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SubjectRe: [PATCH] fs/binfmt_elf.c: allocate initialized memory in fill_thread_core_info()
On Tue, May 12, 2020 at 10:20:21AM +0200, Alexander Potapenko wrote:
> On Tue, May 12, 2020 at 5:44 AM Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> wrote:
> >
> > On Tue, May 12, 2020 at 02:09:01AM +0100, Al Viro wrote:
> > > On Tue, Apr 21, 2020 at 10:14:25AM +0200, Alexander Potapenko wrote:
> > > > > Not lately and I would also like to hear the details; which regset it is?
> > > > > Should be reasonably easy to find - just memset() the damn thing to something
> > > > > recognizable, do whatever triggers that KMSAN report and look at that
> > > > > resulting coredump.
> > > >
> > > > The bug is easily triggerable by the following program:
> > > >
> > > > ================================================
> > > > int main() {
> > > > volatile char *c = 0;
> > > > (void)*c;
> > > > return 0;
> > > > }
> > > > ================================================
> > > >
> > > > in my QEMU after I do `ulimit -c 10000`.
> > >
> > > .config, please - I hadn't been able to reproduce that on mine.
> > > Coredump obviously does happen, but not a trace of the poison
> > > is there - with your memset(data, 0xae, size) added, that is.
> >
> > Actually, more interesting question would be your /proc/cpuinfo...
>
> See both attached.
> I was also able to reproduce the bug on my desktop using the attached
> dump.sh script.

xsaves is the critical part here. FWIW, the breakage first appeared in

commit 91c3dba7dbc199191272f4a9863f86ea3bfd679f
Author: Yu-cheng Yu <yu-cheng.yu@intel.com>
Date: Fri Jun 17 13:07:17 2016 -0700

x86/fpu/xstate: Fix PTRACE frames for XSAVES

XSAVES uses compacted format and is a kernel instruction. The kernel
should use standard-format, non-supervisor state data for PTRACE.

The b0rken part is
+ for (i = 0; i < XFEATURE_MAX; i++) {
+ /*
+ * Copy only in-use xstates:
+ */
+ if ((header.xfeatures >> i) & 1) {
+ void *src = __raw_xsave_addr(xsave, 1 << i);
+
+ offset = xstate_offsets[i];
+ size = xstate_sizes[i];
+
+ ret = xstate_copyout(offset, size, kbuf, ubuf, src, 0, count);
+
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+
+ if (offset + size >= count)
+ break;
+ }
+
+ }

The skipped parts are left uninitialized. I'm not sure what's the best
way to deal with that. Sure, we can zero the buffer passed to ->get().
However, most of the instances (and I'd looked through quite a few)
do _not_ leave uninitialized chunks. So I would rather have
xstateregs_get() zero the gaps explicitly. I'll try to put together
a sane fix when I get some sleep.

FWIW, what I'm going to do is
* make all callers of copy_regset_to_user() pass 0 as pos
(there are very few exceptions - one on arm64, three on sparc32
and five on sparc64; I hadn't dealt with arm64 one yet, but all
cases on sparc are handled)
* switch copy_regset_to_user() to doing all copyout at
once - allocate a buffer, pass it to ->get(), then copy_to_user()
the entire thing, same as coredump does
* introduce
struct membuf {
void *p;
size_t left;
};
static inline int membuf_zero(struct membuf *s, size_t size)
static inline void membuf_align(struct membuf *s, int n)
static inline int membuf_write(struct membuf *s, const void *v, size_t size)
and membuf_store(s, v) (basically, write the value of v to the damn thing,
with sizeof(v) for size).
* introduce
typedef int user_regset_get2_fn(struct task_struct *target,
const struct user_regset *regset,
struct membuf to);
and
user_regset_get2_fn *get2;
in user_regset, replacing ->get(). Instances would be using the
membuf_...() primitives for actual copying.
* convert the instances. I've done that for several architectures,
and it's _much_ cleaner than the current mess with ->get().
* get rid of user_regset_copyout() et.al. once there's no
callers left.

This bug clearly needs to be fixed in a way that would be easy
to backport, so it has go in front of that queue. I'll try to
come up with a clean fix and post it (hopefully tomorrow)...

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