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Subject[RFC 07/16] KVM: mm: Introduce VM_KVM_PROTECTED
Date
The new VMA flag that indicate a VMA that is not accessible to userspace
but usable by kernel with GUP if FOLL_KVM is specified.

The FOLL_KVM is only used in the KVM code. The code has to know how to
deal with such pages.

Signed-off-by: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
---
include/linux/mm.h | 8 ++++++++
mm/gup.c | 20 ++++++++++++++++----
mm/huge_memory.c | 20 ++++++++++++++++----
mm/memory.c | 3 +++
mm/mmap.c | 3 +++
virt/kvm/async_pf.c | 4 ++--
virt/kvm/kvm_main.c | 9 +++++----
7 files changed, 53 insertions(+), 14 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/mm.h b/include/linux/mm.h
index e1882eec1752..4f7195365cc0 100644
--- a/include/linux/mm.h
+++ b/include/linux/mm.h
@@ -329,6 +329,8 @@ extern unsigned int kobjsize(const void *objp);
# define VM_MAPPED_COPY VM_ARCH_1 /* T if mapped copy of data (nommu mmap) */
#endif

+#define VM_KVM_PROTECTED 0
+
#ifndef VM_GROWSUP
# define VM_GROWSUP VM_NONE
#endif
@@ -646,6 +648,11 @@ static inline bool vma_is_accessible(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
return vma->vm_flags & VM_ACCESS_FLAGS;
}

+static inline bool vma_is_kvm_protected(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
+{
+ return vma->vm_flags & VM_KVM_PROTECTED;
+}
+
#ifdef CONFIG_SHMEM
/*
* The vma_is_shmem is not inline because it is used only by slow
@@ -2773,6 +2780,7 @@ struct page *follow_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address,
#define FOLL_LONGTERM 0x10000 /* mapping lifetime is indefinite: see below */
#define FOLL_SPLIT_PMD 0x20000 /* split huge pmd before returning */
#define FOLL_PIN 0x40000 /* pages must be released via unpin_user_page */
+#define FOLL_KVM 0x80000 /* access to VM_KVM_PROTECTED VMAs */

/*
* FOLL_PIN and FOLL_LONGTERM may be used in various combinations with each
diff --git a/mm/gup.c b/mm/gup.c
index 87a6a59fe667..bd7b9484b35a 100644
--- a/mm/gup.c
+++ b/mm/gup.c
@@ -385,10 +385,19 @@ static int follow_pfn_pte(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address,
* FOLL_FORCE can write to even unwritable pte's, but only
* after we've gone through a COW cycle and they are dirty.
*/
-static inline bool can_follow_write_pte(pte_t pte, unsigned int flags)
+static inline bool can_follow_write_pte(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
+ pte_t pte, unsigned int flags)
{
- return pte_write(pte) ||
- ((flags & FOLL_FORCE) && (flags & FOLL_COW) && pte_dirty(pte));
+ if (pte_write(pte))
+ return true;
+
+ if ((flags & FOLL_FORCE) && (flags & FOLL_COW) && pte_dirty(pte))
+ return true;
+
+ if (!vma_is_kvm_protected(vma) || !(vma->vm_flags & VM_WRITE))
+ return false;
+
+ return (vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED) || page_mapcount(pte_page(pte)) == 1;
}

static struct page *follow_page_pte(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
@@ -431,7 +440,7 @@ static struct page *follow_page_pte(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
}
if ((flags & FOLL_NUMA) && pte_protnone(pte))
goto no_page;
- if ((flags & FOLL_WRITE) && !can_follow_write_pte(pte, flags)) {
+ if ((flags & FOLL_WRITE) && !can_follow_write_pte(vma, pte, flags)) {
pte_unmap_unlock(ptep, ptl);
return NULL;
}
@@ -751,6 +760,9 @@ static struct page *follow_page_mask(struct vm_area_struct *vma,

ctx->page_mask = 0;

+ if (vma_is_kvm_protected(vma) && (flags & FOLL_KVM))
+ flags &= ~FOLL_NUMA;
+
/* make this handle hugepd */
page = follow_huge_addr(mm, address, flags & FOLL_WRITE);
if (!IS_ERR(page)) {
diff --git a/mm/huge_memory.c b/mm/huge_memory.c
index 6ecd1045113b..c3562648a4ef 100644
--- a/mm/huge_memory.c
+++ b/mm/huge_memory.c
@@ -1518,10 +1518,19 @@ vm_fault_t do_huge_pmd_wp_page(struct vm_fault *vmf, pmd_t orig_pmd)
* FOLL_FORCE can write to even unwritable pmd's, but only
* after we've gone through a COW cycle and they are dirty.
*/
-static inline bool can_follow_write_pmd(pmd_t pmd, unsigned int flags)
+static inline bool can_follow_write_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
+ pmd_t pmd, unsigned int flags)
{
- return pmd_write(pmd) ||
- ((flags & FOLL_FORCE) && (flags & FOLL_COW) && pmd_dirty(pmd));
+ if (pmd_write(pmd))
+ return true;
+
+ if ((flags & FOLL_FORCE) && (flags & FOLL_COW) && pmd_dirty(pmd))
+ return true;
+
+ if (!vma_is_kvm_protected(vma) || !(vma->vm_flags & VM_WRITE))
+ return false;
+
+ return (vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED) || page_mapcount(pmd_page(pmd)) == 1;
}

struct page *follow_trans_huge_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
@@ -1534,7 +1543,7 @@ struct page *follow_trans_huge_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma,

assert_spin_locked(pmd_lockptr(mm, pmd));

- if (flags & FOLL_WRITE && !can_follow_write_pmd(*pmd, flags))
+ if (flags & FOLL_WRITE && !can_follow_write_pmd(vma, *pmd, flags))
goto out;

/* Avoid dumping huge zero page */
@@ -1609,6 +1618,9 @@ vm_fault_t do_huge_pmd_numa_page(struct vm_fault *vmf, pmd_t pmd)
bool was_writable;
int flags = 0;

+ if (vma_is_kvm_protected(vma))
+ return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS;
+
vmf->ptl = pmd_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd);
if (unlikely(!pmd_same(pmd, *vmf->pmd)))
goto out_unlock;
diff --git a/mm/memory.c b/mm/memory.c
index f703fe8c8346..d7228db6e4bf 100644
--- a/mm/memory.c
+++ b/mm/memory.c
@@ -4013,6 +4013,9 @@ static vm_fault_t do_numa_page(struct vm_fault *vmf)
bool was_writable = pte_savedwrite(vmf->orig_pte);
int flags = 0;

+ if (vma_is_kvm_protected(vma))
+ return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS;
+
/*
* The "pte" at this point cannot be used safely without
* validation through pte_unmap_same(). It's of NUMA type but
diff --git a/mm/mmap.c b/mm/mmap.c
index f609e9ec4a25..d56c3f6efc99 100644
--- a/mm/mmap.c
+++ b/mm/mmap.c
@@ -112,6 +112,9 @@ pgprot_t vm_get_page_prot(unsigned long vm_flags)
(VM_READ|VM_WRITE|VM_EXEC|VM_SHARED)]) |
pgprot_val(arch_vm_get_page_prot(vm_flags)));

+ if (vm_flags & VM_KVM_PROTECTED)
+ ret = PAGE_NONE;
+
return arch_filter_pgprot(ret);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_get_page_prot);
diff --git a/virt/kvm/async_pf.c b/virt/kvm/async_pf.c
index 15e5b037f92d..7663e962510a 100644
--- a/virt/kvm/async_pf.c
+++ b/virt/kvm/async_pf.c
@@ -60,8 +60,8 @@ static void async_pf_execute(struct work_struct *work)
* access remotely.
*/
down_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
- get_user_pages_remote(NULL, mm, addr, 1, FOLL_WRITE, NULL, NULL,
- &locked);
+ get_user_pages_remote(NULL, mm, addr, 1, FOLL_WRITE | FOLL_KVM, NULL,
+ NULL, &locked);
if (locked)
up_read(&mm->mmap_sem);

diff --git a/virt/kvm/kvm_main.c b/virt/kvm/kvm_main.c
index 033471f71dae..530af95efdf3 100644
--- a/virt/kvm/kvm_main.c
+++ b/virt/kvm/kvm_main.c
@@ -1727,7 +1727,7 @@ unsigned long kvm_vcpu_gfn_to_hva_prot(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, gfn_t gfn, bool *w

static inline int check_user_page_hwpoison(unsigned long addr)
{
- int rc, flags = FOLL_HWPOISON | FOLL_WRITE;
+ int rc, flags = FOLL_HWPOISON | FOLL_WRITE | FOLL_KVM;

rc = get_user_pages(addr, 1, flags, NULL, NULL);
return rc == -EHWPOISON;
@@ -1771,7 +1771,7 @@ static bool hva_to_pfn_fast(unsigned long addr, bool write_fault,
static int hva_to_pfn_slow(unsigned long addr, bool *async, bool write_fault,
bool *writable, kvm_pfn_t *pfn)
{
- unsigned int flags = FOLL_HWPOISON;
+ unsigned int flags = FOLL_HWPOISON | FOLL_KVM;
struct page *page;
int npages = 0;

@@ -2255,7 +2255,7 @@ int copy_from_guest(void *data, unsigned long hva, int len)
int npages, seg;

while ((seg = next_segment(len, offset)) != 0) {
- npages = get_user_pages_unlocked(hva, 1, &page, 0);
+ npages = get_user_pages_unlocked(hva, 1, &page, FOLL_KVM);
if (npages != 1)
return -EFAULT;
memcpy(data, page_address(page) + offset, seg);
@@ -2275,7 +2275,8 @@ int copy_to_guest(unsigned long hva, const void *data, int len)
int npages, seg;

while ((seg = next_segment(len, offset)) != 0) {
- npages = get_user_pages_unlocked(hva, 1, &page, FOLL_WRITE);
+ npages = get_user_pages_unlocked(hva, 1, &page,
+ FOLL_WRITE | FOLL_KVM);
if (npages != 1)
return -EFAULT;
memcpy(page_address(page) + offset, data, seg);
--
2.26.2
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