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SubjectRe: [PATCH V2 0/3] mm/debug: Add more arch page table helper tests
On Wed, 8 Apr 2020 12:41:51 +0530
Anshuman Khandual <anshuman.khandual@arm.com> wrote:

[...]
> >
> >>
> >> Some thing like this instead.
> >>
> >> pte_t pte = READ_ONCE(*ptep);
> >> pte = pte_mkhuge(__pte((pte_val(pte) | RANDOM_ORVALUE) & PMD_MASK));
> >>
> >> We cannot use mk_pte_phys() as it is defined only on some platforms
> >> without any generic fallback for others.
> >
> > Oh, didn't know that, sorry. What about using mk_pte() instead, at least
> > it would result in a present pte:
> >
> > pte = pte_mkhuge(mk_pte(phys_to_page(RANDOM_ORVALUE & PMD_MASK), prot));
>
> Lets use mk_pte() here but can we do this instead
>
> paddr = (__pfn_to_phys(pfn) | RANDOM_ORVALUE) & PMD_MASK;
> pte = pte_mkhuge(mk_pte(phys_to_page(paddr), prot));
>

Sure, that will also work.

BTW, this RANDOM_ORVALUE is not really very random, the way it is
defined. For s390 we already changed it to mask out some arch bits,
but I guess there are other archs and bits that would always be
set with this "not so random" value, and I wonder if/how that would
affect all the tests using this value, see also below.

> >
> > And if you also want to do some with the existing value, which seems
> > to be an empty pte, then maybe just check if writing and reading that
> > value with set_huge_pte_at() / huge_ptep_get() returns the same,
> > i.e. initially w/o RANDOM_ORVALUE.
> >
> > So, in combination, like this (BTW, why is the barrier() needed, it
> > is not used for the other set_huge_pte_at() calls later?):
>
> Ahh missed, will add them. Earlier we faced problem without it after
> set_pte_at() for a test on powerpc (64) platform. Hence just added it
> here to be extra careful.
>
> >
> > @@ -733,24 +733,28 @@ static void __init hugetlb_advanced_test
> > struct page *page = pfn_to_page(pfn);
> > pte_t pte = READ_ONCE(*ptep);
> >
> > - pte = __pte(pte_val(pte) | RANDOM_ORVALUE);
> > + set_huge_pte_at(mm, vaddr, ptep, pte);
> > + WARN_ON(!pte_same(pte, huge_ptep_get(ptep)));
> > +
> > + pte = pte_mkhuge(mk_pte(phys_to_page(RANDOM_ORVALUE & PMD_MASK), prot));
> > set_huge_pte_at(mm, vaddr, ptep, pte);
> > barrier();
> > WARN_ON(!pte_same(pte, huge_ptep_get(ptep)));
> >
> > This would actually add a new test "write empty pte with
> > set_huge_pte_at(), then verify with huge_ptep_get()", which happens
> > to trigger a warning on s390 :-)
>
> On arm64 as well which checks for pte_present() in set_huge_pte_at().
> But PTE present check is not really present in each set_huge_pte_at()
> implementation especially without __HAVE_ARCH_HUGE_SET_HUGE_PTE_AT.
> Hence wondering if we should add this new test here which will keep
> giving warnings on s390 and arm64 (at the least).

Hmm, interesting. I forgot about huge swap / migration, which is not
(and probably cannot be) supported on s390. The pte_present() check
on arm64 seems to check for such huge swap / migration entries,
according to the comment.

The new test "write empty pte with set_huge_pte_at(), then verify
with huge_ptep_get()" would then probably trigger the
WARN_ON(!pte_present(pte)) in arm64 code. So I guess "writing empty
ptes with set_huge_pte_at()" is not really a valid use case in practice,
or else you would have seen this warning before. In that case, it
might not be a good idea to add this test.

I also do wonder now, why the original test with
"pte = __pte(pte_val(pte) | RANDOM_ORVALUE);"
did not also trigger that warning on arm64. On s390 this test failed
exactly because the constructed pte was not present (initially empty,
or'ing RANDOM_ORVALUE does not make it present for s390). I guess this
just worked by chance on arm64, because the bits from RANDOM_ORVALUE
also happened to mark the pte present for arm64.

This brings us back to the question above, regarding the "randomness"
of RANDOM_ORVALUE. Not really sure what the intention behind that was,
but maybe it would make sense to restrict this RANDOM_ORVALUE to
non-arch-specific bits, i.e. only bits that would be part of the
address value within a page table entry? Or was it intentionally
chosen to also mess with other bits?

Regards,
Gerald

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