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Subject[patch V9 02/39] rcu: Abstract out rcu_irq_enter_check_tick() from rcu_nmi_enter()
From: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@kernel.org>

There will likely be exception handlers that can sleep, which rules
out the usual approach of invoking rcu_nmi_enter() on entry and also
rcu_nmi_exit() on all exit paths. However, the alternative approach of
just not calling anything can prevent RCU from coaxing quiescent states
from nohz_full CPUs that are looping in the kernel: RCU must instead
IPI them explicitly. It would be better to enable the scheduler tick
on such CPUs to interact with RCU in a lighter-weight manner, and this
enabling is one of the things that rcu_nmi_enter() currently does.

What is needed is something that helps RCU coax quiescent states while
not preventing subsequent sleeps. This commit therefore splits out the
nohz_full scheduler-tick enabling from the rest of the rcu_nmi_enter()
logic into a new function named rcu_irq_enter_check_tick().

[ tglx: Renamed the function and made it a nop when context tracking is off ]

Suggested-by: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
---
V9: New patch
---
include/linux/hardirq.h | 9 +++++
kernel/rcu/tree.c | 82 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++------------
2 files changed, 71 insertions(+), 20 deletions(-)

--- a/include/linux/hardirq.h
+++ b/include/linux/hardirq.h
@@ -2,6 +2,7 @@
#ifndef LINUX_HARDIRQ_H
#define LINUX_HARDIRQ_H

+#include <linux/context_tracking_state.h>
#include <linux/preempt.h>
#include <linux/lockdep.h>
#include <linux/ftrace_irq.h>
@@ -27,6 +28,14 @@ extern void rcu_nmi_enter(void);
extern void rcu_nmi_exit(void);
#endif

+void __rcu_irq_enter_check_tick(void);
+
+static __always_inline void rcu_irq_enter_check_tick(void)
+{
+ if (context_tracking_enabled())
+ __rcu_irq_enter_check_tick();
+}
+
/*
* It is safe to do non-atomic ops on ->hardirq_context,
* because NMI handlers may not preempt and the ops are
--- a/kernel/rcu/tree.c
+++ b/kernel/rcu/tree.c
@@ -848,6 +848,67 @@ void noinstr rcu_user_exit(void)
{
rcu_eqs_exit(1);
}
+
+/**
+ * __rcu_irq_enter_check_tick - Enable scheduler tick on CPU if RCU needs it.
+ *
+ * The scheduler tick is not normally enabled when CPUs enter the kernel
+ * from nohz_full userspace execution. After all, nohz_full userspace
+ * execution is an RCU quiescent state and the time executing in the kernel
+ * is quite short. Except of course when it isn't. And it is not hard to
+ * cause a large system to spend tens of seconds or even minutes looping
+ * in the kernel, which can cause a number of problems, include RCU CPU
+ * stall warnings.
+ *
+ * Therefore, if a nohz_full CPU fails to report a quiescent state
+ * in a timely manner, the RCU grace-period kthread sets that CPU's
+ * ->rcu_urgent_qs flag with the expectation that the next interrupt or
+ * exception will invoke this function, which will turn on the scheduler
+ * tick, which will enable RCU to detect that CPU's quiescent states,
+ * for example, due to cond_resched() calls in CONFIG_PREEMPT=n kernels.
+ * The tick will be disabled once a quiescent state is reported for
+ * this CPU.
+ *
+ * Of course, in carefully tuned systems, there might never be an
+ * interrupt or exception. In that case, the RCU grace-period kthread
+ * will eventually cause one to happen. However, in less carefully
+ * controlled environments, this function allows RCU to get what it
+ * needs without creating otherwise useless interruptions.
+ */
+void __rcu_irq_enter_check_tick(void)
+{
+ struct rcu_data *rdp = this_cpu_ptr(&rcu_data);
+
+ // Enabling the tick is unsafe in NMI handlers.
+ if (WARN_ON_ONCE(in_nmi()))
+ return;
+
+ RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(rcu_dynticks_curr_cpu_in_eqs(),
+ "Illegal rcu_irq_enter_check_tick() from extended quiescent state");
+
+ if (!tick_nohz_full_cpu(rdp->cpu) ||
+ !READ_ONCE(rdp->rcu_urgent_qs) ||
+ READ_ONCE(rdp->rcu_forced_tick)) {
+ // RCU doesn't need nohz_full help from this CPU, or it is
+ // already getting that help.
+ return;
+ }
+
+ // We get here only when not in an extended quiescent state and
+ // from interrupts (as opposed to NMIs). Therefore, (1) RCU is
+ // already watching and (2) The fact that we are in an interrupt
+ // handler and that the rcu_node lock is an irq-disabled lock
+ // prevents self-deadlock. So we can safely recheck under the lock.
+ // Note that the nohz_full state currently cannot change.
+ raw_spin_lock_rcu_node(rdp->mynode);
+ if (rdp->rcu_urgent_qs && !rdp->rcu_forced_tick) {
+ // A nohz_full CPU is in the kernel and RCU needs a
+ // quiescent state. Turn on the tick!
+ WRITE_ONCE(rdp->rcu_forced_tick, true);
+ tick_dep_set_cpu(rdp->cpu, TICK_DEP_BIT_RCU);
+ }
+ raw_spin_unlock_rcu_node(rdp->mynode);
+}
#endif /* CONFIG_NO_HZ_FULL */

/**
@@ -894,26 +955,7 @@ noinstr void rcu_nmi_enter(void)
incby = 1;
} else if (!in_nmi()) {
instrumentation_begin();
- if (tick_nohz_full_cpu(rdp->cpu) &&
- rdp->dynticks_nmi_nesting == DYNTICK_IRQ_NONIDLE &&
- READ_ONCE(rdp->rcu_urgent_qs) &&
- !READ_ONCE(rdp->rcu_forced_tick)) {
- // We get here only if we had already exited the
- // extended quiescent state and this was an
- // interrupt (not an NMI). Therefore, (1) RCU is
- // already watching and (2) The fact that we are in
- // an interrupt handler and that the rcu_node lock
- // is an irq-disabled lock prevents self-deadlock.
- // So we can safely recheck under the lock.
- raw_spin_lock_rcu_node(rdp->mynode);
- if (rdp->rcu_urgent_qs && !rdp->rcu_forced_tick) {
- // A nohz_full CPU is in the kernel and RCU
- // needs a quiescent state. Turn on the tick!
- WRITE_ONCE(rdp->rcu_forced_tick, true);
- tick_dep_set_cpu(rdp->cpu, TICK_DEP_BIT_RCU);
- }
- raw_spin_unlock_rcu_node(rdp->mynode);
- }
+ rcu_irq_enter_check_tick();
instrumentation_end();
}
instrumentation_begin();
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