EFAULT;
+
+out:
+ return kvm_state.size;
+}
+
+static int svm_set_nested_state(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
+ struct kvm_nested_state __user *user_kvm_nested_state,
+ struct kvm_nested_state *kvm_state)
+{
+ struct vcpu_svm *svm = to_svm(vcpu);
+ struct vmcb *hsave = svm->nested.hsave;
+ struct vmcb __user *user_vmcb = (struct vmcb __user *)
+ &user_kvm_nested_state->data.svm[0];
+ struct vmcb_control_area ctl;
+ struct vmcb_save_area save;
+ u32 cr0;
+
+ if (kvm_state->format != KVM_STATE_NESTED_FORMAT_SVM)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ if (kvm_state->flags & ~(KVM_STATE_NESTED_GUEST_MODE |
+ KVM_STATE_NESTED_RUN_PENDING |
+ KVM_STATE_NESTED_GIF_SET))
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ /*
+ * If in guest mode, vcpu->arch.efer actually refers to the L2 guest's
+ * EFER.SVME, but EFER.SVME still has to be 1 for VMRUN to succeed.
+ */
+ if (!(vcpu->arch.efer & EFER_SVME)) {
+ /* GIF=1 and no guest mode are required if SVME=0. */
+ if (kvm_state->flags != KVM_STATE_NESTED_GIF_SET)
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ /* SMM temporarily disables SVM, so we cannot be in guest mode. */
+ if (is_smm(vcpu) && (kvm_state->flags & KVM_STATE_NESTED_GUEST_MODE))
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ if (!(kvm_state->flags & KVM_STATE_NESTED_GUEST_MODE)) {
+ svm_leave_nested(svm);
+ goto out_set_gif;
+ }
+
+ if (!page_address_valid(vcpu, kvm_state->hdr.svm.vmcb_pa))
+ return -EINVAL;
+ if (kvm_state->size < sizeof(*kvm_state) + KVM_STATE_NESTED_SVM_VMCB_SIZE)
+ return -EINVAL;
+ if (copy_from_user(&ctl, &user_vmcb->control, sizeof(ctl)))
+ return -EFAULT;
+ if (copy_from_user(&save, &user_vmcb->save, sizeof(save)))
+ return -EFAULT;
+
+ if (!nested_vmcb_check_controls(&ctl))
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ /*
+ * Processor state contains L2 state. Check that it is
+ * valid for guest mode (see nested_vmcb_checks).
+ */
+ cr0 = kvm_read_cr0(vcpu);
+ if (((cr0 & X86_CR0_CD) == 0) && (cr0 & X86_CR0_NW))
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ /*
+ * Validate host state saved from before VMRUN (see
+ * nested_svm_check_permissions).
+ * TODO: validate reserved bits for all saved state.
+ */
+ if (!(save.cr0 & X86_CR0_PG))
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ /*
+ * All checks done, we can enter guest mode. L1 control fields
+ * come from the nested save state. Guest state is already
+ * in the registers, the save area of the nested state instead
+ * contains saved L1 state.
+ */
+ copy_vmcb_control_area(&hsave->control, &svm->vmcb->control);
+ hsave->save = save;
+
+ svm->nested.vmcb = kvm_state->hdr.svm.vmcb_pa;
+ load_nested_vmcb_control(svm, &ctl);
+ nested_prepare_vmcb_control(svm);
+
+out_set_gif:
+ svm_set_gif(svm, !!(kvm_state->flags & KVM_STATE_NESTED_GIF_SET));
+ return 0;
+}
+
struct kvm_x86_nested_ops svm_nested_ops = {
.check_events = svm_check_nested_events,
+ .get_state = svm_get_nested_state,
+ .set_state = svm_set_nested_state,
};
diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/svm/svm.c b/arch/x86/kvm/svm/svm.c
index c1e746ccd7da..f6a13685baa0 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kvm/svm/svm.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kvm/svm/svm.c
@@ -1193,6 +1193,7 @@ static int svm_create_vcpu(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
svm->avic_is_running = true;

svm->nested.hsave = page_address(hsave_page);
+ clear_page(svm->nested.hsave);

svm->msrpm = page_address(msrpm_pages);
svm_vcpu_init_msrpm(svm->msrpm);
diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/vmx/nested.c b/arch/x86/kvm/vmx/nested.c
index 51ebb60e1533..106fc6fceb97 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kvm/vmx/nested.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kvm/vmx/nested.c
@@ -437,11 +437,6 @@ static void vmx_inject_page_fault_nested(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
}
}

-static bool page_address_valid(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, gpa_t gpa)
-{
- return PAGE_ALIGNED(gpa) && !(gpa >> cpuid_maxphyaddr(vcpu));
-}
-
static int nested_vmx_check_io_bitmap_controls(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
struct vmcs12 *vmcs12)
{
diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c b/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
index e03543488d37..3bb34d53460f 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
@@ -4628,7 +4628,8 @@ long kvm_arch_vcpu_ioctl(struct file *filp,

if (kvm_state.flags &
~(KVM_STATE_NESTED_RUN_PENDING | KVM_STATE_NESTED_GUEST_MODE
- | KVM_STATE_NESTED_EVMCS | KVM_STATE_NESTED_MTF_PENDING))
+ | KVM_STATE_NESTED_EVMCS | KVM_STATE_NESTED_MTF_PENDING
+ | KVM_STATE_NESTED_GIF_SET))
break;

/* nested_run_pending implies guest_mode. */
--
2.26.2
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