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SubjectRe: Re: [PATCH] PCI: dwc: Warn only for non-prefetchable memory resource size >4GB
On Fri, May 22, 2020 at 02:32:49PM +0100, Lorenzo Pieralisi wrote:
> On Fri, May 22, 2020 at 02:06:55PM +0200, Thierry Reding wrote:
> > On Wed, May 20, 2020 at 04:48:16PM -0600, Rob Herring wrote:
> > > On Wed, May 20, 2020 at 11:16:32PM +0530, Vidya Sagar wrote:
> > > >
> > > >
> > > > On 20-May-20 4:47 PM, Thierry Reding wrote:
> > > > > On Tue, May 19, 2020 at 10:08:54PM +0000, Gustavo Pimentel wrote:
> > > > > > On Tue, May 19, 2020 at 15:58:16, Lorenzo Pieralisi
> > > > > > <lorenzo.pieralisi@arm.com> wrote:
> > > > > >
> > > > > > > On Tue, May 19, 2020 at 07:25:02PM +0530, Vidya Sagar wrote:
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > On 18-May-20 9:24 PM, Lorenzo Pieralisi wrote:
> > > > > > > > > External email: Use caution opening links or attachments
> > > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > > On Wed, May 13, 2020 at 05:35:08PM -0500, Bjorn Helgaas wrote:
> > > > > > > > > > [+cc Alan; please cc authors of relevant commits,
> > > > > > > > > > updated Andrew's email address]
> > > > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > > > On Thu, May 14, 2020 at 12:38:55AM +0530, Vidya Sagar wrote:
> > > > > > > > > > > commit 9e73fa02aa009 ("PCI: dwc: Warn if MEM resource size exceeds max for
> > > > > > > > > > > 32-bits") enables warning for MEM resources of size >4GB but prefetchable
> > > > > > > > > > > memory resources also come under this category where sizes can go beyond
> > > > > > > > > > > 4GB. Avoid logging a warning for prefetchable memory resources.
> > > > > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > > > > Signed-off-by: Vidya Sagar <vidyas@nvidia.com>
> > > > > > > > > > > ---
> > > > > > > > > > > drivers/pci/controller/dwc/pcie-designware-host.c | 3 ++-
> > > > > > > > > > > 1 file changed, 2 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
> > > > > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > > > > diff --git a/drivers/pci/controller/dwc/pcie-designware-host.c b/drivers/pci/controller/dwc/pcie-designware-host.c
> > > > > > > > > > > index 42fbfe2a1b8f..a29396529ea4 100644
> > > > > > > > > > > --- a/drivers/pci/controller/dwc/pcie-designware-host.c
> > > > > > > > > > > +++ b/drivers/pci/controller/dwc/pcie-designware-host.c
> > > > > > > > > > > @@ -366,7 +366,8 @@ int dw_pcie_host_init(struct pcie_port *pp)
> > > > > > > > > > > pp->mem = win->res;
> > > > > > > > > > > pp->mem->name = "MEM";
> > > > > > > > > > > mem_size = resource_size(pp->mem);
> > > > > > > > > > > - if (upper_32_bits(mem_size))
> > > > > > > > > > > + if (upper_32_bits(mem_size) &&
> > > > > > > > > > > + !(win->res->flags & IORESOURCE_PREFETCH))
> > > > > > > > > > > dev_warn(dev, "MEM resource size exceeds max for 32 bits\n");
> > > > > > > > > > > pp->mem_size = mem_size;
> > > > > > > > > > > pp->mem_bus_addr = pp->mem->start - win->offset;
> > > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > > That warning was added for a reason - why should not we log legitimate
> > > > > > > > > warnings ? AFAIU having resources larger than 4GB can lead to undefined
> > > > > > > > > behaviour given the current ATU programming API.
> > > > > > > > Yeah. I'm all for a warning if the size is larger than 4GB in case of
> > > > > > > > non-prefetchable window as one of the ATU outbound translation
> > > > > > > > channels is being used,
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > > Is it true for all DWC host controllers ? Or there may be another
> > > > > > > exception whereby we would be forced to disable this warning altogether
> > > > > > > ?
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > but, we are not employing any ATU outbound translation channel for
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > > What does this mean ? "we are not employing any ATU outbound...", is
> > > > > > > this the tegra driver ? And what guarantees that this warning is not
> > > > > > > legitimate on DWC host controllers that do use the ATU outbound
> > > > > > > translation for prefetchable windows ?
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > > Can DWC maintainers chime in and clarify please ?
> > > > > >
> > > > > > Before this code section, there is the following function call
> > > > > > pci_parse_request_of_pci_ranges(), which performs a simple validation for
> > > > > > the IORESOURCE_MEM resource type.
> > > > > > This validation checks if the resource is marked as prefetchable, if so,
> > > > > > an error message "non-prefetchable memory resource required" is given and
> > > > > > a return code with the -EINVAL value.
> > > > >
> > > > > That's not what the code is doing. pci_parse_request_of_pci_range() will
> > > > > traverse over the whole list of resources that it can find for the given
> > > > > host controller and checks whether one of the resources defines prefetch
> > > > > memory (note the res_valid |= ...). The error will only be returned if
> > > > > no prefetchable memory region was found.
> > > > >
> > > > > dw_pcie_host_init() will then again traverse the list of resources and
> > > > > it will typically encounter two resource of type IORESOURCE_MEM, one for
> > > > > non-prefetchable memory and another for prefetchable memory.
> > > > >
> > > > > Vidya's patch is to differentiate between these two resources and allow
> > > > > prefetchable memory regions to exceed sizes of 4 GiB.
> > > > >
> > > > > That said, I wonder if there isn't a bigger problem at hand here. From
> > > > > looking at the code it doesn't seem like the DWC driver makes any
> > > > > distinction between prefetchable and non-prefetchable memory. Or at
> > > > > least it doesn't allow both to be stored in struct pcie_port.
> > > > >
> > > > > Am I missing something? Or can anyone explain how we're programming the
> > > > > apertures for prefetchable vs. non-prefetchable memory? Perhaps this is
> > > > > what Vidya was referring to when he said: "we are not using an outbound
> > > > > ATU translation channel for prefetchable memory".
> > > > >
> > > > > It looks to me like we're also getting partially lucky, or perhaps that
> > > > > is by design, in that Tegra194 defines PCI regions in the following
> > > > > order: I/O, prefetchable memory, non-prefetchable memory. That means
> > > > > that the DWC core code will overwrite prefetchable memory data with that
> > > > > of non-prefetchable memory and hence the non-prefetchable region ends up
> > > > > stored in struct pcie_port and is then used to program the ATU outbound
> > > > > channel.
> > > > Well,it is by design. I mean, since the code is not differentiating between
> > > > prefetchable and non-prefetchable regions, I ordered the entries in 'ranges'
> > > > property in such a way that 'prefetchable' comes first followed by
> > > > 'non-prefetchable' entry so that ATU region is used for generating the
> > > > translation required for 'non-prefetchable' region (which is a non 1-to-1
> > > > mapping)
> > >
> > > You are getting lucky with your 'design'. Relying on order is fragile
> > > (except of course in the places in DT where order is defined, but ranges
> > > is not one of them).
> >
> > Yeah, I think the DWC core should be improved to differentiate between
> > the two types of memory resources. There shouldn't be a need to encode
> > any ordering because the type is already part of the value in the
> > ranges property.
>
> DWC resources handling is broken beyond belief. In practical terms, I
> think the best thing I can do is dropping:
>
> 9e73fa02aa00 ("PCI: dwc: Warn if MEM resource size exceeds max for 32-bits")
>
> from my pci/dwc branch. However, the ATU programming API must be fixed
> and this reliance on DT entries ordering avoided - it is really bad
> practice (and it prevents us from reworking kernel code in ways that are
> legitimate but would break owing to DT assumptions).
>
> So yes, the DWC host bridge code must be updated asap - this is not
> acceptable.

Vidya, would you have any spare cycles to look into this a bit since
you're already familiar? I think for starters it would be good to add
a special case to the IORESOURCE_MEM case in dw_pcie_host_init() that
deals with IORESOURCE_PREFETCH set and then store the result in a
separate struct resource in struct pcie_port, something roughly along
the lines of:

struct pcie_port {
...
struct resource *mem;
struct resource *prefetch;
...
};

...

int dw_pcie_host_init(struct pcie_port *pp)
{
...
resource_list_for_each_entry(win, &bridge->windows) {
switch (resource_type(win->res)) {
...
case IORESOURCE_MEM:
if (win->res.flags & IORESOURCE_PREFETCH) {
pp->prefetch = win->res;
...
} else {
pp->mem = win->res;
...
}
break;
...
}
...
}

I suppose for the non-prefetchable memory we could leave the warning in
because they can never be larger than 32 bits anyway. Then again, I'm
not sure the check is actually fully correct. My recollection is that
non-prefetchable memory needs to be completely within the 4 GiB range,
rather than just the base and the size. So I think something like the
base starting at 3 GiB and then spanning 2 GiB would be valid according
to the current check, but I don't think it's valid according to the
specification.

The other interesting datapoint to have would be whether the DWC core
always has 1:1 mappings for prefetchable memory. If so, I think it might
be useful to still parse them, even if nothing in the driver is using
them. But I don't know what would be a good way to find out if that's
really the case.

I also saw, like you did, that none of the other, non-Tegra device trees
specify any prefetchable memory for the DWC, so I don't understand how
they would work. Perhaps they just don't support prefetchable memory?

If you don't have the time to do this I could possibly take a stab at it
but there are a few other things I need to look into, so I probably
won't get around to this within the next two or so weeks.

Thierry
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