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SubjectRe: [PATCH v3 8/9] riscv: introduce interfaces to patch kernel code
On Mon, 6 Apr 2020 18:36:42 +0800
Zong Li <zong.li@sifive.com> wrote:

> On Sat, Apr 4, 2020 at 8:12 PM Zong Li <zong.li@sifive.com> wrote:
> >
> > On Sat, Apr 4, 2020 at 11:14 AM Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@kernel.org> wrote:
> > >
> > > Hi Zong,
> > >
> > > On Fri, 3 Apr 2020 17:04:51 +0800
> > > Zong Li <zong.li@sifive.com> wrote:
> > >
> > > > > > > > +{
> > > > > > > > + void *waddr = addr;
> > > > > > > > + bool across_pages = (((uintptr_t) addr & ~PAGE_MASK) + len) > PAGE_SIZE;
> > > > > > > > + unsigned long flags = 0;
> > > > > > > > + int ret;
> > > > > > > > +
> > > > > > > > + raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&patch_lock, flags);
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > > This looks a bit odd since stop_machine() is protected by its own mutex,
> > > > > > > and also the irq is already disabled here.
> > > > > >
> > > > > > We need it because we don't always enter the riscv_patch_text_nosync()
> > > > > > through stop_machine mechanism. If we call the
> > > > > > riscv_patch_text_nosync() directly, we need a lock to protect the
> > > > > > page.
> > > > >
> > > > > Oh, OK, but it leads another question. Is that safe to patch the
> > > > > text without sync? Would you use it for UP system?
> > > > > I think it is better to clarify "in what case user can call _nosync()"
> > > > > and add a comment on it.
> > > >
> > > > The ftrace is one of the cases, as documentation of ftrace said, when
> > > > dynamic ftrace is initialized, it calls kstop_machine to make the
> > > > machine act like a uniprocessor so that it can freely modify code
> > > > without worrying about other processors executing that same code. So
> > > > the ftrace called the _nosync interface here directly.
> > >
> > > Hmm, even though, since it already running under kstop_machine(), no
> > > other thread will run.
> > > Could you consider to use text_mutex instead of that? The text_mutex
> > > is already widely used in x86 and kernel/kprobes.c etc.
> > >
> > > (Hmm, it seems except for x86, alternative code don't care about
> > > racing...)
> > >
>
> The mutex_lock doesn't seem to work in ftrace context, I think it
> might be the reason why other architectures didn't use text_mutex in
> somewhere.

Yes, you need to implement ftrace_arch_code_modify_prepare() and
ftrace_arch_code_modify_post_process() in arch/riscv/kernel/ftrace.c.
Please see arch/x86/kernel/ftrace.c.

Thank you,

>
> # echo function > current_tracer
> [ 28.198070] BUG: sleeping function called from invalid context at
> kernel/locking/mutex.c:281
> [ 28.198663] in_atomic(): 1, irqs_disabled(): 1, non_block: 0, pid:
> 11, name: migration/0
> [ 28.199491] CPU: 0 PID: 11 Comm: migration/0 Not tainted
> 5.6.0-00012-gd6f56a7a4be2-dirty #10
> [ 28.200330] Call Trace:
> [ 28.200798] [<ffffffe00060319a>] walk_stackframe+0x0/0xcc
> [ 28.201395] [<ffffffe000603442>] show_stack+0x3c/0x46
> [ 28.200798] [<ffffffe00060319a>] walk_stackframe+0x0/0xcc
> [ 28.201395] [<ffffffe000603442>] show_stack+0x3c/0x46
> [ 28.201898] [<ffffffe000d498b0>] dump_stack+0x76/0x90
> [ 28.202329] [<ffffffe00062c3f0>] ___might_sleep+0x100/0x10e
> [ 28.202720] [<ffffffe00062c448>] __might_sleep+0x4a/0x78
> [ 28.203033] [<ffffffe000d61622>] mutex_lock+0x2c/0x54
> [ 28.203397] [<ffffffe00060393e>] patch_insn_write+0x32/0xd8
> [ 28.203780] [<ffffffe000603a94>] patch_text_nosync+0x10/0x32
> [ 28.204139] [<ffffffe0006051b0>] __ftrace_modify_call+0x5c/0x6c
> [ 28.204497] [<ffffffe0006052c6>] ftrace_update_ftrace_func+0x20/0x4a
> [ 28.204919] [<ffffffe000697742>] ftrace_modify_all_code+0xa0/0x148
> [ 28.205378] [<ffffffe0006977fc>] __ftrace_modify_code+0x12/0x1c
> [ 28.205793] [<ffffffe0006924b6>] multi_cpu_stop+0xa2/0x158
> [ 28.206147] [<ffffffe0006921b0>] cpu_stopper_thread+0xa4/0x13a
> [ 28.206510] [<ffffffe000629f38>] smpboot_thread_fn+0xf8/0x1da
> [ 28.206868] [<ffffffe000625f36>] kthread+0xfa/0x12a
> [ 28.207201] [<ffffffe0006017e2>] ret_from_exception+0x0/0xc
>
> >
> > Yes, text_mutex seems to be great. I'll change to use text_mutex in
> > the next version if it works fine after testing. Thanks.
> >
> > > Thank you,
> > > --
> > > Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@kernel.org>


--
Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@kernel.org>

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