[lkml]   [2020]   [Apr]   [7]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
Messages in this thread
SubjectRe: [PATCH v5 2/2] mm: hugetlb: optionally allocate gigantic hugepages using cma
On Tue 07-04-20 09:38:40, Roman Gushchin wrote:
> Commit 944d9fec8d7a ("hugetlb: add support for gigantic page allocation at
> runtime") has added the run-time allocation of gigantic pages. However it
> actually works only at early stages of the system loading, when the
> majority of memory is free. After some time the memory gets fragmented by
> non-movable pages, so the chances to find a contiguous 1 GB block are
> getting close to zero. Even dropping caches manually doesn't help a lot.
> At large scale rebooting servers in order to allocate gigantic hugepages
> is quite expensive and complex. At the same time keeping some constant
> percentage of memory in reserved hugepages even if the workload isn't
> using it is a big waste: not all workloads can benefit from using 1 GB
> pages.
> The following solution can solve the problem:
> 1) On boot time a dedicated cma area* is reserved. The size is passed
> as a kernel argument.
> 2) Run-time allocations of gigantic hugepages are performed using the
> cma allocator and the dedicated cma area
> In this case gigantic hugepages can be allocated successfully with a high
> probability, however the memory isn't completely wasted if nobody is using
> 1GB hugepages: it can be used for pagecache, anon memory, THPs, etc.
> * On a multi-node machine a per-node cma area is allocated on each node.
> Following gigantic hugetlb allocation are using the first available
> numa node if the mask isn't specified by a user.
> Usage:
> 1) configure the kernel to allocate a cma area for hugetlb allocations:
> pass hugetlb_cma=10G as a kernel argument
> 2) allocate hugetlb pages as usual, e.g.
> echo 10 > /sys/kernel/mm/hugepages/hugepages-1048576kB/nr_hugepages
> If the option isn't enabled or the allocation of the cma area failed,
> the current behavior of the system is preserved.
> x86 and arm-64 are covered by this patch, other architectures can be
> trivially added later.
> The patch contains clean-ups and fixes proposed and implemented by
> Aslan Bakirov and Randy Dunlap. It also contains ideas and suggestions
> proposed by Rik van Riel, Michal Hocko and Mike Kravetz. Thanks!
> Signed-off-by: Roman Gushchin <>
> Tested-by: Andreas Schaufler <>
> Acked-by: Mike Kravetz <>
> Acked-by: Michal Hocko <>
> Cc: Aslan Bakirov <>
> Cc: Randy Dunlap <>
> Cc: Rik van Riel <>
> Cc: Joonsoo Kim <>

Thanks a lot for addressing my review feedback!
Michal Hocko

 \ /
  Last update: 2020-04-07 20:15    [W:0.092 / U:8.544 seconds]
©2003-2020 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site