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SubjectRe: [PATCH V2 0/3] mm/debug: Add more arch page table helper tests

On 04/07/2020 09:24 PM, Gerald Schaefer wrote:
> On Sun, 5 Apr 2020 17:58:14 +0530
> Anshuman Khandual <> wrote:
> [...]
>>> Could be fixed like this (the first de-reference is a bit special,
>>> because at that point *ptep does not really point to a large (pmd) entry
>>> yet, it is initially an invalid pte entry, which breaks our huge_ptep_get()
>> There seems to be an inconsistency on s390 platform. Even though it defines
>> a huge_ptep_get() override, it does not subscribe __HAVE_ARCH_HUGE_PTEP_GET
>> which should have forced it fallback on generic huge_ptep_get() but it does
>> not :) Then I realized that __HAVE_ARCH_HUGE_PTEP_GET only makes sense when
>> an arch uses <asm-generic/hugetlb.h>. s390 does not use that and hence gets
>> away with it's own huge_ptep_get() without __HAVE_ARCH_HUGE_PTEP_GET. Sounds
>> confusing ? But I might not have the entire context here.
> Yes, that sounds very confusing. Also a bit ironic, since huge_ptep_get()
> was initially introduced because of s390, and now we don't select
> As you realized, I guess this is because we do not use generic hugetlb.h.
> And when __HAVE_ARCH_HUGE_PTEP_GET was introduced with commit 544db7597ad
> ("hugetlb: introduce generic version of huge_ptep_get"), that was probably
> the reason why we did not get our share of __HAVE_ARCH_HUGE_PTEP_GET.


> Nothing really wrong with that, but yes, very confusing. Maybe we could
> also select it for s390, even though it wouldn't have any functional
> impact (so far), just for less confusion. Maybe also thinking about
> using the generic hugetlb.h, not sure if the original reasons for not
> doing so would still apply. Now I only need to find the time...

Seems like something worth to explore if we could remove this confusion.

>>> conversion logic. I also added PMD_MASK alignment for RANDOM_ORVALUE,
>>> because we do have some special bits there in our large pmds. It seems
>>> to also work w/o that alignment, but it feels a bit wrong):
>> Sure, we can accommodate that.
>>> @@ -731,26 +731,26 @@ static void __init hugetlb_advanced_test
>>> unsigned long vaddr, pgprot_t prot)
>>> {
>>> struct page *page = pfn_to_page(pfn);
>>> - pte_t pte = READ_ONCE(*ptep);
>>> + pte_t pte;
>>> - pte = __pte(pte_val(pte) | RANDOM_ORVALUE);
>>> + pte = pte_mkhuge(mk_pte_phys(RANDOM_ORVALUE & PMD_MASK, prot));
>> So that keeps the existing value in 'ptep' pointer at bay and instead
>> construct a PTE from scratch. I would rather have READ_ONCE(*ptep) at
>> least provide the seed that can be ORed with RANDOM_ORVALUE before
>> being masked with PMD_MASK. Do you see any problem ?
> Yes, unfortunately. The problem is that the resulting pte is not marked
> as present. The conversion pte -> (huge) pmd, which is done in
> set_huge_pte_at() for s390, will establish an empty pmd for non-present
> ptes, all the RANDOM_ORVALUE stuff is lost. And a subsequent
> huge_ptep_get() will not result in the same original pte value. If you


> want to preserve and check the RANDOM_ORVALUE, it has to be a present
> pte, hence the mk_pte(_phys).

Understood and mk_pte() is also available on all platforms.

>> Some thing like this instead.
>> pte_t pte = READ_ONCE(*ptep);
>> pte = pte_mkhuge(__pte((pte_val(pte) | RANDOM_ORVALUE) & PMD_MASK));
>> We cannot use mk_pte_phys() as it is defined only on some platforms
>> without any generic fallback for others.
> Oh, didn't know that, sorry. What about using mk_pte() instead, at least
> it would result in a present pte:
> pte = pte_mkhuge(mk_pte(phys_to_page(RANDOM_ORVALUE & PMD_MASK), prot));

Lets use mk_pte() here but can we do this instead

paddr = (__pfn_to_phys(pfn) | RANDOM_ORVALUE) & PMD_MASK;
pte = pte_mkhuge(mk_pte(phys_to_page(paddr), prot));

> And if you also want to do some with the existing value, which seems
> to be an empty pte, then maybe just check if writing and reading that
> value with set_huge_pte_at() / huge_ptep_get() returns the same,
> i.e. initially w/o RANDOM_ORVALUE.
> So, in combination, like this (BTW, why is the barrier() needed, it
> is not used for the other set_huge_pte_at() calls later?):

Ahh missed, will add them. Earlier we faced problem without it after
set_pte_at() for a test on powerpc (64) platform. Hence just added it
here to be extra careful.

> @@ -733,24 +733,28 @@ static void __init hugetlb_advanced_test
> struct page *page = pfn_to_page(pfn);
> pte_t pte = READ_ONCE(*ptep);
> - pte = __pte(pte_val(pte) | RANDOM_ORVALUE);
> + set_huge_pte_at(mm, vaddr, ptep, pte);
> + WARN_ON(!pte_same(pte, huge_ptep_get(ptep)));
> +
> + pte = pte_mkhuge(mk_pte(phys_to_page(RANDOM_ORVALUE & PMD_MASK), prot));
> set_huge_pte_at(mm, vaddr, ptep, pte);
> barrier();
> WARN_ON(!pte_same(pte, huge_ptep_get(ptep)));
> This would actually add a new test "write empty pte with
> set_huge_pte_at(), then verify with huge_ptep_get()", which happens
> to trigger a warning on s390 :-)

On arm64 as well which checks for pte_present() in set_huge_pte_at().
But PTE present check is not really present in each set_huge_pte_at()
implementation especially without __HAVE_ARCH_HUGE_SET_HUGE_PTE_AT.
Hence wondering if we should add this new test here which will keep
giving warnings on s390 and arm64 (at the least).

> That (new) warning actually points to misbehavior on s390, we do not
> write a correct empty pmd in this case, but one that is empty and also
> marked as large. huge_ptep_get() will then not correctly recognize it
> as empty and do wrong conversion. It is also not consistent with
> huge_ptep_get_and_clear(), where we write the empty pmd w/o marking
> as large. Last but not least it would also break our pmd_protnone()
> logic (see below). Another nice finding on s390 :-)


> I don't think this has any effect in practice (yet), but I will post a
> fix for that, just in case you will add / change this test.


>>> set_huge_pte_at(mm, vaddr, ptep, pte);
>>> barrier();
>>> WARN_ON(!pte_same(pte, huge_ptep_get(ptep)));
>>> huge_pte_clear(mm, vaddr, ptep, PMD_SIZE);
>>> - pte = READ_ONCE(*ptep);
>>> + pte = huge_ptep_get(ptep);
>>> WARN_ON(!huge_pte_none(pte));
>>> pte = mk_huge_pte(page, prot);
>>> set_huge_pte_at(mm, vaddr, ptep, pte);
>>> huge_ptep_set_wrprotect(mm, vaddr, ptep);
>>> - pte = READ_ONCE(*ptep);
>>> + pte = huge_ptep_get(ptep);
>>> WARN_ON(huge_pte_write(pte));
>>> pte = mk_huge_pte(page, prot);
>>> set_huge_pte_at(mm, vaddr, ptep, pte);
>>> huge_ptep_get_and_clear(mm, vaddr, ptep);
>>> - pte = READ_ONCE(*ptep);
>>> + pte = huge_ptep_get(ptep);
>>> WARN_ON(!huge_pte_none(pte));
>>> pte = mk_huge_pte(page, prot);
>>> @@ -759,7 +759,7 @@ static void __init hugetlb_advanced_test
>>> pte = huge_pte_mkwrite(pte);
>>> pte = huge_pte_mkdirty(pte);
>>> huge_ptep_set_access_flags(vma, vaddr, ptep, pte, 1);
>>> - pte = READ_ONCE(*ptep);
>>> + pte = huge_ptep_get(ptep);
>>> WARN_ON(!(huge_pte_write(pte) && huge_pte_dirty(pte)));
>>> }
>>> #else
>>> 3) The pmd_protnone_tests() has an issue, because it passes a pmd to
>>> pmd_protnone() which has not been marked as large. We check for large
>>> pmd in the s390 implementation of pmd_protnone(), and will fail if a
>>> pmd is not large. We had similar issues before, in other helpers, where
>>> I changed the logic on s390 to not require the pmd large check, but I'm
>>> not so sure in this case. Is there a valid use case for doing
>>> pmd_protnone() on "normal" pmds? Or could this be changed like this:
>> That is a valid question. IIUC, all existing callers for pmd_protnone()
>> ensure that it is indeed a huge PMD. But even assuming otherwise should
>> not the huge PMD requirement get checked in the caller itself rather than
>> in the arch helper which is just supposed to check the existence of the
>> dedicated PTE bit(s) for this purpose. Purely from a helper perspective
>> pmd_protnone() should not really care about being large even though it
>> might never get used without one.
>> Also all platforms (except s390) derive the pmd_protnone() from their
>> respective pte_protnone(). I wonder why should s390 be any different
>> unless it is absolutely necessary.
> This is again because of our different page table entry layouts for
> pte/pmd and (large) pmd. The bits we check for pmd_protnone() are
> not valid for normal pmd/pte, and we would return undefined result for
> normal entries.
> Of course, we could rely on nobody calling pmd_protnone() on normal
> pmds, but in this case we also use pmd_large() check in pmd_protnone()
> for indication if the pmd is present. W/o that, we would return
> true for empty pmds, that doesn't sound right. Not sure if we also
> want to rely on nobody calling pmd_protnone() on empty pmds.

That might be problematic.

> Anyway, if in practice it is not correct to use pmd_protnone()
> on normal pmds, then I would suggest that your tests should also
> not do / test it. And I strongly assume that it is not correct, at
> least I cannot think of a valid case, and of course s390 would
> already be broken if there was such a case.

Okay, will use huge PMD here as you had suggested earlier.

> Regards,
> Gerald

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