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Subject[PATCH v3 3/8] taint: add firmware crash taint support
Date
Device drivers firmware can crash, and *sometimes*, this can leave your
system in a state which makes the device or subsystem completely useless.
In the worst of cases not even removing the module and adding it back again
will correct your situation and you are left with no other option but to do
a full system reboot. Some drivers have work arounds for these situations,
and sometimes they can recover the device / functionality but not all
device drivers have these arrangements and in the worst cases requiring
a full reboot is completely hidden from the user experience, leaving them
dumbfounded with what has happened.

Detecting this by inspecting /proc/sys/kernel/tainted instead of scraping
some magical words from the kernel log, which is driver specific, is much
easier. So instead provide a helper which lets drivers annotate this.

Once this happens, scrapers can easily look for modules taint flags for a
firmware crash. This will taint both the kernel and respective calling
module.

The new helper taint_firmware_crashed() uses LOCKDEP_STILL_OK as this fact
should in no way shape or form affect lockdep. This taint is device driver
specific.

While extending the declaration of add_taint_module(), just make the flag
unsigned int clear.

Signed-off-by: Luis Chamberlain <mcgrof@kernel.org>
---
Documentation/admin-guide/tainted-kernels.rst | 6 ++++++
include/linux/kernel.h | 2 +-
include/linux/module.h | 13 +++++++++++++
include/trace/events/module.h | 3 ++-
include/uapi/linux/kernel.h | 1 +
kernel/module.c | 13 +++++++++----
kernel/panic.c | 1 +
tools/debugging/kernel-chktaint | 7 +++++++
8 files changed, 40 insertions(+), 6 deletions(-)

diff --git a/Documentation/admin-guide/tainted-kernels.rst b/Documentation/admin-guide/tainted-kernels.rst
index 71e9184a9079..92530f1d60ae 100644
--- a/Documentation/admin-guide/tainted-kernels.rst
+++ b/Documentation/admin-guide/tainted-kernels.rst
@@ -100,6 +100,7 @@ Bit Log Number Reason that got the kernel tainted
15 _/K 32768 kernel has been live patched
16 _/X 65536 auxiliary taint, defined for and used by distros
17 _/T 131072 kernel was built with the struct randomization plugin
+ 18 _/Q 262144 driver firmware crash annotation
=== === ====== ========================================================

Note: The character ``_`` is representing a blank in this table to make reading
@@ -162,3 +163,8 @@ More detailed explanation for tainting
produce extremely unusual kernel structure layouts (even performance
pathological ones), which is important to know when debugging. Set at
build time.
+
+ 18) ``Q`` used by device drivers to annotate that the device driver's firmware
+ has crashed and the device's operation has been severely affected. The
+ device may be left in a crippled state, requiring full driver removal /
+ addition, system reboot, or it is unclear how long recovery will take.
diff --git a/include/linux/kernel.h b/include/linux/kernel.h
index 337634363d00..a1974907c320 100644
--- a/include/linux/kernel.h
+++ b/include/linux/kernel.h
@@ -571,7 +571,7 @@ extern int root_mountflags;
extern bool early_boot_irqs_disabled;
extern enum system_states system_state;

-#define TAINT_FLAGS_COUNT 18
+#define TAINT_FLAGS_COUNT 19
#define TAINT_FLAGS_MAX ((1UL << TAINT_FLAGS_COUNT) - 1)

struct taint_flag {
diff --git a/include/linux/module.h b/include/linux/module.h
index 2e6670860d27..b3e143d2993e 100644
--- a/include/linux/module.h
+++ b/include/linux/module.h
@@ -705,6 +705,14 @@ static inline bool is_livepatch_module(struct module *mod)
bool is_module_sig_enforced(void);
void set_module_sig_enforced(void);

+void add_taint_module(struct module *mod, unsigned int flag,
+ enum lockdep_ok lockdep_ok);
+
+static inline void taint_firmware_crashed(void)
+{
+ add_taint_module(THIS_MODULE, TAINT_FIRMWARE_CRASH, LOCKDEP_STILL_OK);
+}
+
#else /* !CONFIG_MODULES... */

static inline struct module *__module_address(unsigned long addr)
@@ -852,6 +860,11 @@ void *dereference_module_function_descriptor(struct module *mod, void *ptr)
return ptr;
}

+static inline void taint_firmware_crashed(void)
+{
+ add_taint(TAINT_FIRMWARE_CRASH, LOCKDEP_STILL_OK);
+}
+
#endif /* CONFIG_MODULES */

#ifdef CONFIG_SYSFS
diff --git a/include/trace/events/module.h b/include/trace/events/module.h
index 097485c73c01..b749ea25affd 100644
--- a/include/trace/events/module.h
+++ b/include/trace/events/module.h
@@ -26,7 +26,8 @@ struct module;
{ (1UL << TAINT_OOT_MODULE), "O" }, \
{ (1UL << TAINT_FORCED_MODULE), "F" }, \
{ (1UL << TAINT_CRAP), "C" }, \
- { (1UL << TAINT_UNSIGNED_MODULE), "E" })
+ { (1UL << TAINT_UNSIGNED_MODULE), "E" }, \
+ { (1UL << TAINT_FIRMWARE_CRASH), "Q" })

TRACE_EVENT(module_load,

diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/kernel.h b/include/uapi/linux/kernel.h
index 4bbd4093eb64..1e364659afca 100644
--- a/include/uapi/linux/kernel.h
+++ b/include/uapi/linux/kernel.h
@@ -45,6 +45,7 @@ enum system_states {
#define TAINT_LIVEPATCH 15
#define TAINT_AUX 16
#define TAINT_RANDSTRUCT 17
+#define TAINT_FIRMWARE_CRASH 18
/* be sure to update TAINT_FLAGS_COUNT when extending this */

#endif /* _UAPI_LINUX_KERNEL_H */
diff --git a/kernel/module.c b/kernel/module.c
index 9b85d58441a2..538def226332 100644
--- a/kernel/module.c
+++ b/kernel/module.c
@@ -326,13 +326,18 @@ static inline int strong_try_module_get(struct module *mod)
return -ENOENT;
}

-static inline void add_taint_module(struct module *mod, unsigned flag,
- enum lockdep_ok lockdep_ok)
+void add_taint_module(struct module *mod, unsigned int flag,
+ enum lockdep_ok lockdep_ok)
{
add_taint(flag, lockdep_ok);
- set_bit(flag, &mod->taints);
- panic_uevent_taint(flag, mod);
+
+ /* Skip this if the module is built-in */
+ if (mod) {
+ set_bit(flag, &mod->taints);
+ panic_uevent_taint(flag, mod);
+ }
}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(add_taint_module);

/*
* A thread that wants to hold a reference to a module only while it
diff --git a/kernel/panic.c b/kernel/panic.c
index 48e9e2efa5bb..cb1c5619e983 100644
--- a/kernel/panic.c
+++ b/kernel/panic.c
@@ -387,6 +387,7 @@ const struct taint_flag taint_flags[TAINT_FLAGS_COUNT] = {
[ TAINT_LIVEPATCH ] = { 'K', ' ', true },
[ TAINT_AUX ] = { 'X', ' ', true },
[ TAINT_RANDSTRUCT ] = { 'T', ' ', true },
+ [ TAINT_FIRMWARE_CRASH ] = { 'Q', ' ', true },
};

/**
diff --git a/tools/debugging/kernel-chktaint b/tools/debugging/kernel-chktaint
index 2240cb56e6e5..c397c6aabea7 100755
--- a/tools/debugging/kernel-chktaint
+++ b/tools/debugging/kernel-chktaint
@@ -194,6 +194,13 @@ else
addout "T"
echo " * kernel was built with the struct randomization plugin (#17)"
fi
+T=`expr $T / 2`
+if [ `expr $T % 2` -eq 0 ]; then
+ addout " "
+else
+ addout "Q"
+ echo " * a device driver's firmware has crashed (#18)"
+fi

echo "For a more detailed explanation of the various taint flags see"
echo " Documentation/admin-guide/tainted-kernels.rst in the the Linux kernel sources"
--
2.26.2
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