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Subject[RFC PATCH 00/13] scsi: ufs: Add HPB Support
NAND flash-based storage devices, needs to translate the logical
addresses of the IO requests to its corresponding physical addresses of
the flash storage. As the internal SRAM of the storage device cannot
accommodate the entire L2P mapping table, the device can only partially
load the L2P data it needs based on the incoming LBAs. As a result,
cache misses - which are more frequent in random read access, can result
in serious performance degradation. To remedy the above, UFS3.1 offers
the Host Performance Booster (HPB) feature, which uses the host’s system
memory as a cache for L2P map data. The basic concept of HPB is to
cache L2P mapping entries in host system memory so that both physical
block address (PBA) and logical block address (LBA) can be delivered in
HPB read command. Not to be confused with host-managed-FTL, HPB is
merely about NAND flash cost reduction.

HPB, by its nature, imposes an interesting question regarding the proper
location of its components across the storage stack. On Init it requires
to detect the HPB capabilities and parameters, which can be only done
from the LLD level. On the other hand, it requires to send scsi
commands as part of its cache management, which preferably should be
done from scsi mid-layer, and compose the "HPB_READ" command, which
should be done as part of scsi command setup path.
Therefore, we came up with a 2 module layout: ufshpb in the ufs driver,
and scsi_dh_ufshpb under scsi device handler.

The ufshpb module bear 2 main duties. During initialization, it reads
the hpb configuration from the device. Later on, during the scan host
phase, it attaches the scsi device and activates the scsi hpb device
handler. The second duty mainly concern supporting the HPB cache
management. The scsi hpb device handler will perform the cache
management and send the HPB_READ command. The modules will communicate
via the standard device handler API: the handler_data opaque pointer,
and the set_params op-mode.

This series has borrowed heavily from a HPB implementation that was
published as part of the pixel3 code, authored by:
Yongmyung Lee <> and
Jinyoung Choi <>.

We kept some of its design and implementation details. We made some
minor modifications to adopt the latest spec changes (HPB1.0 was not
close when the driver initially published), and also divide the
implementation between the scsi handler and the ufs modules, instead of
a single module in the original driver, which simplified the
implementation to a great deal and resulted in far less code. One more
big difference is that the Pixel3 driver support device managed mode,
while we are supporting host managed mode, which reflect heavily on the
cache management decision process.

Many thanks to Damien Le Moal for his insightful comments.

Avri Altman (13):
scsi: ufs: Add HPB parameters
scsi: ufshpb: Init part I - Read HPB config
scsi: scsi_dh: Introduce scsi_dh_ufshpb
scsi: ufs: ufshpb: Init part II - Attach scsi device
scsi: ufs: ufshpb: Disable HPB if no HPB-enabled luns
scsi: scsi_dh: ufshpb: Prepare for L2P cache management
scsi: scsi_dh: ufshpb: Add ufshpb state machine
scsi: dh: ufshpb: Activate pinned regions
scsi: ufshpb: Add response API
scsi: dh: ufshpb: Add ufshpb_set_params
scsi: Allow device handler set their own CDB
scsi: dh: ufshpb: Add prep_fn handler
scsi: scsi_dh: ufshpb: Add "Cold" subregions timer

drivers/scsi/device_handler/Makefile | 1 +
drivers/scsi/device_handler/scsi_dh_ufshpb.c | 1480 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++
drivers/scsi/scsi_lib.c | 5 +-
drivers/scsi/sd.c | 9 +
drivers/scsi/ufs/Kconfig | 13 +
drivers/scsi/ufs/Makefile | 1 +
drivers/scsi/ufs/ufs.h | 16 +
drivers/scsi/ufs/ufshcd.c | 12 +
drivers/scsi/ufs/ufshcd.h | 11 +
drivers/scsi/ufs/ufshpb.c | 610 +++++++++++
drivers/scsi/ufs/ufshpb.h | 28 +
include/scsi/scsi_dh_ufshpb.h | 67 ++
12 files changed, 2251 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
create mode 100644 drivers/scsi/device_handler/scsi_dh_ufshpb.c
create mode 100644 drivers/scsi/ufs/ufshpb.c
create mode 100644 drivers/scsi/ufs/ufshpb.h
create mode 100644 include/scsi/scsi_dh_ufshpb.h


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