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SubjectRe: Trying to kexec on Allwinner A80
On Tue, Apr 07, 2020 at 11:19:12AM +0100, Russell King - ARM Linux admin wrote:
> On Tue, Apr 07, 2020 at 11:02:03AM +0100, Russell King - ARM Linux admin wrote:
> > On Mon, Apr 06, 2020 at 10:27:20AM +0200, Corentin Labbe wrote:
> > > Hello
> > >
> > > I am trying to add the last missing Allwinner Soc in kernelci: the A80.
> > > But this SoC does not have any way to be used in kernelci, no USB nor network in uboot.
> > > So I have tried to fake uboot since the kernel has network support and run the new kernel via kexec.
> > >
> > > But kexec 2.0.18 fail to work:
> > > kexec --force /tmp/kernel --initrd /tmp/ramdisk --dtb /tmp/dtb --command-line='console=ttyS0,115200n8 root=/dev/ram0 earlycon=uart,mmio32,0x7000000 ip=dhcp'
> >
> > As I mentioned in my other reply, this apparent "kexec" command line
> > does not seem to reflect the arguments you actually used to invoke
> > the kexec output below.
> >
> > > syscall kexec_file_load not available.
> >
> > This message is produced by do_kexec_file_load(). This function is only
> > invoked if the do_kexec_file_syscall flag in main() is set. This flag
> > is only set if one of:
> >
> > --kexec-file-syscall
> > --kexec-syscall
> > --kexec-syscall-auto
> > -s
> > -c
> > -a
> >
> > are provided on the kexec command line. Your command line above does
> > not contain any of those arguments, so either the command line is not
> > what you used, or you are using a patched kexec, or your compiler is
> > grossly miscompiling kexec.
> >
> > > Try gzip decompression.
> > > kernel: 0xb6535008 kernel_size: 0x853200
> > > MEMORY RANGES
> > > 0000000020000000-000000009fffffff (0)
> >
> > Then there's the debug output, which is only produced if the
> > kexec_debug global is set, which in turn is only set if --debug or -d
> > is supplied on the kexec command line - which again, your kexec
> > command line does not contain this.
> >
> > > zImage header: 0x016f2818 0x00000000 0x00853200
> > > zImage size 0x853200, file size 0x853200
> > > zImage requires 0x00864200 bytes
> > > offset 0x0000bae4 tag 0x5a534c4b size 8
> > > Decompressed kernel sizes:
> > > text+data 0x0158b3a0 bss 0x000632f0 total 0x015ee690
> > > Resulting kernel space: 0x01def5a0
> > > Kernel: address=0x20008000 size=0x01def5a0
> > > Initrd: address=0x21df8000 size=0x0090b6fa
> > > DT : address=0x22704000 size=0x00005c09
> > > kexec_load: entry = 0x20008000 flags = 0x280000
> > > nr_segments = 3
> > > segment[0].buf = 0xb6535008
> > > segment[0].bufsz = 0x853204
> > > segment[0].mem = 0x20008000
> > > segment[0].memsz = 0x854000
> > > segment[1].buf = 0xb5c29008
> > > segment[1].bufsz = 0x90b6fa
> > > segment[1].mem = 0x21df8000
> > > segment[1].memsz = 0x90c000
> > > segment[2].buf = 0x4db50
> > > segment[2].bufsz = 0x5c09
> > > segm[ 71.039126] kexec_core: Starting new kernel
> > > ent[2].mem = 0[ 71.044712] Disabling non-boot CPUs ...
> > > x22704000
> > > segment[2].memsz = 0x6000
> > > [ 71.489070] Bye!
> > >
> > >
> > > I have tried also kexec-2.0.20
> > > Try gzip decompression.
> > > zImage header: 0x00000000 0x000019b4 0x00001000
> > > zImage requires 0x008641c0 bytes
> > > Could not find a free area of memory of 0x86c1c0 bytes...
> > > Cannot load /tmp/kernel
> >
> > kexec 2.0.20 doesn't appear to have changed anything to do with how
> > allocations are done. The above output looks even more strange and
> > confusing. "zImage header" is produced by debugging prints, which
> > imply that kexec_debug was set.
> >
> > However, the "MEMORY RANGES" output is missing - this has not gone
> > away with kexec 2.0.20, it's still there, and works for me (I've
> > just built and tested kexec 2.0.20).
> >
> > Also, the values on the "zImage header" line are completely messed
> > up; the first should be the zImage magic value and it is not - that
> > suggests that the file being loaded is not a zImage file, or is
> > corrupted.
>
> Under a VM (the kernel doesn't have kexec support - but that's not a
> problem, because the initial loading stages are the relevant parts
> which all happen in userspace):
>
> # build/sbin/kexec --version
> kexec-tools 2.0.20
> # build/sbin/kexec --debug --load virt-vmlinuz-5.4.0+
> Try gzip decompression.
> kernel: 0xb6a6c008 kernel_size: 0x407358
> MEMORY RANGES
> 0000000040000000-000000007fffffff (0)
> zImage header: 0x016f2818 0x00000000 0x00407358
> zImage size 0x407358, file size 0x407358
> zImage requires 0x00418358 bytes
> offset 0x00007178 tag 0x5a534c4b size 12
> Decompressed kernel sizes:
> text+data 0x00c2ed24 bss 0x000319ec total 0x00c60710
> Resulting kernel space: 0x0104707c
> Kernel: address=0x40008000 size=0x0104707c
> DT : address=0x41051000 size=0x00100000
> kexec_load: entry = 0x40008000 flags = 0x280000
> nr_segments = 2
> segment[0].buf = 0xb6a6c008
> segment[0].bufsz = 0x40735c
> segment[0].mem = 0x40008000
> segment[0].memsz = 0x408000
> segment[1].buf = 0xb696b008
> segment[1].bufsz = 0x100000
> segment[1].mem = 0x41051000
> segment[1].memsz = 0x100000
> kexec_load failed: Function not implemented
> entry = 0x40008000 flags = 0x280000
> nr_segments = 2
> segment[0].buf = 0xb6aa0008
> segment[0].bufsz = 0x40735c
> segment[0].mem = 0x40008000
> segment[0].memsz = 0x408000
> segment[1].buf = 0xb699f008
> segment[1].bufsz = 0x100000
> segment[1].mem = 0x41051000
> segment[1].memsz = 0x100000
> #
>
> On a SolidRun Hummingboard2 (iMX6 based, which has kexec support, same
> kexec binary, first without an initrd, and then with):
>
> # build/sbin/kexec --version
> kexec-tools 2.0.20
> # build/sbin/kexec --debug --load multi-vmlinuz-5.6.0+
> Try gzip decompression.
> kernel: 0xb6763008 kernel_size: 0x7273a8
> MEMORY RANGES
> 0000000010000000-000000004fffffff (0)
> zImage header: 0x016f2818 0x00000000 0x007273a8
> zImage size 0x7273a8, file size 0x7273a8
> zImage requires 0x007383a8 bytes
> offset 0x00004da8 tag 0x5a534c4b size 12
> Decompressed kernel sizes:
> text+data 0x00dbedb8 bss 0x007489f8 total 0x015077b0
> Resulting kernel space: 0x015077b0
> Kernel: address=0x10008000 size=0x015077b0
> DT : address=0x11511000 size=0x0000b000
> kexec_load: entry = 0x10008000 flags = 0x280000
> nr_segments = 2
> segment[0].buf = 0xb6763008
> segment[0].bufsz = 0x7273ac
> segment[0].mem = 0x10008000
> segment[0].memsz = 0x728000
> segment[1].buf = 0x1207cb0
> segment[1].bufsz = 0xb000
> segment[1].mem = 0x11511000
> segment[1].memsz = 0xb000
> # build/sbin/kexec --unload
> # build/sbin/kexec --debug --load multi-vmlinuz-5.6.0+ --initrd /boot/initrd.img-5.4.0+
> Try gzip decompression.
> kernel: 0xb65d8008 kernel_size: 0x7273a8
> MEMORY RANGES
> 0000000010000000-000000004fffffff (0)
> zImage header: 0x016f2818 0x00000000 0x007273a8
> zImage size 0x7273a8, file size 0x7273a8
> zImage requires 0x007383a8 bytes
> offset 0x00004da8 tag 0x5a534c4b size 12
> Decompressed kernel sizes:
> text+data 0x00dbedb8 bss 0x007489f8 total 0x015077b0
> Resulting kernel space: 0x015077b0
> Kernel: address=0x10008000 size=0x015077b0
> Initrd: address=0x11510000 size=0x0053f46a
> DT : address=0x11a50000 size=0x0000b044
> kexec_load: entry = 0x10008000 flags = 0x280000
> nr_segments = 3
> segment[0].buf = 0xb65d8008
> segment[0].bufsz = 0x7273ac
> segment[0].mem = 0x10008000
> segment[0].memsz = 0x728000
> segment[1].buf = 0xb6098008
> segment[1].bufsz = 0x53f46a
> segment[1].mem = 0x11510000
> segment[1].memsz = 0x540000
> segment[2].buf = 0x993cf0
> segment[2].bufsz = 0xb044
> segment[2].mem = 0x11a50000
> segment[2].memsz = 0xc000
>
> On clearfog (Armada 388):
>
> # build/sbin/kexec --debug --load multi-vmlinuz-5.6.0+
> Try gzip decompression.
> kernel: 0xb6745008 kernel_size: 0x7273a8
> MEMORY RANGES
> 0000000000000000-000000003fffffff (0)
> zImage header: 0x016f2818 0x00000000 0x007273a8
> zImage size 0x7273a8, file size 0x7273a8
> zImage requires 0x007383a8 bytes
> offset 0x00004da8 tag 0x5a534c4b size 12
> Decompressed kernel sizes:
> text+data 0x00dbedb8 bss 0x007489f8 total 0x015077b0
> Resulting kernel space: 0x015077b0
> Kernel: address=0x00008000 size=0x015077b0
> DT : address=0x01511000 size=0x00007be3
> kexec_load: entry = 0x8000 flags = 0x280000
> nr_segments = 2
> segment[0].buf = 0xb6745008
> segment[0].bufsz = 0x7273ac
> segment[0].mem = 0x8000
> segment[0].memsz = 0x728000
> segment[1].buf = 0x1be7f68
> segment[1].bufsz = 0x7be3
> segment[1].mem = 0x1511000
> segment[1].memsz = 0x8000
>
> All appears to work fine.
>

I have found a part of my problem, kexec-tool seems to always use the OPT_KEXEC_FILE_SYSCALL.
Even if I set --kexec-syscall.

On my early tries I got "syscall kexec_file_load not available."
When I did a full rebuild of my buildroot to go back to kexec-tool 2.0.18, this syscall become availlable.
The get_memory_ranges seems to be called only from my_load() which is executed when !do_kexec_file_syscall.

Since kexec-tool always set do_kexec_file_syscall, it is never called.
I have added a print for each syscal option, and it seems that OPT_KEXEC_SYSCALL_AUTO is called after the handling of OPT_KEXEC_SYSCALL.

So I have hack to always set do_kexec_file_syscall=0

So now my test go further, but the final kernel crash.
DEBUG: bootz: run kexec with /tmp/kernel --debug --kexec-syscall --force --initrd /tmp/ramdisk --dtb /tmp/dtb --command-line='console=ttyS0,115200n8 root=/dev/ram0 earlycon=uart,mmio32,0x7000000 ip=dhcp'
Set DEBUG!
main:1417 OPT_KEXEC_SYSCALL
main:1422 OPT_KEXEC_SYSCALL_AUTO
arch_process_options:119
main:1500
main:1517 res=0 do_load=1
main:1519 res=0 do_kexec_file_syscall=0
my_load:713
Try gzip decompression.
kernel: 0xb693b008 kernel_size: 0x443ac0
get_memory_ranges:36
MEMORY RANGES
0000000020000000-000000009fffffff (0)
DEBUG: my_load:737 memory_ranges=1
zImage_arm_load:423
zImage header: 0x016f2818 0x00000000 0x00443ac0
zImage size 0x443ac0, file size 0x443ac0
zImage requires 0x00454ac0 bytes
offset 0x00006678 tag 0x5a534c4b size 8
Decompressed kernel sizes:
text+data 0x00b78080 bss 0x0003d3c0 total 0x00bb5440
Resulting kernel space: 0x00fccb40
DEBUG: locate_hole:237 memory_ranges=1
Check 0/1 536870912 0 type=-1610612737
Check 0/1 536870912 0
Kernel: address=0x20008000 size=0x00fccb40
DEBUG: locate_hole:237 memory_ranges=1
Check 0/1 536870912 0 type=-1610612737
Check 0/1 536870912 0
Initrd: address=0x20fd5000 size=0x0167213d
DEBUG: locate_hole:237 memory_ranges=1
Check 0/1 536870912 0 type=-1610612737
Check 0/2 536870912 0
Check 1/2 577011712 0
DT : address=0x22648000 size=0x00006043
kexec_load: entry = 0x20008000 flags = 0x280000
nr_segments = 3
segment[0].buf = 0xb693b008
segment[0].bufsz = 0x443ac4
segment[0].mem = 0x20008000
segment[0].memsz = 0x444000
segment[1].buf = 0xb52c8008
segment[1].bufsz = 0x167213d
segment[1].mem = 0x20fd5000
segment[1].memsz = 0x1673000
segment[2].buf = 0x4ef88
segment[2].bufsz = 0x6043
segment[2].mem = 0x2[ 31.265096] sun7i-dwmac 830000.ethernet eth0: Link is Down
2648000
segment[2].memsz = 0x7000
main:1568 res=0
main:1582 res=0 do_exec=1
[ 31.277297] kexec_core: Starting new kernel
[ 31.282700] Disabling non-boot CPUs ...
[ 31.692085] Bye!
C:0x200080C0-0x2044BAC0->0x20B80B00-0x20FC4500

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