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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2 2/8] exec: Factor security_bprm_creds_for_exec out of security_bprm_set_creds
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On 5/18/2020 5:30 PM, Eric W. Biederman wrote:
> Today security_bprm_set_creds has several implementations:
> apparmor_bprm_set_creds, cap_bprm_set_creds, selinux_bprm_set_creds,
> smack_bprm_set_creds, and tomoyo_bprm_set_creds.
>
> Except for cap_bprm_set_creds they all test bprm->called_set_creds and
> return immediately if it is true. The function cap_bprm_set_creds
> ignores bprm->calld_sed_creds entirely.
>
> Create a new LSM hook security_bprm_creds_for_exec that is called just
> before prepare_binprm in __do_execve_file, resulting in a LSM hook
> that is called exactly once for the entire of exec. Modify the bits
> of security_bprm_set_creds that only want to be called once per exec
> into security_bprm_creds_for_exec, leaving only cap_bprm_set_creds
> behind.
>
> Remove bprm->called_set_creds all of it's former users have been moved
> to security_bprm_creds_for_exec.
>
> Add or upate comments a appropriate to bring them up to date and
> to reflect this change.
>
> Signed-off-by: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com>

For the LSM and Smack bits

Acked-by: Casey Schaufler <casey@schaufler-ca.com>

> ---
> fs/exec.c | 6 +++-
> include/linux/binfmts.h | 18 +++--------
> include/linux/lsm_hook_defs.h | 1 +
> include/linux/lsm_hooks.h | 50 +++++++++++++++++-------------
> include/linux/security.h | 6 ++++
> security/apparmor/domain.c | 7 ++---
> security/apparmor/include/domain.h | 2 +-
> security/apparmor/lsm.c | 2 +-
> security/security.c | 5 +++
> security/selinux/hooks.c | 8 ++---
> security/smack/smack_lsm.c | 9 ++----
> security/tomoyo/tomoyo.c | 12 ++-----
> 12 files changed, 63 insertions(+), 63 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/fs/exec.c b/fs/exec.c
> index 14b786158aa9..9e70da47f8d9 100644
> --- a/fs/exec.c
> +++ b/fs/exec.c
> @@ -1640,7 +1640,6 @@ int prepare_binprm(struct linux_binprm *bprm)
> retval = security_bprm_set_creds(bprm);
> if (retval)
> return retval;
> - bprm->called_set_creds = 1;
>
> memset(bprm->buf, 0, BINPRM_BUF_SIZE);
> return kernel_read(bprm->file, bprm->buf, BINPRM_BUF_SIZE, &pos);
> @@ -1855,6 +1854,11 @@ static int __do_execve_file(int fd, struct filename *filename,
> if (retval < 0)
> goto out;
>
> + /* Set the unchanging part of bprm->cred */
> + retval = security_bprm_creds_for_exec(bprm);
> + if (retval)
> + goto out;
> +
> retval = prepare_binprm(bprm);
> if (retval < 0)
> goto out;
> diff --git a/include/linux/binfmts.h b/include/linux/binfmts.h
> index 1b48e2154766..d1217fcdedea 100644
> --- a/include/linux/binfmts.h
> +++ b/include/linux/binfmts.h
> @@ -27,22 +27,14 @@ struct linux_binprm {
> unsigned long argmin; /* rlimit marker for copy_strings() */
> unsigned int
> /*
> - * True after the bprm_set_creds hook has been called once
> - * (multiple calls can be made via prepare_binprm() for
> - * binfmt_script/misc).
> - */
> - called_set_creds:1,
> - /*
> - * True if most recent call to the commoncaps bprm_set_creds
> - * hook (due to multiple prepare_binprm() calls from the
> - * binfmt_script/misc handlers) resulted in elevated
> - * privileges.
> + * True if most recent call to cap_bprm_set_creds
> + * resulted in elevated privileges.
> */
> cap_elevated:1,
> /*
> - * Set by bprm_set_creds hook to indicate a privilege-gaining
> - * exec has happened. Used to sanitize execution environment
> - * and to set AT_SECURE auxv for glibc.
> + * Set by bprm_creds_for_exec hook to indicate a
> + * privilege-gaining exec has happened. Used to set
> + * AT_SECURE auxv for glibc.
> */
> secureexec:1,
> /*
> diff --git a/include/linux/lsm_hook_defs.h b/include/linux/lsm_hook_defs.h
> index 9cd4455528e5..aab0695f41df 100644
> --- a/include/linux/lsm_hook_defs.h
> +++ b/include/linux/lsm_hook_defs.h
> @@ -49,6 +49,7 @@ LSM_HOOK(int, 0, syslog, int type)
> LSM_HOOK(int, 0, settime, const struct timespec64 *ts,
> const struct timezone *tz)
> LSM_HOOK(int, 0, vm_enough_memory, struct mm_struct *mm, long pages)
> +LSM_HOOK(int, 0, bprm_creds_for_exec, struct linux_binprm *bprm)
> LSM_HOOK(int, 0, bprm_set_creds, struct linux_binprm *bprm)
> LSM_HOOK(int, 0, bprm_check_security, struct linux_binprm *bprm)
> LSM_HOOK(void, LSM_RET_VOID, bprm_committing_creds, struct linux_binprm *bprm)
> diff --git a/include/linux/lsm_hooks.h b/include/linux/lsm_hooks.h
> index 988ca0df7824..c719af37df20 100644
> --- a/include/linux/lsm_hooks.h
> +++ b/include/linux/lsm_hooks.h
> @@ -34,40 +34,46 @@
> *
> * Security hooks for program execution operations.
> *
> + * @bprm_creds_for_exec:
> + * If the setup in prepare_exec_creds did not setup @bprm->cred->security
> + * properly for executing @bprm->file, update the LSM's portion of
> + * @bprm->cred->security to be what commit_creds needs to install for the
> + * new program. This hook may also optionally check permissions
> + * (e.g. for transitions between security domains).
> + * The hook must set @bprm->secureexec to 1 if AT_SECURE should be set to
> + * request libc enable secure mode.
> + * @bprm contains the linux_binprm structure.
> + * Return 0 if the hook is successful and permission is granted.
> * @bprm_set_creds:
> - * Save security information in the bprm->security field, typically based
> - * on information about the bprm->file, for later use by the apply_creds
> - * hook. This hook may also optionally check permissions (e.g. for
> + * Assuming that the relevant bits of @bprm->cred->security have been
> + * previously set, examine @bprm->file and regenerate them. This is
> + * so that the credentials derived from the interpreter the code is
> + * actually going to run are used rather than credentials derived
> + * from a script. This done because the interpreter binary needs to
> + * reopen script, and may end up opening something completely different.
> + * This hook may also optionally check permissions (e.g. for
> * transitions between security domains).
> - * This hook may be called multiple times during a single execve, e.g. for
> - * interpreters. The hook can tell whether it has already been called by
> - * checking to see if @bprm->security is non-NULL. If so, then the hook
> - * may decide either to retain the security information saved earlier or
> - * to replace it. The hook must set @bprm->secureexec to 1 if a "secure
> - * exec" has happened as a result of this hook call. The flag is used to
> - * indicate the need for a sanitized execution environment, and is also
> - * passed in the ELF auxiliary table on the initial stack to indicate
> - * whether libc should enable secure mode.
> + * The hook must set @bprm->cap_elevated to 1 if AT_SECURE should be set to
> + * request libc enable secure mode.
> * @bprm contains the linux_binprm structure.
> * Return 0 if the hook is successful and permission is granted.
> * @bprm_check_security:
> * This hook mediates the point when a search for a binary handler will
> - * begin. It allows a check the @bprm->security value which is set in the
> - * preceding set_creds call. The primary difference from set_creds is
> - * that the argv list and envp list are reliably available in @bprm. This
> - * hook may be called multiple times during a single execve; and in each
> - * pass set_creds is called first.
> + * begin. It allows a check against the @bprm->cred->security value
> + * which was set in the preceding creds_for_exec call. The argv list and
> + * envp list are reliably available in @bprm. This hook may be called
> + * multiple times during a single execve.
> * @bprm contains the linux_binprm structure.
> * Return 0 if the hook is successful and permission is granted.
> * @bprm_committing_creds:
> * Prepare to install the new security attributes of a process being
> * transformed by an execve operation, based on the old credentials
> * pointed to by @current->cred and the information set in @bprm->cred by
> - * the bprm_set_creds hook. @bprm points to the linux_binprm structure.
> - * This hook is a good place to perform state changes on the process such
> - * as closing open file descriptors to which access will no longer be
> - * granted when the attributes are changed. This is called immediately
> - * before commit_creds().
> + * the bprm_creds_for_exec hook. @bprm points to the linux_binprm
> + * structure. This hook is a good place to perform state changes on the
> + * process such as closing open file descriptors to which access will no
> + * longer be granted when the attributes are changed. This is called
> + * immediately before commit_creds().
> * @bprm_committed_creds:
> * Tidy up after the installation of the new security attributes of a
> * process being transformed by an execve operation. The new credentials
> diff --git a/include/linux/security.h b/include/linux/security.h
> index a8d9310472df..1bd7a6582775 100644
> --- a/include/linux/security.h
> +++ b/include/linux/security.h
> @@ -276,6 +276,7 @@ int security_quota_on(struct dentry *dentry);
> int security_syslog(int type);
> int security_settime64(const struct timespec64 *ts, const struct timezone *tz);
> int security_vm_enough_memory_mm(struct mm_struct *mm, long pages);
> +int security_bprm_creds_for_exec(struct linux_binprm *bprm);
> int security_bprm_set_creds(struct linux_binprm *bprm);
> int security_bprm_check(struct linux_binprm *bprm);
> void security_bprm_committing_creds(struct linux_binprm *bprm);
> @@ -569,6 +570,11 @@ static inline int security_vm_enough_memory_mm(struct mm_struct *mm, long pages)
> return __vm_enough_memory(mm, pages, cap_vm_enough_memory(mm, pages));
> }
>
> +static inline int security_bprm_creds_for_exec(struct linux_binprm *bprm)
> +{
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> static inline int security_bprm_set_creds(struct linux_binprm *bprm)
> {
> return cap_bprm_set_creds(bprm);
> diff --git a/security/apparmor/domain.c b/security/apparmor/domain.c
> index 6ceb74e0f789..0b870a647488 100644
> --- a/security/apparmor/domain.c
> +++ b/security/apparmor/domain.c
> @@ -854,14 +854,14 @@ static struct aa_label *handle_onexec(struct aa_label *label,
> }
>
> /**
> - * apparmor_bprm_set_creds - set the new creds on the bprm struct
> + * apparmor_bprm_creds_for_exec - Update the new creds on the bprm struct
> * @bprm: binprm for the exec (NOT NULL)
> *
> * Returns: %0 or error on failure
> *
> * TODO: once the other paths are done see if we can't refactor into a fn
> */
> -int apparmor_bprm_set_creds(struct linux_binprm *bprm)
> +int apparmor_bprm_creds_for_exec(struct linux_binprm *bprm)
> {
> struct aa_task_ctx *ctx;
> struct aa_label *label, *new = NULL;
> @@ -875,9 +875,6 @@ int apparmor_bprm_set_creds(struct linux_binprm *bprm)
> file_inode(bprm->file)->i_mode
> };
>
> - if (bprm->called_set_creds)
> - return 0;
> -
> ctx = task_ctx(current);
> AA_BUG(!cred_label(bprm->cred));
> AA_BUG(!ctx);
> diff --git a/security/apparmor/include/domain.h b/security/apparmor/include/domain.h
> index 21b875fe2d37..d14928fe1c6f 100644
> --- a/security/apparmor/include/domain.h
> +++ b/security/apparmor/include/domain.h
> @@ -30,7 +30,7 @@ struct aa_domain {
> struct aa_label *x_table_lookup(struct aa_profile *profile, u32 xindex,
> const char **name);
>
> -int apparmor_bprm_set_creds(struct linux_binprm *bprm);
> +int apparmor_bprm_creds_for_exec(struct linux_binprm *bprm);
>
> void aa_free_domain_entries(struct aa_domain *domain);
> int aa_change_hat(const char *hats[], int count, u64 token, int flags);
> diff --git a/security/apparmor/lsm.c b/security/apparmor/lsm.c
> index b621ad74f54a..3623ab08279d 100644
> --- a/security/apparmor/lsm.c
> +++ b/security/apparmor/lsm.c
> @@ -1232,7 +1232,7 @@ static struct security_hook_list apparmor_hooks[] __lsm_ro_after_init = {
> LSM_HOOK_INIT(cred_prepare, apparmor_cred_prepare),
> LSM_HOOK_INIT(cred_transfer, apparmor_cred_transfer),
>
> - LSM_HOOK_INIT(bprm_set_creds, apparmor_bprm_set_creds),
> + LSM_HOOK_INIT(bprm_creds_for_exec, apparmor_bprm_creds_for_exec),
> LSM_HOOK_INIT(bprm_committing_creds, apparmor_bprm_committing_creds),
> LSM_HOOK_INIT(bprm_committed_creds, apparmor_bprm_committed_creds),
>
> diff --git a/security/security.c b/security/security.c
> index 7fed24b9d57e..4ee76a729f73 100644
> --- a/security/security.c
> +++ b/security/security.c
> @@ -823,6 +823,11 @@ int security_vm_enough_memory_mm(struct mm_struct *mm, long pages)
> return __vm_enough_memory(mm, pages, cap_sys_admin);
> }
>
> +int security_bprm_creds_for_exec(struct linux_binprm *bprm)
> +{
> + return call_int_hook(bprm_creds_for_exec, 0, bprm);
> +}
> +
> int security_bprm_set_creds(struct linux_binprm *bprm)
> {
> return call_int_hook(bprm_set_creds, 0, bprm);
> diff --git a/security/selinux/hooks.c b/security/selinux/hooks.c
> index 0b4e32161b77..718345dd76bb 100644
> --- a/security/selinux/hooks.c
> +++ b/security/selinux/hooks.c
> @@ -2286,7 +2286,7 @@ static int check_nnp_nosuid(const struct linux_binprm *bprm,
> return -EACCES;
> }
>
> -static int selinux_bprm_set_creds(struct linux_binprm *bprm)
> +static int selinux_bprm_creds_for_exec(struct linux_binprm *bprm)
> {
> const struct task_security_struct *old_tsec;
> struct task_security_struct *new_tsec;
> @@ -2297,8 +2297,6 @@ static int selinux_bprm_set_creds(struct linux_binprm *bprm)
>
> /* SELinux context only depends on initial program or script and not
> * the script interpreter */
> - if (bprm->called_set_creds)
> - return 0;
>
> old_tsec = selinux_cred(current_cred());
> new_tsec = selinux_cred(bprm->cred);
> @@ -6385,7 +6383,7 @@ static int selinux_setprocattr(const char *name, void *value, size_t size)
> /* Permission checking based on the specified context is
> performed during the actual operation (execve,
> open/mkdir/...), when we know the full context of the
> - operation. See selinux_bprm_set_creds for the execve
> + operation. See selinux_bprm_creds_for_exec for the execve
> checks and may_create for the file creation checks. The
> operation will then fail if the context is not permitted. */
> tsec = selinux_cred(new);
> @@ -6914,7 +6912,7 @@ static struct security_hook_list selinux_hooks[] __lsm_ro_after_init = {
>
> LSM_HOOK_INIT(netlink_send, selinux_netlink_send),
>
> - LSM_HOOK_INIT(bprm_set_creds, selinux_bprm_set_creds),
> + LSM_HOOK_INIT(bprm_creds_for_exec, selinux_bprm_creds_for_exec),
> LSM_HOOK_INIT(bprm_committing_creds, selinux_bprm_committing_creds),
> LSM_HOOK_INIT(bprm_committed_creds, selinux_bprm_committed_creds),
>
> diff --git a/security/smack/smack_lsm.c b/security/smack/smack_lsm.c
> index 8c61d175e195..0ac8f4518d07 100644
> --- a/security/smack/smack_lsm.c
> +++ b/security/smack/smack_lsm.c
> @@ -891,12 +891,12 @@ static int smack_sb_statfs(struct dentry *dentry)
> */
>
> /**
> - * smack_bprm_set_creds - set creds for exec
> + * smack_bprm_creds_for_exec - Update bprm->cred if needed for exec
> * @bprm: the exec information
> *
> * Returns 0 if it gets a blob, -EPERM if exec forbidden and -ENOMEM otherwise
> */
> -static int smack_bprm_set_creds(struct linux_binprm *bprm)
> +static int smack_bprm_creds_for_exec(struct linux_binprm *bprm)
> {
> struct inode *inode = file_inode(bprm->file);
> struct task_smack *bsp = smack_cred(bprm->cred);
> @@ -904,9 +904,6 @@ static int smack_bprm_set_creds(struct linux_binprm *bprm)
> struct superblock_smack *sbsp;
> int rc;
>
> - if (bprm->called_set_creds)
> - return 0;
> -
> isp = smack_inode(inode);
> if (isp->smk_task == NULL || isp->smk_task == bsp->smk_task)
> return 0;
> @@ -4598,7 +4595,7 @@ static struct security_hook_list smack_hooks[] __lsm_ro_after_init = {
> LSM_HOOK_INIT(sb_statfs, smack_sb_statfs),
> LSM_HOOK_INIT(sb_set_mnt_opts, smack_set_mnt_opts),
>
> - LSM_HOOK_INIT(bprm_set_creds, smack_bprm_set_creds),
> + LSM_HOOK_INIT(bprm_creds_for_exec, smack_bprm_creds_for_exec),
>
> LSM_HOOK_INIT(inode_alloc_security, smack_inode_alloc_security),
> LSM_HOOK_INIT(inode_init_security, smack_inode_init_security),
> diff --git a/security/tomoyo/tomoyo.c b/security/tomoyo/tomoyo.c
> index 716c92ec941a..f9adddc42ac8 100644
> --- a/security/tomoyo/tomoyo.c
> +++ b/security/tomoyo/tomoyo.c
> @@ -63,20 +63,14 @@ static void tomoyo_bprm_committed_creds(struct linux_binprm *bprm)
>
> #ifndef CONFIG_SECURITY_TOMOYO_OMIT_USERSPACE_LOADER
> /**
> - * tomoyo_bprm_set_creds - Target for security_bprm_set_creds().
> + * tomoyo_bprm_for_exec - Target for security_bprm_creds_for_exec().
> *
> * @bprm: Pointer to "struct linux_binprm".
> *
> * Returns 0.
> */
> -static int tomoyo_bprm_set_creds(struct linux_binprm *bprm)
> +static int tomoyo_bprm_creds_for_exec(struct linux_binprm *bprm)
> {
> - /*
> - * Do only if this function is called for the first time of an execve
> - * operation.
> - */
> - if (bprm->called_set_creds)
> - return 0;
> /*
> * Load policy if /sbin/tomoyo-init exists and /sbin/init is requested
> * for the first time.
> @@ -539,7 +533,7 @@ static struct security_hook_list tomoyo_hooks[] __lsm_ro_after_init = {
> LSM_HOOK_INIT(task_alloc, tomoyo_task_alloc),
> LSM_HOOK_INIT(task_free, tomoyo_task_free),
> #ifndef CONFIG_SECURITY_TOMOYO_OMIT_USERSPACE_LOADER
> - LSM_HOOK_INIT(bprm_set_creds, tomoyo_bprm_set_creds),
> + LSM_HOOK_INIT(bprm_creds_for_exec, tomoyo_bprm_creds_for_exec),
> #endif
> LSM_HOOK_INIT(bprm_check_security, tomoyo_bprm_check_security),
> LSM_HOOK_INIT(file_fcntl, tomoyo_file_fcntl),

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