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SubjectRe: [RFC PATCH v2] kbuild: add variables for compression tools
Date

On 5/21/20 3:13 PM, Denis Efremov wrote:
> Allow user to use alternative implementations of compression tools.
> For example, multi-threaded tools to speed up the build:
> $ make GZIP=pigz BZIP2=pbzip2
>
> Variable _GZIP is used internally instead of GZIP because the latter is
> reserved by the tool. The use of GZIP in gzip tool is obsolete since
> 2015. However, alternative implementations (e.g., pigz) can still rely
> on it.

I faced the same problem with BZIP2 (BZIP) env var and LZOP.
I didn't noticed it earlier because pbzip2 doesn't respect BZIP2 env var unlike bzip2.
xz, lzma are ok with XZ, LZMA.

It's possible to handle BZIP2, LZOP vars like GZIP.


>
> The credit goes to @grsecurity.
>
> As a sidenote, for multi-threaded lzma, xz compression one can use:
> $ export XZ_OPT="--threads=0"
>
> Signed-off-by: Denis Efremov <efremov@linux.com>
> ---
>
> Compile tested on x86_64, parisc, arm64, mips, m68k.
>
> Makefile | 16 ++++++++++++++--
> arch/arm/boot/deflate_xip_data.sh | 6 +++++-
> arch/ia64/Makefile | 2 +-
> arch/m68k/Makefile | 8 ++++----
> arch/mips/lasat/image/Makefile | 2 +-
> arch/parisc/Makefile | 2 +-
> kernel/gen_kheaders.sh | 6 +++++-
> scripts/Kbuild.include | 4 ++++
> scripts/Makefile.lib | 12 ++++++------
> scripts/Makefile.package | 8 ++++----
> scripts/package/buildtar | 15 ++++++++++++---
> scripts/xz_wrap.sh | 6 +++++-
> 12 files changed, 62 insertions(+), 25 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/Makefile b/Makefile
> index 04f5662ae61a..dd5ff189d97e 100644
> --- a/Makefile
> +++ b/Makefile
> @@ -447,6 +447,12 @@ PYTHON = python
> PYTHON3 = python3
> CHECK = sparse
> BASH = bash
> +GZIP = gzip
> +BZIP2 = bzip2
> +LZMA = lzma
> +LZO = lzop
> +LZ4 = lz4c
> +XZ = xz
>
> CHECKFLAGS := -D__linux__ -Dlinux -D__STDC__ -Dunix -D__unix__ \
> -Wbitwise -Wno-return-void -Wno-unknown-attribute $(CF)
> @@ -492,10 +498,16 @@ KBUILD_LDFLAGS :=
> GCC_PLUGINS_CFLAGS :=
> CLANG_FLAGS :=
>
> +# GZIP env var is used by old (<= 2015) versions of the tool
> +# and alternative implementations for additional arguments
> +override _GZIP=$(GZIP)
> +unexport GZIP
> +
> export ARCH SRCARCH CONFIG_SHELL BASH HOSTCC KBUILD_HOSTCFLAGS CROSS_COMPILE LD CC
> export CPP AR NM STRIP OBJCOPY OBJDUMP OBJSIZE READELF PAHOLE LEX YACC AWK INSTALLKERNEL
> export PERL PYTHON PYTHON3 CHECK CHECKFLAGS MAKE UTS_MACHINE HOSTCXX
> export KBUILD_HOSTCXXFLAGS KBUILD_HOSTLDFLAGS KBUILD_HOSTLDLIBS LDFLAGS_MODULE
> +export _GZIP BZIP2 LZMA LZO LZ4 XZ
>
> export KBUILD_CPPFLAGS NOSTDINC_FLAGS LINUXINCLUDE OBJCOPYFLAGS KBUILD_LDFLAGS
> export KBUILD_CFLAGS CFLAGS_KERNEL CFLAGS_MODULE
> @@ -1005,10 +1017,10 @@ export mod_strip_cmd
> mod_compress_cmd = true
> ifdef CONFIG_MODULE_COMPRESS
> ifdef CONFIG_MODULE_COMPRESS_GZIP
> - mod_compress_cmd = gzip -n -f
> + mod_compress_cmd = $(_GZIP) -n -f
> endif # CONFIG_MODULE_COMPRESS_GZIP
> ifdef CONFIG_MODULE_COMPRESS_XZ
> - mod_compress_cmd = xz -f
> + mod_compress_cmd = $(XZ) -f
> endif # CONFIG_MODULE_COMPRESS_XZ
> endif # CONFIG_MODULE_COMPRESS
> export mod_compress_cmd
> diff --git a/arch/arm/boot/deflate_xip_data.sh b/arch/arm/boot/deflate_xip_data.sh
> index 40937248cebe..81253142d2ae 100755
> --- a/arch/arm/boot/deflate_xip_data.sh
> +++ b/arch/arm/boot/deflate_xip_data.sh
> @@ -19,6 +19,10 @@ XIPIMAGE="$2"
>
> DD="dd status=none"
>
> +if [ x$_GZIP = "x" ]; then
> + _GZIP=gzip
> +fi
> +
> # Use "make V=1" to debug this script.
> case "$KBUILD_VERBOSE" in
> *1*)
> @@ -56,7 +60,7 @@ trap 'rm -f "$XIPIMAGE.tmp"; exit 1' 1 2 3
> # substitute the data section by a compressed version
> $DD if="$XIPIMAGE" count=$data_start iflag=count_bytes of="$XIPIMAGE.tmp"
> $DD if="$XIPIMAGE" skip=$data_start iflag=skip_bytes |
> -gzip -9 >> "$XIPIMAGE.tmp"
> +$_GZIP -9 >> "$XIPIMAGE.tmp"
>
> # replace kernel binary
> mv -f "$XIPIMAGE.tmp" "$XIPIMAGE"
> diff --git a/arch/ia64/Makefile b/arch/ia64/Makefile
> index 32240000dc0c..f817f3d5e758 100644
> --- a/arch/ia64/Makefile
> +++ b/arch/ia64/Makefile
> @@ -40,7 +40,7 @@ $(error Sorry, you need a newer version of the assember, one that is built from
> endif
>
> quiet_cmd_gzip = GZIP $@
> -cmd_gzip = cat $(real-prereqs) | gzip -n -f -9 > $@
> +cmd_gzip = cat $(real-prereqs) | $(_GZIP) -n -f -9 > $@
>
> quiet_cmd_objcopy = OBJCOPY $@
> cmd_objcopy = $(OBJCOPY) $(OBJCOPYFLAGS) $(OBJCOPYFLAGS_$(@F)) $< $@
> diff --git a/arch/m68k/Makefile b/arch/m68k/Makefile
> index 5d9288384096..7f259a723753 100644
> --- a/arch/m68k/Makefile
> +++ b/arch/m68k/Makefile
> @@ -135,10 +135,10 @@ vmlinux.gz: vmlinux
> ifndef CONFIG_KGDB
> cp vmlinux vmlinux.tmp
> $(STRIP) vmlinux.tmp
> - gzip -9c vmlinux.tmp >vmlinux.gz
> + $(_GZIP) -9c vmlinux.tmp >vmlinux.gz
> rm vmlinux.tmp
> else
> - gzip -9c vmlinux >vmlinux.gz
> + $(_GZIP) -9c vmlinux >vmlinux.gz
> endif
>
> bzImage: vmlinux.bz2
> @@ -148,10 +148,10 @@ vmlinux.bz2: vmlinux
> ifndef CONFIG_KGDB
> cp vmlinux vmlinux.tmp
> $(STRIP) vmlinux.tmp
> - bzip2 -1c vmlinux.tmp >vmlinux.bz2
> + $(BZIP2) -1c vmlinux.tmp >vmlinux.bz2
> rm vmlinux.tmp
> else
> - bzip2 -1c vmlinux >vmlinux.bz2
> + $(BZIP2) -1c vmlinux >vmlinux.bz2
> endif
>
> archclean:
> diff --git a/arch/mips/lasat/image/Makefile b/arch/mips/lasat/image/Makefile
> index 78ce4cff1012..24d8dbde1109 100644
> --- a/arch/mips/lasat/image/Makefile
> +++ b/arch/mips/lasat/image/Makefile
> @@ -44,7 +44,7 @@ $(obj)/%.o: $(obj)/%.gz
> $(LD) -r -o $@ -b binary $<
>
> $(obj)/%.gz: $(obj)/%.bin
> - gzip -cf -9 $< > $@
> + $(_GZIP) -cf -9 $< > $@
>
> $(obj)/kImage.bin: $(KERNEL_IMAGE)
> $(OBJCOPY) -O binary -S $^ $@
> diff --git a/arch/parisc/Makefile b/arch/parisc/Makefile
> index 628cd8bb7ad8..e1aa514aeb36 100644
> --- a/arch/parisc/Makefile
> +++ b/arch/parisc/Makefile
> @@ -162,7 +162,7 @@ vmlinuz: bzImage
> $(OBJCOPY) $(boot)/bzImage $@
> else
> vmlinuz: vmlinux
> - @gzip -cf -9 $< > $@
> + @$(_GZIP) -cf -9 $< > $@
> endif
>
> install:
> diff --git a/kernel/gen_kheaders.sh b/kernel/gen_kheaders.sh
> index e13ca842eb7e..58e05b3702f3 100755
> --- a/kernel/gen_kheaders.sh
> +++ b/kernel/gen_kheaders.sh
> @@ -9,6 +9,10 @@ outdir="$(pwd)"
> tarfile=$1
> cpio_dir=$outdir/$tarfile.tmp
>
> +if [ x$XZ = "x" ]; then
> + XZ=xz
> +fi
> +
> dir_list="
> include/
> arch/$SRCARCH/include/
> @@ -88,7 +92,7 @@ find $cpio_dir -type f -print0 |
> find $cpio_dir -printf "./%P\n" | LC_ALL=C sort | \
> tar "${KBUILD_BUILD_TIMESTAMP:+--mtime=$KBUILD_BUILD_TIMESTAMP}" \
> --owner=0 --group=0 --numeric-owner --no-recursion \
> - -Jcf $tarfile -C $cpio_dir/ -T - > /dev/null
> + -I $XZ -cf $tarfile -C $cpio_dir/ -T - > /dev/null
>
> echo $headers_md5 > kernel/kheaders.md5
> echo "$this_file_md5" >> kernel/kheaders.md5
> diff --git a/scripts/Kbuild.include b/scripts/Kbuild.include
> index 6cabf20ce66a..d7c25b3cb1a8 100644
> --- a/scripts/Kbuild.include
> +++ b/scripts/Kbuild.include
> @@ -2,6 +2,10 @@
> ####
> # kbuild: Generic definitions
>
> +# GZIP env var is used by old (<= 2015) versions of the tool
> +# and alternative implementations for additional arguments
> +unexport GZIP
> +
> # Convenient variables
> comma := ,
> quote := "
> diff --git a/scripts/Makefile.lib b/scripts/Makefile.lib
> index 4b799737722c..812f1c0e5beb 100644
> --- a/scripts/Makefile.lib
> +++ b/scripts/Makefile.lib
> @@ -241,7 +241,7 @@ cmd_objcopy = $(OBJCOPY) $(OBJCOPYFLAGS) $(OBJCOPYFLAGS_$(@F)) $< $@
> # ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
>
> quiet_cmd_gzip = GZIP $@
> - cmd_gzip = cat $(real-prereqs) | gzip -n -f -9 > $@
> + cmd_gzip = cat $(real-prereqs) | $(_GZIP) -n -f -9 > $@
>
> # DTC
> # ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
> @@ -334,19 +334,19 @@ printf "%08x\n" $$dec_size | \
> )
>
> quiet_cmd_bzip2 = BZIP2 $@
> - cmd_bzip2 = { cat $(real-prereqs) | bzip2 -9; $(size_append); } > $@
> + cmd_bzip2 = { cat $(real-prereqs) | $(BZIP2) -9; $(size_append); } > $@
>
> # Lzma
> # ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
>
> quiet_cmd_lzma = LZMA $@
> - cmd_lzma = { cat $(real-prereqs) | lzma -9; $(size_append); } > $@
> + cmd_lzma = { cat $(real-prereqs) | $(LZMA) -9; $(size_append); } > $@
>
> quiet_cmd_lzo = LZO $@
> - cmd_lzo = { cat $(real-prereqs) | lzop -9; $(size_append); } > $@
> + cmd_lzo = { cat $(real-prereqs) | $(LZO) -9; $(size_append); } > $@
>
> quiet_cmd_lz4 = LZ4 $@
> - cmd_lz4 = { cat $(real-prereqs) | lz4c -l -c1 stdin stdout; \
> + cmd_lz4 = { cat $(real-prereqs) | $(LZ4) -l -c1 stdin stdout; \
> $(size_append); } > $@
>
> # U-Boot mkimage
> @@ -393,7 +393,7 @@ quiet_cmd_xzkern = XZKERN $@
> $(size_append); } > $@
>
> quiet_cmd_xzmisc = XZMISC $@
> - cmd_xzmisc = cat $(real-prereqs) | xz --check=crc32 --lzma2=dict=1MiB > $@
> + cmd_xzmisc = cat $(real-prereqs) | $(XZ) --check=crc32 --lzma2=dict=1MiB > $@
>
> # ASM offsets
> # ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
> diff --git a/scripts/Makefile.package b/scripts/Makefile.package
> index 02135d2671a6..537179828d0c 100644
> --- a/scripts/Makefile.package
> +++ b/scripts/Makefile.package
> @@ -45,7 +45,7 @@ if test "$(objtree)" != "$(srctree)"; then \
> false; \
> fi ; \
> $(srctree)/scripts/setlocalversion --save-scmversion; \
> -tar -cz $(RCS_TAR_IGNORE) -f $(2).tar.gz \
> +tar -I $(_GZIP) -c $(RCS_TAR_IGNORE) -f $(2).tar.gz \
> --transform 's:^:$(2)/:S' $(TAR_CONTENT) $(3); \
> rm -f $(objtree)/.scmversion
>
> @@ -127,9 +127,9 @@ util/PERF-VERSION-GEN $(CURDIR)/$(perf-tar)/); \
> tar rf $(perf-tar).tar $(perf-tar)/HEAD $(perf-tar)/PERF-VERSION-FILE; \
> rm -r $(perf-tar); \
> $(if $(findstring tar-src,$@),, \
> -$(if $(findstring bz2,$@),bzip2, \
> -$(if $(findstring gz,$@),gzip, \
> -$(if $(findstring xz,$@),xz, \
> +$(if $(findstring bz2,$@),$(BZIP2), \
> +$(if $(findstring gz,$@),$(_GZIP), \
> +$(if $(findstring xz,$@),$(XZ), \
> $(error unknown target $@)))) \
> -f -9 $(perf-tar).tar)
>
> diff --git a/scripts/package/buildtar b/scripts/package/buildtar
> index 77c7caefede1..8a0ebcc292af 100755
> --- a/scripts/package/buildtar
> +++ b/scripts/package/buildtar
> @@ -19,6 +19,15 @@ set -e
> tmpdir="${objtree}/tar-install"
> tarball="${objtree}/linux-${KERNELRELEASE}-${ARCH}.tar"
>
> +if [ x$_GZIP = "x" ]; then
> + _GZIP=gzip
> +fi
> +if [ x$BZIP2 = "x" ]; then
> + BZIP2=bzip2
> +fi
> +if [ x$XZ = "x" ]; then
> + XZ=xz
> +fi
>
> #
> # Figure out how to compress, if requested at all
> @@ -28,15 +37,15 @@ case "${1}" in
> opts=
> ;;
> targz-pkg)
> - opts=--gzip
> + opts="-I ${_GZIP}"
> tarball=${tarball}.gz
> ;;
> tarbz2-pkg)
> - opts=--bzip2
> + opts="-I ${BZIP2}"
> tarball=${tarball}.bz2
> ;;
> tarxz-pkg)
> - opts=--xz
> + opts="-I ${XZ}"
> tarball=${tarball}.xz
> ;;
> *)
> diff --git a/scripts/xz_wrap.sh b/scripts/xz_wrap.sh
> index 7a2d372f4885..b387cd208952 100755
> --- a/scripts/xz_wrap.sh
> +++ b/scripts/xz_wrap.sh
> @@ -9,6 +9,10 @@
> # You can do whatever you want with this file.
> #
>
> +if [ x$XZ = "x" ]; then
> + XZ=xz
> +fi
> +
> BCJ=
> LZMA2OPTS=
>
> @@ -20,4 +24,4 @@ case $SRCARCH in
> sparc) BCJ=--sparc ;;
> esac
>
> -exec xz --check=crc32 $BCJ --lzma2=$LZMA2OPTS,dict=32MiB
> +exec $XZ --check=crc32 $BCJ --lzma2=$LZMA2OPTS,dict=32MiB
>

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