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SubjectRe: [RFC 16/16] KVM: Unmap protected pages from direct mapping
On Fri, May 22, 2020 at 03:52:14PM +0300, Kirill A. Shutemov wrote:
> If the protected memory feature enabled, unmap guest memory from
> kernel's direct mappings.
>
> Migration and KSM is disabled for protected memory as it would require a
> special treatment.
>
> Signed-off-by: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
> ---
> arch/x86/mm/pat/set_memory.c | 1 +
> include/linux/kvm_host.h | 3 ++
> mm/huge_memory.c | 9 +++++
> mm/ksm.c | 3 ++
> mm/memory.c | 13 +++++++
> mm/rmap.c | 4 ++
> virt/kvm/kvm_main.c | 74 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> 7 files changed, 107 insertions(+)
>
> diff --git a/arch/x86/mm/pat/set_memory.c b/arch/x86/mm/pat/set_memory.c
> index 6f075766bb94..13988413af40 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/mm/pat/set_memory.c
> +++ b/arch/x86/mm/pat/set_memory.c
> @@ -2227,6 +2227,7 @@ void __kernel_map_pages(struct page *page, int numpages, int enable)
>
> arch_flush_lazy_mmu_mode();
> }
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__kernel_map_pages);
>
> #ifdef CONFIG_HIBERNATION
> bool kernel_page_present(struct page *page)
> diff --git a/include/linux/kvm_host.h b/include/linux/kvm_host.h
> index b6944f88033d..e1d7762b615c 100644
> --- a/include/linux/kvm_host.h
> +++ b/include/linux/kvm_host.h
> @@ -705,6 +705,9 @@ int kvm_protect_all_memory(struct kvm *kvm);
> int kvm_protect_memory(struct kvm *kvm,
> unsigned long gfn, unsigned long npages, bool protect);
>
> +void kvm_map_page(struct page *page, int nr_pages);
> +void kvm_unmap_page(struct page *page, int nr_pages);
> +
> int gfn_to_page_many_atomic(struct kvm_memory_slot *slot, gfn_t gfn,
> struct page **pages, int nr_pages);
>
> diff --git a/mm/huge_memory.c b/mm/huge_memory.c
> index c3562648a4ef..d8a444a401cc 100644
> --- a/mm/huge_memory.c
> +++ b/mm/huge_memory.c
> @@ -33,6 +33,7 @@
> #include <linux/oom.h>
> #include <linux/numa.h>
> #include <linux/page_owner.h>
> +#include <linux/kvm_host.h>

This does not seem right...

> #include <asm/tlb.h>
> #include <asm/pgalloc.h>
> @@ -650,6 +651,10 @@ static vm_fault_t __do_huge_pmd_anonymous_page(struct vm_fault *vmf,
> spin_unlock(vmf->ptl);
> count_vm_event(THP_FAULT_ALLOC);
> count_memcg_events(memcg, THP_FAULT_ALLOC, 1);
> +
> + /* Unmap page from direct mapping */
> + if (vma_is_kvm_protected(vma))
> + kvm_unmap_page(page, HPAGE_PMD_NR);

... and neither does this.

I think the map/unmap primitives shoud be a part of the generic mm and
not burried inside KVM.

> }
>
> return 0;
> @@ -1886,6 +1891,10 @@ int zap_huge_pmd(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
> page_remove_rmap(page, true);
> VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(page_mapcount(page) < 0, page);
> VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageHead(page), page);
> +
> + /* Map the page back to the direct mapping */
> + if (vma_is_kvm_protected(vma))
> + kvm_map_page(page, HPAGE_PMD_NR);
> } else if (thp_migration_supported()) {
> swp_entry_t entry;
>
> diff --git a/mm/ksm.c b/mm/ksm.c
> index 281c00129a2e..942b88782ac2 100644
> --- a/mm/ksm.c
> +++ b/mm/ksm.c
> @@ -527,6 +527,9 @@ static struct vm_area_struct *find_mergeable_vma(struct mm_struct *mm,
> return NULL;
> if (!(vma->vm_flags & VM_MERGEABLE) || !vma->anon_vma)
> return NULL;
> + /* TODO */

Probably this is not something that should be done. For a security
sensitive environment that wants protected memory, KSM woudn't be
relevant anyway...

> + if (vma_is_kvm_protected(vma))
> + return NULL;
> return vma;
> }
>
> diff --git a/mm/memory.c b/mm/memory.c
> index d7228db6e4bf..74773229b854 100644
> --- a/mm/memory.c
> +++ b/mm/memory.c
> @@ -71,6 +71,7 @@
> #include <linux/dax.h>
> #include <linux/oom.h>
> #include <linux/numa.h>
> +#include <linux/kvm_host.h>

The same comment as in mm/huge_memory.c. I don't think that generic mm
should depend on KVM.

> #include <trace/events/kmem.h>
>
> @@ -1088,6 +1089,11 @@ static unsigned long zap_pte_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb,
> likely(!(vma->vm_flags & VM_SEQ_READ)))
> mark_page_accessed(page);
> }
> +
> + /* Map the page back to the direct mapping */
> + if (vma_is_anonymous(vma) && vma_is_kvm_protected(vma))
> + kvm_map_page(page, 1);
> +
> rss[mm_counter(page)]--;
> page_remove_rmap(page, false);
> if (unlikely(page_mapcount(page) < 0))
> @@ -3312,6 +3318,7 @@ static vm_fault_t do_anonymous_page(struct vm_fault *vmf)
> struct page *page;
> vm_fault_t ret = 0;
> pte_t entry;
> + bool set = false;
>
> /* File mapping without ->vm_ops ? */
> if (vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)
> @@ -3397,6 +3404,7 @@ static vm_fault_t do_anonymous_page(struct vm_fault *vmf)
> page_add_new_anon_rmap(page, vma, vmf->address, false);
> mem_cgroup_commit_charge(page, memcg, false, false);
> lru_cache_add_active_or_unevictable(page, vma);
> + set = true;
> setpte:
> set_pte_at(vma->vm_mm, vmf->address, vmf->pte, entry);
>
> @@ -3404,6 +3412,11 @@ static vm_fault_t do_anonymous_page(struct vm_fault *vmf)
> update_mmu_cache(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte);
> unlock:
> pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl);
> +
> + /* Unmap page from direct mapping */
> + if (vma_is_kvm_protected(vma) && set)
> + kvm_unmap_page(page, 1);
> +
> return ret;
> release:
> mem_cgroup_cancel_charge(page, memcg, false);
> diff --git a/mm/rmap.c b/mm/rmap.c
> index f79a206b271a..a9b2e347d1ab 100644
> --- a/mm/rmap.c
> +++ b/mm/rmap.c
> @@ -1709,6 +1709,10 @@ static bool try_to_unmap_one(struct page *page, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
>
> static bool invalid_migration_vma(struct vm_area_struct *vma, void *arg)
> {
> + /* TODO */
> + if (vma_is_kvm_protected(vma))
> + return true;
> +
> return vma_is_temporary_stack(vma);
> }
>
> diff --git a/virt/kvm/kvm_main.c b/virt/kvm/kvm_main.c
> index 71aac117357f..defc33d3a124 100644
> --- a/virt/kvm/kvm_main.c
> +++ b/virt/kvm/kvm_main.c
> @@ -51,6 +51,7 @@
> #include <linux/io.h>
> #include <linux/lockdep.h>
> #include <linux/kthread.h>
> +#include <linux/pagewalk.h>
>
> #include <asm/processor.h>
> #include <asm/ioctl.h>
> @@ -2718,6 +2719,72 @@ void kvm_vcpu_mark_page_dirty(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, gfn_t gfn)
> }
> EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kvm_vcpu_mark_page_dirty);
>
> +void kvm_map_page(struct page *page, int nr_pages)
> +{
> + int i;
> +
> + /* Clear page before returning it to the direct mapping */
> + for (i = 0; i < nr_pages; i++) {
> + void *p = map_page_atomic(page + i);
> + memset(p, 0, PAGE_SIZE);
> + unmap_page_atomic(p);
> + }
> +
> + kernel_map_pages(page, nr_pages, 1);
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kvm_map_page);
> +
> +void kvm_unmap_page(struct page *page, int nr_pages)
> +{
> + kernel_map_pages(page, nr_pages, 0);
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kvm_unmap_page);
> +
> +static int adjust_direct_mapping_pte_range(pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr,
> + unsigned long end,
> + struct mm_walk *walk)
> +{
> + bool protect = (bool)walk->private;
> + pte_t *pte;
> + struct page *page;
> +
> + if (pmd_trans_huge(*pmd)) {
> + page = pmd_page(*pmd);
> + if (is_huge_zero_page(page))
> + return 0;
> + VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(total_mapcount(page) != 1, page);
> + /* XXX: Would it fail with direct device assignment? */
> + VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(page_count(page) != 1, page);
> + kernel_map_pages(page, HPAGE_PMD_NR, !protect);
> + return 0;
> + }
> +
> + pte = pte_offset_map(pmd, addr);
> + for (; addr != end; pte++, addr += PAGE_SIZE) {
> + pte_t entry = *pte;
> +
> + if (!pte_present(entry))
> + continue;
> +
> + if (is_zero_pfn(pte_pfn(entry)))
> + continue;
> +
> + page = pte_page(entry);
> +
> + VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(page_mapcount(page) != 1, page);
> + /* XXX: Would it fail with direct device assignment? */
> + VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(page_count(page) !=
> + total_mapcount(compound_head(page)), page);
> + kernel_map_pages(page, 1, !protect);
> + }
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static const struct mm_walk_ops adjust_direct_mapping_ops = {
> + .pmd_entry = adjust_direct_mapping_pte_range,
> +};
> +

All this seem to me an addition to set_memory APIs rather then KVM.

> static int protect_memory(unsigned long start, unsigned long end, bool protect)
> {
> struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm;
> @@ -2763,6 +2830,13 @@ static int protect_memory(unsigned long start, unsigned long end, bool protect)
> if (ret)
> goto out;
>
> + if (vma_is_anonymous(vma)) {
> + ret = walk_page_range_novma(mm, start, tmp,
> + &adjust_direct_mapping_ops, NULL,
> + (void *) protect);
> + if (ret)
> + goto out;
> + }
> next:
> start = tmp;
> if (start < prev->vm_end)
> --
> 2.26.2
>
>

--
Sincerely yours,
Mike.

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