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SubjectRe: [PATCH 1/4] x86/boot: Add .text.startup to setup.ld
On 2020-05-24, Arvind Sankar wrote:
>On Sun, May 24, 2020 at 03:13:26PM -0700, Fangrui Song wrote:
>> On 2020-05-24, Arvind Sankar wrote:
>> >gcc puts the main function into .text.startup when compiled with -Os (or
>> >-O2). This results in arch/x86/boot/main.c having a .text.startup
>> >section which is currently not included explicitly in the linker script
>> >setup.ld in the same directory.
>> >
>> >The BFD linker places this orphan section immediately after .text, so
>> >this still works. However, LLD git, since [1], is choosing to place it
>> >immediately after the .bstext section instead (this is the first code
>> >section). This plays havoc with the section layout that setup.elf
>> >requires to create the setup header, for eg on 64-bit:
>> >
>> > LD arch/x86/boot/setup.elf
>> > ld.lld: error: section .text.startup file range overlaps with .header
>> > >>> .text.startup range is [0x200040, 0x2001FE]
>> > >>> .header range is [0x2001EF, 0x20026B]
>> >
>> > ld.lld: error: section .header file range overlaps with .bsdata
>> > >>> .header range is [0x2001EF, 0x20026B]
>> > >>> .bsdata range is [0x2001FF, 0x200398]
>> >
>> > ld.lld: error: section .bsdata file range overlaps with .entrytext
>> > >>> .bsdata range is [0x2001FF, 0x200398]
>> > >>> .entrytext range is [0x20026C, 0x2002D3]
>> >
>> > ld.lld: error: section .text.startup virtual address range overlaps
>> > with .header
>> > >>> .text.startup range is [0x40, 0x1FE]
>> > >>> .header range is [0x1EF, 0x26B]
>> >
>> > ld.lld: error: section .header virtual address range overlaps with
>> > .bsdata
>> > >>> .header range is [0x1EF, 0x26B]
>> > >>> .bsdata range is [0x1FF, 0x398]
>> >
>> > ld.lld: error: section .bsdata virtual address range overlaps with
>> > .entrytext
>> > >>> .bsdata range is [0x1FF, 0x398]
>> > >>> .entrytext range is [0x26C, 0x2D3]
>> >
>> > ld.lld: error: section .text.startup load address range overlaps with
>> > .header
>> > >>> .text.startup range is [0x40, 0x1FE]
>> > >>> .header range is [0x1EF, 0x26B]
>> >
>> > ld.lld: error: section .header load address range overlaps with
>> > .bsdata
>> > >>> .header range is [0x1EF, 0x26B]
>> > >>> .bsdata range is [0x1FF, 0x398]
>> >
>> > ld.lld: error: section .bsdata load address range overlaps with
>> > .entrytext
>> > >>> .bsdata range is [0x1FF, 0x398]
>> > >>> .entrytext range is [0x26C, 0x2D3]
>> >
>> >Explicitly pull .text.startup into the .text output section to avoid
>> >this.
>> >
>> >[1] https://reviews.llvm.org/D75225
>> >
>> >Signed-off-by: Arvind Sankar <nivedita@alum.mit.edu>
>> >Reviewed-by: Fangrui Song <maskray@google.com>
>> >---
>> > arch/x86/boot/setup.ld | 2 +-
>> > 1 file changed, 1 insertion(+), 1 deletion(-)
>> >
>> >diff --git a/arch/x86/boot/setup.ld b/arch/x86/boot/setup.ld
>> >index 24c95522f231..ed60abcdb089 100644
>> >--- a/arch/x86/boot/setup.ld
>> >+++ b/arch/x86/boot/setup.ld
>> >@@ -20,7 +20,7 @@ SECTIONS
>> > .initdata : { *(.initdata) }
>> > __end_init = .;
>> >
>> >- .text : { *(.text) }
>> >+ .text : { *(.text.startup) *(.text) }
>> > .text32 : { *(.text32) }
>> >
>> > . = ALIGN(16);
>> >--
>> >2.26.2
>>
>> Should .text.startup* be used instead? If -ffunction-sections is used,
>>
>> // a.c
>> int main() {}
>>
>> gcc -O2 a.c # .text.startup
>> gcc -Os a.c # .text.startup
>>
>> gcc -O2 -ffunction-sections a.c # .text.startup.main
>> gcc -Os -ffunction-sections a.c # .text.startup.main
>
>It's probably unlikely we'll use function-sections on the setup code,
>but *(.text.*) might be more future-proof, since gcc/clang might grow
>the ability to stick code into .text.hot or .text.unlikely etc
>automatically.

*(.text.*) looks good to me. When you send PATCH v2, feel free to add

(There is indeed no guarantee that future clang FDO will not place it .text.unknown. :)

Reviewed-by: Fangrui Song <maskray@google.com>

>>
>> -----
>>
>> In case anyone wants to CC a GCC dev for the citation that
>> main compiles to `.text.startup` in -Os or -O2 mode, I have a small request
>> that `.text.startup.` probably makes more sense. See
>>
>> https://gcc.gnu.org/bugzilla/show_bug.cgi?id=95095
>>
>> I made an llvm change recently https://reviews.llvm.org/D79600

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