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Subject[PATCH 3/4] x86,module: Detect VMX vs SLD conflicts
It turns out that with Split-Lock-Detect enabled (default) any VMX
hypervisor needs at least a little modification in order to not blindly
inject the #AC into the guest without the guest being ready for it.

Since there is no telling which module implements a hypervisor, scan
all out-of-tree modules' text and look for VMX instructions and refuse
to load it when SLD is enabled (default) and the module isn't marked
'sld_safe'.

Hypervisors, which have been modified and are known to work correctly,
can add:

MODULE_INFO(sld_safe, "Y");

to explicitly tell the module loader they're good.

Reported-by: "Kenneth R. Crudup" <kenny@panix.com>
Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20200402124205.242674296@linutronix.de
---
arch/x86/include/asm/cpu.h | 5 ++
arch/x86/kernel/cpu/intel.c | 5 ++
arch/x86/kernel/module.c | 87 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
include/linux/moduleloader.h | 2
kernel/module.c | 3 -
5 files changed, 99 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/cpu.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/cpu.h
@@ -44,6 +44,7 @@ unsigned int x86_stepping(unsigned int s
extern void __init cpu_set_core_cap_bits(struct cpuinfo_x86 *c);
extern void switch_to_sld(unsigned long tifn);
extern bool handle_user_split_lock(struct pt_regs *regs, long error_code);
+extern bool split_lock_enabled(void);
#else
static inline void __init cpu_set_core_cap_bits(struct cpuinfo_x86 *c) {}
static inline void switch_to_sld(unsigned long tifn) {}
@@ -51,5 +52,9 @@ static inline bool handle_user_split_loc
{
return false;
}
+static inline bool split_lock_enabled(void)
+{
+ return false;
+}
#endif
#endif /* _ASM_X86_CPU_H */
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/intel.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/intel.c
@@ -1061,6 +1061,11 @@ static void sld_update_msr(bool on)
wrmsrl(MSR_TEST_CTRL, test_ctrl_val);
}

+bool split_lock_enabled(void)
+{
+ return sld_state != sld_off;
+}
+
static void split_lock_init(void)
{
split_lock_verify_msr(sld_state != sld_off);
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/module.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/module.c
@@ -24,6 +24,8 @@
#include <asm/pgtable.h>
#include <asm/setup.h>
#include <asm/unwind.h>
+#include <asm/cpu.h>
+#include <asm/insn.h>

#if 0
#define DEBUGP(fmt, ...) \
@@ -217,6 +219,78 @@ int apply_relocate_add(Elf64_Shdr *sechd
}
#endif

+static bool insn_is_vmx(struct insn *insn)
+{
+ u8 modrm = insn->modrm.bytes[0];
+ u8 modrm_mod = X86_MODRM_MOD(modrm);
+ u8 modrm_reg = X86_MODRM_REG(modrm);
+
+ u8 prefix = insn->prefixes.bytes[0];
+
+ if (insn->opcode.bytes[0] != 0x0f)
+ return false;
+
+ switch (insn->opcode.bytes[1]) {
+ case 0x01:
+ switch (insn->opcode.bytes[2]) {
+ case 0xc1: /* VMCALL */
+ case 0xc2: /* VMLAUNCH */
+ case 0xc3: /* VMRESUME */
+ case 0xc4: /* VMXOFF */
+ return true;
+
+ default:
+ break;
+ }
+ break;
+
+ case 0x78: /* VMREAD */
+ case 0x79: /* VMWRITE */
+ return true;
+
+ case 0xc7:
+ /* VMPTRLD, VMPTRST, VMCLEAR, VMXON */
+ if (modrm_mod == 0x03)
+ break;
+
+ if ((modrm_reg == 6 && (!prefix || prefix == 0x66 || prefix == 0xf3)) ||
+ (modrm_reg == 7 && (!prefix || prefix == 0xf3)))
+ return true;
+
+ break;
+
+ default:
+ break;
+ }
+
+ return false;
+}
+
+static int decode_module(struct module *mod, void *text, void *text_end, bool sld_safe)
+{
+ bool allow_vmx = sld_safe || !split_lock_enabled();
+ struct insn insn;
+
+ while (text < text_end) {
+ kernel_insn_init(&insn, text, text_end - text);
+ insn_get_length(&insn);
+
+ if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!insn_complete(&insn))) {
+ pr_err("Module text malformed: %s\n", mod->name);
+ return -ENOEXEC;
+ }
+
+ if (!allow_vmx && insn_is_vmx(&insn)) {
+ pr_err("Module has VMX instructions and is not marked 'sld_safe', boot with: 'split_lock_detect=off': %s\n", mod->name);
+ return -ENOEXEC;
+ }
+
+ text += insn.length;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
int module_finalize(const struct load_info *info, struct module *me)
{
const Elf_Ehdr *hdr = info->hdr;
@@ -253,6 +327,16 @@ int module_finalize(const struct load_in
tseg, tseg + text->sh_size);
}

+ if (text && !get_modinfo(info, "intree")) {
+ bool sld_safe = get_modinfo(info, "sld_safe");
+ void *tseg = (void *)text->sh_addr;
+ int ret;
+
+ ret = decode_module(me, tseg, tseg + text->sh_size, sld_safe);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+ }
+
if (para) {
void *pseg = (void *)para->sh_addr;
apply_paravirt(pseg, pseg + para->sh_size);
@@ -261,9 +345,10 @@ int module_finalize(const struct load_in
/* make jump label nops */
jump_label_apply_nops(me);

- if (orc && orc_ip)
+ if (orc && orc_ip) {
unwind_module_init(me, (void *)orc_ip->sh_addr, orc_ip->sh_size,
(void *)orc->sh_addr, orc->sh_size);
+ }

return 0;
}
--- a/include/linux/moduleloader.h
+++ b/include/linux/moduleloader.h
@@ -26,6 +26,8 @@ struct load_info {
} index;
};

+extern char *get_modinfo(const struct load_info *info, const char *tag);
+
/* These may be implemented by architectures that need to hook into the
* module loader code. Architectures that don't need to do anything special
* can just rely on the 'weak' default hooks defined in kernel/module.c.
--- a/kernel/module.c
+++ b/kernel/module.c
@@ -1393,7 +1393,6 @@ static inline int same_magic(const char
}
#endif /* CONFIG_MODVERSIONS */

-static char *get_modinfo(const struct load_info *info, const char *tag);
static char *get_next_modinfo(const struct load_info *info, const char *tag,
char *prev);

@@ -2521,7 +2520,7 @@ static char *get_next_modinfo(const stru
return NULL;
}

-static char *get_modinfo(const struct load_info *info, const char *tag)
+char *get_modinfo(const struct load_info *info, const char *tag)
{
return get_next_modinfo(info, tag, NULL);
}

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