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SubjectRe: [RFC PATCH 05/14] iio: core: register chardev only if needed
On Fri, 8 May 2020 16:53:39 +0300
Alexandru Ardelean <alexandru.ardelean@analog.com> wrote:

> The final intent is to localize all buffer ops into the
> industrialio-buffer.c file, to be able to add support for multiple buffers
> per IIO device.
>
> We only need a chardev if we need to support buffers and/or events.
>
> With this change, a chardev will be created only if an IIO buffer is
> attached OR an event_interface is configured.
>
> Otherwise, no chardev will be created, and the IIO device will get
> registered with the 'device_add()' call.
>
> Quite a lot of IIO devices don't really need a chardev, so this is a minor
> improvement to the IIO core, as the IIO device will take up (slightly)
> fewer resources.
>
> What's important to remember, is that removing a chardev also requires that
> 'indio_dev->dev.devt' to be initialized. If it is, a '/dev/iio:deviceX'
> file will be created by the kernel, regardless of whether it has a chardev
> attached to it or not.
> If that field is not initialized, cdev_device_{add,del}() behave{s} like
> device_{add,del}().
>
> Also, since we plan to add more chardevs for IIO buffers, we need to
> consider now a separate IDA object just for chardevs.
> Currently, the only benefit is that chardev IDs will be continuous.
> However, when adding a chardev per IIO buffer, the IDs for the chardev
> could outpace the IDs for IIO devices, so these should be decoupled.

Given we are still discussing the need for more chardevs I guess
we can't look at patches after this one 'yet'. Up until here they
were all fine independent of the rest of the series.

I was wondering if I could pick up the first part as it is useful
whatever path we take with the rest of the series!

Jonathan

>
> Signed-off-by: Alexandru Ardelean <alexandru.ardelean@analog.com>
> ---
> drivers/iio/industrialio-core.c | 58 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++----
> 1 file changed, 51 insertions(+), 7 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/drivers/iio/industrialio-core.c b/drivers/iio/industrialio-core.c
> index 32c489139cd2..d74279efeca4 100644
> --- a/drivers/iio/industrialio-core.c
> +++ b/drivers/iio/industrialio-core.c
> @@ -35,6 +35,9 @@
> /* IDA to assign each registered device a unique id */
> static DEFINE_IDA(iio_ida);
>
> +/* IDA to assign each registered character device a unique id */
> +static DEFINE_IDA(iio_chrdev_ida);
> +
> static dev_t iio_devt;
>
> #define IIO_DEV_MAX 256
> @@ -1680,8 +1683,40 @@ static int iio_check_unique_scan_index(struct iio_dev *indio_dev)
> return 0;
> }
>
> +static int iio_device_alloc_chrdev_id(struct device *dev)
> +{
> + int id;
> +
> + id = ida_simple_get(&iio_chrdev_ida, 0, 0, GFP_KERNEL);
> + if (id < 0) {
> + /* cannot use a dev_err as the name isn't available */
> + dev_err(dev, "failed to get device id\n");
> + return id;
> + }
> +
> + dev->devt = MKDEV(MAJOR(iio_devt), id);
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static void iio_device_free_chrdev_id(struct device *dev)
> +{
> + if (!dev->devt)
> + return;
> + ida_simple_remove(&iio_chrdev_ida, MINOR(dev->devt));
> +}
> +
> static const struct iio_buffer_setup_ops noop_ring_setup_ops;
>
> +static const struct file_operations iio_event_fileops = {
> + .owner = THIS_MODULE,
> + .llseek = noop_llseek,
> + .unlocked_ioctl = iio_ioctl,
> + .compat_ioctl = compat_ptr_ioctl,
> + .open = iio_chrdev_open,
> + .release = iio_chrdev_release,
> +};
> +
> int __iio_device_register(struct iio_dev *indio_dev, struct module *this_mod)
> {
> int ret;
> @@ -1701,9 +1736,6 @@ int __iio_device_register(struct iio_dev *indio_dev, struct module *this_mod)
> if (ret < 0)
> return ret;
>
> - /* configure elements for the chrdev */
> - indio_dev->dev.devt = MKDEV(MAJOR(iio_devt), indio_dev->id);
> -
> iio_device_register_debugfs(indio_dev);
>
> ret = iio_buffer_alloc_sysfs_and_mask(indio_dev);
> @@ -1732,16 +1764,27 @@ int __iio_device_register(struct iio_dev *indio_dev, struct module *this_mod)
> indio_dev->setup_ops == NULL)
> indio_dev->setup_ops = &noop_ring_setup_ops;
>
> - cdev_init(&indio_dev->chrdev, &iio_buffer_fileops);
> + if (indio_dev->buffer)
> + cdev_init(&indio_dev->chrdev, &iio_buffer_fileops);
> + else if (indio_dev->event_interface)
> + cdev_init(&indio_dev->chrdev, &iio_event_fileops);
>
> - indio_dev->chrdev.owner = this_mod;
> + if (indio_dev->buffer || indio_dev->event_interface) {
> + indio_dev->chrdev.owner = this_mod;
> +
> + ret = iio_device_alloc_chrdev_id(&indio_dev->dev);
> + if (ret)
> + goto error_unreg_eventset;
> + }
>
> ret = cdev_device_add(&indio_dev->chrdev, &indio_dev->dev);
> - if (ret < 0)
> - goto error_unreg_eventset;
> + if (ret)
> + goto error_free_chrdev_id;
>
> return 0;
>
> +error_free_chrdev_id:
> + iio_device_free_chrdev_id(&indio_dev->dev);
> error_unreg_eventset:
> iio_device_unregister_eventset(indio_dev);
> error_free_sysfs:
> @@ -1761,6 +1804,7 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(__iio_device_register);
> void iio_device_unregister(struct iio_dev *indio_dev)
> {
> cdev_device_del(&indio_dev->chrdev, &indio_dev->dev);
> + iio_device_free_chrdev_id(&indio_dev->dev);
>
> mutex_lock(&indio_dev->info_exist_lock);
>

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