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Subject[PATCH 1/2] Drivers: hv: vmbus: Resolve race between init_vp_index() and CPU hotplug
Date
vmbus_process_offer() does two things (among others):

1) first, it sets the channel's target CPU with cpu_hotplug_lock;
2) it then adds the channel to the channel list(s) with channel_mutex.

Since cpu_hotplug_lock is released before (2), the channel's target CPU
(as designated in (1)) can be deemed "free" by hv_synic_cleanup() and go
offline before the channel is added to the list.

Fix the race condition by "extending" the cpu_hotplug_lock critical
section to include (2) (and (1)), nesting the channel_mutex critical
section within the cpu_hotplug_lock critical section as done elsewhere
(hv_synic_cleanup(), target_cpu_store()) in the hyperv drivers code.

Move even further by extending the channel_mutex critical section to
include (1) (and (2)): this change allows to remove (the now redundant)
bind_channel_to_cpu_lock, and generally simplifies the handling of the
target CPUs (that are now always modified with channel_mutex held).

Fixes: d570aec0f2154e ("Drivers: hv: vmbus: Synchronize init_vp_index() vs. CPU hotplug")
Signed-off-by: Andrea Parri (Microsoft) <parri.andrea@gmail.com>
---
drivers/hv/channel_mgmt.c | 46 +++++++++++++++------------------------
1 file changed, 18 insertions(+), 28 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/hv/channel_mgmt.c b/drivers/hv/channel_mgmt.c
index fde806d6525b0..89eaacf069a80 100644
--- a/drivers/hv/channel_mgmt.c
+++ b/drivers/hv/channel_mgmt.c
@@ -554,26 +554,34 @@ static void vmbus_process_offer(struct vmbus_channel *newchannel)
bool fnew = true;

/*
- * Initialize the target_CPU before inserting the channel in
- * the chn_list and sc_list lists, within the channel_mutex
- * critical section:
+ * Synchronize vmbus_process_offer() and CPU hotplugging:
*
* CPU1 CPU2
*
- * [vmbus_process_offer()] [hv_syninc_cleanup()]
+ * [vmbus_process_offer()] [Hot removal of the CPU]
*
- * STORE target_cpu LOCK channel_mutex
- * LOCK channel_mutex SEARCH chn_list
- * INSERT chn_list LOAD target_cpu
- * UNLOCK channel_mutex UNLOCK channel_mutex
+ * CPU_READ_LOCK CPUS_WRITE_LOCK
+ * LOAD cpu_online_mask SEARCH chn_list
+ * STORE target_cpu LOAD target_cpu
+ * INSERT chn_list STORE cpu_online_mask
+ * CPUS_READ_UNLOCK CPUS_WRITE_UNLOCK
+ *
+ * Forbids: CPU1's LOAD from *not* seing CPU2's STORE &&
+ * CPU2's SEARCH from *not* seeing CPU1's INSERT
*
* Forbids: CPU2's SEARCH from seeing CPU1's INSERT &&
* CPU2's LOAD from *not* seing CPU1's STORE
*/
- init_vp_index(newchannel, hv_get_dev_type(newchannel));
+ cpus_read_lock();

+ /*
+ * Serializes the modifications of the chn_list list as well as
+ * the accesses to next_numa_node_id in init_vp_index().
+ */
mutex_lock(&vmbus_connection.channel_mutex);

+ init_vp_index(newchannel, hv_get_dev_type(newchannel));
+
/* Remember the channels that should be cleaned up upon suspend. */
if (is_hvsock_channel(newchannel) || is_sub_channel(newchannel))
atomic_inc(&vmbus_connection.nr_chan_close_on_suspend);
@@ -623,6 +631,7 @@ static void vmbus_process_offer(struct vmbus_channel *newchannel)
vmbus_channel_map_relid(newchannel);

mutex_unlock(&vmbus_connection.channel_mutex);
+ cpus_read_unlock();

/*
* vmbus_process_offer() mustn't call channel->sc_creation_callback()
@@ -655,13 +664,6 @@ static void vmbus_process_offer(struct vmbus_channel *newchannel)
* We use this state to statically distribute the channel interrupt load.
*/
static int next_numa_node_id;
-/*
- * init_vp_index() accesses global variables like next_numa_node_id, and
- * it can run concurrently for primary channels and sub-channels: see
- * vmbus_process_offer(), so we need the lock to protect the global
- * variables.
- */
-static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(bind_channel_to_cpu_lock);

/*
* Starting with Win8, we can statically distribute the incoming
@@ -700,15 +702,6 @@ static void init_vp_index(struct vmbus_channel *channel, u16 dev_type)
return;
}

- /* No CPUs can come up or down during this. */
- cpus_read_lock();
-
- /*
- * Serializes the accesses to the global variable next_numa_node_id.
- * See also the header comment of the spin lock declaration.
- */
- spin_lock(&bind_channel_to_cpu_lock);
-
while (true) {
numa_node = next_numa_node_id++;
if (numa_node == nr_node_ids) {
@@ -739,9 +732,6 @@ static void init_vp_index(struct vmbus_channel *channel, u16 dev_type)
channel->target_cpu = target_cpu;
channel->target_vp = hv_cpu_number_to_vp_number(target_cpu);

- spin_unlock(&bind_channel_to_cpu_lock);
- cpus_read_unlock();
-
free_cpumask_var(available_mask);
}

--
2.25.1
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