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Subject[PATCH v4 1/2] firmware: google: Expose CBMEM over sysfs
Date
From: Patrick Rudolph <patrick.rudolph@9elements.com>

Make all CBMEM buffers available to userland. This is useful for tools
that are currently using /dev/mem.

Make the id, size and address available, as well as the raw table data.

Tools can easily scan the right CBMEM buffer by reading
/sys/bus/coreboot/drivers/cbmem/coreboot*/cbmem_attributes/id
or
/sys/bus/coreboot/devices/coreboot*/cbmem_attributes/id

The binary table data can then be read from
/sys/bus/coreboot/drivers/cbmem/coreboot*/cbmem_attributes/data
or
/sys/bus/coreboot/devices/coreboot*/cbmem_attributes/data

Signed-off-by: Patrick Rudolph <patrick.rudolph@9elements.com>
---
-v2:
- Add ABI documentation
- Add 0x prefix on hex values
-v3:
- Use BIN_ATTR_RO
-v4:
- Use temporary memremap instead of persistent ioremap
- Constify a struct
- Get rid of unused headers
- Use dev_{get|set}_drvdata
- Use dev_groups to automatically handle attributes
- Updated file description
- Updated ABI documentation
---
Documentation/ABI/stable/sysfs-bus-coreboot | 44 +++++++
drivers/firmware/google/Kconfig | 9 ++
drivers/firmware/google/Makefile | 1 +
drivers/firmware/google/cbmem-coreboot.c | 128 ++++++++++++++++++++
drivers/firmware/google/coreboot_table.h | 14 +++
5 files changed, 196 insertions(+)
create mode 100644 Documentation/ABI/stable/sysfs-bus-coreboot
create mode 100644 drivers/firmware/google/cbmem-coreboot.c

diff --git a/Documentation/ABI/stable/sysfs-bus-coreboot b/Documentation/ABI/stable/sysfs-bus-coreboot
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..6055906f41f2
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/ABI/stable/sysfs-bus-coreboot
@@ -0,0 +1,44 @@
+What: /sys/bus/coreboot/devices/.../cbmem_attributes/id
+Date: Apr 2020
+KernelVersion: 5.6
+Contact: Patrick Rudolph <patrick.rudolph@9elements.com>
+Description:
+ coreboot device directory can contain a file named
+ cbmem_attributes/id if the device corresponds to a CBMEM
+ buffer.
+ The file holds an ASCII representation of the CBMEM ID in hex
+ (e.g. 0xdeadbeef).
+
+What: /sys/bus/coreboot/devices/.../cbmem_attributes/size
+Date: Apr 2020
+KernelVersion: 5.6
+Contact: Patrick Rudolph <patrick.rudolph@9elements.com>
+Description:
+ coreboot device directory can contain a file named
+ cbmem_attributes/size if the device corresponds to a CBMEM
+ buffer.
+ The file holds an representation as decimal number of the
+ CBMEM buffer size (e.g. 64).
+
+What: /sys/bus/coreboot/devices/.../cbmem_attributes/address
+Date: Apr 2020
+KernelVersion: 5.6
+Contact: Patrick Rudolph <patrick.rudolph@9elements.com>
+Description:
+ coreboot device directory can contain a file named
+ cbmem_attributes/address if the device corresponds to a CBMEM
+ buffer.
+ The file holds an ASCII representation of the physical address
+ of the CBMEM buffer in hex (e.g. 0x000000008000d000) and should
+ be used for debugging only.
+
+What: /sys/bus/coreboot/devices/.../cbmem_attributes/data
+Date: Apr 2020
+KernelVersion: 5.6
+Contact: Patrick Rudolph <patrick.rudolph@9elements.com>
+Description:
+ coreboot device directory can contain a file named
+ cbmem_attributes/data if the device corresponds to a CBMEM
+ buffer.
+ The file holds a read-only binary representation of the CBMEM
+ buffer.
diff --git a/drivers/firmware/google/Kconfig b/drivers/firmware/google/Kconfig
index a3a6ca659ffa..11a67c397ab3 100644
--- a/drivers/firmware/google/Kconfig
+++ b/drivers/firmware/google/Kconfig
@@ -58,6 +58,15 @@ config GOOGLE_FRAMEBUFFER_COREBOOT
This option enables the kernel to search for a framebuffer in
the coreboot table. If found, it is registered with simplefb.

+config GOOGLE_CBMEM_COREBOOT
+ tristate "Coreboot CBMEM access"
+ depends on GOOGLE_COREBOOT_TABLE
+ help
+ This option exposes all available CBMEM buffers to userland.
+ The CBMEM id, size and address as well as the raw table data
+ are exported as sysfs attributes of the corresponding coreboot
+ table.
+
config GOOGLE_MEMCONSOLE_COREBOOT
tristate "Firmware Memory Console"
depends on GOOGLE_COREBOOT_TABLE
diff --git a/drivers/firmware/google/Makefile b/drivers/firmware/google/Makefile
index d17caded5d88..62053cd6d058 100644
--- a/drivers/firmware/google/Makefile
+++ b/drivers/firmware/google/Makefile
@@ -2,6 +2,7 @@

obj-$(CONFIG_GOOGLE_SMI) += gsmi.o
obj-$(CONFIG_GOOGLE_COREBOOT_TABLE) += coreboot_table.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_GOOGLE_CBMEM_COREBOOT) += cbmem-coreboot.o
obj-$(CONFIG_GOOGLE_FRAMEBUFFER_COREBOOT) += framebuffer-coreboot.o
obj-$(CONFIG_GOOGLE_MEMCONSOLE) += memconsole.o
obj-$(CONFIG_GOOGLE_MEMCONSOLE_COREBOOT) += memconsole-coreboot.o
diff --git a/drivers/firmware/google/cbmem-coreboot.c b/drivers/firmware/google/cbmem-coreboot.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..f76704a6eec7
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/firmware/google/cbmem-coreboot.c
@@ -0,0 +1,128 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only
+/*
+ * cbmem-coreboot.c
+ *
+ * Exports CBMEM as attributes in sysfs.
+ *
+ * Copyright 2012-2013 David Herrmann <dh.herrmann@gmail.com>
+ * Copyright 2017 Google Inc.
+ * Copyright 2019 9elements Agency GmbH
+ */
+
+#include <linux/device.h>
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/string.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/io.h>
+
+#include "coreboot_table.h"
+
+#define CB_TAG_CBMEM_ENTRY 0x31
+
+struct cb_priv {
+ struct lb_cbmem_entry entry;
+};
+
+static ssize_t id_show(struct device *dev,
+ struct device_attribute *attr, char *buffer)
+{
+ const struct cb_priv *priv = dev_get_drvdata(dev);
+
+ return sprintf(buffer, "%#08x\n", priv->entry.id);
+}
+
+static ssize_t size_show(struct device *dev,
+ struct device_attribute *attr, char *buffer)
+{
+ const struct cb_priv *priv = dev_get_drvdata(dev);
+
+ return sprintf(buffer, "%u\n", priv->entry.entry_size);
+}
+
+static ssize_t address_show(struct device *dev,
+ struct device_attribute *attr, char *buffer)
+{
+ const struct cb_priv *priv = dev_get_drvdata(dev);
+
+ return sprintf(buffer, "%#016llx\n", priv->entry.address);
+}
+
+static DEVICE_ATTR_RO(id);
+static DEVICE_ATTR_RO(size);
+static DEVICE_ATTR_RO(address);
+
+static struct attribute *cb_mem_attrs[] = {
+ &dev_attr_address.attr,
+ &dev_attr_id.attr,
+ &dev_attr_size.attr,
+ NULL
+};
+
+static ssize_t data_read(struct file *filp, struct kobject *kobj,
+ struct bin_attribute *bin_attr,
+ char *buffer, loff_t offset, size_t count)
+{
+ const struct device *dev = kobj_to_dev(kobj);
+ const struct cb_priv *priv = dev_get_drvdata(dev);
+ void *ptr;
+
+ /* CBMEM is always RAM with unknown caching attributes. */
+ ptr = memremap(priv->entry.address, priv->entry.entry_size,
+ MEMREMAP_WB | MEMREMAP_WT);
+ if (!ptr)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ count = memory_read_from_buffer(buffer, count, &offset, ptr,
+ priv->entry.entry_size);
+ memunmap(ptr);
+
+ return count;
+}
+
+static BIN_ATTR_RO(data, 0);
+
+static struct bin_attribute *cb_mem_bin_attrs[] = {
+ &bin_attr_data,
+ NULL
+};
+
+static const struct attribute_group cb_mem_attr_group = {
+ .name = "cbmem_attributes",
+ .attrs = cb_mem_attrs,
+ .bin_attrs = cb_mem_bin_attrs,
+};
+
+static const struct attribute_group *attribute_groups[] = {
+ &cb_mem_attr_group,
+ NULL,
+};
+
+static int cbmem_probe(struct coreboot_device *cdev)
+{
+ struct device *dev = &cdev->dev;
+ struct cb_priv *priv;
+
+ priv = devm_kmalloc(dev, sizeof(*priv), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!priv)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ memcpy(&priv->entry, &cdev->cbmem_entry, sizeof(priv->entry));
+
+ dev_set_drvdata(dev, priv);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static struct coreboot_driver cbmem_driver = {
+ .probe = cbmem_probe,
+ .drv = {
+ .name = "cbmem",
+ .dev_groups = attribute_groups,
+ },
+ .tag = CB_TAG_CBMEM_ENTRY,
+};
+
+module_coreboot_driver(cbmem_driver);
+
+MODULE_AUTHOR("9elements Agency GmbH");
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
diff --git a/drivers/firmware/google/coreboot_table.h b/drivers/firmware/google/coreboot_table.h
index 7b7b4a6eedda..fc20b8649882 100644
--- a/drivers/firmware/google/coreboot_table.h
+++ b/drivers/firmware/google/coreboot_table.h
@@ -59,6 +59,19 @@ struct lb_framebuffer {
u8 reserved_mask_size;
};

+/*
+ * There can be more than one of these records as there is one per cbmem entry.
+ * Describes a buffer in memory containing runtime data.
+ */
+struct lb_cbmem_entry {
+ u32 tag;
+ u32 size;
+
+ u64 address;
+ u32 entry_size;
+ u32 id;
+};
+
/* A device, additionally with information from coreboot. */
struct coreboot_device {
struct device dev;
@@ -66,6 +79,7 @@ struct coreboot_device {
struct coreboot_table_entry entry;
struct lb_cbmem_ref cbmem_ref;
struct lb_framebuffer framebuffer;
+ struct lb_cbmem_entry cbmem_entry;
};
};

--
2.24.1
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