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SubjectRe: [RFC PATCH] kbuild: add variables for compression tools
On Thu, May 14, 2020 at 10:14 PM Denis Efremov <efremov@linux.com> wrote:
>
> Allow user to use alternative implementations of compression tools.
> For example, multi-threaded tools to speed up the build:
> $ make KGZIP=pigz KXZ=pxz
>
> Variable KGZIP is used instead of GZIP because the latter is reserved
> by the tool. Other variables are prefixed with 'K' for consistency.


This is unfortunate...

'man gzip' says

The obsolescent environment variable GZIP can hold a set of default op‐
tions for gzip. These options are interpreted first and can be over‐
written by explicit command line parameters. As this can cause prob‐
lems when using scripts, this feature is supported only for options
that are reasonably likely to not cause too much harm, and gzip warns
if it is used. This feature will be removed in a future release of
gzip.


It was deprecated in 2015.

commit 5054e88a7934d5ff5ec14231c8b8676161bb45fa
Author: Paul Eggert <eggert@cs.ucla.edu>
Date: Mon Mar 16 14:25:17 2015 -0700

gzip: make the GZIP env var obsolescent




Some possible options I came up with:


[1] Use KGZIP for now, but BZIP2, XZ, etc. for the others.

(Then, rename KGZIP to GZIP when the time comes)


[2] Do not take this patch

The whole build process is parallelized
by 'make -j $(nproc)'.

If you are still eager to use pigz instead gzip,
use a symbolic link or a wrapper shell script.

$ ln -s /usr/bin/pigz /$HOME/bin/gzip
$ PATH="$HOME/bin:$PATH"





Thought?




>
> The credit goes to @grsecurity.
>
> Cc: Stephen Rothwell <sfr@canb.auug.org.au>
> Cc: Dmitry Vyukov <dvyukov@google.com>
> Signed-off-by: Denis Efremov <efremov@linux.com>
> ---
> Makefile | 11 +++++++++--
> arch/arm/boot/deflate_xip_data.sh | 6 +++++-
> arch/ia64/Makefile | 2 +-
> arch/m68k/Makefile | 4 ++--
> arch/mips/lasat/image/Makefile | 2 +-
> arch/parisc/Makefile | 2 +-
> kernel/gen_kheaders.sh | 6 +++++-
> scripts/Makefile.lib | 12 ++++++------
> scripts/Makefile.package | 6 +++---
> scripts/xz_wrap.sh | 6 +++++-
> 10 files changed, 38 insertions(+), 19 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/Makefile b/Makefile
> index 11fe9b1535de..9af13cfeed7a 100644
> --- a/Makefile
> +++ b/Makefile
> @@ -447,6 +447,12 @@ PYTHON = python
> PYTHON3 = python3
> CHECK = sparse
> BASH = bash
> +KGZIP = gzip
> +KBZIP2 = bzip2
> +KLZMA = lzma
> +KLZOP = lzop
> +KLZ4 = lz4c
> +KXZ = xz
>
> CHECKFLAGS := -D__linux__ -Dlinux -D__STDC__ -Dunix -D__unix__ \
> -Wbitwise -Wno-return-void -Wno-unknown-attribute $(CF)
> @@ -496,6 +502,7 @@ export ARCH SRCARCH CONFIG_SHELL BASH HOSTCC KBUILD_HOSTCFLAGS CROSS_COMPILE LD
> export CPP AR NM STRIP OBJCOPY OBJDUMP OBJSIZE READELF PAHOLE LEX YACC AWK INSTALLKERNEL
> export PERL PYTHON PYTHON3 CHECK CHECKFLAGS MAKE UTS_MACHINE HOSTCXX
> export KBUILD_HOSTCXXFLAGS KBUILD_HOSTLDFLAGS KBUILD_HOSTLDLIBS LDFLAGS_MODULE
> +export KGZIP KBZIP2 KLZMA KLZOP KLZ4 KXZ
>
> export KBUILD_CPPFLAGS NOSTDINC_FLAGS LINUXINCLUDE OBJCOPYFLAGS KBUILD_LDFLAGS
> export KBUILD_CFLAGS CFLAGS_KERNEL CFLAGS_MODULE
> @@ -1005,10 +1012,10 @@ export mod_strip_cmd
> mod_compress_cmd = true
> ifdef CONFIG_MODULE_COMPRESS
> ifdef CONFIG_MODULE_COMPRESS_GZIP
> - mod_compress_cmd = gzip -n -f
> + mod_compress_cmd = $(KGZIP) -n -f
> endif # CONFIG_MODULE_COMPRESS_GZIP
> ifdef CONFIG_MODULE_COMPRESS_XZ
> - mod_compress_cmd = xz -f
> + mod_compress_cmd = $(KXZ) -f
> endif # CONFIG_MODULE_COMPRESS_XZ
> endif # CONFIG_MODULE_COMPRESS
> export mod_compress_cmd
> diff --git a/arch/arm/boot/deflate_xip_data.sh b/arch/arm/boot/deflate_xip_data.sh
> index 40937248cebe..08dd50e08c17 100755
> --- a/arch/arm/boot/deflate_xip_data.sh
> +++ b/arch/arm/boot/deflate_xip_data.sh
> @@ -19,6 +19,10 @@ XIPIMAGE="$2"
>
> DD="dd status=none"
>
> +if [ x$KGZIP = "x" ]; then
> + KGZIP=gzip
> +fi
> +
> # Use "make V=1" to debug this script.
> case "$KBUILD_VERBOSE" in
> *1*)
> @@ -56,7 +60,7 @@ trap 'rm -f "$XIPIMAGE.tmp"; exit 1' 1 2 3
> # substitute the data section by a compressed version
> $DD if="$XIPIMAGE" count=$data_start iflag=count_bytes of="$XIPIMAGE.tmp"
> $DD if="$XIPIMAGE" skip=$data_start iflag=skip_bytes |
> -gzip -9 >> "$XIPIMAGE.tmp"
> +$KGZIP -9 >> "$XIPIMAGE.tmp"
>
> # replace kernel binary
> mv -f "$XIPIMAGE.tmp" "$XIPIMAGE"
> diff --git a/arch/ia64/Makefile b/arch/ia64/Makefile
> index 32240000dc0c..2876a7df1b0a 100644
> --- a/arch/ia64/Makefile
> +++ b/arch/ia64/Makefile
> @@ -40,7 +40,7 @@ $(error Sorry, you need a newer version of the assember, one that is built from
> endif
>
> quiet_cmd_gzip = GZIP $@
> -cmd_gzip = cat $(real-prereqs) | gzip -n -f -9 > $@
> +cmd_gzip = cat $(real-prereqs) | $(KGZIP) -n -f -9 > $@
>
> quiet_cmd_objcopy = OBJCOPY $@
> cmd_objcopy = $(OBJCOPY) $(OBJCOPYFLAGS) $(OBJCOPYFLAGS_$(@F)) $< $@
> diff --git a/arch/m68k/Makefile b/arch/m68k/Makefile
> index 5d9288384096..e6c7c92aa72e 100644
> --- a/arch/m68k/Makefile
> +++ b/arch/m68k/Makefile
> @@ -148,10 +148,10 @@ vmlinux.bz2: vmlinux
> ifndef CONFIG_KGDB
> cp vmlinux vmlinux.tmp
> $(STRIP) vmlinux.tmp
> - bzip2 -1c vmlinux.tmp >vmlinux.bz2
> + $(KBZIP2) -1c vmlinux.tmp >vmlinux.bz2
> rm vmlinux.tmp
> else
> - bzip2 -1c vmlinux >vmlinux.bz2
> + $(KBZIP2) -1c vmlinux >vmlinux.bz2
> endif
>
> archclean:
> diff --git a/arch/mips/lasat/image/Makefile b/arch/mips/lasat/image/Makefile
> index 78ce4cff1012..617ccb1659d5 100644
> --- a/arch/mips/lasat/image/Makefile
> +++ b/arch/mips/lasat/image/Makefile
> @@ -44,7 +44,7 @@ $(obj)/%.o: $(obj)/%.gz
> $(LD) -r -o $@ -b binary $<
>
> $(obj)/%.gz: $(obj)/%.bin
> - gzip -cf -9 $< > $@
> + $(KGZIP) -cf -9 $< > $@
>
> $(obj)/kImage.bin: $(KERNEL_IMAGE)
> $(OBJCOPY) -O binary -S $^ $@
> diff --git a/arch/parisc/Makefile b/arch/parisc/Makefile
> index 628cd8bb7ad8..412ddec0297d 100644
> --- a/arch/parisc/Makefile
> +++ b/arch/parisc/Makefile
> @@ -162,7 +162,7 @@ vmlinuz: bzImage
> $(OBJCOPY) $(boot)/bzImage $@
> else
> vmlinuz: vmlinux
> - @gzip -cf -9 $< > $@
> + @$(KGZIP) -cf -9 $< > $@
> endif
>
> install:
> diff --git a/kernel/gen_kheaders.sh b/kernel/gen_kheaders.sh
> index e13ca842eb7e..f3dfaf9f6647 100755
> --- a/kernel/gen_kheaders.sh
> +++ b/kernel/gen_kheaders.sh
> @@ -9,6 +9,10 @@ outdir="$(pwd)"
> tarfile=$1
> cpio_dir=$outdir/$tarfile.tmp
>
> +if [ x$KXZ = "x" ]; then
> + KXZ=xz
> +fi
> +
> dir_list="
> include/
> arch/$SRCARCH/include/
> @@ -88,7 +92,7 @@ find $cpio_dir -type f -print0 |
> find $cpio_dir -printf "./%P\n" | LC_ALL=C sort | \
> tar "${KBUILD_BUILD_TIMESTAMP:+--mtime=$KBUILD_BUILD_TIMESTAMP}" \
> --owner=0 --group=0 --numeric-owner --no-recursion \
> - -Jcf $tarfile -C $cpio_dir/ -T - > /dev/null
> + -I $KXZ -cf $tarfile -C $cpio_dir/ -T - > /dev/null
>
> echo $headers_md5 > kernel/kheaders.md5
> echo "$this_file_md5" >> kernel/kheaders.md5
> diff --git a/scripts/Makefile.lib b/scripts/Makefile.lib
> index 4b799737722c..dd38f5ac8d48 100644
> --- a/scripts/Makefile.lib
> +++ b/scripts/Makefile.lib
> @@ -241,7 +241,7 @@ cmd_objcopy = $(OBJCOPY) $(OBJCOPYFLAGS) $(OBJCOPYFLAGS_$(@F)) $< $@
> # ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
>
> quiet_cmd_gzip = GZIP $@
> - cmd_gzip = cat $(real-prereqs) | gzip -n -f -9 > $@
> + cmd_gzip = cat $(real-prereqs) | $(KGZIP) -n -f -9 > $@
>
> # DTC
> # ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
> @@ -334,19 +334,19 @@ printf "%08x\n" $$dec_size | \
> )
>
> quiet_cmd_bzip2 = BZIP2 $@
> - cmd_bzip2 = { cat $(real-prereqs) | bzip2 -9; $(size_append); } > $@
> + cmd_bzip2 = { cat $(real-prereqs) | $(KBZIP2) -9; $(size_append); } > $@
>
> # Lzma
> # ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
>
> quiet_cmd_lzma = LZMA $@
> - cmd_lzma = { cat $(real-prereqs) | lzma -9; $(size_append); } > $@
> + cmd_lzma = { cat $(real-prereqs) | $(KLZMA) -9; $(size_append); } > $@
>
> quiet_cmd_lzo = LZO $@
> - cmd_lzo = { cat $(real-prereqs) | lzop -9; $(size_append); } > $@
> + cmd_lzo = { cat $(real-prereqs) | $(KLZOP) -9; $(size_append); } > $@
>
> quiet_cmd_lz4 = LZ4 $@
> - cmd_lz4 = { cat $(real-prereqs) | lz4c -l -c1 stdin stdout; \
> + cmd_lz4 = { cat $(real-prereqs) | $(KLZ4) -l -c1 stdin stdout; \
> $(size_append); } > $@
>
> # U-Boot mkimage
> @@ -393,7 +393,7 @@ quiet_cmd_xzkern = XZKERN $@
> $(size_append); } > $@
>
> quiet_cmd_xzmisc = XZMISC $@
> - cmd_xzmisc = cat $(real-prereqs) | xz --check=crc32 --lzma2=dict=1MiB > $@
> + cmd_xzmisc = cat $(real-prereqs) | $(KXZ) --check=crc32 --lzma2=dict=1MiB > $@
>
> # ASM offsets
> # ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
> diff --git a/scripts/Makefile.package b/scripts/Makefile.package
> index 02135d2671a6..1b91fe1bfcdb 100644
> --- a/scripts/Makefile.package
> +++ b/scripts/Makefile.package
> @@ -127,9 +127,9 @@ util/PERF-VERSION-GEN $(CURDIR)/$(perf-tar)/); \
> tar rf $(perf-tar).tar $(perf-tar)/HEAD $(perf-tar)/PERF-VERSION-FILE; \
> rm -r $(perf-tar); \
> $(if $(findstring tar-src,$@),, \
> -$(if $(findstring bz2,$@),bzip2, \
> -$(if $(findstring gz,$@),gzip, \
> -$(if $(findstring xz,$@),xz, \
> +$(if $(findstring bz2,$@),$(KBZIP2), \
> +$(if $(findstring gz,$@),$(KGZIP), \
> +$(if $(findstring xz,$@),$(KXZ), \
> $(error unknown target $@)))) \
> -f -9 $(perf-tar).tar)
>
> diff --git a/scripts/xz_wrap.sh b/scripts/xz_wrap.sh
> index 7a2d372f4885..4922102dbfe7 100755
> --- a/scripts/xz_wrap.sh
> +++ b/scripts/xz_wrap.sh
> @@ -9,6 +9,10 @@
> # You can do whatever you want with this file.
> #
>
> +if [ x$KXZ = "x" ]; then
> + KXZ=xz
> +fi
> +
> BCJ=
> LZMA2OPTS=
>
> @@ -20,4 +24,4 @@ case $SRCARCH in
> sparc) BCJ=--sparc ;;
> esac
>
> -exec xz --check=crc32 $BCJ --lzma2=$LZMA2OPTS,dict=32MiB
> +exec $KXZ --check=crc32 $BCJ --lzma2=$LZMA2OPTS,dict=32MiB
> --
> 2.25.4
>


--
Best Regards
Masahiro Yamada

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