lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2020]   [Apr]   [7]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
/
From
Date
SubjectRe: [PATCH] kbuild: support 'LLVM' to switch the default tools to Clang/LLVM
On Tue, Apr 7, 2020 at 9:17 AM Masahiro Yamada <masahiroy@kernel.org> wrote:
>
> On Mon, Apr 6, 2020 at 8:22 PM 'Matthias Maennich' via Clang Built
> Linux <clang-built-linux@googlegroups.com> wrote:
> >
> > On Fri, Apr 03, 2020 at 02:17:09PM +0900, Masahiro Yamada wrote:
> > >As Documentation/kbuild/llvm.rst implies, building the kernel with a
> > >full set of LLVM tools gets very verbose and unwieldy.
> > >
> > >Provide a single switch 'LLVM' to use Clang and LLVM tools instead of
> > >GCC and Binutils. You can pass LLVM=1 from the command line or as an
> > >environment variable. Then, Kbuild will use LLVM toolchains in your
> > >PATH environment.
> > >
> > >Please note LLVM=1 does not turn on the LLVM integrated assembler.
> > >You need to explicitly pass AS=clang to use it. When the upstream
> > >kernel is ready for the integrated assembler, I think we can make
> > >it default.
> > >
> > >We discussed what we need, and we agreed to go with a simple boolean
> > >switch (https://lkml.org/lkml/2020/3/28/494).
> > >
> > >Some items in the discussion:
> > >
> > >- LLVM_DIR
> > >
> > > When multiple versions of LLVM are installed, I just thought supporting
> > > LLVM_DIR=/path/to/my/llvm/bin/ might be useful.
> > >
> > > CC = $(LLVM_DIR)clang
> > > LD = $(LLVM_DIR)ld.lld
> > > ...
> > >
> > > However, we can handle this by modifying PATH. So, we decided to not do
> > > this.
> > >
> > >- LLVM_SUFFIX
> > >
> > > Some distributions (e.g. Debian) package specific versions of LLVM with
> > > naming conventions that use the version as a suffix.
> > >
> > > CC = clang$(LLVM_SUFFIX)
> > > LD = ld.lld(LLVM_SUFFIX)
> > > ...
> > >
> > > will allow a user to pass LLVM_SUFFIX=-11 to use clang-11 etc.,
> > > but the suffixed versions in /usr/bin/ are symlinks to binaries in
> > > /usr/lib/llvm-#/bin/, so this can also be handled by PATH.
> > >
> > >- HOSTCC, HOSTCXX, etc.
> > >
> > > We can switch the host compilers in the same way:
> > >
> > > ifneq ($(LLVM),)
> > > HOSTCC = clang
> > > HOSTCXX = clang++
> > > else
> > > HOSTCC = gcc
> > > HOSTCXX = g++
> > > endif
> > >
> > > This may the right thing to do, but I could not make up my mind.
> > > Because we do not frequently switch the host compiler, a counter
> > > solution I had in my mind was to leave it to the default of the
> > > system.
> > >
> > > HOSTCC = cc
> > > HOSTCXX = c++
> >
> > What about HOSTLD ? I saw recently, that setting HOSTLD=ld.lld is not
> > yielding the expected result (some tools, like e.g. fixdep still require
> > an `ld` to be in PATH to be built). I did not find the time to look into
> > that yet, but I would like to consistently switch to the llvm toolchain
> > (including linker and possibly more) also for hostprogs.
>
>
> HOSTLD=ld.lld worked for me, but HOSTCC=clang did not.
>
>
>
> HOSTCC=clang without CC=clang fails to build objtool.
>
> The build system of objtool is meh. :(

Let's tackle that in a follow up, with the goal of build hermiticity
in mind. I think there's good feedback in this thread to inform the
design of a v2:
1. CLANG_AS=0 to disable integrated as. Hopefully we won't need this
much longer, so we don't need to spend too much time on this, Masahiro
please just choose a name for this. llvm-as naming conventions
doesn't follow the rest of binutils.
2. HOSTCC=clang HOSTLD=ld.lld set by LLVM=1 for helping with build hermiticity.

>
>
> HOSTCC scripts/mod/sumversion.o
> HOSTLD scripts/mod/modpost
> CALL scripts/checksyscalls.sh
> CALL scripts/atomic/check-atomics.sh
> DESCEND objtool
> error: unknown warning option '-Wstrict-aliasing=3'; did you mean
> '-Wstring-plus-int'? [-Werror,-Wunknown-warning-option]
> HOSTCC /home/masahiro/workspace/linux-kbuild/tools/objtool/fixdep.o
> HOSTLD /home/masahiro/workspace/linux-kbuild/tools/objtool/fixdep-in.o
> LINK /home/masahiro/workspace/linux-kbuild/tools/objtool/fixdep
> CC /home/masahiro/workspace/linux-kbuild/tools/objtool/exec-cmd.o
> CC /home/masahiro/workspace/linux-kbuild/tools/objtool/help.o
> CC /home/masahiro/workspace/linux-kbuild/tools/objtool/pager.o
>
>
>
>
>
>
> > Cheers,
> > Matthias
> >
> > >
> > > Many distributions support update-alternatives to switch the default
> > > to GCC, Clang, or whatever, but reviewers were opposed to this
> > > approach. So, this commit does not touch the host tools.
> > >
> > >Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <masahiroy@kernel.org>
> > >---
> > >
> > > Documentation/kbuild/kbuild.rst | 5 +++++
> > > Documentation/kbuild/llvm.rst | 5 +++++
> > > Makefile | 20 ++++++++++++++++----
> > > 3 files changed, 26 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)
> > >
> > >diff --git a/Documentation/kbuild/kbuild.rst b/Documentation/kbuild/kbuild.rst
> > >index 510f38d7e78a..2d1fc03d346e 100644
> > >--- a/Documentation/kbuild/kbuild.rst
> > >+++ b/Documentation/kbuild/kbuild.rst
> > >@@ -262,3 +262,8 @@ KBUILD_BUILD_USER, KBUILD_BUILD_HOST
> > > These two variables allow to override the user@host string displayed during
> > > boot and in /proc/version. The default value is the output of the commands
> > > whoami and host, respectively.
> > >+
> > >+LLVM
> > >+----
> > >+If this variable is set to 1, Kbuild will use Clang and LLVM utilities instead
> > >+of GCC and GNU binutils to build the kernel.
> > >diff --git a/Documentation/kbuild/llvm.rst b/Documentation/kbuild/llvm.rst
> > >index d6c79eb4e23e..4602369f6a4f 100644
> > >--- a/Documentation/kbuild/llvm.rst
> > >+++ b/Documentation/kbuild/llvm.rst
> > >@@ -55,6 +55,11 @@ additional parameters to `make`.
> > > READELF=llvm-readelf HOSTCC=clang HOSTCXX=clang++ HOSTAR=llvm-ar \\
> > > HOSTLD=ld.lld
> > >
> > >+You can use a single switch `LLVM=1` to use LLVM utilities by default (except
> > >+for building host programs).
> > >+
> > >+ make LLVM=1 HOSTCC=clang HOSTCXX=clang++ HOSTAR=llvm-ar HOSTLD=ld.lld
> > >+
> > > Getting Help
> > > ------------
> > >
> > >diff --git a/Makefile b/Makefile
> > >index c91342953d9e..6db89ecdd942 100644
> > >--- a/Makefile
> > >+++ b/Makefile
> > >@@ -409,16 +409,28 @@ KBUILD_HOSTLDFLAGS := $(HOST_LFS_LDFLAGS) $(HOSTLDFLAGS)
> > > KBUILD_HOSTLDLIBS := $(HOST_LFS_LIBS) $(HOSTLDLIBS)
> > >
> > > # Make variables (CC, etc...)
> > >-LD = $(CROSS_COMPILE)ld
> > >-CC = $(CROSS_COMPILE)gcc
> > > CPP = $(CC) -E
> > >+ifneq ($(LLVM),)
> > >+CC = clang
> > >+LD = ld.lld
> > >+AR = llvm-ar
> > >+NM = llvm-nm
> > >+OBJCOPY = llvm-objcopy
> > >+OBJDUMP = llvm-objdump
> > >+READELF = llvm-readelf
> > >+OBJSIZE = llvm-size
> > >+STRIP = llvm-strip
> > >+else
> > >+CC = $(CROSS_COMPILE)gcc
> > >+LD = $(CROSS_COMPILE)ld
> > > AR = $(CROSS_COMPILE)ar
> > > NM = $(CROSS_COMPILE)nm
> > >-STRIP = $(CROSS_COMPILE)strip
> > > OBJCOPY = $(CROSS_COMPILE)objcopy
> > > OBJDUMP = $(CROSS_COMPILE)objdump
> > >-OBJSIZE = $(CROSS_COMPILE)size
> > > READELF = $(CROSS_COMPILE)readelf
> > >+OBJSIZE = $(CROSS_COMPILE)size
> > >+STRIP = $(CROSS_COMPILE)strip
> > >+endif
> > > PAHOLE = pahole
> > > LEX = flex
> > > YACC = bison
> > >--
> > >2.17.1
> > >
> > >--
> > >You received this message because you are subscribed to the Google Groups "Clang Built Linux" group.
> > >To unsubscribe from this group and stop receiving emails from it, send an email to clang-built-linux+unsubscribe@googlegroups.com.
> > >To view this discussion on the web visit https://groups.google.com/d/msgid/clang-built-linux/20200403051709.22407-1-masahiroy%40kernel.org.
> >
> > --
> > You received this message because you are subscribed to the Google Groups "Clang Built Linux" group.
> > To unsubscribe from this group and stop receiving emails from it, send an email to clang-built-linux+unsubscribe@googlegroups.com.
> > To view this discussion on the web visit https://groups.google.com/d/msgid/clang-built-linux/20200406112220.GB126804%40google.com.
>
>
>
> --
> Best Regards
> Masahiro Yamada
>
> --
> You received this message because you are subscribed to the Google Groups "Clang Built Linux" group.
> To unsubscribe from this group and stop receiving emails from it, send an email to clang-built-linux+unsubscribe@googlegroups.com.
> To view this discussion on the web visit https://groups.google.com/d/msgid/clang-built-linux/CAK7LNARkFN8jTD8F3CU7r_AL8dbqaKpUuou4MCLZvAYLGs9bYA%40mail.gmail.com.



--
Thanks,
~Nick Desaulniers

\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2020-04-07 19:01    [W:0.050 / U:0.284 seconds]
©2003-2020 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site